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Encyclopedia > Bhubaneswar
  ?Bhubaneswar
Orissa • India
Coordinates: 20°16′N 85°50′E / 20.27, 85.84
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
135 km² (52 sq mi)
• 33 m (108 ft)
District(s) Khurda
Population
Density
800,000 est. (2005)
• 4,900/km² (12,691/sq mi)
Mayor Mihir K. Mohanty
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
Vehicle

• 751 0xx
• +0674
• OR-02

Coordinates: 20°16′N 85°50′E / 20.27, 85.84 , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... The divisions of a district. ... Khordha is an administrative division of the state of Orissa, India. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Example of a PIN: The PIN code of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service. ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Bhubaneswar pronunciation  (Oriya: ଭୁବେନଶ୍ବର, Hindi: भुवनेश्वर, in Sanskrit and Oriya/oDiA, "The Lord of the Universe") is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of state of Orissa, India. Once the capital of ancient Kalinga, the city has a long history and is today a center for commerce and religious activity. However, the modern city of Bhubaneswar was designed by the German architect Otto Königsberger in 1936. It became the modern capital of the state of Orissa in 1948, a year after India gained its independence from Britain. With its vast variety of hindu temples, Bhubaneswar is often referred to as the temple city of India Image File history File links Bhubaneshwar. ... The Oriya script is used to write the Oriya language. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... Kalinga in 265 B.C. Kalinga was an ancient Indo-Aryan kingdom of central-eastern India, in the province of Orissa. ...

Contents

Etymology

History

The history of the Bhubaneswar-Khurda region goes back 2000 years. Emperor Kharavela established his capital in Sisupalgarh which is on the outskirts of the city. The Hathigumpha inscriptions at the Udayagiri caves and Khandagiri caves are evidence of the region's antiquity. Modern Bhubaneswar was originally meant to be a well planned city with wide roads and many gardens and parks. The plan was made by Otto H. Koenigsberger, a German town planner. [1]. Though part of the city has stayed faithful to the plan[2], it has grown rapidly over the last few decades and has made the planning process unwieldy. Khurda District :: Introduction Khurda occupies a distinct place in the historical map of Orissa. ... Hathigumpha on Udayagiri Hills, Bhubaneswar Hathigumpha inscription of King Khāravela at Udayagiri Hills Khandagiri caves Kharavela (IAST: Khāravela, Devanagari: खारवेल) (?209 - after 170 BCE), was the king of Kalinga, in Orissa state of India. ... Hathigumpha inscription. ... Ranigumpha (cave no-1) Udayagiri Ganeshagumpha (cave no-10) Udayagiri Hathigumpha (cave no-14) Udayagiri Khandagiri caves Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves are the caves of archaeological, historical and religious importance near Bhubaneswar in Orissa (India), situated on two hills Udayagiri and Khandagiri, mentioned as Kumari Parvat in Hathigumpha inscription, facing... Ranigumpha (cave no-1) Udayagiri Ganeshagumpha (cave no-10) Udayagiri Hathigumpha (cave no-14) Udayagiri Khandagiri caves Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves are the caves of archaeological, historical and religious importance near Bhubaneswar in Orissa (India), situated on two hills Udayagiri and Khandagiri, mentioned as Kumari Parvat in Hathigumpha inscription, facing... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...


Having merged its intriguing past so uniquely with its modern aspirations, it forms an integral link in the Golden Triangle that incorporates the holy city of Puri and Konark. The area is attractive to tourists for its spiritual significance. To the east are the famous Sun temple of Konark and the Jagannath Temple of Puri. The Lingaraj Temple of old Bhubaneswar, built in the 11th century, is another temple noted for its ancient history. The Khandagiri and Dhauligiri, situated on the outskirts of the city, carry monuments of the Jain monks since the times of the great king Kharavela. Another such monument is the Shantistupa, which was built as a symbol of peace at the site where the great Kalinga War took place between Emperor Ashoka and Kalinga (the old empire of Orissa). A tourist and pilgrimage itinerary in central-eastern India comprising the holy cities of Bhubaneswar, Konark and Puri. ... Konark Egyptian Sun Temples of the 5th Dynasty ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... History of Sri Jagannath Temple There was a great rotary king named INDRADUMNYNA ruling from the city of ABANTI in the state of MALAB. It is also believed that he was a great devotee of BHAISNAB DHAMA and 5th son of Lord VISHNU in a temple. ... Puri is a city in the Indian state of Orissa. ... Lingaraj Temple is a temple of the Hindu God Shiva and is one of the oldest temples of the Temple City Bhubaneswar, a revered pilgrimage center and the capital of the state of Orissa. ... JAIN is an activity within the Java Community Process, developing APIs for the creation of telephony (voice and data) services. ... Hathigumpha on Udayagiri Hills, Bhubaneswar Hathigumpha inscription of King Khāravela at Udayagiri Hills Khandagiri caves Kharavela (IAST: Khāravela, Devanagari: खारवेल) (?209 - after 170 BCE), was the king of Kalinga, in Orissa state of India. ... Allegiance: Magadhan Empire Rank: Emperor Succeeded by: Dasaratha Maurya Reign: 273 BC-232 BC Place of birth: Pataliputra, India Battles/Wars Kalinga War Emperor Ashoka the Great (Devanagari: अशोक(:); IAST transliteration: , pronunciation: ) (304 BC–232 BC) (Imperial Title:Devanampiya Piyadassi ie He who is the beloved of the Gods who, in... Kalinga in 265 B.C. Kalinga was an ancient Indo-Aryan kingdom of central-eastern India, in the province of Orissa. ...

Konark Horse in Roundabout
Konark Horse in Roundabout

Bhubaneswar is known for its architecture and ancient temples The imposing spire of the Lingaraj Temple, the quiet beauty of the Vishwa Shanti Stupa and the pink translucence of the Mahavira Jain Temple in nearby Khandagiri, inspire feelings of wonder at their sheer beauty and their cross--cultural permutations. Image File history File links MasterCanteen,BBSR.JPG Summary took with my digicam Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links MasterCanteen,BBSR.JPG Summary took with my digicam Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...


The State Museum of Bhubaneswar offers an extensive selection of archaeological artifacts, weapons, local arts and crafts as well as insights into Orissa's natural and tribal history. The Tribal Research Institute Museum with its authentic tribal dwellings, created by the tribal craftsmen offers a bird's eye view of the State's tribal heritage.


Geography

Bhubaneswar is situated between 21° 15' North Latitude 85° 15' Longitude and at an altitude of 45 meters above sea level, the average temperatures range between 15 °C in the winter to a maximum of 40 °C to 45 °C in the summer. The south-east monsoons appear in June. The average annual rainfall is 150 cm, most of which is recorded between June and October. This large variation in temperature is because extensive development and the accompanying loss of forest cover in North India provides no hindrance to the heat and cold waves which sweep that region every year.


Geographically, Bhubaneswar is situated in the eastern coastal plains of Orissa and south-west of the river Mahanadi. The city is subdivided into a number of townships and housings. The most notable are the nine units which lie to the west of Janpath, the city's main arterial road. Initially meant to house the bulk of the city's population, the 9 Units are now emerging as commercial districts.


Economy

Bhubaneswar was meant to house the state's machinery and hence it was meant to be a largely residential city with outlying areas meant for industrial purposes. The city's economy had a few major players till the 1990s and was dominated by Public Sector Units, retail and small scale manufacturing.


With the economic liberalisation policy adopted by the Govt. of India in the 90s, Bhubaneswar received large investments in the fields of telecommunications, IT and higher education particularly engineering. The city accounts for almost all of the IT revenue of Orissa and is one of the fastest growing regions in India in this sector. Higher Technical Education is also a big market. The city is home to around 30 engineering colleges (as of 2007) and the number is growing every year. Around 20000 engineers graduate with the Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) degree every year. The city is also home to many tutorials and coaching institutes who prepare students for various entrance exams. The large density has earned the city the sobriquet of "Kota of the East". Kota can refer to: The Indonesian word for city. ...


Retail and Real Estate have also emerged as big players. Although the first shopping mall opened in 2004, the response was positive enough for three more shopping malls to open up in the city. Large players like DLF and Reliance have entered the real estate market in the city. Despite this rapid growth, a large number of the populace live in slums and are below the poverty line. Migration from rural areas has led to the growth of slums which are a major challenge to the city's growth. The slum dwellers work as auto rickshaw drivers or small vendors but this is not true for everyone. A lot of them are unemployed and are being drawn into crime. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Reliance could refer to: Reliance Industries Limited, Indian conglomerate which includes: Reliance Infocomm, telecommunications subsidiary Reliance Energy, electricity subsidiary Reliance (yacht), Americas Cup defender in 1903 a popular name for the ZPG-3W airships of the US Navy. ...


Government and politics

Transport

Bhubaneswar has air and rail linkages with most major cities in India. While the Biju Patnaik Airport is the only major airport in the state, an international airport is planned for 2010. In addition to airflight, Bhubaneswar is well-connected to other major Indian cities by highway. Also known as Bhubaneswar Airport, Biju Patnaik Airport is situated in the city of Bhubaneswar. ...


Demographics

As of India's 2001 census,[3] Bhubaneswar has a population of 647,302. Males constitute 56% of the population and females 44%. The city has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Ten percent of the population is under 6 years of age. Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ...


Culture

 ==Tourist Attractions== 

Khandagiri & Udayagiri (Jain Heritage)

Udaygiri
Udaygiri
Udaygiri
Udaygiri

The twin hills of Khandagiri & Udayagiri, 8 km from Bhubaneswar, served as the site of an ancient Jain monastery which was carved into cave like chambers in the face of the hill. Dating back to the 2nd century BC, some of the caves have beautiful carvings. The Rani Gumpha (Queen's Cave), one of the largest and double-storied, is ornately embellished with beautiful carvings. In the Hati Gumpha (Elephant Cave), King Kharavela has carved out the chronicles of his reign. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1842x1224, 996 KB) Summary udaygiri in orissa Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1842x1224, 996 KB) Summary udaygiri in orissa Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1212x1848, 1005 KB) Summary udaygiri in orissa Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1212x1848, 1005 KB) Summary udaygiri in orissa Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...

Udaygiri
Udaygiri

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1848x1230, 861 KB) Summary udaygiri in orissa Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1848x1230, 861 KB) Summary udaygiri in orissa Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...

Lingaraj Temple

Main buildings of Lingaraj temple
Main buildings of Lingaraj temple
artwork on Lingaraj temple
artwork on Lingaraj temple
artwork on Lingaraj temple
artwork on Lingaraj temple

The 10th- or 11th-century Lingaraja temple of Bhubaneswar has been described as "the truest fusion of dream and reality." It is dedicated to Shiva. A rare masterpiece, the Lingaraja temple has been rated one of the finest examples of purely Hindu temple in India by Ferguson, the noted art critic and historian. The surface of the 55 m-high Lingaraja temple is covered with carvings. Sculpture and architecture fused elegantly to create a perfect harmony. Devout pilgrims, who wish to go to the Jagannath temple at Puri, must first offer worship at the Lingaraja temple. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 318 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,086 × 2,048 pixels, file size: 704 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 318 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,086 × 2,048 pixels, file size: 704 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1848x1236, 1166 KB) Summary artwork on lingaraj temple Bhubaneswar Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1848x1236, 1166 KB) Summary artwork on lingaraj temple Bhubaneswar Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1230x1848, 1232 KB) Summary artwork on lingaraj temple Bhubanaswar Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1230x1848, 1232 KB) Summary artwork on lingaraj temple Bhubanaswar Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...


Dhauli Giri

Dhauli
Dhauli

Just 8 km away from Bhubaneswar looking down on the plains that bore witness to the gruesome war waged on Kalinga by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka, stand the rock edicts of Dhauli. It was here that King Ashoka, full of remorse after the Kalinga War in 261 BC, renounced his blood-thirsty campaign and turned to Buddhism. Ashoka erected two main edicts in Kalinga, one in Dhauli and the other in Jayagarh. The principles of Ashoka which reflect his compassion were inscribed on all the other edicts in his empire except Kalinga. In the Kalinga edicts he warned the people of Kalinga not to revolt and that he would take appropriate action if they did. This is in sharp contrast to all of his other edicts and proof of his political acumen. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1848x1236, 600 KB) Summary Dhawalgiri in bhubaneswar Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1848x1236, 600 KB) Summary Dhawalgiri in bhubaneswar Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...


The edicts are so remarkable that they have been excellently preserved, despite the fact that they date back to the 3rd century BC. A sculpted elephant, the universal symbol of Lord Buddha, tops the rock edicts. The Shanti Stupa or the peace pagoda, built through the Indo-Japanese collaboration, is located on the opposite hill.

Lion Structure at Dhauli at Sunrise
Lion Structure at Dhauli at Sunrise

Image:Kedargauri Bhubaneswar Kedargauri.jpg Image File history File links Size of this preview: 334 × 500 pixelsFull resolution (334 × 500 pixel, file size: 44 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Soumya Simanta (http://www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 334 × 500 pixelsFull resolution (334 × 500 pixel, file size: 44 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Soumya Simanta (http://www. ...


Education

The city is home to some of the best educational institutions in the eastern region. Buxi Jagabandhu Bidyadhar (BJB) College is the oldest college and has been granted full autonomy. Ramadevi Women's College is a premier institution for women and has also been granted autonomy. The city is home to three state universities viz. Utkal University, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology or OUAT and Biju Pattnaik University of Technology or BPUT. It is also the base of two private universities, KIIT University and Shikshya O' Anusandhan, the governing body of ITER college. Utkal University, Bhubaneswar is the oldest university in Orissa and the seventeenth oldest university in India. ... // The Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology (OUAT) was established in the city of Bhubaneswar in 1962. ... KIIT can refer to: KIIT, also known as Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (Deemed University), Bhubaneswar KIIT, also known as K11TW,a low-power television station in North Platte, Nebraska ...


With the opening up of the economy, skilled technical manpower is in great demand and hence a lot of engineering colleges have opened up in the state with 30 in Bhubaneswar alone. Although not as large as the neighbouring state of Andhra Pradesh (254), engineering colleges in Orissa are popular with students from the neighbouring states of West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh due to ease of communication, affordable costs etc. The Orissa Joint Entrance Examinations (O-JEE) and KIIT Entrance Examinations are contested by many candidates from India and abroad. Thw city is also home to three medical institutes.


The city also has good schools such as Central Schools, DM School, Delhi Public School (DPS) etc. With the city's growth, this sector will also grow rapidly. Look up DPS in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Fairs & Festivals

On the day of Ashokashtami in the month of March, the image of Lingaraja (Lord Shiba) and other deities are taken in a procession from Lingaraja Temple to the Rameshwara Temple. Hundreds of devotees participate in pulling the chariot that carries the deities. The deities remain in the Rameshwara Temple for four days. Temple Cars are like Charriot that carries Hindu gods. ...


At the end of January comes Adivasi Mela, a fair that displays the art, artifacts, tradition, culture, and music of the tribal inhabitants of Orissa.


Durga Puja is also an important festival. Various pandals are constructed throughout the city. The largest pujas are: the Shahid Nagar Durga Puja, the Nayapalli Durga Puja, and the Rasulgarh Durga Puja. Durga Puja (Bengali: দুর্গাপূজা Durga Puja) is the biggest festival of Hindus in Bihar, West Bengal, East Bengal, Jharkhand, and Bengali Hindus all over the world. ...


See also

Ranigumpha (cave no-1) Udayagiri Ganeshagumpha (cave no-10) Udayagiri Hathigumpha (cave no-14) Udayagiri Khandagiri caves Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves are the caves of archaeological, historical and religious importance near Bhubaneswar in Orissa (India), situated on two hills Udayagiri and Khandagiri, mentioned as Kumari Parvat in Hathigumpha inscription, facing...

References

  1. ^ http://orissagov.nic.in/housing&urban/Vision-2030/Concept%20Paper-VISION-2030.pdf
  2. ^ Kalia, Ravi. Modernism, modernization and post‐colonial India: a reflective essay. Planning Perspectives, Volume 21, Number 2, Number 2/April 2006 , pp. 133-156(24). Routledge, part of the Taylor & Francis Group.
  3. ^ Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns. (Provisional). Census Commission of India. Retrieved on 2007-09-03.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Bhubaneswar (708 words)
Bhubaneswar became the modern capital of the state of Orissa in 1948, a year after India gained its independence from Britain.
Bhubaneswar is a planned city which was designed by the German town planner Otto H.Koenigsberger.The city is inhabited by over a million people and maintains a high rate of population growth.
It is close to the Bhubaneswar to Puri road, on the east side of Bindu-sarovara, northeast of the Lingaraja temple.
City guide- Orissa- Bhubaneswar- Introduction (76 words)
Bhubaneswar ('The Lord of the Universe') is the capital of Orissa.
Beside being the capital of ancient Kalinga, Bhubaneswar is known as Temple Town and Cathedral City on account of its many temples in the extravagant Orissan style.
Modern Bhubaneswar is delightfully rural for a state capital that administers the affairs of 25 million Orissans.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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