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Encyclopedia > Bhopal
  ?Bhopal
Madhya Pradesh • India
Map indicating the location of Bhopal
 Bhopal 
Coordinates: 23°15′N 77°25′E / 23.25, 77.42
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
308.14 km² (119 sq mi)
• 427 m (1,401 ft)
District(s) Bhopal
Population
Density
1,482,718 (2001)
• 160 /km² (414 /sq mi)
Mayor Mr. Sunil Sood
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
Vehicle

• 462001
• +91 (0)755
• MP-04

Coordinates: 23°15′N 77°25′E / 23.25, 77.42 Bhopal can refer to Bhopal, a city in India, capital of Madhya Pradesh state Bhopal District, a district in Madhya Pradesh, with Bhopal city as its headquarters Bhopal Division, an administrative geographical unit of Madhya Pradesh state of India Bhopal (state), the 18th century princely state in Central India Bhopal... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... The divisions of a district. ... Bhopal District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Example of a PIN: The PIN code of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service. ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Bhopāl pronunciation  (Hindi: भोपाल IPA[bʰoːpɑːl]) is a city in central India. It is the capital of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of Bhopal District and Bhopal Division. Bhopal is the second largest city in Madhya Pradesh after Indore. Bhopal is known as the City of Lakes as its landscape is dotted with a number of natural as well as man made lakes.[1] Image File history File links Bhopal. ... -1... India is subdivided into 28 states, 6 union territories and a National Capital Territory. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... Bhopal District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Bhopal division is an administrative geographical unit of Madhya Pradesh state of India. ... , Indore (Hindi:इन्दौर ,Marathi:इंदूर)  , a large city in the Malwa region of Central India is the commercial capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ...


Historically, Bhopal was also the capital of the Bhopal state. The city attracted international attention as a consequence of the Bhopal disaster, when the Union Carbide plant (now a part of Dow Chemical Company) leaked deadly methyl isocyanate gas during the night of December 3, 1984. The poisonous gas killed thousands of people in the city and its neighbouring areas, and thousands of others still suffer from its effects even two decades later. Since then, Bhopal has been a center of protests and campaigns which have been joined by many people across the globe. Bhopal state was an independent state of 18th century India, a princely state of British India from 1818 to 1947, and an Indian state from 1949 to 1956. ... The Bhopal Disaster took place in the early hours of the morning of December 3, 1984,[1] in the heart of the city of Bhopal in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... Union Carbide Corporation (Union Carbide) is one of the oldest chemical and polymers companies in the United States, and currently has more than 3,800 employees. ... The Dow Chemical Company (NYSE: DOW TYO: 4850) is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan. ... Methyl isocyanates structure 3D model of the MIC molecule Methyl isocyanate (MIC) is an organic compound with the molecular formula C2H3NO, arranged as H3C-N=C=O. Synonyms are isocyanatomethane, methyl carbylamine, and MIC. It was discovered in 1888 as an ester of isocyanic acid. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


On 11 April 2005, the Indian Space Research Organisation established a Master Control Facility in Ayodhya Nagar, to control the movements of satellites.[2] It is the second of its kind in the country (the first being at Hassan [3]). Bhopal is one of the six cities chosen to have a All India Institute of Medical Sciences campus apart from Delhi.[4] The land has been allotted by the government and construction work has been started for the same. is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is Indias national space agency. ... INSAT Master Control Facility is one of the centers of Indian Space Research Organisation, which is responsible for post-launch operations on INSAT satellites including orbit manoeuvres, station keeping and on-orbit operations. ... AIIMS redirects here. ...

Contents

History

See also: Bhopal (state)

Bhopal is said to have been founded by the Parmara King Bhoj (1000–1055), who had his capital at Dhar. The city was originally known as Bhojpal named after Bhoj and the dam ('pal') that he is said to have constructed to form the lakes surrounding Bhopal. The fortunes of Bhopal rose and fell with that of its reigning dynasty. As the Parmaras declined in power, the city was ransacked several times and finally faded away into obscurity. Bhopal state was an independent state of 18th century India, a princely state of British India from 1818 to 1947, and an Indian state from 1949 to 1956. ... Parmara was a medieval Kingdom in Northern India. ... Bhoj was a great philosopher king and polymath of medieval India. ... Dhar is a town in the Malwa region of western Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ...


An Afghan soldier called Dost Mohammad Khan (not to be confused with the later Afghan King carrying the same name) laid out the present city at the same site following the death of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1707. He brought with himself the Islamic influence on the culture and architecture of Bhopal, the ruins of which can be found at Islam Nagar. Bhopal, the second largest Muslim state in pre-independence India[5] was ruled by four Begums from 1819 to 1926. Qudisa Begum was the first female ruler of Bhopal, who was succeeded by her only daughter Sikandar, who in turn was succeeded by her only daughter, Shahjehan. Kaikhusrau Jahan Begum was the last female ruler, and stepped down to her son. The succession of the ‘Begums’ gave the city such innovations as waterworks, railways and a postal system. Several monuments still stand in the city as reminders of this glorious period in its history. A municipality was constituted in 1907.[6] Ethnic groups of Afghanistan (1980 map)  42% Pashtun  27% Tajik  9% Hazara  9% Uzbek         3% Turkmen  2% Baloch        Languages of Afghanistan (1980 map)  50% Dari dialect of Persian  35% Pashto  8% Uzbek  3% Turkmen  2% Baloch        The Demographics of Afghanistan are ethnically and linguistically mixed. ... Dost Mahommed Khan (1793 - June 9, 1863) founded the Barakzai dynasty in Afghanistan. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... Aurangzeb (Persian: (full title: Al-Sultan al-Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Abdul Muzaffar Muhiuddin Muhammad Aurangzeb Bahadur Alamgir I, Padshah Ghazi) (November 3, 1618 – March 3, 1707), also known by his chosen Imperial title Alamgir I (Conqueror of the Universe) (Persian: ), was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from... The term Begum of Bhopal may refer to any of several ladies who ruled the princely state of Bhopal in Central India in the 19th and 20th centuries. ... Shahjahan Begum Sultan Shahjahan Begum (July 29, 1838 - June 16, 1901) was the ruler of the princely state of Bhopal in central India for two terms: 1844-60, and secondly during 1868-1901. ...


It was one of the last princely states to sign the 'Instrument of Accession' 1947. Though India achieved Independence in August 1947, the ruler of Bhopal acceded to the Indian government only on 1 May 1949. Sindhi refugees from Pakistan were accommodated in Bairagarh, a western suburb of Bhopal. According to the States Reorganization Act of 1956, Bhopal state was integrated into the state of Madhya Pradesh, and Bhopal was declared as its capital. The population of the city rose rapidly henceforth. A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ... Various princely states existed in India during the period of the British Raj. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sindhis (सिन्धी, سنڌي) are an Indo-Aryan language speaking socio-ethnic group of people originating in Sindh which is part of present day Pakistan. ... The States Reorganisation Act of 1956 was a major reform of the boundaries and governance of Indias states and territories. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ...


Bhopal disaster

Main article: Bhopal disaster

On December 3, 1984, a Union Carbide plant in Bhopal leaked 40 tons of toxic methyl isocyanate gas, leading to the Bhopal disaster. According to BBC, the death toll of the disaster was about 3,000 initially, with at least 20,000 additional deaths from related illnesses in the years following the disaster.[7] Greenpeace cites a total casualty figure of 20,000 as its conservative estimate.[8] The Bhopal disaster is often cited as the world's worst industrial disaster.[9][10] The Bhopal Disaster took place in the early hours of the morning of December 3, 1984,[1] in the heart of the city of Bhopal in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Union Carbide Corporation (Union Carbide) is one of the oldest chemical and polymers companies in the United States, and currently has more than 3,800 employees. ... Methyl isocyanates structure 3D model of the MIC molecule Methyl isocyanate (MIC) is an organic compound with the molecular formula C2H3NO, arranged as H3C-N=C=O. Synonyms are isocyanatomethane, methyl carbylamine, and MIC. It was discovered in 1888 as an ester of isocyanic acid. ... The Bhopal Disaster took place in the early hours of the morning of December 3, 1984,[1] in the heart of the city of Bhopal in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... A death toll is the number of dead as a result of war, violence, accident, natural disaster, extreme weather, or disease. ... Greenpeace protest against Esso / Exxon Mobil. ... Industrial disasters are mass disasters caused by industrial companies, either by accident, negligence or incompetence. ...


Geography and Climate

Climate chart for Bhopal
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temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: Weatherbase

Bhopal has an average elevation of 499 metres (1637 feet). Bhopal is located in the central part of India, and is just north of the upper limit of the Vindhya mountain ranges. Located on the Malwa plateau, it is higher than the north Indian plains and the land rises towards the Vindhya Range to the south. The city has uneven elevation and has small hills within its boundaries. The major hills in Bhopal comprise of Idgah hills and Shyamala hills in the northern region and Arera hills in the central region. Bhopal has a sub-tropical climate with hot summers from April to June, the wet monsoon season from July to September and a cool winter from November to February. The Vindhya Range is a range of hills in central India, which geographically separates The Indian subcontinent into northern India and Southern India. ... Malwa (Malvi:माळवा) is a region in western India occupying a plateau of volcanic origin in the western part of Madhya Pradesh state and the south-eastern part of Rajasthan. ... The Vindhya Range is a range of hills in central India, which geographically separates The Indian subcontinent into northern India and Southern India. ...


The municipality covers 286 square kilometres. It has two very beautiful lakes, collectively known as the Bhoj Wetland. These lakes are the Upper Lake (built by King Bhoj) and the Lower Lake. Locally these are known as the Bada Talab and Chota Talab respectively. The catchment area of the Upper Lake is 361 km² while that of the Lower Lake is 9.6 km². The Upper Lake drains into the Kolans River. The Van Vihar National Park is a national park situated beside the Upper Lake. The national park also has a museum in its premises. Kheoni Wild Life Sanctuary is situated 125 km from Bhopal. The Bhoj Wetland consists of two lakes located in the city of Bhopal, the capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... A view of sunset at Bada Talaab Bada Talaab, meaning Big Lake in Hindi, is a large artificial lake which lies on the Western side of the capital city of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal. ... A national park in India located 7 km from Bhopal, the capital city of Madhya Pradesh. ...


Economy

The city is divided into two major areas, the old city and the new city. The major industries in the old city are electrical goods, cotton, chemicals and jewellery. Other industries include cotton and flour milling, cloth weaving and painting, as well as matches, sealing wax, and sporting equipment.[11] The residents here also engage in small retail businesses. Handicraft is a major product of the old city. There is a huge demand for its very famous zardozi work, which is a kind of embroidery done on bridal dresses, sherwanis, and purses. Another famous handicraft of Bhopal is 'Batua', a small string purse, usually used with Indian traditional dresses.[12] There are a large number of garages in the older city which specialise in automobile conversion. These garages produce custom-modified and tuned cars, SUVs and motorbikes. Zardozi work is an type of embroidery in India. ... A fourth-generation (2006-) Ford Explorer, the best-selling mid-size SUV in the United States. ...

Construction of infrastructure has become huge business
Construction of infrastructure has become huge business

Being a state capital, the new city has a majority of residents working for the State and Central Government Departments. There are two major office complexes on Arera Hills named Satpura and Vindhyachal, which house a number of State Government offices and projects. Adjacent to them is the State Secretariat, Vallabh Bhavan. In their vicinity are other State and Central Government offices which include major national banks and insurance companies. Bhopal's major commercial area is Maharana Pratap Nagar, which accommodates many business houses. There are a number of hardware as well as software vendors in this part of the city. Other businesses include daily newsletter offices and press, hotels and restaurants, coaching and tuition centers and entertainment. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ...

BHEL Bhopal Administrative Building
BHEL Bhopal Administrative Building

Bhopal has a cantonment in the old city as well as military presence near Bairagarh and the airport. The cantonment houses one of the Services Selection board centers that recruits troops and officers for the armed forces. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, the largest engineering and manufacturing enterprise in India, has a unit in Bhopal. It occupies a large area on the eastern side of the city and maintains a suburb named after it. A majority of the residents of the suburb are employed by the unit. Mandideep is an industrial suburb of Bhopal. It is located to the South of Bhopal on the Bhopal-Itarsi highway and houses a number of plants belonging to some of the reputed companies of India like Procter & Gamble, Fujitsu, Eicher, L&T, HEG and VA Tech Hydro. A North Western suburb of Bhopal called Bairagarh, which was earlier a camp for Sindhi refugees from Pakistan, has developed into market for textiles. BHEL or Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited is a Gas and Steam turbine manufacturer in India. ... Mandideep is a city and a municipality in Raisen district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... Procter & Gamble Co. ... Eicher Group is a conglomerate of the firms Eicher Goodearth Ltd. ... Larsen & Toubro Limited is Indias largest engineering and construction conglomerate, with diverse interests such as Construction,hydraulic equipments, power services electrical and electronics, fertilizer projects,medical electronics and information technology. ...


Bhopal is also home to the Bhaskar Group which is a Rs. 1700 crore (Rs. 17 billion) business conglomerate with strong presence in newspapers, television, entertainment, printing, textiles, fast moving consumer goods, oils, solvents and internet services. Its head office is located in Maharana Pratap Nagar. Manjul Publishing House, located in the old city, is a major publishing house made famous by the translation of the Harry Potter series of novels into Hindi.[13] Bhaskar Group is a 1700 crore business conglomerate with strong presence in newspapers, television, entertainment, printing, textiles, fast moving consumer goods, oils, solvents and internet services. ... Pakistani Rupee Indian Rupee Collection The Rupee (₨ or Rs. ... . Manjul Publishing House Pvt. ... This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... -1...


The Madhya Pradesh State Electronics Development Corporation Ltd. is going to develop a Software & Hardware Technology Park in Bhopal.[14] Multinational companies like Genpact,[15] Fujitsu and Taurus Microsystems are expected to open their centers in the Technology Park. aditya vikram Genpact (NYSE G), is a Business process outsourcing (BPO) company in India. ...


Government and Politics

Bhopal is the capital city of Madhya Pradesh. It houses the State Legislative Assembly, or the Vidhan Sabha, which seats 230 members of Legislative Assembly. The twelfth (and current) Vidhan Sabha was elected in May, 2003.[16] Currently, the party in the majority in Vidhan Sabha is Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) which is led by Shivraj Singh Chauhan. Bhopal district elects four seats to the Assembly. , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... Vidhan Sabha, the name of the state-level legislature assemblies in India. ... For 2001 Documentary film, see Beyond Jurassic Park. ... Shivraj Singh Chauhan (born 5 March 1959) is the current chief minister of Madhya Pradesh. ...


The administration of Bhopal city is handled by Bhopal Municipal Corporation, also known as BMC. The total area under BMC is 285 km². The city is divided into 66 wards. Each ward elects a corporator. The winning party elects a council of members, who are responsible for various departments. The council members chose the Mayor among themselves. At present, there are ten members in the council. The Commissioner of Bhopal is the highest officer of Municipal Corporate Office, which is responsible for the departments of public works, revenue and tax, water supply, planning and development, fire brigade, health and sanitation, finance & accounts etc. The Commissioner of Bhopal currently is nikunj shrivastava.[17]


Transport

Within Bhopal, city buses — known as 'mini bus', due to their size — are the most common means of transport. Most of these are in a dilapidated condition, but their reach is comprehensive and fare, reasonable. Recently 'Starbuses' have been plying on the roads. These are bigger and more comfortable buses and charge nominally more than their smaller counterparts. Autorickshaws are another major means of transport. They are particularly known for their ornate make-up and blaring sound systems. In some routes in the older city, bigger diesel-rickshaws - known as 'bhat', the shortened name for 'bhat-suar' - are used as shared means of transport. Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ...


Road conditions have been improving over the years and are becoming wider. Lot of hard work and money is being spent both by government and industrial giants for developing and maintaining huge infrastructures in Bhopal. The personal transport of the locals is mainly two-wheeler, but the number of four-wheelers is growing at an amazing rate. National Highway 12 passes through Bhopal which connects it to Jabalpur in the East and Jaipur in the West. National Highway 86 connects Bhopal to Sagar in the East to Indore in the West. There are numerous daily buses to Indore (186 km), Ujjain (188 km), Gwalior (423 km), Jabalpur (295 km), Khajuraho (383 km), Sanchi (46 km), Pachmarhi (195 km) and Vidisha (65 km). A state-of-the-art Interstate Bus Terminus is coming up near the Habibganj station.[18] , Indore (Hindi:इन्दौर ,Marathi:इंदूर)  , a large city in the Malwa region of Central India is the commercial capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... , Mahakal Temple Ujjain Ujjain   (Hindi:उज्जैन) ([[map view : maxujjain dot com]) (also known as Ujain, Ujjayini, Avanti, Avantikapuri) is an ancient city of central India, in the Malwa region of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River. ... , Gwalior   is a city in Madhya Pradesh in India. ... , Jabalpur (Hindi: जबलपुर) is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... Khajuraho (Hindi खजुराहो) is a village in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, located in Chhatarpur District, about 385 miles (620 kilometres) southeast of Delhi, the capital city of India. ... , Sanchi is a small village in India, located 46 km north east of Bhopal, and 10 km from Besnagar and Vidisha in the central part of the state of Madhya Pradesh. ... Pachmarhi is a hill station in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... Vidisha or Besnagar or old name Bhelsa is a city in Madhya Pradesh,near its capital Bhopal, state of central India. ...


Bhopal is a major railway station and a small junction. It is well connected by rail to all parts of the country being on the main North-South line of the country. A list of all major trains passing through Bhopal can be found here. It is also close to the main East-West junction, Itarsi. Habibganj is the other major station of Bhopal which has a state-of-the-art building and also boasts of being the first ISO 9000:2001 certified station in India.[19] Bhopal Express : Shaan - E - Bhopal, with its headquarter at Habibganj station, is also the first train in India to obtain an ISO 9001:2000 certificate.[20] Bhopal has an International airport with very basic amenities that connects it to Delhi, Mumbai, Indore, Gwalior and Jabalpur and many major cities of India. The Raja Bhoj International airport is located near the satellite town Bairagarh [21]. Bhopal is one of the train hubs in the Central India with many trains in all the 4 directions passing through it. ... Bhopal Airport (IATA: BHO, ICAO: VABP) is a public domestic airport serving Bhopal in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. ...


Demographics

Bhopal has a population of 1,482,718, which is divided into 781,282 men and 701,436 women, according to the census of 2001.[22] This results in a sex ratio of 898 women for every 1000 men. The population consists of 56% Hindus and 38% Muslims, with the rest of the population including Christians, Sikhs, Jains, and, Buddhists. The Old City of Bhopal is a predominantly Muslim area with large Pathan population but New Bhopal is a demographically cosmopolitan area. There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ...


The chief languages are Hindi, Urdu and English, but there are a substantial number of Marathi speakers as well. In the princely state of Bhopal, Persian was the court language until nineteenth century. The common street Hindi spoken in Bhopal is termed as Bhopali and is the subject of comedy in Bollywood movies. An example of the language is used by actor Jagdeep in the film Sholay.-1... Urdu ( , , trans. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... Bhopal state was an independent state of 18th century India, a princely state of British India from 1818 to 1947, and an Indian state from 1949 to 1956. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal term popularly used for Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... Jagdeep is an Indian hindi film actor more known for his comic roles. ... Sholay (Hindi: शोले, Urdu: شعلے) (advertised in English as Embers or Flames) is the biggest blockbuster in the history of Bollywood, Indias Hindi film industry. ...


Bhopal is known to its residents and visitors as a calm and peaceful city. Except for the 1992 riots as an aftermath of felling of Babri Masjid, the city has remained comparatively unperturbed by the recent spate in communalist activities. The city, specially the new city, is quite clean and green. It has always been a favourite among the retirees who want to settle down, which has resulted in a sudden interest in the development of new areas outside the city outskirts.

  • Population: 1.5 million
  • Total waste generation: 600 ton/day
  • Waste generation per capita: 0.43 kg/person per day

Culture

Bharat Bhavan
Bharat Bhavan

Bhopal is known for its exquisite manners and high culture. To this day, shairis and poetry recitals are as popular in Bhopal as in movies. Typical Bhopalis, residing in the old city, are known for their nafasat, or sophistication. Bhopal is famous for its culture of parda, zarda, garda aur namarda. Parda is a curtain, which was used to veil the women of the house from outsiders, zarda is a kind of tobacco product which is quite famous with Bhopalis, garda is loose dirt that used to blow around specially during hot summer days, and namarda meaning a eunuch. Basically found in the old city areas of Itwara, Mangalwara, Budhwara etc., they roam around the city and collect chanda, or donation, for every big festival such as Diwali, Holi, Eid etc. At special occasions like marriage or a child birth, they visit the families and demand huge sums for donations. At this moment they showcase their talent, which is singing and dancing. They have also started to contest elections at local and state levels[23] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Diwali, or Deepawali, (also called Tihar and Swanti in Nepal) (Markiscarali) is a major Indian and Nepalese festive holiday, and a significant festival in Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism. ... For the Indian film of the same name, see Holi (film). ... The word Eid can mean several things: There are two Islamic festivals of Eid: One is called Eid ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر) that marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan, The other is Eid ul-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى) or Eid-e Qurban (Persian: عید قربان) which is celebrated to commemorate Prophet Ibrahim...


Bhopal has an extensive culture of paan eating. Paan is a preparation with a betel leaf topped with variety of seasonings, the most common being chuna, kattha and supari. Bhopali people treat paan preparation as a science and an art, which is perfected among the streets of Bhopal, a tradition passed down generations. The paans in Bhopal are wide in variety and innovations[24]


Bhopalis celebrate all festivals with equal fervor. Diwali is celebrated with equal pomp and glory as Eid. People still visit each others houses and greet each other on various occasions. Gifts and sweets are exchanged and donations made to the poor. Diwali is celebrated by performing puja of the wealth goddess Lakshmi. Later in the night, fire-crackers are burst in the open by young and old with equal enthusiasm. Eid is special to the city as all the Hindus take time out to visit their Muslim friends and greet them and get treated with delicacies, the specialty of the day being sweet sewai. Bhopali culture is such that both Hindus and Muslims visit each other on their respective festivals to greet and exchange sweets. During Ganesh puja and Durga Puja (Navratras), idols of Lord Ganesh and Goddess Durga are established in jhankis throughout the city. People throng to offer prayers to their deities. At the end of Navratras, on the day of Vijayadashmi, or Dusshehra, huge effigies of Ravan are burnt in different parts of the city. Some of them are organized by the local administration and stand as tall as 60 feet.

Bhimbetka rock painting
Bhimbetka rock painting

Bharat Bhavan is the main cultural centre of the city and of the most important cultural centers of India. It has an art gallery, an open-air amphitheatre facing the Upper Lake, two other theatres and a tribal museum. Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya (National Museum of Humans) showcases the various hutments that tribals of across India use for shelter. The popular holiday spots near Bhopal include Bhojpur (famous for a Shiva temple and Jain shrines), Sanchi (notable for ancient Buddhist Stupas built by Ashoka), and the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (a World Heritage Site of archaeological interest). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Bharat Bhavan, Bhopal Bharat Bhavan is a multi-arts complex without parallel in India housing a museum of the arts, an art gallery, a workshop for fine arts, a repertory theater, indoor and outdoor auditoria, rehearsal room, and libraries of Indian poetry, classical and folk musicproviding interactive proximity to the... Bhojpur is a town of historical and religious importance in Madhya Pradesh, India. ... For other uses, see Shiva (disambiguation). ... JAIN is an activity within the Java Community Process, developing APIs for the creation of telephony (voice and data) services. ... , Sanchi is a small village in India, located 46 km north east of Bhopal, and 10 km from Besnagar and Vidisha in the central part of the state of Madhya Pradesh. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... A stupa A stupa (from the Sanskrit) is a type of Buddhist structure found across the Indian subcontinent and Asia. ... Allegiance: Magadhan Empire Rank: Emperor Succeeded by: Dasaratha Maurya Reign: 273 BC-232 BC Place of birth: Pataliputra, India Battles/Wars Kalinga War Emperor Ashoka the Great (Devanagari: अशोक(:); IAST transliteration: , pronunciation: ) (304 BC–232 BC) (Imperial Title:Devanampiya Piyadassi ie He who is the beloved of the Gods who, in... Bhimbetka rock painting Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka is an archaeological site in Madhya Pradesh where the earliest traces of human life in India were found. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


Bhopal has many mosques including Taj-ul-Masajid (one of the largest mosques in Asia[25]), Dhai Seedi ki Masjid (one of the smallest mosques in Asia[26]), Jama Masjid (built by Qudsia Begum in 1837) and Moti Masjid (built by Sikander Begum in 1860). Some of the major historical buildings in Bhopal include Shaukat Mahal (a mixture of Indo-Islamic and European styles of architecture), Gohar Mahal (built by Qudsia Begum, fusion of Hindu and Mughal architecture), Sadar Manzil (used by the Begums for public audience, now used as the head-office of the Municipal Corporation) and Purana Kila (part of the 300-year old fort of Queen Kamalapati, situated in the Kamala Nehru Park). Lakshmi Narayan Temple (or Birla Mandir), situated to the south of Lower Lake, is a temple devoted to Lord Vishnu and his consort Laxmi. An annual fare is held on Kartik Purnima at Manua Bhan Ki Tekri (Mahavir Giri), a Jain pilgrimage center located around seven km away from Bhopal. Taj-ul-Masajid, also spelt as Taj-ul-Masaajid and Taj-ul-Masjid[1] is a mosque situated in Bhopal, India. ... Shahjahan Begum Sultan Shahjahan Begum (July 29, 1838 - June 16, 1901) was the ruler of the princely state of Bhopal in central India for two terms: 1844-60, and secondly during 1868-1901. ... Birla could refer to Aditya Birla Group of companies Aditya Birla Birla family Shri Ghanshyam Das Birla This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For other meanings, see Vishnu (disambiguation). ... Lakshmi is also an actress in South Indian films. ... JAIN is an activity within the Java Community Process, developing APIs for the creation of telephony (voice and data) services. ...


The Udaygiri Caves, located near the town of Vidisha, are cut into the side at a sandstone hill, date back from A.D. 320 to 606. An inscription in one of these caves states that it was carved out during the reign of Chandragupta II (A.D. 382-401). A three-day Ijtima (religious congregation) used to be held in the precincts of the Taj-ul-Masjid annually. It draws scores at Muslim pilgrims from all parts of India. It has now been shifted outside the city limits. Every year in January/February, the villages of the Manav Sangrahalaya hosts the potters' workshops, folk music and dance, and open-air plays. It showcases the tribals of the region who demonstrate their skills in painting, weaving, and the fashioning of bell metal into exquisite works of art. Udaygiri caves are situated in Vidisha district of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... Vidisha or Besnagar or old name Bhelsa is a city in Madhya Pradesh,near its capital Bhopal, state of central India. ...


Sports

Cricket is popular in Bhopal. Although it does not have any stadium of international level, cricket at various levels is played at the Babe Ali stadium and the Bharat Heavy Electrical Ltd. Sports Complex; the latter has even hosted a few matches at the national level.[27] At local level, cricket is played at Old Campion ground. Other tennis ball matches also take place in various parts of the city. The youngest captain of the Indian cricket team, Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, was born and brought up in Bhopal. The Tatya Tope Stadium, located in the heart of the city, was a cricket stadium and held matches at local and state level.[28] But it has lately been converted into a multi-purpose stadium, with facilities for athletics, footbal, tennis, squash, table-tennis, volleball, basketball and a gymnasium. Mansoor (Mansur) Ali Khan, the 9th Nawab of Pataudi (Jr. ...


Bhopal is also known for its hockey lovers. The Aishbagh stadium is synonymous for hockey players. Many players reach different grounds for practice. The city has produced many national and international players for Indian hockey team. The more famous one being Aslam Sher Khan, who represented India in several international games and was a part of the World Cup winning team in 1975. He later joined politics and went on to become a Member of Parliament. He also served the national hockey by being a part of the national selection committee. His father, Ahmed Sher Khan, represented India at the Berlin Olympics in 1936 along with Major Dhyan Chand.[29] Aslam Sher Khan is a former Indian hockey player. ... Commemorative stamp issued by the Indian post in 1980. ...


Another popular sport of Bhopalis is body building. In the old city, there are a number of gyms where youngsters workout everyday to make their body muscular. Slowly, this trend has caught up even in the new city where more modern equipments are being employed to help their members get into better shape. Body builders from the local gyms participate at national level and have tasted success at the state level. Apart from this, at school and college level, table-tennis, volleyball, basketball, football and swimming are also popular sports. Every summer, Sports Authority of India holds camps which provide coaching to students of various ages games and sports of their choices. Ping Pong redirects here. ... For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... This article is about the sport. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Swimmer redirects here. ... The Sports Authority of India (SAI) is a body set up by the Government of India. ...


Another famous son of Bhopal is (Late) J P Narayanan. A graduate Mechanical Engineer from Maulana Azad College of Technology, (MACT), Bhopal, Narayanan had to his credit broadcasting running commentaries in English for 100 One-Day Internationals and 44 Test matches in his career as a cricket commentator for All India Radio (AIR). The third One-Day International match between India and Pakistan played at Keenan Stadium, Jamshedpur in India on April 9, 2005 was his last assignment as a cricket commentator. An employee of Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, the BHEL sports complex was renamed to JP Narayanan Sports Complex, BHEL in an effort to honor his contribution to cricket in Bhopal and nationally as well.


Bhopal is also coming up as a center of adventure sports. Trekking camps are being organised by Youth Hostels and other private clubs[30] and their destinations are Budhni Ghat, Narsingarh, Ratapani Sanctuary, Delawadi, Bhimbetka, Manuabhan Ki Tekri etc. The government has also established India's first National Sailing Club[31] at the Boat Club, in the Upper Lake. This club offers various water sports such as kayaking, canoeing, rafting, water skiing, para-sailing etc. Since its inception, it has hosted Canoeing and Kayaking Championships at national[32] as well as international[33] levels. Other adventure sports include parasailing, paragliding, hot air ballooning etc. Bhimbetka is a place in Madhya Pradesh where the earliest known traces of human life in India were found. ... A view of sunset at Bada Talaab Bada Talaab, meaning Big Lake in Hindi, is a large artificial lake which lies on the Western side of the capital city of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal. ...


Education

Bhopal has a number of state government run schools (affiliated to the Madhya Pradesh Board). There are, also, four center run Central schools(Kendriya Vidyalaya) in the city (affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education). Additionally, there are numerous private schools and a few Convent schools, which are run by the missionaries; these schools are affiliated to either the M.P. Board or C.B.S.E. Kendriya Vidyalaya, (Hindi for Central School) is a system of Central government schools for children of employees of Indias central government. ... CBSE redirects here. ...


Colleges in Bhopal are abundant, including many for technical education( there are 23 engineering colleges in and around Bhopal),[34] apart from Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, which is one of the eight earliest Regional Engineering College of India. The Regional Institute of Education (RIE), a premier institution catering to Teacher Education is situated on top of Shyamla Hill. This is a constituent unit of the National Council of Educational Research & Training (NCERT) and is one of four such institutes in the country.Mediacal Education: Gandhi Medical College oldest(1956) of all,offers bachelor's and master's degrees in the field of medicine.Peoples College of Medical Sciences is the recent(2004) addition.All India Institute of Medial Sciences Has already been sanctioned and the construction is in progress,Foundation of Mahavir (Jain) Medical College has recently(2008) been laid by Chief Minister of MP construction in progress.There are five Dental Colleges in the city namely Peoples College of Dental Sciences,Peoples Academy of Dental Sciences,Rishiraj Dental College,RKDF Dental College and Mansarovar Dental College.There are number of nursing colleges mainly Pragyan,Arbindo,Kushbhau Thakre,Kasturba(BHEL) College of Nursing.Two University Institutes of Technology (previously know as Government Engineering College) are affiliated to Rajiv Gandhi Technical University: University of Technology of Madhya Pradesh, which provides degree courses in all the technical fields throughout the state of Madhya Pradesh, and Barkatullah University, which affiliates numerous technical and non-technical colleges in the city. Madhya Pradesh Bhoj Open University provides long distance courses to students in all types of fields. Makhanlal Chaturvedi National University of Journalism runs various courses in the fields of journalism, mass communication, information technology and library sciences. National Law Institute University, which stands 3rd in ranking among Indian law schools and American law school, is also located here.Bhopal also houses The National Judicial Academy near Bhabhada,the only of its kind in the country for the training and update of Judges.The academy is run directly under the agies of The Chief Justice,Supreme Court of India.Indian Institute of Forest Management is a management institute located on the south western outskirts of the city which specializes in research and training in the forest and allied sectors. It is a CAT allied, autonomous institute set-up with the help of Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad. Another specialist management institute in Bhopal is the Institute for Hotel Management, which is one of the premier institutes providing such course. Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology (MANIT) is a deemed university. ... Regional Engineering College (RECs) are premier schools of engineering and technology education in India. ... // Rajiv Gandhi Technical University, Hindi: राजीव गांधी प्रौधौगिकी विशवविधालय, also known as University of Technology of Madhya Pradesh, is an Indian multi-campus affiliating university in Madhya Pradesh. ... Barkatullah University (BU), Hindi: बरकतउल्लाह विशवविधालय is an Indian university located in Bhopal, named after the great freedom fighter, Prof. ... // Madhya Pradesh Bhoj Open University, or simply Bhoj University, Hindi: भोज विशवविधालय, is a public university in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. ... Makhanlal Chaturvedi National University of Journalism & Communication or simply Makhanlal University, Hindi: माखनलाल विशवविधालय, is a public university in Bhopal set up by the Act 15 of 1990 of the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly. ... National Law Institute University (NLIU), Bhopal was established in 1998 by an enactment of the State Legislature of Madhya Pradesh. ... Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal (IIFM) (founded 1982) is an autonomous institution located at Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh, India, established by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India with assistance from the Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad. ...


Road trip - Stunning sights

  • Hathaikhedi - a beautiful place full with river water, trees of mango, date and scenic fields having wheat, soyabean, sugar cane crops. Specially in rainy season this place become charming. One can visit Hathaikhedi via Phanda which is off Bhopal-Indore highway. Hathikhedi is just 19 kilometer from Bhopal railway station.
  • Mahavir Tekri - A picturesque temple and a park atop a hill that overlooks the upper lake.A wonderful spot for killing time while watching the sunset or the sunrise.
  • Kerwa dam - A scenic dam about 15 km from bhopal off kotra.This is an excellent spot to enjoy a nice picnic.The place is best visited in the rains as the water level is low in summers.
  • Bhojpur - About 35 km from the city lies the town of bhojpur which has a huge temple dedicated to lord shiva.But the main attraction is the nearby river and the valley leading to it.Again best seen in the rains.
  • Raisen fort - About 50 km from the city lies Raisen a small town. There lies a huge fort built right into the mountain dating back centuries. Walking around is easier in winter without the sun or the rains.A must-see for anyone visiting bhopal
  • There is of course bhimbetka and sanchi both known for their historical significance.

Further reading

  • Lapierre, Dominique (2002). Five Past Midnight in Bhopal. Warner Books. ISBN 0743220358. 
  • Khan, Shaharyar. Begums of Bhopal, A Dynasty of Women Rulers in Raj India. ISBN 1860645283. 
  • Singh, J.P. (1998). City Planning in India: A Study of Land Use of Bhopal. Mittal Publications,India. ISBN 8170997054. 
  • Howgh, William (2006). A Brief History Of The Bhopal Principality In Central India. Hesperides Press. ISBN 1406712256. 
  • Mittal, Kamal (1990). History of Bhopal State: Development of Constitution, Administration and National Awakening, 1901-1949. South Asia Books. ISBN 9990309159. 

References

  1. ^ City of Lakes. Retrieved on 2007-04-12.
  2. ^ ISRO Master Control Facility. Retrieved on 2007-03-27.
  3. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Master_Control_Facility_of_ISRO,_Hassan
  4. ^ Bhopal AIIMS. Retrieved on 2007-03-20.
  5. ^ Second largest Muslim state. Tour Travel World. Retrieved on 2007-03-08.
  6. ^ BMC History (15 May 2007). Retrieved on 2007-06-12.
  7. ^ BBC — On This Day. 3rd December, 1984: Hundreds die in Bhopal chemical accident.
  8. ^ Green Peace international.Nightmare in Bhopal
  9. ^ Bhopal - The world's worst industrial disaster
  10. ^ ABC 20th anniversary of world's worst industrial disaster. Simi Chakrabarti
  11. ^ Bhopal industries. Retrieved on 2007-04-10.
  12. ^ Zari and Batua. Retrieved on 2007-04-12.
  13. ^ Manjul Publishing House. Retrieved on 2007-04-04.
  14. ^ Technology Park in Bhopal. Retrieved on 2007-04-10.
  15. ^ Genpact BPO. Retrieved on 2007-04-11.
  16. ^ Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha. Retrieved on 2007-03-08.
  17. ^ Bhopal Municipal Corporation. Retrieved on 2007-03-08.
  18. ^ Interstare Bus Terminus. Retrieved on 2007-03-16.
  19. ^ Habibganj Station. Retrieved on 2007-03-08.
  20. ^ Bhopal Express. Retrieved on 2007-04-04.
  21. ^ Bhopal Airport expansion. Retrieved on 2007-03-14.
  22. ^ Demographics of Bhopal. Retrieved on 2007-03-08.
  23. ^ Eunuchs contesting elections. Retrieved on 2007-04-04.
  24. ^ Bhopal Paan. Retrieved on 2007-04-11.
  25. ^ Taj-ul-Masajid. Tour Travel World. Retrieved on 2007-03-12.
  26. ^ Bhopal Tours. Retrieved on 2007-03-12.
  27. ^ Cricinfo, BHEL Sports Complex. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  28. ^ Cricinfo, Tatya Tope Stadium. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  29. ^ Matin Khan (1982). The Autobiography of Aslam Sher Khan. Allied Publishers. Retrieved on 2007-03-08.
  30. ^ Bhopal Adventure Sports. Retrieved on 2007-03-08.
  31. ^ Water Sports in Bhopal. Retrieved on 2007-03-08.
  32. ^ National Canoeing and Kayaking Championship. Retrieved on 2007-04-04.
  33. ^ Asian Canoeing and Kayaking Championship. Retrieved on 2007-04-04.
  34. ^ List of Engineering colleges. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Official Website of Bhopal City
  • Bhopal Municipal Corporation Website
  • Bhopal travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Bhopal Airport


Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

As per the 2001 census there are 36 cities or urban agglomerations in India with a population of 1 million or more. ... For other uses, see Agra (disambiguation). ... , Ahmedabad (Gujarati: , Hindi: अहमदाबाद ) is the largest city in the state of Gujarat and the seventh-largest urban agglomeration in India, with a population of 56 lakhs (5. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... , Amritsar (Punjabi: , Hindi: ), meaning: The Ocean of the Nectar of Immortality,[1] is the administrative headquarter of the Amritsar District in Punjab, India. ... , Asansol (Bengali: ), a coal-mining-industrial centre, is the second largest city [1] in West Bengal, after Kolkata. ... , For other uses, see Aurangabad. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... Madras redirects here. ... , Coimbatore (Tamil: ), also known as Kovai (Tamil: ), is a major industrial city in India and the second largest city in the state of Tamil Nadu. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , Faridabad,   (Hindi: फरीदाबाद) is a city and a municipal corporation in Faridabad district in the state of Haryana, India. ... , Ghaziabad   (Hindi: गाज़ियाबाद, Urdu: غازی آباد) is an industrial city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... This article is about a city in India. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... , Indore (Hindi:इन्दौर ,Marathi:इंदूर)  , a large city in the Malwa region of Central India is the commercial capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... , Jabalpur (Hindi: जबलपुर) is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर), also popularly known as the pink city, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... , Jamshedpur   (जमशेदपुर in Devanagari) is a city located in the state of Jharkand in India, founded by the late Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata. ... , Kanpur   (Hindi: कानपुर, Urdu: کان پور, spelled as Cawnpore before 1948) is one of the most populous cities in the north India and the most populous within the state of Uttar Pradesh. ... The urban agglomeration (UA) of Kochi (pronunciation?·i; Malayalam: കൊച്ചി [Kocci]); formerly known as Cochin) is the largest UA in the Indian state of Kerala. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... , Kakinada   is a city and a municipal corporation in East Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... For the district of the same name, see Ludhiana District. ... , Madurai   (Tamil: , IPA: ) is a city and a municipal corporation with a city population of 922,913 according to 2001 census. ... , Meerut (Hindi: मेरठ, Urdu: میرٹھ) IPA:   is a city and a municipal corporation in Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... , Bombay redirects here. ... , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... , Nashik (Marathi: ) ( ) or Nasik (Marathi: ) is a city in Indias Maharashtra state. ... , Navi Mumbai (Marathi: नवी मुंबई, IAST: ), formerly known as New Bombay, is a twin city of Mumbai, India. ... For other uses, see Patna (disambiguation). ... For the sport which developed into badminton, see Poona (sport). ... , Rajkot   (2005 pop. ... Get the information of Kakinada at http://www. ... For other uses, see Surat (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Thane (disambiguation). ... , Vadodara (Gujarati: વડોદરા,Marathi:बडोदा)  ), also known as Baroda, is the third most-populated town in the Indian state of Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat. ... , Varanasi (Sanskrit: वाराणसी VārāṇasÄ«, IPA:  ), also known as Benares (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA: ), or Kashi (Hindi: ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Vijayawada ( ) (విజయవాడ) literally translates to The Place of Victory. It is also known as Bezawada. ... , Visakhapatnam  (telugu - విశాఖపట్నం) (also Viśākhapattanamu, shortened and anglicized: Vizag or Vizagapatnam) is a port city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... , For the district of the same name, see Warangal district. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bhopal travel guide - Wikitravel (2026 words)
Bhopal is the seat of the Madhya Pradesh Government and is a beautiful mid-sized city in the heart of India.
Bhopal has a decent public transportation system comprising of buses, mini-buses, three wheeled autos and the odd looking tempos that are a major pollution concern for this growing city.
Bhopal is a fairly quiet city when it comes to things like night life, clubs, bars etc. Most of the restaurants close around 11 PM but a majority of good hotels in Bhopal will have a bar that is open atleast till mid-night.
Where is Bhopal? (891 words)
Bhopal is a city in central India, and the capital of the state of Madhya Pradesh.
Bhopal's population was only 850,000 in 1984 when, as a result of the Union Carbide gas leak, half a million people were exposed to deadly chemicals.
The two lakes of Bhopal still dominate the city; bordered along their shores are the old city with its marketplaces, magnificent mosques and palaces, and the new city with its verdant, exquisitely laid out parks and gardens, broad avenues and streamlined modern buildings.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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