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Encyclopedia > Bharhut
Indian relief of probable Indo-Greek king, with Buddhist triratana symbol on his sword. Bharhut, 2nd century BCE. Indian Museum, Calcutta (drawing).

Barhut, or Bharhut, is a location in Madhya Pradesh, Central India, known for its famous Buddhist stupa. The Barhut stupa was established by the Indian king Asoka in the 3rd century BCE, but many works of art were apparently added during the Sunga period, with many friezes from the 2nd century BCE. Probable Indo-Greek king, Bharhut, 2nd century BCE. Personal drawing, released under GDFL. Photo of the same relief: [1] Boardman comments on this relief: (Boardman, The Diffusion of Classical Art in Antiquity) File links The following pages link to this file: Indo-Greek Kingdom Categories: GFDL images ... Probable Indo-Greek king, Bharhut, 2nd century BCE. Personal drawing, released under GDFL. Photo of the same relief: [1] Boardman comments on this relief: (Boardman, The Diffusion of Classical Art in Antiquity) File links The following pages link to this file: Indo-Greek Kingdom Categories: GFDL images ... Maximum extent of Indo-Greek territory circa 175 BCE. The Indo-Greeks (or sometimes Greco-Indians) designate a series of Greek kings, who invaded and controlled parts of northwest and northern India from 180 BCE to around 10 BCE. They are the continuation of the Greco-Bactrian dynasty of Greek... The Triratna or Three Jewels symbol, on a Buddha footprint. ... The Indian Museum was founded by Dr. Nathaniel Wallich a Danish botanist at Serampore (original called Frederischnagore) near Calcutta in 1814. ... This article is on Calcutta/Kolkata, the city. ... Madhya Pradesh (मध्य प्रदेश) is a state in central India. ... A stupa in Tibet A stupa (from the Sanskrit) is a type of Buddhist structure found across the Indian subcontinent and Asia. ... This article is about Ashoka, the emperor. ... (4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Events The first two Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome over dominance in western Mediterranean Rome conquers Spain Great Wall of China begun Indian traders regularly visited Arabia Scythians occupy... Approximate greatest extent of the Sunga empire (185 BCE-73 BCE) The Sunga empire (or Shunga empire) controlled the eastern part of India from around 185 to 73 BCE. It was established after the fall of the Indian Mauryan empire. ... Frieze of the Tower of the Winds. ... (3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Events BC 168 Battle of Pydna -- Macedonian phalanx defeated by Romans BC 148 Rome conquers Macedonia BC 146 Rome destroys Carthage in the Third Punic War BC 146 Rome conquers...


The stupa contains numerous birth stories of the Buddha's previous lives, or Jataka tales. Many of them are in the shape of large, round medallions. A stone image of the Buddha. ... The Jataka stories are a significant body of works about the previous lives of Gautama Buddha. ...


In confirmity with the early aniconic phase of Buddhist art, the Buddha is only represented through symbols, such as the dharma wheel, the Bodhi tree, an empty seat, footprints, or the triratana symbol. Buddhist art originated in the Indian subcontinent in the centuries following the life of the historical Gautama Buddha in the 6th to 5th century BCE, before evolving through its contact with other cultures and its diffusion through the rest of Asia and the world. ... The eight-spoked dharma wheel is a common symbol in Buddhist iconography, representing the collective teachings of Buddha, known as the dharma. ... A direct clone descendant of the Bodhi tree, planted at Foster Botanical Garden in Honolulu, Hawaii The Bodhi tree was a large and very old specimen of the Sacred Fig, located at the Mahabodhi Temple at Bodh Gaya (about 100 km from Patna in the Indian state of Bihar) under... The Triratna or Three Jewels symbol, on a Buddha footprint. ...


The style is generally flat (no scuptures in the round), and all characters are depicted wearing the Indian dhoti, except for one foreigner, thought to be an Indo-Greek kings, with Buddhist symbolism. The dhoti is a style of Indian mens wear. ... Maximum extent of Indo-Greek territory circa 175 BCE. The Indo-Greeks (or sometimes Greco-Indians) designate a series of Greek kings, who invaded and controlled parts of northwest and northern India from 180 BCE to around 10 BCE. They are the continuation of the Greco-Bactrian dynasty of Greek...


External links

  • Medallions from Barhut
  • Bharhut and Bodgaya photos

  Results from FactBites:
 
Buddhist Art in India - by Radha Banerjee (2751 words)
The art of this period consists mainly in the excavation of the rock-cut temples or viharas (some of which are embellished with paintings) and the erection of railings and toranas (gateways) to the Buddhist Stupas at different places).
One of the main interest of the Bharhut sculptures consists in the representation of the birth-stories of the Gautama Budha.
In addition to Bharhut, the other important centres of Buddhist art and religion in north India during this period were Sanchi (Madhya Pradesh) and Bodh Gaya(Bihar).
ah (754 words)
Bharhut: The earliest Buddhist sculptures in the Simon collection are the two railing pillars (Figs 1 and 2) from Bharhut, Madhya Pradesh.
Bharhut is one of earliest known sites where a large stupa received elaborate embellishment of its stone railing and gateways.
The Bharhut reliefs demonstrate that by the second century BC the Indian artistic vocabulary with an emphasis on the human form was already well established.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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