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Encyclopedia > Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
BSNL
Type Communication Service Provider
Availability    Countrywide except Delhi & Mumbai
Revenue US$ 9.04 billion (2006)
Owner The Government of India
Key people S.D. Saxena (CFO); Kuldeep Goyal(CEO)
Founded 19th century, incorporated 2000
Website www.bsnl.co.in

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (known as BSNL, India Communications Corporation Limited) is a public sector communications company in India. It is the largest telecommunication company in India and the sixth largest in the world [citation needed]. Its headquarters are at Bharat Sanchar Bhawan, Harish Chandra Mathur Lane, Janpath, New Delhi. It has the status of Mini-ratana - a status assigned to reputed Public Sector companies in India. Image File history File links BSNL_logo. ... Telecommunication involves the transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... A service provider is an entity that provides services to other entities. ... Look up revenue in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... The Government of India (Hindi: भारत सरकार [1]Bhārat Sarkār), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the Republic of... < [[[[math>Insert formula here</math>The public sector is that part of economic and administrative life that deals with the delivery of goods and services by and for the [[government </math></math></math></math> Direct administration funded through taxation; the delivering organisation generally has no specific requirement to meet commercial... Copy of the original phone of Alexander Graham Bell at the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris Telecommunication is the assisted transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ...


BSNL is India's oldest and largest Communication Service Provider (CSP). Currently BSNL has a customer base of 65.3 million (Basic & Mobile telephony). It has footprints throughout India except for the metropolitan cities of Mumbai and New Delhi which are managed by MTNL. As on July 31, 2007 BSNL commanded a customer base of 32.7 million Wireline, 3.7 million CDMA-WLL and 28.9 million GSM Mobile subscribers. BSNL's earnings for the Financial Year ending March 31, 2007 stood at INR 397.15b (US$ 9.67 b) with net profit of INR 78.06b (US$ 1.90 billion). Today, BSNL is India's largest Telco and one of the largest Public Sector Undertaking of the country with authorized share capital of US$ 4.26 billion (INR 17,500 Crores) and assets of US$ 14.74 billion. , Bombay redirects here. ... , This article is about the urban region that is the capital of India. ... The Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited is the government owned telephone service provider in the cities of Bombay, New Delhi and New Bombay in India. ... is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Contents

History

The foundation of Telecom Network in India was laid by the British sometime in 19th century. The history of BSNL is linked with the beginning of Telecom in India. In 19th century and for almost entire 20th century, the Telecom in India was operated as a Government of India wing. Earlier it was part of erstwhile Post & Telegraph Department (P&T). In 1975 the Department of Telecom (DoT) was separated from P&T. DoT was responsible for running of Telecom services in entire country until 1985 when Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL) was carved out of DoT to run the telecom services of Delhi and Mumbai. It is a well known fact that BSNL was carved out of Department of Telecom to provide level playing field to private telecoms.Subsequently in 1990s the telecom sector was opened up by the Government for Private investment, therefore it became necessary to separate the Government's policy wing from Operations wing. The Government of India corporatised the operations wing of DoT on October 01, 2000 and named it as Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL).BSNL operates as a public sector. October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ...


Main Services being provided by BSNL

BSNL fixed services

BSNL provides almost every telecom service, however following are the main Telecom Services being provided by BSNL in India:- Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


1. Universal Telecom Sevices : Fixed wireline services & Wireless in Local loop (WLL) using CDMA Technology called bfone and Tarang respectively. BSNL is dominant operator in fixed line. As on March 31, 2007 (end of financial year) BSNL had 76% share of fixed and WLL phones.

BSNL Mobile
BSNL Mobile
Pre-paid Mobile
Pre-paid Mobile

2. Cellular Mobile Telephone Services: BSNL is major provider of Cellular Mobile Telephone services using GSM platform under brandname Cellone. Pre-paid Cellular services of BSNL are know as Excel. As on March 31, 2007 BSNL had 17% share of mobile telephony in the country.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

BSNL Broadband
BSNL Broadband

3. Internet: BSNL is providing internet as dial-up connection (Sancharnet) and ADSL-Broadband Dataone. BSNL has around 50% marketshare in broadband in India. BSNL has planned aggressive rollout in broadband for current financial year.

4. Intelligent Network (IN): BSNL is providing IN services like tele-voting, toll free calling, premium calling etc. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Sancharnet is Asias largest telecommunication service provider and is located in India. ...


BSNL Units

BSNL is divided into a number of administrative units, termed as telecom circles, metro districts, project circles and specialized units, as mentioned below:-


Telecom Circles: Telecom Circles & Metro districts are responsible for providing service to the customers. There are 24 Telecom Circles and 2 Metro districts.


1. Andaman & Nicobar Telecom Circle
2. Andhra Pradesh Telecom Circle
3. Assam Telecom Circle
4. Bihar Telecom Circle
5. Chhatisgarh Telecom Circle
6. Gujarat Telecom Circle
7. Haryana Telecom Circle
8. Himachal Pradesh Telecom Circle
9. Jammu & Kashmir Telecom Circle
10. Jharkhand Telecom Circle
11. Karnataka Telecom Circle
12. Kerala Telecom Circle
13. Madhya Pradesh Telecom Circle
14. Maharashtra Telecom Circle
15. North East-I Telecom Circle for Meghalaya,Mizoram and Tripura
16. North East-II Telecom Circle for Arunachal Pradesh,Manipur and Nagaland.
17. Orissa Telecom Circle
18. Punjab Telecom Circle
19. Rajasthan Telecom Circle
20. Tamil Nadu Telecom Circle
21. Uttar Pradesh (East) Telecom Circle
22. Uttar Pradesh (West) Telecom Circle
23. Uttranchal Telecom Circle
24. West Bengal Telecom Circle , Meghalaya   is a small state in north-eastern India. ... , Mizoram   is one of the Seven Sister States in northeastern India on the border with Myanmar. ... Tripura   (Bengali: ত্রিপুরা, Hindi: त्रिपुरा) is a state in North East India. ... , Arunachal Pradesh   (Hindi: Aruṇācal PradeÅ›) is the eastern most state on Indias north-east frontier. ... , Manipur   (Bengali: মণিপুর, Meitei Mayek: mnipur) is a state in northeastern India making its capital in the city of Imphal. ... , Nagaland   is a hill state located in the far north-eastern part of India. ...


Metro Districts


1. Kolkata Telecom District
2. Chennai Telecom District


Project Circles


1. Eastern Telecom Project Circle
2. Western Telecom Project Circle
3. Northern Telecom Project Circle
4. Southern Telecom Project Circle
5. IT Project Circle, Pune


Maintenance Regions


1. Eastern Telecom Maintenance Region
2. Western Telecom Maintenance Region
3. Northern Telecom Maintenance Region
4. Southern Telecom Maintenance Region


Specialized Telecom Units


1. Data Networks
2. National Centre For Electronic Switching
3. Technical & Development Circle
4. Quality Assurance


Manufacturing Units


1. Telecom Factory, Mumbai
2. Telecom Factory, Jabalpur
3. Telecom Factory, Richhai
4. Telecom Factory, Kolkata


Training Institutions


1. Advanced Level Telecom Training Centre(ALTTC)
2. Bharat Ratna Bhim Rao Ambedkar Institute Of Telecom Training
3. National Academy of Telecom Finance and Management


Other Units


1. Telecom Stores
2. Telecom Electrical Wing
3. Telecom Civil Wing


BSNL Present & Future

Since its corporatisation in October 2000, BSNL has been actively providing connections in both Urban and Rural areas and the efficiency of the company has drastically improved from the days when one had to wait for years to get a phone connection to now when one can get a connection in even hours. Pre-activated Mobile connections are available at many places across India. BSNL has also unveiled very cost-effective Broadband internet access plans (DataOne) targeted at homes and small businesses. At present BSNL enjoy's around 45% of market share of ISP services.[1]

Year of Broadband 2007
Year of Broadband 2007

2007 has been declared as "Year of Broadband" in India and BSNL is in the process of providing 5 million Broadband connectivity by the end of 2007. BSNL has upgraded existing Dataone (Broadband) connections for a speed of up to 2 MB/s without any extra cost. This 2 MB/s broadband service is being provided by BSNL at a cost of just US$ 5.5 per month. Further, BSNL is rolling out new Broadband services as Triple play (telecommunications).
BSNL is planning to increase its customer base to 108 million customers by 2010. With the frantic activity in the communication sector in India, the target appears achievable, however due to intense competition in Indian Telecom sector in recent past BSNL's growth has slowed down.
BSNL is pioneer of Rural Telephony in India. BSNL has recently bagged 80% of US$ 580 m (INR 2,500 crores) Rural Telephony project of Government of India.[2] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... In telecommunications, the Triple Play service is a marketing term for the provisioning of the three services: high-speed Internet, television (Video on Demand or regular broadcasts) and telephone service over a single broadband connection. ...


Challenges

During Financial Year 2006-2007 (From April 01, 2006 to March 31, 2007) BSNL has added 9.6 million new customers in various telephone services taking its customer base to 64.8 million. BSNL's nearest competitor Bharti Airtel is standing at a customer base of 39 million. However, despite impressive growth shown by BSNL in recent times, the Fixed line customer base of BSNL is declining. In order to woo back its fixed-line customers BSNL has brought down long distance calling rate under OneIndia plan, however, the success of the scheme is not known. However, BSNL faces bleak fiscal 2006-2007 as users flee, which has been accepted by the CMD BSNL.[3] April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Bharti Airtel, formerly known as Bharti Tele-Ventures Limited (BTVL) is among Indias largest mobile phone and Fixed Network operators. ...


Presently there is an intense competition in Indian Telecom sector and various Telcos are rolling out attractive schemes and are providing good customer services. However, BSNL being legacy operator and its conversion from a Government Department, earns lot of criticism for its poor customer service. Although in recent past there have been tremendous improvement in working of BSNL but still it is much below the Industry's Expectations. A large aging (average age 49 years(appx)) workforce (300,000 strong), which is mostly semi-illetrate or illeterate is the main reason for the poor customer service. Further, the Top management of BSNL is still working in BSNL on deputation basis holding Government employee status thus having little commitment to the organisation. Although in coming years the retirement profile of the workforce is very fast and around 25% of existing workforce will retire by 2010, however, still the workforce will be quite large by the industry standards. Quality of the workforce will also remain an issue.


Access Deficit Charges (ADC, a levy being paid by the private operators to BSNL for provide service in non-lucarative areas especially rural areas) has been slashed by 37% by TRAI, w.e.f. April 01, 2007.[4] The reduction in ADC may hit the bottomlines of BSNL. April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Recent News

BSNL is in the process of finalising a Mega tender for rollout of 60 million GSM lines. The tender has invited a controversy, when one of the bidders Motorola was disqualified by BSNL on technical grounds and Motorola has approached the court. BSNL was allowed to process the tender, however, the Court had restrained BSNL from awarding the tender. Motorola on April 16, 2007 has withdrawn its petition from the High Court thus clearing the decks for BSNL for placement of order.[5][6] is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


BSNL has narrowly missed out the coveted 'Navratna' status of Indian PSUs because of a technicality, however the apex committee has kept its case alive, and same may be reconsidered.[7]


Former Indian Telecom Minister Dayanidhi Maran has set an aggressive targets for BSNL. They have been asked to double their annual turnover to US$ 20 billion in next 3 years by 27 percent year on year growth.[8]


Dayanidhi Maran had resigned from Union Cabinet and Andimuthu Raja has taken over as new Indian Communications Minister in May 2007. Raja a DMK Party MP was earlier working as Indian Environment & Forest Minister. [1]


BSNL is going to invest US$ 13.7b (Rs 60,000 crores) in next 3 years.[9]


BSNL is India's no. 1 brand recall.[10]


During March 2007, BSNL has added 2.6 million customers, highest addition by BSNL in a month so far[11]


BSNL is set to shift its headquarters to its own building christened as Bharat Sanchar Bhawan situated at Harish Chandra Mathur Lane, Janpath, New Delhi.


Links

  • DoT Website
  • BSNL Dataone(Broadband Services)
  • BSNL Internet
  • BSNL Data Card - Internet on the move
  • BSNL Internet in Mobile phones
  • Bsnl Mobile Talk

References

  1. ^ http://www.business-standard.com/iceworld/storypage.php?leftnm=8&subLeft=2&chklogin=N&autono=266455&tab=r
  2. ^ http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/holnus/006200703280310.htm
  3. ^ http://cities.expressindia.com/fullstory.php?newsid=228445
  4. ^ http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/Magazines/The_Sunday_ET/The_Week_That_Was/Trai_slashes_ADC_by_37_ILD_calls_to_cost_20_less/articleshow/1804327.cms
  5. ^ http://www.zeenews.com/znnew/articles.asp?aid=366084&ssid=54&sid=BUS
  6. ^ http://www.ndtvprofit.com/homepage/storybusinessnew.asp?id=37612&template=&cache=4/16/2007%202:59:15%20PM
  7. ^ http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/1640502.cms
  8. ^ http://www.hindu.com/2007/02/24/stories/2007022403552000.htm
  9. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/NEWS/India_Business/BSNL_to_invest_Rs_60000_crore/articleshow/1807208.cms
  10. ^ http://www.agencyfaqs.com/news/stories/2007/03/20/17324.html
  11. ^ http://www.myiris.com/newsCentre/newsPopup.php?fileR=20070410091940130&dir=2007/04/10&secID=livenews


Telecommunication Companies in India
BSNL | MTNL | Airtel | Idea | Vodafone | Reliance | Tata Indicom | Spice | Aircel

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (688 words)
BSNL has footprints throughout India except for the metropolitan cities of Mumbai and New Delhi which are managed by MTNL, and presently commands over 33.8 million Wireline, 2.8 million CDMA-WLL and 22 million GSM Mobile subscribers.
BSNL plans to add 20 million subscribers annually for the next three years, and to achieve customer base of 120 million by 2008.
BSNL is in the process of finalising a Mega tender for rollout of 60 million GSM lines.
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited: Information from Answers.com (493 words)
BSNL has footprints in entire India except for the metropolitan cities of Mumbai and New Delhi which are managed by MTNL, and commands over 40 million landlines and 123 million mobile subscribers.
Since its corporatisation in October 2000, BSNL has been actively providing connections in both Urban and Rural areas and the efficiency of the company has drastically improved from the days when one had to wait for years to get a phone connection to now when one can get a connection in even hours.
BSNL plans to add 20 million subscribers annually for the next three years, and long term target of 120 million lines by 2010.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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