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Encyclopedia > Bhakti yoga

Bhakti yoga is the Hindu term for the spiritual practice of fostering of loving devotion to God, called bhakti. Traditionally there are 9 forms of bhakti yoga. Hindu movements in which bhakti yoga is the main practice are called bhakti movements. Bhakti yoga is generally considered the easiest of the four general paths to liberation, or moksha (the others being Karma, Raja and Jnana Yoga). In scriptures such as the Bhagavata Purana, bhakti is described as a perfectional stage in itself which surpasses even moksha as a level of spiritual realisation. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... Bhakti - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... A woman practising hatha yoga in the water wile swimming and drowning it is funny to watch Yoga (Devanagari: योग) is a family of ancient spiritual practices originating in India. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Bhakti movements are Hindu religious movements in which the main spiritual practice is the fostering of loving devotion to God, called bhakti. ... Moksha - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Karma yoga, or the discipline of action is based on the teachings of the Bhagavad Gita. ... Raja Yoga or Ashtanga Yoga is one of the four major Yogic paths of Hinduism, the others being Karma yoga, Jnana yoga and Bhakti yoga. ... Jnana in Sanskrit means knowledge, and is often interpreted to mean knowledge of the true self. In the Vedanta school of the Hindu religion, to know Brahman as ones own Self is jnana. ... The Bhagavata Purana (sometimes rendered as Bhagavatha Purana), also known as the Srimad Bhagavatam, written c. ... Spirituality, in a narrow sense, concerns itself with matters of the spirit. ...

Contents

The Philosophy of Bhakti

Bhakti is the Sanskrit term that signifies a blissful, selfless and overwhelming love of God as the beloved Father, Mother, Child, Friend or whichever relationship or personal aspect of God that finds appeal in the devotee's heart. Bhakti incorporates a number of universal principles, also common in other world religions. Bhakti - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Sanskrit language ( , ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, and one of the 22 official languages of India. ... Major world religions have been distinguished from minor religions using a variety of methods, though any such division naturally reflects a particular bias, since many adherent of a religion are likely to consider their own faith major. Two methods are mentioned in this article, number of adherents and the definitions...


The 'Bhakti-rasamrita-sindhu' (written by Rupa Gosvami) gives the following as the nine primary activities of bhakti, with the instruction that by following all, or just one, of these activities perfectly the aspiring devotee can achieve pure love of God: Category: Possible copyright violations ...

  • 1) Hearing about the Lord - singing & chanting God's names (japa), hearing stories from scripture.
  • 2) Glorifying the Lord - describing God's all-attractive features.
  • 3) Remembering the Lord - internal meditation on the Lord's form, activities, names or personality.
  • 4) Serving the lotus feet of the Lord - providing a form of physical service.
  • 5) Worshiping the Lord - deity worship (arcana) is a popular form of this within India.
  • 6) Offering prayers to the Lord - any form of prayer offered to please God.
  • 7) Serving the Lord - offering a service for Lord's pleasure, such as preaching activity.
  • 8) Building a friendship with the Lord - having an internal, loving relationship with God.
  • 9) Surrendering everything unto the Lord - surrendering one's thoughts, actions and deeds to God.

These nine principles of devotional service are described as helping the devotee remain constantly in touch with God. The processes of japa and internal meditation on the aspirant devotees's chosen deity form (ishta deva) are especially popular in most bhakti schools. Bhakti is described a yoga path, in that its aim is a form of divine, loving union with the Supreme Lord. The exact form of the Lord, or type of union varies between the different schools, but the essence of each process is very similar. Japa, or Japam, is a spiritual discipline in which a devotee repeats a mantra or the name of the God. ... A large statue in Bangalore depicting Shiva meditating The term Meditation describes a variety of practices with a variety of goals. ... Look up deity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Arcanum, from the Latin arcere, to shut away in an arca, cf. ... Mary Magdalene in prayer. ... It has been suggested that Ishta-devatha be merged into this article or section. ... A woman practising hatha yoga in the water wile swimming and drowning it is funny to watch Yoga (Devanagari: योग) is a family of ancient spiritual practices originating in India. ...


The Bhagavad Gita

Image:UniversalForm.jpg
Krishna revealing his universal form to Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita
For main article see: Bhagavad Gita

While it has an extensive list of philosophical and religious associations, the Bhagavad Gita is also seen as a cornerstone for Hindu Bhakti theism, especially within Vaishnavism. However, it has been interpreted by many as being a manual not limited just for devotees of Krishna. Whatever be the case, it is adamant, in Krishna's words, that love and innocent pure intention is the most powerful motive force in a devotee's spiritual life. It is a very succinct and comprehensive statement on the mindset of the Bhakta (loving devotee), regardless of the form of God chosen: Krishna with Radharani, 18th C Rajasthani painting Krishna (कृष्ण in Devanagari, in IAST ), according to various Hindu traditions, is the eighth avatar of Vishnu. ... Krishna to Arjuna: Behold My mystic opulence! Arjuna (Sanskrit: अर्जुन, arjuna) is one of the heroes of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. ... Bhagavad Gīta भगवद्गीता, composed ca the fifth - second centuries BC, is part of the epic poem Mahabharata, located in the Bhisma-Parva chapters 23–40. ... Bhagavad Gīta भगवद्गीता, composed ca the fifth - second centuries BC, is part of the epic poem Mahabharata, located in the Bhisma-Parva chapters 23–40. ... Maha-Vishnu depicted as resting on the causal ocean, with countless universes emanating from his skin pores. ... Krishna with Radharani, 18th C Rajasthani painting Krishna (कृष्ण in Devanagari, in IAST ), according to various Hindu traditions, is the eighth avatar of Vishnu. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Love Look up love in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

  • man-mana bhava mad-bhakto, mad-yaji mam namaskuru, mam evaishyasi yuktvaivam, atmanam mat-parayanah
"Engage your mind always in thinking of Me, become My devotee, offer obeisances to Me and worship Me. Being completely absorbed in Me, surely you will come to Me." (B-Gita 9.34) [1]
  • bhaktya mam abhijanati, yavan yas casmi tattvatah, tato mam tattvato jnatva, visate tad-anantaram
"One can understand Me as I am, as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, only by devotional service. And when one is in full consciousness of Me by such devotion, he can enter into the kingdom of God." (B-Gita 18.55) [2]

The Branches of Bhakti

A large statue in Bangalore depicting Lord Shiva meditating
A large statue in Bangalore depicting Lord Shiva meditating

The various bhakti movements are monotheistic in their aim, being primarily devoted to worship of either Vishnu or Shiva as the Supreme God or His personal energy, known as Shakti. These movements, which followed the establishment of the three Vedanta systems, rejuvenated Hinduism through their intense expression of faith and responsiveness to the emotional and philosophical needs of India, illustrated by Bharatanatyam, and can rightly be said to have affected the greatest wave of change in Hindu prayer and ritual since the advent of Adi Shankaracharya. There have been bhakti movements right through Indian history. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (768x1024, 106 KB) Summary This image has been (or is hereby) released into the public domain by its creator, Deepak gupta. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (768x1024, 106 KB) Summary This image has been (or is hereby) released into the public domain by its creator, Deepak gupta. ... Bangalore or Bengalūru (Kannada: ; pronunciation: in Kannada and in English) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... In theology, monotheism (in Greek μόνος = single and θεός = God) is the belief in the existence of one deity or God, or in the oneness of God. ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari , with honorific Shri Vishnu; , ), (also frequently referred to as Narayana) is the most popularly worshipped form of God in Hinduism [1]. Within the Vaishnava tradition he is viewed as the Ultimate Reality or Supreme God (similarly to Shiva within Shaivism). ... Shiva (English IPA: Sanskrit: शिव; Hindi: शिव; Malayalam ശിവന്‍; Tamil: சிவன் (when used to distinguish lordly status), also known as Siva and written Śiva in the official IAST transliteration, pronounced as ) is a form of Ishvara or God in the later Vedic scriptures of Hinduism. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Vedanta (Devanagari: , ) is a school of philosophy within Hinduism. ... Hinduism (Sanskrit: , , also known as , ) is a religion that originated on the Indian subcontinent. ... Emotion, in its most general definition, is an intense neural mental state that arises subjectively rather than through conscious effort and evokes either a positive or negative psychological response to move an organism to action. ... Philosophy (from the Greek words philos and sophia meaning love of wisdom) is understood in different ways historically and by different philosophers. ... Bharatanatyam dancer Bharatanatyam (also spelled Bharathanatyam, Bharatnatyam or Bharata Natyam) ( Sanskrit: भारतनाट्यम bʰāratanāṭyam, Tamil:பரதநாட்டியம் ) is a classical dance form originating from Tamil Nadu, a state in Southern India. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mary Magdalene in prayer. ... Sri Adi Sankara Adi Shankaracharya or Adi Shankara (the first Shankara in his lineage), reverentially called Bhagavatpada Acharya (the teacher at the feet of Lord), Shankara (approximately 509- 477 BC (though some claim 788-820 CE)) was the most famous Advaita philosopher who had a profound influence on the growth... The history of India begins with the archaeological record of Homo sapiens ca. ...


The philosophical schools changed the way people thought, but Bhakti was immediately accessible to all, calling to the instinct emotion of love and redirecting it to the highest pursuit of God and self-realization. In general a liberal movement, its denouncement of caste offered recourse for Hindus from the orthodox Brahaminical systems. Of course, however, Bhakti's message of tolerance and love was not often heeded by those ensconsed in the societal construct of caste. This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Young Indian brahmachari Brahmin A Brahmin (less often Brahman) is a member of the Hindu priestly caste. ...


Altogether, bhakti resulted in a mass of devotional literature, music, dance and art that has enriched the world and gave India renewed spiritual impetus, one eschewing unnecessary ritual and artificial social boundaries. Music is a form of art and entertainment or other human activity that involves organized and audible sounds and silence. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... A ritual is a set of actions, performed mainly for their symbolic value, which is prescribed by a religion or by the traditions of a community. ...


For further information see the article on Bhakti movements. Bhakti movements are Hindu religious movements in which the main spiritual practice is the fostering of loving devotion to God, called bhakti. ...


Famous proponents of Bhakti

A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada (September 1, 1896–November 14, 1977) was born Abhay Charan De, in Kolkata, West Bengal. ... Caitanya Mahaprabhu (1486-1534) Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (also transliterated Caitanya, IAST ) (Bangla ) (1486 - 1534), was an ascetic Hindu monk and social reformer in 16th century Bengal, India (present-day West Bengal and Bangladesh). ... Bhakti Tirtha Swami (February 25, 1950–June 27, 2005) was an African-American Hindu leader. ... Narada (Sanskrit: नारद, nārada) is the Hindu divine sage, who is an enduring chanter of the names Hari and Narayana which other names for Vishnu, considered to be the supreme God by Vaishnavites and many other Hindus. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Sri Ramanuja Acharya (traditionally dated 1017–1137 CE) was an Indian philosopher and is recognized as the most important saint of Sri Vaishnavism. ...

See also

Karma yoga, or the discipline of action is based on the teachings of the Bhagavad Gita. ... Jnana in Sanskrit means knowledge, and is often interpreted to mean knowledge of the true self. In the Vedanta school of the Hindu religion, to know Brahman as ones own Self is jnana. ... Natya Yoga, or the spiritual path of Dance, is a combination of mainly Bhakti Yoga with many elements of Hatha Yoga and Raja Yoga. ... Raja Yoga or Ashtanga Yoga is one of the four major Yogic paths of Hinduism, the others being Karma yoga, Jnana yoga and Bhakti yoga. ... Hare Krishna Mantra in Devanagari. ... Krishnology (also spelled Krishnaology) is an academic neo-logism for Krishna Theology. ... A large statue in Bangalore depicting Shiva meditating The term Meditation describes a variety of practices with a variety of goals. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bhakti Yoga: the Yoga of Devotion (612 words)
Bhakti Yoga is one of the four main yogic paths to enlightenment.
Bhakti Yoga is considered the easiest yogic path to master and the most direct method to experience the unity of mind, body and spirit.
The ultimate goal in the practice of Bhakti yoga is to reach the state of rasa (essence), a feeling of pure bliss achieved in the devotional surrender to the Divine.
Bhakti Yoga (721 words)
Bhakti Yoga has two levels; the first is called "Gauni," or preparatory and includes all the preliminary practices; the second is "Para," or the state of supreme love and devotion to God.
Bhakti yoga seems to be very simple and easy to practise but for a person, who leads a hazy path, has to practise this yoga continuously till he reaches the realm of realization.
Bhakti yoga is no merely a stage of emotionalism, but it is actually a thorough discipline and training of one`s will and the mind, to initiate spiritual realization of god through intense love and affection for him.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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