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Encyclopedia > Bhajan
Swami Haridas teaching Tansen in the presence of Mughal Emperor Akbar.
Swami Haridas teaching Tansen in the presence of Mughal Emperor Akbar.

A Bhajan or kirtan is a Hindu devotional song, often of ancient origin. Great importance is attributed to the singing of bhajans with Bhakti, i.e. loving devotion. "Rasanam Lakshanam Bhajanam" means the act by which we feel closer to either our true self (see jiva, atman), or to God (see Brahman & Ishvara). Acts which are performed for the purpose of pleasing God are also sometimes called bhajan. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... According to one school of thought he was born in 1480 A.D. in Rajpur near Brindavan. ... Tansen (possibly imaginary likeness created much later) Miyan Tansen (1493 or 1506 – 1586 or 1589) is considered among the greatest composer musicians in Hindustani classical music. ... The following list of Indian monarchs is one of several Wikipedia lists of incumbents. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Devotional songs are hymns that accompany religious rituals. ... This article is about the musical composition. ... Bhakti (Devanāgarī: भक्ति) is a word of Sanskrit origin meaning devotion and also the path of devotion itself, as in Bhakti-Yoga. ... In Hinduism and Jainism, a jiva is the immortal essence of a living being, subject to maya. ... The Atman or Atma (IAST: Ātmā, sanskrit: आत्म‍ ) is a philosophical term used within Hinduism and Vedanta to identify the soul. ... Brahman (nominative ) is a concept of Hinduism. ... Ishvara (Sanskrit lord, master, from an adjective capable) is a philosophical concept in Hinduism, similar to the Abrahamic concept of God. ...


Kirtans are deeply rooted in Vedic tradition. Bhajans are often simple songs in lyrical language expressing emotions of love for the Divine, whether for a single God/Goddess, or any number of divinities. Many bhajans feature several names and aspects of the chosen deity, especially in the case of Hindu sahasranamas, which list a divinity's 1008 names. This page is about musical songs. ... For other uses, see Divinity (disambiguation) and Divine (disambiguation). ... This article is about the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... It has been suggested that Shri Vidya be merged into this article or section. ... The word Sahasra-nāma in Sanskrit means 1000 names. Sahasra-nāma-stotra stands for a poem or a succession of verses (shlokas,) which contain thousand names of God. ...


Traditionally, the music has been Indian classical music, which is based on ragas and tala (The groundwork for the bhajans was laid in the hymns found in Sama Veda[citation needed], the third Veda in the Hindu scriptures. Bhajans are distinguished from Sanskrit shlokas by virtue of their easy, lilting flow, their colloquial renderings and their profound appeal to the masses. Bhajans are sung in a group of devotees, with a designated lead singer. Anecdotes, episodes from the lives of Gods, preachings of saints and descriptions of gods' glories have been the subject of bhajans. The Dhrupad style is a famous form of bhajan. Another well-known form of the bhajan is the kirtan, or, song in the Haridas tradition. The origins of Indian classical music can be found from the oldest of scriptures, part of the Hindu tradition, the Vedas. ... Raga (rāg /राग (Hindi), raga (anglicised from rāgaḥ/रागः (Sanskrit)) or rāgam /ராகம் (Tamil)) are the melodic modes used in Indian classical music. ... In Indian classical music, Tala (tāl (Hindi), tāla (anglicised from talam; in Sanskrit), literally a clap, is a rhythmical pattern that determines the rhythmical structure of a composition. ... The Sama Veda (सामवेद), or Veda of Holy Songs, is third in the usual order of enumeration of the four Vedas, the ancient core Hindu scriptures. ... Shloka is a verse, phrase, proverb or hymn of praise, usually composed in a specified meter. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Swami Haridas has a highly significant place in the music of north India, for the era in which he lived was an extremely active and productive one. ...

Contents

Types of Bhajans

A look into the past reveals that bhajans as a genre have come a long way; weaving a home for themselves into the core of human hearts. Traditions of bhajan — singing, such as Nirguni, Gorakhanathi, Vallabhapanthi, Ashtachhap and Madhura-bhakti, have been formed over the ages. Each sect has their own sets of bhajans and methods of singing.


The traditional form of bhajan in south india is known as Sampradya Bhajans. In the past few decades, this has seen a lot of upswing in popularity thanks mainly to Swami Haridhos Giri[citation needed].
The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...


Great exponents

The medieval age saw devotees like Tulsidas, Surdas, Mirabai, Narottama Dasa (founder of Garan-hati style), Kabir and others composing bhajans. In the modern times, composers like Pt. V. D. Paluskar and Pt. V. N. Bhatkhande have tried to mingle Raga Sangeet or Indian classical music - which had been an exclusive domain of the elite - with bhajans, thereby democratizing the Rāga tradition. Chanting of bhajans and kirtan continues to be a favorite mode of worship in the Bhakti tradition of Hinduism, a tradition often regarded as far more accessible to the average person. This popularity is also reflected in the emphasis of many different gurus on chanting. GosvāmÄ« TulsÄ«dās (1532-1623; DevanāgarÄ«: तुलसीदास) was an Awadhi poet and philosopher. ... Surdas was a Hindu poet, sant and musician of India. ... Mirabai (मीराबाई) (1498-1547) (sometimes also spelled Meera) was a female Hindu mystical poet whose compositions are popular throughout India. ... Narottama Dasa Thakura (1466(?)–?) is a Gaudiya Vaishnava saint who was responsible for spreading bhakti througout Orissa and Bengal, India. ... A painting of Kabir KabÄ«r (also KabÄ«ra) (Hindi: कबीर, GurmukhÄ«: ਕਬੀਰ, Urdu: ) (1440—1518[1]) (born in 1398 according to some accounts[1][2]) was a mystic poet or poet sants of India, whose literature has greatly influenced the Bhakti as well as Sufi movements of India. ... Vishnu Digambar Paluskar Pandit Vishnu Digambar Paluskar (August 18, 1872 – August 21, 1931) was an Indian classical musician. ... Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande (August 10, 1860 – September 19, 1936) was an Indian classical musician widely acclaimed to have brought in a renaissance in Indian music. ... The origins of Indian classical music can be found from the oldest of scriptures, part of the Hindu tradition, the Vedas. ... Look up raga in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A guru (गुरू Sanskrit) is a Hindu religious teacher. ...


The bhajan form has also been used in Sufi qawwali, especially by Aziz Mian . Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a system of esoteric philosophy commonly associated with Islam. ... Qawwali (Urdu: قوٌالی, Hindi: क़वाली) is the devotional music of the Chishti Sufis of the Indian Subcontinent. ... Aziz Mian Qawwal (Urdu: عزیز میاں قوال) (April 17, 1942 – December 6, 2000) was one of Pakistans most famous Qawwals. ...


Modern forms

While most Hindus devoutly sing bhajan in its more traditional form, members of some movements have also experimented with the incorporation of non-Indian instruments like the guitar and interspersing Western themes like jazz. This is especially apparent in movements including significant numbers of western followers such as International Society for Krishna Consciousness. This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Founder of ISKCON: A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), also known as the Hare Krishna movement, was founded in 1966 in New York City by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. ...


Mixture of modern and traditional forms

Music of Nepal: Topics
Ethnic Music Newa music - Gurung music - Tamang music - Khas music - Mithila music - Sunuwar music - Magar music - Bhojpuri music - Sherpa music - Thakali music - Chepang music - Rai music - Tibetan music - Lepcha music - Limbu music - Kusunda music
Genres Dapa - Dohari - Selo - Bhajan - Rodhi - Adhunik Sangeet - Rock - Hip hop
Festivals Goon lā
Instruments Dhimay - Bhusyah - Madal - Sarangi - Damfoo - Dholak - Chyambrung - Bansuri
Media Radio Nepal , Hits FM, Image FM
National anthem "Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka"

Bhajan in a traditional form popularised by the name "Sringeri Bhajans" and "Jyothirbhajan" since 50 years by Sri.R.V.Krishnabhat in Bangalore besides his teacher profession. Bhajans with the flavour of classical ragas and touch of tala perfection is the speciality of Sringeri bhajans. It also has mix of modern bhajans, kirtans and traditional bhajans. Jyothirbhajan is the most important part of it which has gained popularity besides the usual bhajans. Timeline and Samples Genres Newari Music - Nepali rock - Nepalese Hip hop Festivals Goon lā Media Radio Nepal , Hits FM, Image FM National anthem Rastriya Gaan Music of Nepal refers to the various musical genres of Nepal. ... The music of Tibet reflects the cultural heritage of the trans-Himalayan region, centered in Tibet but also known wherever ethnic Tibetan groups are found in India, Kham, Bhutan, Nepal and further abroad. ... A music festival is a festival oriented towards music that is sometimes presented with a theme such as musical genre, nationality or locality of musicians, or holiday. ... Goon lā(Nepal Bhasa:गुं ला) is a month of Nepalese calendar Nepal Sambat. ... A musical instrument is a device that has been constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... Dhimay or Dhimaya (Nepal Bhasa: ) is a double-headed cylindrical drum with a big wooden or metallic body. ... Bhusyah (Nepal Bhasa: भूस्याः) is a pair of metallic cymbals. ... Anant Kunte playing the sarangi (2007) The Sarangi (Sarangi [सारंगी] is a bowed string instrument of , Nepal. ... The Dholak (sometimes dholaki) is a classical North Indian hand drum. ... The bansuri (Hindi: ) is a transverse alto flute of India, made of a single length of bamboo with six or seven open finger holes. ... Radio Nepal was established on 1st April 1951. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka (Nepali: सयौं थूंगा फूलका, translates to hundreds of flowers) is the national anthem of Nepal. ...


Usage in Surat Shabd Yoga

In Surat Shabd Yoga, the spiritual exercises (sadhanas) include repetition, particularly silent repetition of a mantra given at initiation), and bhajan (listening to the inner sounds of the or the Shabd Master). Surat Shabd Yoga or Surat Shabda Yoga is a form of spiritual practice that is followed in the Sant Mat and many other related spiritual traditions. ... A Sadhana is a ritualistic meditation practice from Hindu and Buddhist spiritual traditions which is followed in order to achieve a form of spiritual purification or enlightenment. ... For other uses, see Mantra (disambiguation). ...


See also

Bhajans by Kabir, Mirabai, Surdas, Tulsidas and a few others are considered to be classic. ... Filmi Devotional songs (or Filmi Bhajans) are devotional songs from Hindi movies, or Hindi songs composed to be sung using the melody in a popular filmi song. ... Krishna Das (born Jeffrey Kagel May 31, 1947 in Long Island, New York) is a singer who performs Indian chants called kirtans. ... Vaishnav jan to is a very popular Hindu hymn from Gujarat that was favorite of Mahatma Gandhi. ...

External links

Hindu tradition

Sikh tradition

General

  • Sanskrit Glossary - Bhajan
Religious music
Buddhism - Christianity - Hinduism - Judaism - Islam - Native American - Taoism - Rastafarism - Shintoism - Zoroastrianism
Religious music (also sacred music) is music performed or composed for religious use or through religious influence. ... Buddhist music is music created for or inspired by Buddhism and part of Buddhist art. ... Christian music (sometimes marketed as Inspirational music, Praise music, Worship music, or Contemporary Christian Music/CCM) is music that is written to express either personal or a communal belief regarding Christian life, as well as (in terms of the varying music styles) to give a Christian alternative to mainstream secular... Hindu music is music created for or influenced by Hinduism. ... Jewish music, the music of Jews, is quite diverse and dates back thousands of years. ... Islamic music is Muslim religious music, as sung or played in public services or private devotions. ... IDNIANS SUCK BALLS American Indian music is the musics that are shared by or that distinguish American Indian tribes and First Nations. ... The importance dedrick johnson of music in Taoist ceremony is demonstrated by revealing how central beliefs are reflected through elements of music such as harmony, instrumentation and rhythm. ... Rastafarianism is a religion from Jamaica that has since spread throughout the world. ... Shinto music is ceremonial music for Shinto (神道) which is the native religion of Japan. ... Zoroastrian music is a kind of religious music that accompanies religious and traditional rites among the Zoroastrian people. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Yogi Bhajan - Siri Singh Sahib Bhai Sahib Harbhajan Singh Khalsa Yogi ji (1724 words)
Yogi Bhajan - Siri Singh Sahib Bhai Sahib Harbhajan Singh Khalsa Yogi ji
Arriving in Los Angeles virtually unknown, Yogi Bhajan met a number of young hippies, the spiritual seekers of that era, and immediately recognized that the experience of higher consciousness they were attempting to find through drugs, could be achieved by practicing the Science of Kundalini Yoga, while simultaneously rebuilding their nervous systems.
Embodying a rare combination of spiritual and down-to-earth practical wisdom, Yogi Bhajan was equally at home in the pulpit, the podium, the board room, the living room, or sitting on the grass in a park, teaching and educating people in all walks of life.
Bhajan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1115 words)
Bhajans are simple songs in soulful language expressing the many-splendored emotions of love for God; a complete submission or self-surrender to Him through singing.
The groundwork for the bhajans was laid in the hymns found in Sama Veda, the third Veda in the Hindu scriptures.
Bhajan mandalis, or gatherings, that have existed in the Indian villages since the beginning of the Bhakti era, have proved to be great social levelers, where individuals unhesitatingly participate in the singing, relegating their petty differences to the background.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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