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Encyclopedia > Bhagat Farid

Sheikh Farid (Farid-ul-Din Masaud Shakar Ganj) c. 1173-c. 1266, was a respected Sufi Sheikh and noted Punjabi poet. He is buried near Pak Pattan in present-day Pakistan and revered by the Sikhs because the Sikh Gurus included several of his verses in the Guru Granth Sahib. Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a system of esoteric philosophy commonly associated with Islam. ... Shaikh (شيخ, also rendered as Sheik, Shaykh or Sheikh) is a word in the Arabic language meaning an elder or a revered old man. ... Punjabi (sometimes spelled Panjabi) is the language of the Punjab regions of India and Pakistan. ... Poets are authors of poems. ... A Sikh is a follower of Sikhism, a religious faith originating in the Punjab. ... Guru Granth Sahib (Granth is Punjabi for book, Sahib is Hindi meaning master, from Arabic, meaning companion, friend, owner, or master) or Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji or SGGS for short, is more than a holy book of the Sikhs. ...


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SIKHISM : New Encyclopedia Topic (5417 words)
The Gurmukhī script was standardised by Arjun Dev for use in the Sikh scriptures and is thought to have been influenced by the Śāradā and Devanāgarī scripts.
An authoritative scripture was created to protect the integrity of hymns and teachings of the Sikh gurus and selected bhagats.
The bulk of the scripture is classified into rāgs, with each rāg subdivided according to length and author.
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