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Encyclopedia > Bhagalpur
  ?Bhagalpur
Bihar • India
Coordinates: 25°09′N 87°01′E / 25.15, 87.02
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
District(s) Bhagalpur
Population
• Sex ratio
350,133 (2001)
• 865
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
Vehicle

• 812 0xx
• +(+91)0641
• BR 10 XXXX

Coordinates: 25°09′N 87°01′E / 25.15, 87.02 Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links India_Bihar_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The divisions of a district. ... Bhagalpur District is one of the thirty-seven districts of Bihar state, India, and Bhagalpur town is the administrative headquarters of this district. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Example of a PIN: The PIN code of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service. ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Bhagalpur is a city and municipal corporation in Bihar state in eastern India. It is the administrative headquarters of Bhagalpur District. Bhagalpur is acclaimed the world over for its silk products and it is known in India as the "Silk City". Bhagalpur is the distorted form of Bhagdatpuram as it was called during the apex of Ang Kingdom and has been the seat of power of the same. A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... Bhagalpur District is one of the thirty-seven districts of Bihar state, India, and Bhagalpur town is the administrative headquarters of this district. ...

Contents

Overview

Bhagalpur is a divisional town of historical importance situated on the southern bank of the Ganga river. Situated 220km east of Patna, the state capital of Bihar, and 410km north west of Calcutta. The city is referred as one of the biggest trade centers in eastern India by the Chinese travellers Huen Sang and Fahiyan. The city had a big harbour on the Ganges River at place called Champanagar (another name for Bhagalpur), now called Champanala, which flows on the western boundary of present city near Nathnagar. During an archaeological excavation, many boats, navigators and currencies of middle and Far East have been found at the same place. Bhagalpur is well connected by rail and road. the airport at Bhagalpur was functional till 1980's but from then it is still waiting for its rejuvenation. Ganga redirects here. ... Patna is the capital of the state of Bihar, in north-eastern India. ... This article is on Calcutta/Kolkata, the city. ... This article is about the Asian regions. ...


The city is famous worldwide for its silk production. The silk industry in this city is hundreds of years old and a whole clan exists that has been producing silk for generations. There is a Silk Institute and Agricultural college here, as well as a University, and Engineering, Medical and Homeopath colleges. For other uses of this word, see Silk (disambiguation). ...


The gangetic plains are very fertile and the main crops include rice, wheat, maize, barley, and oilseeds. The economy of Bhagalpur is dependent mainly on agriculture and silk. The Gangetic Plains are the part of the Ganges River (or River Ganga) that flows across Indias northern plains. ... Fertile may be used in the following conrtext: Fertility, a term used to describe the ability of people or animals to produce healthy offspring. ... Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants, animals and other life forms. ... For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... This article is about the maize plant. ... For other uses, see Barley (disambiguation). ...


History

Early civilizations have fostered along the fertile coasts of the river Ganges. Bhagalpur has often been referred to as Bhagaddat-Puram in ancient Sanskrit literature such as the Ramanaya, Mahabharatha and Panchtantra. "Vish-hari Puja" or the worship of the snake queen traces its roots to hundreds of years and is still celebrated every year with thousands of believers and snake charmers offering milk to the Nag(the snake King) and Nageen (The snake Queen).


References to Bhagalpur can be found in Indian epics like the Ramayana and the Mahabharata where Bhagalpur has been described as the kingdom of Anga. Ancient cave sculptures of Emperor Ashoka's regime (274 BC-232 BC) are found in the neighbourhood and at Sultangunj, 20 km west of Bhagalpur, a temple of the Gupta period (320-500) still exists. The tomb of Suja, brother of Moghul emperor Aurangzeb, in the heart of the town is reminiscent of the city's association with the Mughal period. The Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS) is a software environment used to develop and implement distributed control systems to operate devices such as particle accelerators, telescopes and other large experiments. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... Map of the Mahajanapadas Earliest reference to Angas (अंग) occurs in Atharava Veda (V.22. ... Allegiance: Magadhan Empire Rank: Emperor Succeeded by: Dasaratha Maurya Reign: 273 BC-232 BC Place of birth: Pataliputra, India Battles/Wars Kalinga War Emperor Ashoka the Great (Devanagari: अशोक(:); IAST transliteration: , pronunciation: ) (304 BC–232 BC) (Imperial Title:Devanampiya Piyadassi ie He who is the beloved of the Gods who, in... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC - 270s BC - 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 279 BC 278 BC 277 BC 276 BC 275 BC - 274 BC - 273 BC 272 BC 271... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC - 230s BC - 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC Years: 237 BC 236 BC 235 BC 234 BC 233 BC - 232 BC - 231 BC 230 BC... Temple of Hephaestus, an Doric Greek temple in Athens with the original entrance facing east, 449 BC (western face depicted) For other uses, see Temple (disambiguation). ... Gupta (Hindi: गुप्ता) is a surname of Indian origin. ... This article is about the year 320 AD. For the aircraft, see Airbus A320. ... This article is about the year. ... Aurangzeb (Persian: (full title: Al-Sultan al-Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Abdul Muzaffar Muhiuddin Muhammad Aurangzeb Bahadur Alamgir I, Padshah Ghazi) (November 3, 1618 – March 3, 1707), also known by his chosen Imperial title Alamgir I (Conqueror of the Universe) (Persian: ), was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from...


Ruins of ancient Vikramshila University are located 44 km east of Bhagalpur. It was the medieval centre to the conservation and propagation of Buddhist education, established by King Dharampal of Bengal (783-820) at the end of the 8th century. Vikramshila University was one of the two most important centers of Buddhist learning in India, along with Nalanda University. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... This article should belong in one or more categories. ... For other uses, see Bengal (disambiguation). ... Events Births Deaths July 12: Bertrada, wife of Pippin III Categories: 783 ... Tahir, the son of a slave, is rewarded with the governorship of Khurasan because he have supported the caliphate. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ...


Bhagalpur formed a part of the ancient Sanskrit kingdom of Anga. In later times it was included in the powerful Hindu kingdom of Magadha or Behar, and in the 7th century A.D. it was an independent state, with the city of Champa for its capital. It afterwards formed a part of the Mahommedan kingdom of Gaur, and was subsequently subjugated by Akbar, who declared it to be a part of the Delhi empire. Bhagalpur passed to the East India Company by the grant of the emperor Shah Alam in 1765. [1]


sambhaw from bhagalpur


Mythological Significance

The city has been the centre of trade and commerce and one of the most influential in "Aryavarta" or India of that time and was concurrent to Patliputra or Patna. Bhagdatpuram finds its mention in the Vedas and Ramayana as well. It is supposed to be the kingdom of Daanvir Karna "the son of Kunti from God Sun" and was called Ang Pradesh. The word Bhagalpur literally means 'City of good luck.' For other uses, see Patna (disambiguation). ... Veda redirects here. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ...


Mandar Hill, situated 52 km south from Bhagalpur, is believed to have been used as Churner during Samudra-Manthan by God and Danav according to Hindu mythology. In Hinduism, Samudra manthan (Devanagari: समुद्र मंथन) or The churning of the ocean of milk is one of the most famous episodes in the Puranas and is celebrated in a major way every twelve years in the festival known as Kumbha Mela. ... Hindu mythology is a term used by modern scholarship for a large body of Indian literature that details the lives and times of legendary personalities, deities and divine incarnations on earth interspersed with often large sections of philosophical and ethical discourse. ...


Demography

As of 2001 India census,[1] Bhagalpur had a population of 340,349. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Bhagalpur has an average literacy rate of 68%, with 70% of the males and 62% of the females literate. 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. Bhagalpur is one of the leading education centre of Bihar. 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ...


Economy

Culture

Language

The popular language spoken in Bhagalpur is Angika, which is reported to be spoken by 50 million persons world wide. Among others Hindi and English are the main languages. Nearly 75% of the population speaks English, out of which 50% are quite fluent. Angika is a language of Anga region of India which is spoken by more than 3 crores people. ...


Media

Dainik Jagran & Hindustan, Hindi Daily is published from Bhagalpur.


Crime and Unrest

1980 Bhagalpur blindings

In 1980, Bhagalpur came into news when it was reported that the police blinded 31 suspects awaiting trial[2] (convicted criminals, according to some versions), by pouring acid into their eyes. The incident became infamous as Bhagalpur blindings. The incident was widely debated and discussed in several human rights' conventions. In 2003, a bollywood movie loosely based on the incident and starring Ajay Devgan was released. It was titled Gangaajal (roughly translated as The holy waters of Ganga)[3]. Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Bhagalpur blindings is the incident of 1979 and 1980 in Bhagalpur in India when the police blinded 31 undertrials (or convicted criminals, according to some versions), by pouring acid into their eyes. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal term popularly used for Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... Vishal Devgan, born (April 2, 1969 in Delhi, India), popularly known as Ajay Devgan is a National Film Award-winning actor who appears in Bollywood films. ... Gangaajal was released in 2003 and was directed by Prakash Jha. ...


Bhagalpur riots

Communal disturbances between Hindus and Muslims have been a part of the history of Bhagalpur and riots had occurred in 1924, 1936, 1946 and 1967. However, Bhagalpur became notorious after the riots in October 1989, and the name Bhagalpur riots usually refers to the 1989 riots. According to various accounts, some 1100 [4] to 1891 [5] people were killed, a majority of them muslims. According to some accounts, stoning of a Ram Shila Poojan procession by some muslims triggered the riots. As a fall-out of the riots, the silk-weaving industry suffered a decline [6]. This article is about the Hindu religion; for other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... This article is about the study of the past in human terms. ... Categories: Stub | Riots ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ...


In 2007, fourteen people were convicted of killing muslims on a large scale in 1989.[2]


More details on Bhagalpur riots on this page: http://www.indianmuslims.info/reports_about_indian_muslims/bhagalpur_riot_1989.html


People from Bhagalpur

  • Kadambini, daughter of Braja Kishore Bose, headmaster of Bhagalpur School, was one of the first women graduates in the British Empire and the first woman doctor in South Asia.
  • Ashok Kumar, Kishore Kumar and Anup Kumar: These three most famous brothers of Hindi cinema, had spent most of their childhood in Adampur area in core of the city. Ashok Kumar known as the dada muni of Hindi cinema had done the entire schooling at the C.M.S. High school Bhagalpur. The city being their maternal grand parent’s home was a dear to all the three and Dada Muni was a regular to the city till his demise.
  • Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyaya is known to have some roots in the city.
  • Rabindra Nath Tagore occupied Tilla Kothi close to the University Campus for a considerable period. Parts of the nobel awarded Gitanjali was written in Tilla Kothi.
  • Business Magnate Subroto Roy of the famous Sahara Parivar has spent part of his early life in Bhagalpur. He underwent his primary education in Bhagalpur's C.M.S. High school.
  • Suchitra Bhattacharya,the acclaimed Indian novelist was born in Bhagalpur(she was born on 10 January 1950 in Bhagalpur).

Kadambini Basu Ganguly (1861-1923) was the one of the first two female graduates of the British Empire and the first female physician of South Asia to be trained in the European system of medicine. ... Sanjay Ashok Kumar (Hindi: अशोक कुमार, Urdu: اَشوک کُمار) (October 13, 1911 – December 10, 2001) was an Indian Bollywood actor. ... Kishore Kumar (August 4, 1929 – October 13, 1987) was an Indian film playback singer and comic actor. ... Anup Kumar is a Fiji Indian politician who won the Vanua Levu West Indian Communal Constituency, one of the 19 seats reserved for Fiji citizens of Indian origin, for the Fiji Labour Party during the 1999 elections for the House of Representatives. ... Sanjay Ashok Kumar (Hindi: अशोक कुमार, Urdu: اَشوک کُمار) (October 13, 1911 – December 10, 2001) was an Indian Bollywood actor. ... Born in Bhagalpur, Bihar in India on 10th January 1950, Suchitra Bhattacharya was interested in writing from her childhood. ...

Places of Interest in Bhagalpur

  • Jain Mandir [Champanagar]
  • Kuppa Ghat [Bank of Ganga river]
  • Karna Garh [Nathnagar]

Hospitality in Bhagalpur

Bhagalpur has quite a few good hotels catering to the needs of all kinds of travellers. The Raj Hans International (3 Star) and Nihar Hotel are some of the oldest and most reputed hotels in the city. Kachahari Chowk (2 kilometres to the east of Bhagalpur Station) is the hub of quality hotels with four of the best hotels in the city being located there. These hotels are Rajhans International, Nihar Hotel, Panchwati and Hotel Bhawna International.


A large number of cheaper and affordable hotels are located near the Bhagalpur station. Hotel Gaylord, Nirmala and many more are located just outside the station. There are a number of "Dharmshalas" in city too. They offer cheap but satisfactory accommodation. These are mostly owned by Marwari Societies.


List of Major Schools and Colleges

Colleges


[1.Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University[7]


[2.Jawahar Lal Nehru Medical College & Hospital[8]


[3.Bhagalpur College of Engineering ]


[4.Sabour Agriculture College]


[5.T.N.B.College]


[6.S.M.College]


[8.Vimal Bibhuti College of Education](http://www.vbcebhagalpur.com)


[10.Mahadev Singh College]


[11.S.D.College]


[12.J.V.College]


[13.Sabour College]


[14.Silk School Of Research & Development]


[15.Bhagalpur Polytechnic]


[16.Marwari College of Commerce]


[17.Muslim Minority College]



Schools


[1.Mount Carmel School]


[2.Mount Assisi School]


[3.Saint Joseph's School]


[4.Saint Teresa's School]


[5.C.M.S High School]


[6.Navyug Vidyalaya][9]


[7.Delhi Public School](http://www.dpsbhagalpur.com)


[8.D.A.V. Public School]


[9.Christ Church Girls High School]


[10.Saint Andrew's School]


[11.Zila School]


[12.Saint Paul's School] (http://stpaulsbgp.co.nr/)


[13.T.N.B. Collegiate High School]


[14. Marwari Paathshala]


[15. Muslim Minority School]


References

  1. ^ Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns. (Provisional). Census Commission of India. Retrieved on 2007-09-03.
  2. ^ Tewary, Amarnath. "Hindus guilty of Muslim deaths", BBC News, 2007-06-18. Retrieved on 2007-06-19. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Official Bhagalpur District Website

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bhagalpur - LoveToKnow 1911 (795 words)
BHAGALPUR, a city of British India, in the Behar province of Bengal, which gives its name to a district and to a division; situated on the right bank of the Ganges, 265 m.
The climate of Bhagalpur partakes of the character both of the deltaic districts of Bengal and of the districts of Behar, between which it is situated.
The Division Of Bhagalpur stretches across the Ganges from the Nepal frontier to the hills of Chota Nagpur.
Bhagalpur at AllExperts (657 words)
Bhagalpur is a town and the administerative headquarters of Bhagalpur district, Bihar state in the eastern part of India.
Bhagalpur is a divisional town of historical importance situated on the southern bank of the Ganga river.
The tomb of Suja, brother of Moghul emperor Aurangzeb, in the heart of the town is reminiscent of the city's association with the Mughal period.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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