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Encyclopedia > Beyazid I
Beyazid I
Beyazid I

Beyazid I (ca 13541403; Bayezıt, nicknamed Yıldırım, the 'Thunderbolt') was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1389 to 1402. He ascended to the throne following the assassination of his father Murad I and immediately had his younger brother Yakub strangled to prevent him from staging a coup. Beyazid I of the Ottoman Empire This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Events End of reign of John VI Cantacuzenus, as Byzantine emperor. ... Events July 21 - Battle of Shrewsbury. ... A sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings muslim monarch ruling under the terms of shariah The title carries moral weight and religious authority, as the rulers role was defined in the Quran. ... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (Ottoman Turkish for the Eternal State) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Constantinople (Ä°stanbul) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 6. ... Events February 24 - Margaret I seizes Albert, thus becoming ruler of Denmark, Norway and Sweden June 15 - Battle of Kosovo between Serbs and Ottomans. ... Events September 14 - Battle of Homildon Hill. ... Sultan Murat I Murad I (1319 (or 1326) – 1389; nick-named HüdavendiÄŸar, the God-like one) was the ruler of the Ottoman Empire from 1359 to 1389. ...


In revenge for the assassination of Murad in the Battle of Kosovo, Beyazid massacred his Serb prisoners. Nevertheless, he was able to conclude a treaty with the Serb leader, Stephen Bulcovic, and granted Serbia considerable autonomy. In 1391 he laid siege to Constantinople. On the demand of the Byzantine emperor John V Palaeologus a new crusade was organized to defeat Beyazid. In 1396, the Christian allies, under the leadership of the Hungarian King and Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund, were defeated in the Battle of Nicopolis. The siege of Constantinople lasted until 1398 when the Byzantines paid a considerable tribute to lift the siege. This page is about the Battle of Kosovo of 1389; for other battles, see Battle of Kosovo (disambiguation) The Battle of Kosovo Polje was fought on St. ... Serbs (in the Serbian language Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Stephen Bulcovic was a Serbian leader who entered into a treaty with Beyazid I ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  88,361 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)     (without Kosovo)  â€“ Density  7. ... Events Many Jews left Barcelona after the 1391 massacres, though a large number remained in the city. ... Map of Constantinople. ... The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centred at its capital in Constantinople. ... John V Palaeologus (1332 - February 16, 1391) was the son of Andronicus III, whom he succeeded as Byzantine emperor in 1341. ... This article is about the medieval Crusades . ... Events September 25 - Bayezid I defeats Sigismund of Hungary and John of Nevers at the Battle of Nicopolis. ... Christianity is a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament writings of his early followers. ... The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ... Sigismund (February 14/15, 1368 - December 9, 1437) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1433 to 1437. ... The Battle of Nicopolis took place on September 25, 1396, between a French-Hungarian alliance and the Ottoman Empire. ... Map of Constantinople. ... Events Glendalough monastery, Wicklow Ireland destroyed. ... Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered around its capital in Constantinople. ...


In 1400, the Mongol warlord Timur Lenk had succeeded in rousing the local kingdoms that had been conquered by the Turks to join him in his attack on Beyazid. In the fateful Battle of Ankara, on July 20, 1402, Beyazid was captured by Timur. Some contemporary reports claimed that Timur kept Beyezid chained in a cage as a trophy. Likewise, there are many stories about Beyazid's captivity, including one that describes how Timur used him as a footstool. However, these accounts are thought to be false, as writers from Timur's court reported that Beyezid was treated well, and that Timur mourned his death. Likewise, Timur's own history with other rulers demonstrated that he was true to his word when he later claimed to have aimed at re-establishing Beyezid on the Ottoman throne. One year later, Beyazid died — some accounts claim that he committed suicide. Events Henry IV quells baron rebellion and executes The Earls of Kent, Huntingdon and Salisbury for their attempt to have Richard II of England restored as King Jean Froissart writes the Chronicles Medici family becomes powerful in Florence, Italy Births Owen Tudor, seventh generation descedant of Rhys ap Gruffydd (approximate... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... For the chess engine Tamerlane, see Tamerlane. ... The Battle of Ankara or Battle of Angora, fought on July 20, 1402, took place on the field of Çubukovasi between the forces of the Ottoman sultan Beyazid I and the Mongol horde of Timur, ruler of Timurid Empire. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... Events September 14 - Battle of Homildon Hill. ... The Death of Socrates by Jacques-Louis David, 1787 Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the act of willfully ending ones own life; it is sometimes a noun for one who has committed or attempted the act. ...

Preceded by:
Murad I
Ottoman Sultan Succeeded by:
Ottoman Interregnum

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wikipedia: Ottoman Empire (6149 words)
Beyazid I succeeded to the sultanship upon the assassination of his father Murad.
Beyazid then turned his attention to the east, conquering the Turkish emirate of Karaman in 1397.
Beyazid was captured and his remaining sons, Suleiman Çelebi, İsa Çelebi, Mehmed Çelebi, and Mûsa fought each other in what became known as the Ottoman Interregnum.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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