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Encyclopedia > Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
Downtown Bethlehem in 2007
Downtown Bethlehem in 2007

Seal
Location in Lehigh and Northampton Counties, Pennsylvania
Location in Lehigh and Northampton Counties, Pennsylvania
Bethlehem, Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania)
Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
Location within Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 40°37′34″N 75°22′32″W / 40.62611, -75.37556
Country Flag of the United States United States
State Pennsylvania
Counties Lehigh and Northampton
Founded 1741
Government
 - Mayor John B. Callahan
Area
 - Total 19.4 sq mi (50.3 km²)
 - Land 19.3 sq mi (49.9 km²)
 - Water 0.2 sq mi (0.4 km²)
Population (2000)
 - Total 71,329
 - Density 1,538.5/sq mi (594.0/km²)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Website: http://www.bethlehem-pa.gov
Graveyard and steel mill, 1935
Graveyard and steel mill, 1935
Main Street in downtown Bethlehem in 2007
Main Street in downtown Bethlehem in 2007
South Bethlehem in 1935, looking north to houses and steel mill
South Bethlehem in 1935, looking north to houses and steel mill

Bethlehem is a city in Lehigh and Northampton Counties in the Lehigh Valley region of eastern Pennsylvania, in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 71,329, making it the eighth largest municipality in Pennsylvania. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 264 pixelsFull resolution (2856 × 942 pixel, file size: 744 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Bethlehem_PA_seal. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Lehigh County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Northampton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. State. ... List of Pennsylvania counties: Pennsylvania counties Adams County, formed in 1800 from parts of York County. ... Lehigh County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Northampton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... John B. Callahan is the mayor of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 759 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (775 × 612 pixel, file size: 136 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Date November 1935 Author Walker Evans, for the Farm Security Administration Permission (Reusing this image) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 759 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (775 × 612 pixel, file size: 136 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Date November 1935 Author Walker Evans, for the Farm Security Administration Permission (Reusing this image) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 494 pixelsFull resolution (2856 × 1764 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 494 pixelsFull resolution (2856 × 1764 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 755 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (5385 × 4279 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 755 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (5385 × 4279 pixel, file size: 2. ... Lehigh County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Northampton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... For other uses, see Lehigh Valley (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


Bethlehem lies in the center of the Lehigh Valley, a 731 square miles (1,893 km²) area that is home to more than 650,000 people. The Lehigh Valley region embraces a trio of cities (Bethlehem, Allentown and Easton) within two counties (Lehigh and Northampton), making it Pennsylvania's third-largest metropolitan area. Smaller than Allentown but larger than Easton, Bethlehem is the Lehigh Valley's second most populous city. Nickname: Motto: Sic Semper Tyrannis Pennsylvanias location in the United States Allentowns location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Lehigh Founded 1762 Government  - Mayor Ed Pawlowski Area  - City  18. ... Northampton Countys location in Pennsylvania Eastons location in Northampton County Coordinates: , Country United States State County Northampton Government  - Mayor Sal Panto Area  - Total 4. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


There are three general sections of the city, North Bethlehem, South Bethlehem and West Bethlehem. Each of these sections blossomed at different times in the city's development and each contains areas recognized under the National Register of Historic Places. A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...


In July 2006, Money magazine included Bethlehem as one of its "Top 100 Best Places to Live."[1] Money is a Time Warner financial magazine. ...

Contents

History

Religious roots

On Christmas Eve in 1741, David Nitschmann and Count Nicolaus von Zinzendorf, leading a small group of Moravians, founded the city of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania in the "Forks of the Delaware" River along the banks of the Monocacy Creek by the Lehigh River. They named the settlement after the town of Bethlehem in Judea, the birthplace of Jesus Christ. Nativity of the Lord redirects here. ... // Events April 10 - Austrian army attack troops of Frederick the Great at Mollwitz August 10 - Raja of Travancore defeats Dutch East India Company naval expedition at Battle of Colachel December 19 - Vitus Bering dies in his expedition east of Siberia December 25 - Anders Celsius develops his own thermometer scale Celsius... Nitschmann is a surname that may refer to: Anna Nitschmann (1715-1760), a Moravian Brethren missionary (Missionarin), lyrical poetess, and wife of Nikolaus von Zinzendorf David Nitschmann der Wagner (1676-1758), a Czech-born Moravian missionary and carpenter David Nitschmann der Bischof (1695-1772), a missionary of the Moravian Brethren... Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf, Count of Zinzendorf and Pottendorf, (May 26, 1700 – May 9, 1760), German religious and social reformer, was born at Dresden. ... The Moravian Seal, as rendered by North Carolina artist Marie Nifong. ... Monocacy Creek (prounounced muh-gnaw-cuh-see) is a tributary of the Lehigh River in Northampton County, Pennsylvania in the United States. ... The Lehigh River, a tributary of the Delaware River, is a 103 mile (166 km) long river located in eastern Pennsylvania, in the United States. ... This article is about the city in the West Bank. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


In 1762, Bethlehem became home to the first water works in America to pump water for public usage. While George Washington and his troops stayed in Valley Forge, his personal effects were stored at the farm of James Burnside, which is now a historical museum (Burnside Plantation).[2] The prosperous village was incorporated into a free borough in the County of Northampton in 1845. 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... This article is about the American Revolutionary War winter encampment. ...


On March 27, 1900, the Bach Choir of Bethlehem presented the American debut of Lutheran composer Johann Sebastian Bach's Mass in B Minor in the city's Moravian church. “Bach” redirects here. ... The Mass in B Minor (BWV 232) is a work of music by Johann Sebastian Bach. ...


Bethlehem Steel F.C.

In the early part of the 20th century, Bethlehem was a hotbed of American soccer, with the corporate Bethlehem Steel team, named Bethlehem Steel F.C. after the company, winning the 1918-19 championship in the National Association Football League (NAFL), and then winning what amounted to national championships three more times during the next decade (1920-21 in the NAFL; 1926-27 in the American Soccer League I; and in 1928-29 winning the EPSL II). The Bethlehem Steel sides consisted largely of British imported players and also had the distinction of being the first American professional soccer team to play in Europe, which it did during its tour of Sweden in 1919. The team also won the U.S. Open Cup, now called the Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup after billionaire sports franchise owner Lamar Hunt, five times beginning in 1915, and for the last time in 1926. Bethlehem Steel Corporations flagship manufacturing facility in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in the United States. ... Bethlehem Steel F.C. was one of the most successful early American soccer clubs. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup is an American soccer competition open to all United States Soccer Federation(USSF) affiliated teams, from amateur adult club teams all the way up to the top professional clubs of Major League Soccer. ... Lamar Hunt (August 2, 1932 – December 13, 2006) was a promoter of American football, soccer, tennis, basketball, and ice hockey in the United States and an inductee of the first three sports halls of fame. ...


The Christmas Star

On December 7, 1937, at a grand ceremony, Mrs. Marion Brown Grace pulled a large switch to light the new Christmas street lights and a large wooden star. Mrs. Grace was the daughter of a former South Bethlehem burgess, Charles F. Brown and wife of Eugene Grace, President of Bethlehem Steel Corporation. Hundreds of Bethlehem’s leading citizens attended the ceremony and thousands more listened to the speeches and musical performances on the radio. The switch for the lights was located in the ballroom of the Bethlehem Hotel. This was the first year that Mayor Robert Pfeifle and the Bethlehem Chamber of Commerce adopted the nickname "Christmas City, USA" for Bethlehem. Donations from the community were raised for the street decorations. The Globe Times underwrote the expense of the large wooden star on the top of South Mountain, at a cost of $460.

The star of Bethlehem viewed from Main Street at night
The star of Bethlehem viewed from Main Street at night

The star was attached to two wooden poles and was smaller than the current star. The star was created with four wooden planks, overlapped to create an eight point star. The dimensions were 60’ high, 51’ wide lit by 150 bulbs, 50 watts each. The installation of the star was done by PP&L and Bethlehem Water Department. The star was erected on the top of South Mountain, on property owned by the Water Department, located in Lower Saucon Township. The lighting ceremony, in the Bethlehem Hotel, was an appropriate location. This was the site of the first building in Bethlehem, a two room log house. On Christmas Eve in 1741, the original settlers were conducting their evening worship in this building. As their benefactor, Count Zinzendorf, observed the farm animals that shared the space and listened to the words of the hymn they sang, “Not Jerusalem, But Lowly Bethlehem.” he proclaimed the name of the settlement to be Bethlehem. The people gathered at the 1937 ceremony also heard those same words when the Bach Choir, under the direction of Dr. T. Edgar Shields, sang the old German hymn “Jesu, Rufe Mich (Jesus, Call Thou Me),” by Adam Drese. Malcolm Gross, the Mayor of Allentown, Joseph Morrison, Easton’s Chief Executive, Bethlehem School administrators, and prominent church officials were also there to celebrate. In 1939 the wooden star was replaced with a star made of Bethlehem steel, at a cost of $5000. It had eight rays with the main horizontal ray extended eighty-one feet and the main vertical ray was fifty-three feet long. In 1967, the star was redesigned, and Plexiglas was installed to protect the 250 light bulbs, 50 watts each. It was installed on the old steel frame which was ninety-one feet high and twenty-five feet wide at the base with a depth of five feet, set in concrete. In the summer of 2006, the city attended to some much needed repairs of the base. Rust was scraped off the steel base then it was primed and painted at a cost of $25,000. This is the star we see today. The star is surrounded by a 9-foot chain link fence topped with razor wire. A crew of municipal electricians changes the bulbs every two years. It can be a dangerous job so the crew wears safety gear and they avoid bad weather. Beginning in the mid-'90s, the star was lit from 4:30 p.m. until midnight, every day of the year. This schedule continues today. However during World War II, from 1941 to 1945, none of the Christmas decorations in Bethlehem were lit. At the time, Bethlehem officials explained that the lit star made "too good of an air raid target" and “during the global strife it didn't seem right for the lights to be all lit up when our boys were out in the darkness fighting for us." When lit, the star can be seen from as far as Wind Gap, 20 miles away. The star has become an important symbol for Bethlehem. Blue-and-white signs surround the city and direct tourists to "Follow the Star to Bethlehem."

Center of American heavy industry

Bethlehem became a center of heavy industry and trade during the industrial revolution. Bethlehem Steel, founded in 1904, began producing the first wide-flange structural shapes to be made in America,and was the first company to produce the now-ubiquitous 'I-beam', and was a major supplier of armor plate and ordnance products during World War I and World War II. After roughly 140 years of metal production at its Bethlehem plant, Bethlehem Steel ceased operations in Bethlehem in 1995. A Watt steam engine, the steam engine that propelled the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the world. ... Bethlehem Steel Corporations flagship manufacturing facility in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in the United States. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Geography

The Lehigh River in Bethlehem in 2007.
The Lehigh River in Bethlehem in 2007.

Bethlehem is located at 40°37′34″N, 75°22′32″W (40.626198, -75.375673)[3]. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2856 × 2142 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2856 × 2142 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Lehigh River, a tributary of the Delaware River, is a 103 mile (166 km) long river located in eastern Pennsylvania, in the United States. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.4 square miles (50.3 km²), of which, 19.3 square miles (49.9 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km²) of it (0.88%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ...


Necessitated by the large volumes of water that were required in the steelmaking process, the city owns 22,000 acres (89 km²) in the Pocono Mountains where its water is stored in reservoirs.


Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 71,329 people, 28,116 households, and 17,094 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,704.4 people per square mile (1,429.9/km²). There were 29,631 housing units at an average density of 1,538.8/sq mi (594.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.85% White, 3.64% African American, 0.26% Native American, 2.22% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 9.44% from other races, and 2.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.23% of the population. Between 1940 and 1960, Bethlehem was the only city in Pennsylvania which gained population. The city was named "Pennsylvania's Fastest Growing City". Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 28,116 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.2% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.95. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 21.0% under the age of 18, 14.4% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $35,815, and the median income for a family was $45,354. Males had a median income of $35,190 versus $25,817 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,987. About 11.1% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.7% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


The city is served by Lehigh Valley International Airport, which also serves Allentown, Pennsylvania and the greater Lehigh Valley. Lehigh Valley International Airport (IATA: ABE, ICAO: KABE), formerly Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton International Airport, is a public airport in Hanover Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania. ... Nickname: Motto: Sic Semper Tyrannis Pennsylvanias location in the United States Allentowns location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Lehigh Founded 1762 Government  - Mayor Ed Pawlowski Area  - City  18. ...


Politics and government

The city government is composed of a mayor and a seven-person city council. The current mayor of Bethlehem is John B. Callahan, who was elected to his second term in November of 2005. His election marks the 10th year that a Democrat has sat in the mayor's office in Bethlehem.[5] A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... John B. Callahan is the mayor of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. ...


He is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition,[6] a bi-partisan group with a stated goal of "making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets." The Coalition is co-chaired by Boston Mayor Thomas Menino and New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg. The Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition is a coalition of mayors from 225 different United States cities, with a stated goal of making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets. ... In a two-party system (such as in the United States), bipartisan refers to any bill, act, resolution, or any other action of a political body in which both of the major political parties are in agreement. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Thomas Michael Menino (born December 27, 1942) is the current mayor of Boston, Massachusetts, United States and the citys first Italian-American mayor. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Michael Rubens Bloomberg (born 14 February 1942) is an American businessman, founder of Bloomberg L.P., and the current Mayor of New York City. ...


Post-secondary and primary education

Colleges and universities

Moravian College south campus
Moravian College south campus

Bethlehem is home to two institutes of higher education, Lehigh University (ranked #31 in the US News Rankings) and a small liberal arts college, Moravian College. Moravian College also has a Theological Seminary with approximately 100 students of differing religious backgrounds. Founded in 1742 as Bethlehem Female Seminary, Moravian College is also the sixth oldest college in the nation. The highly ranked Northampton Community College is also located in neighboring Bethlehem Township. The International Institute of Restorative Practices[2] is a leader in the instruction and practice of Restorative Justice. Lehigh University is a private, co-educational university located in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in the Lehigh Valley region of the United States. ... Moravian College is a private liberal arts college located in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, United States, in the Lehigh Valley region of Pennsylvania. ... // Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... For other uses, see College (disambiguation). ... Northampton Community College is an entrepreneurial community college that grants associate degrees, certificates and diplomas in close to 100 fields including arts and humanities, business and technology, and allied health. ... Bethlehem Township is a township located in Northampton County, Pennsylvania. ... Restorative justice is commonly known as a theory of criminal justice that focuses on crime as an act against another individual or community rather than the state. ...


Primary and secondary education

Bethlehem is home to Liberty High School for grades 9 through 12. Liberty is part of the Bethlehem Area School District. The district's other high school, Freedom High School, also hosting 9th through 12th grade students is located in neighboring Bethlehem Township. Liberty High School is the larger of the two schools. Liberty High School is a public high school located in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in the United States. ... Freedom High School is a public high school in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in the Lehigh Valley region of Pennsylvania, in the United States. ... Bethlehem Township is a township located in Northampton County, Pennsylvania. ...


Bethlehem also has two private high schools, Bethlehem Catholic High School, which serves grades 9 through 12, and Moravian Academy, which serves all primary and secondary school grades. The city is also the home of the Lehigh Valley Charter High School for the Performing Arts, or LVPA. Bethlehem Catholic High School, more commonly referred to as Becahi or just Beca, is a parochial high school, located in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in the United States. ... Moravian Academy, located in historic Bethlehem, Pennsylvania in the United States, is a prekindergarten through 12th grade coeducational college preparatory school. ... Lehigh Valley Charter High School for the Performing Arts, or LVPA, is a 4 year Charter High School located in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, Northampton County, in the United States. ...


Bethlehem Catholic, Freedom and Liberty all compete athletically in Pennsylvania's Lehigh Valley Conference. The Lehigh Valley Conference is an athletic conference consisting of 12 large high schools from Lehigh and Northampton counties in the Lehigh Valley region of Pennsylvania, in the United States. ...


Bethlehem is also home to four public middle schools for grades six through eight: Broughal Middle School, East Hills Middle School, Nitschmann Middle School, and Northeast Middle School. It has 19 public elementary schools for grades K-5. In addition, it has a number of smaller, parochial and other religious grade schools that serve students Pre-K through 8th grade.


Media

Bethlehem's daily newspaper, The Globe-Times, ceased publication in 1991. The Morning Call, based in Allentown, and the Express-Times, based in Easton, are now the city's dominant newspapers. The newspapers used to have offices on Bethlehem's historic Main Street, separated by only a couple of buildings, but the Express-Times has moved several blocks away. Other smaller newspapers include the Bethlehem Press, an award-winning weekly, Pulse Weekly, based in Allentown, and the Eastern Pennsylvania Business Journal, based in Bethlehem. The Morning Call is a daily newspaper based in Allentown, Pennsylvania. ...


Religious broadcaster WBPH is the only television station licensed in Bethlehem, though WLVT Channel 39, a PBS affiliate, has its operations in Bethlehem. WFMZ Channel 69, an independent station, is based in neighboring Allentown. Bethlehem is part of the Philadelphia DMA and its cable systems also receive select radio and television broadcasts from New York City. WBPH is a television station in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania area that broadcasts paid religious infomercials, and is licensed to Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. ... WLVT-TV, located in Allentown, Pennsylvania, is a PBS television station carried on Channel 39 on the UHF band in the analog format and channel 62 in the digital format. ... PBS redirects here. ... WFMZ-TV is a general interest independent television station in Allentown, Pennsylvania, which is part of the Philadelphia DMA. Its studio and transmitter are located on South Mountain in Allentown. ... A media market, broadcast market, media region, designated market area, DMA or simply market is a region where the population can receive the same (or similar) television and radio station offerings, and may also include other types of media including newspapers and Internet content. ...


Bethlehem has two licensed commercial radio stations, variety WGPA AM, and hard rock WZZO FM (though the latter's facilities are in Whitehall Township). There is also one non-commercial station, WLVR FM, operated by Lehigh University. In addition, public radio WDIY FM, while licensed in Allentown, maintains its facilities in Bethlehem. There are numerous other stations broadcast from Allentown and Easton representing a variety of commercial formats, as well as several translators of public stations from Philadelphia and New Jersey. WGPA is a Class D daytimer AM radio station in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, USA broadcasting at 1100 kHz. ... This article is about the genre. ... WZZO, commonly known as Z-95, is a popular hard rock radio station located in Whitehall Township, outside of Allentown, in the Lehigh Valley region of Pennsylvania, in the United States. ... Whitehall Township is a township in Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. ... Public broadcasting is a form of public service broadcasting (PSB) intended to serve the diverse needs of the viewing or listening public. ... WDIY-FM 88. ... In broadcasting, a translator is an FM radio station or a TV station which acts as a full-duplex repeater. ...


Sports

Club League Venue Established Championships
Lehigh Valley Outlawz CIFL, Indoor football Stabler Arena 2004 0

The Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League hold their pre-season training camp each summer at the football facilities of Bethlehem's Lehigh University. The Eagles camp in Bethlehem is among the most highly-attended training camps in the entire NFL, drawing thousands of fans to each practice. During training camp, Eagles' practices typically are held twice daily (at 8:45am and 2:45pm) and are usually open to the public. An estimated 10,000 fans attended Eagles practice daily, the highest of any NFL team's training camp, in the summer of 2006.[7][8] The Lehigh Valley Outlawz are a team in the Great Lakes Indoor Football League. ... The CIFLs 2007 game ball The Continental Indoor Football League (CIFL) is a new indoor football league based along the Northeastern United States region. ... Stabler Arena is a 5,600-seat multi-purpose arena in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, located in the Lehigh Valley region of Pennsylvania, in the United States. ... City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Team colors Midnight Green, Black, White, and Silver Head Coach Andy Reid Owner Jeffrey Lurie General manager Tom Heckert Fight song Fly, Eagles Fly Mascot Swoop League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1933–present) Eastern Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952) Eastern Conference (1953-1969) Capitol... NFL redirects here. ... Lehigh University is a private, co-educational university located in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in the Lehigh Valley region of the United States. ...


Bethlehem also is home to Lehigh University's Stabler Arena, which hosts numerous athletic and music events. Stabler is home to the Continental Indoor Football League's Lehigh Valley Outlawz and to Lehigh University collegiate basketball. Stabler Arena is a 5,600-seat multi-purpose arena in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, located in the Lehigh Valley region of Pennsylvania, in the United States. ... The CIFLs 2007 game ball The Continental Indoor Football League (CIFL) is a new indoor football league based along the Northeastern United States region. ... The Lehigh Valley Outlawz are a team in the Great Lakes Indoor Football League. ... Lehigh University is a private, co-educational university located in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in the Lehigh Valley region of the United States. ...


Bethlehem Steel F.C., founded in 1911, was one of the most successful early American soccer clubs. Bethlehem Steel won the American Cup in 1914, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919 and 1924. Additionally, they won the National Cup, currently the U.S. Open Cup, in 1915, 1916, 1918, 1919, and 1926, the Allied Amateur Cup in 1914 and the Lewis Cup in 1928. The team folded in 1930. Bethlehem Steel F.C. was one of the most successful early American soccer clubs. ... The Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup is an American soccer competition open to all United States Soccer Federation(USSF) affiliated teams, from amateur adult club teams all the way up to the top professional clubs of Major League Soccer. ...


The Lehigh Valley RFC rugby union team play their matches in Bethlehem at Monocacy Park. For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ...


Recreation and entertainment

The city is famous for its Musikfest, a largely free, ten-day music festival that draws over a million people to the city each August. Other festivals include The Celtic Classic, which celebrates Celtic culture, food and music[9], and the SouthSide Film Festival, a non-competitive, not-for-profit film festival. The city has also been the past, and current host of the North East Art Rock Festival, or NEARFest a popular 3-day Progressive Rock music event. The Bethlehem Area Public Library is another popular destination for recreation and entertainment[10]. The Banana Factory houses studios of area artists and is open to the public every first Friday of the month.[11] Touchstone Theatre, also on the SouthSide, houses the Valley's only professional resident theatre company, producing and presenting original theatre performances[12]. Musikfest is a music festival held each August in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. ... The SouthSide Film Festival is an annual film festival that takes place each June in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. ... The North East Art Rock Festival, or NEARfest for short, is a two-day event celebrating the resurgence of art rock and eclectic music in the United States and around the world. ... For the Swedish political music movement, see progg. ...


Historic Bethlehem hosts the famed Musikfest and also features many specialized boutiques, spas and clubs along its main streets. The Boyd, Pop-mart and Club 40 Below[13] are among the prominent spots to hang out amongst local college students. The Boyd Theatre boasts a phenomenal sound system and classic 1920's architecture, while Pop-mart features New York fashion and designer names in this quaint town. Club 40 Below has recently been renovated and features the largest dance floor in the Lehigh Valley.


Lehigh University's Zoellner Arts Center offers a variety of musical and dramatic events through the year. Zoellner Arts Center is an arts center located on the campus of Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in the United States. ...


The city is set to be the future location of a large casino, the Sands BethWorks, located on the former Bethlehem Steel property. Sands BethWorks is a proposed casino in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. ...


The Lehigh Canal provides hiking and biking opportunities along the canal towpath which follows the Lehigh River in Bethlehem. The Lehigh Canal was constructed to carry anthracite coal from the upper Lehigh Valley to Easton, Pennsylvania. ... A towpath on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal A towpath is a road or track that runs alongside the banks of a river, canal or other inland waterway. ... The Lehigh River, a tributary of the Delaware River, is a 103 mile (166 km) long river located in eastern Pennsylvania, in the United States. ...


People from Bethlehem

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Andretti racing at Monterey, California, October 1991 Practicing for the 2007 Indianapolis 500 Michael (right) practicing against Marco at Indy Michael Mario Andretti (born October 5, 1962 in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania) is an American retired CART and Formula One driver with Italian heritage. ... David A. Bader is an Associate Professor in the College of Computing at Georgia Institute of Technology. ... The Georgia Institute of Technology, commonly known as Georgia Tech, is a public, coeducational research university, part of the University System of Georgia, and located in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, with satellite campuses in Savannah, Georgia, Metz, France, Shanghai, China, and Singapore. ... Michael J. Behe (born January 18, 1952, in Altoona, Pennsylvania) is an American biochemist and intelligent design advocate. ... A biochemist is a scientist trained and dedicated to producing results in the discipline of biochemistry. ... Lehigh University is a private, co-educational university located in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in the Lehigh Valley region of the United States. ... Creation science is the attempt to find scientific evidence that would justify a literal interpretation of the Biblical account of creation. ... Charles Philip Bednarik (born May 1, 1925 in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania) (a. ... City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Team colors Midnight Green, Black, White, and Silver Head Coach Andy Reid Owner Jeffrey Lurie General manager Tom Heckert Fight song Fly, Eagles Fly Mascot Swoop League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1933–present) Eastern Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952) Eastern Conference (1953-1969) Capitol... The Pro Football Hall of Fame is the hall of fame of the National Football League (NFL). ... Peter Carril (born July 10, 1930 in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, United States) is a former professional and collegiate basketball coach. ... Alexandra Chando Alexandra Chando (born July 28, 1986 in Pennsylvania) is an Emmy-nominated American actress. ... As the World Turns (ATWT) is the second longest-running American television soap opera (the first being Guiding Light),[1] airing each weekday on CBS Daytime. ... H.D. in the mid 1910s Hilda Doolitle(September 10, 1886, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, United States – September 27, 1961, Zürich, Switzerland), prominently known only by her initials H.D., was an American poet, novelist and memoirist. ... Russell Wheeler Davenport (1899–1954) was an American publisher and writer. ... Jimmy DeGrasso (born March 16, 1963 in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania) is a American heavy metal drummer. ... Megadeth is an American thrash metal band led by founder, frontman, guitarist, and songwriter Dave Mustaine. ... Edwin Laurentine Drake (March 29, 1819 – November 9, 1880), also known as Colonel Drake, was an American oil driller, popularly credited with being the first to drill for oil in the United States. ... Jonathan Frakes (born August 19, 1952) is an American actor and director best known for his portrayal of Commander William T. Riker in the television series Star Trek: The Next Generation and David Xanatos on Disneys Gargoyles. ... The title as it appeared in most episodes opening credits. ... Eugene Gifford Grace (August 27, 1876–July 7, 1960) was the president of Bethlehem Steel Corporation from 1916 to 1945, and chairman of the board from 1945 until his retirement in 1957. ... Mel Harris (b. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... Thirtysomething (1987 – 1991) was a ground-breaking and award-winning American television drama created by Marshall Herskovitz and Edward Zwick for United Artists Television. ... Dwayne Douglas Johnson[6] (born May 2, 1972)[4], better known by his former ring name The Rock, is an American actor and former professional wrestler. ... Steve Kimock (born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania) is an American rock musician and guitarist. ... Gelsey Kirkland (born December 29, 1952, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania) is an American ballet dancer. ... Nathan Homer Knorr (April 23, 1905 - June 8, 1977) was the third president of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society doing so on January 13, 1942, replacing Joseph Franklin Rutherford, who had served in the position since 1916. ... Reverend Barry W. Lynn (born 1948 in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania) has been the Executive Director of Americans United for Separation of Church and State since 1992. ... Americans United for Separation of Church and State (Americans United or AU for short) is an advocacy group in the United States which promotes the separation of church and state, a legal doctrine derived from the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. ... Billy Packer (born February 25, 1940 in Wellsville, New York) is an American sportscaster for CBS Sports and a published author. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... This article is about the sport. ... Daniel Roebuck as Leslie Arzt in Lost. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... LOST redirects here. ... Charles Michael Schwab; the hand-written dedication is to Andrew Carnegie For the founder and CEO of the Charles Schwab Corporation brokerage firm, see Charles R. Schwab. ... , This article is about the municipality in Germany, for the botanist see Lewis David von Schweinitz Schweinitz is a municipality in the Jerichower Land district of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. ... Sheetal Sheth Sheetal Sheth (born June 24, 1976 in Phillipsburg, New Jersey) is a film actress. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... John Stephen Spagnola (born August 1, 1957 in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania), was a former American professional football player who was selected by the New England Patriots in the 9th round of the 1979 NFL Draft. ... Packers redirects here. ... City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Team colors Midnight Green, Black, White, and Silver Head Coach Andy Reid Owner Jeffrey Lurie General manager Tom Heckert Fight song Fly, Eagles Fly Mascot Swoop League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1933–present) Eastern Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952) Eastern Conference (1953-1969) Capitol... City Seattle, Washington Team colors Pacific Blue, Navy Blue, Neon Green, White Head Coach Mike Holmgren Owner Paul Allen General manager Tim Ruskell Mascot Blitz, and Taima the hawk League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1977-2001) AFC West (1977-2001) National Football Conference (1976... Sarah Strohmeyer is an awards winning author of crime novels and of books about human relations between men and women. ... Bubbles Yablonsky is the fictional protagonist of the Bubbles series of screwball mysteries by Sarah Strohmeyer. ... Jonathan Taylor Thomas (born September 8, 1981) is an American child actor and former teen idol, perhaps best remembered for his roles of middle child Randy Taylor on the sitcom Home Improvement and the voice of the young Simba in Disneys The Lion King. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... For other uses, see Home Improvement (disambiguation). ... Alix Olson is an American poet who works exclusively in spoken word. ... John Gorka (Temporary Road cover art) John Gorka is a contemporary American folk musician. ... The first issue of Sports Illustrated, August 16, 1954, showing Milwaukee Braves star Eddie Mathews at bat in Milwaukee County Stadium. ...

Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... Murska Sobota is a town and municipality in northeastern Slovenia, located near the river Mura (hence the name) in the region of Prekmurje, being its regional capital. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Tondabayashi (富田林市; -shi) is a city located in Osaka, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Schwäbisch Gmünd is a town in the eastern part of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. ...

References

  1. ^ MONEY Magazine: Best places to live 2006: Top 100 76-100
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990. United States Census Bureau (2005-05-03). Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ City of Bethlehem - Mayor's Biography - John B. Callahan
  6. ^ Mayors Against Illegal Guns: Coalition Members.
  7. ^ Philadelphia Eagles Training Camp
  8. ^ "Ins, Outs, All Arounds of an Eagles Camp", by Dave Spadaro, July 24, 2005.
  9. ^ http://www.celticfest.org/
  10. ^ http://www.bapl.org
  11. ^ http://www.bananafactory.org/
  12. ^ http://www.touchstone.org/
  13. ^ http://www.club40below.com/

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Bethlehem, Pennsylvania is at coordinates 40°37′34″N 75°22′32″W / 40.626198, -75.375673 (Bethlehem, Pennsylvania)Coordinates: 40°37′34″N 75°22′32″W / 40.626198, -75.375673 (Bethlehem, Pennsylvania)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bethlehem Township, Pennsylvania - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (385 words)
Bethlehem Township is a township in Northampton County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Bethlehem Township is located in the Lehigh Valley region of the state.
The population of Bethlehem Township was 21,171 at the 2000 census.
Bethlehem, Pennsylvania - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1386 words)
Bethlehem is a city in Lehigh and Northampton Counties in eastern Pennsylvania, in the United States.
Bethlehem lies in the center of Pennsylvania's Lehigh Valley region, a 731-square-mile area that is home to more than 650,000 people.
The Bethlehem Steel Corporation, founded in 1904, began producing the first wide-flange structural shapes to be made in America, was the first company to produce the now-ubiquitous 'I-beam', and was a major supplier of armor plate and ordnance products during World War I and World War II.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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