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Encyclopedia > Beth (letter)
Beth
Hebrew Phoenician
ב ב Beth
Pronunciation (IPA): b and v
Number in alphabet: 2
Gematria value: 2
 
Hebrew alphabet
א ב ג ד
ה ו ז ח ט י
כך ל מם נן ס ע
פף צץ ק ר ש ת

Beth or Bet is the second letter of many Semetic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. The Phoenician letter gave rise to the Greek Beta, Latin B, the Cyrillic equivalent, the Paleo-Hebrew equivalent, and the Aramaic equivalent, which gave rise to the Hebrew equivalent. Phoenician Beth. ... IPA may refer to: The International Phonetic Alphabet or India Pale Ale ... Gematria (גימטריה) is numerology of the Hebrew language and Hebrew alphabet. ... Note: This article contains special characters. ...   Aleph (or alef) is the first letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... Gimel is the third letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ...   Dalet or Daleth is the fourth letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... He is the fifth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ...   Vav or waw is the sixth letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, Aramaic, and Arabic in abjadi order; it is the twenty-seventh in modern Arabic order. ... Zayin or Zain is the seventh letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ...   Kheth or Het is the eighth letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... Teth or Tet is the ninth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Yud or Yodh is the tenth letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... Kaph or Kaf is the eleventh letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Lamed or Lamedh is the twelfth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Mem is the thirteenth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Nun is the fourteenth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Samekh is the fifteenth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Ayin is the sixteenth letter in many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... This is about the Hebrew letter: for the Cyrillic letter, see Pe (Cyrillic). ... Tsade or Tsadi is the 18th letter in the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ...   Qoph is the nineteenth letter in many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... Resh is the twentieth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Shin or Sin is the 21st letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Taw or Tav is the 22nd letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Look up Letter on Wiktionary, the free dictionary A letter is a written message from one party to another. ... The Semitic languages are the northeastern subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic languages, and the only family of this group spoken in Asia. ... Phoenician was a language originally spoken in the coastal region of what is now Lebanon. ... Hebrew is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by more than 6 million people, mainly in Israel, the West Bank, the United States and by Jewish communities around the world. ... Aramaic is a Semitic language with a 3,000-year history. ... Beta (upper case Î’, lower case β) is the second letter of the Greek alphabet. ... The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world today. ... The letter B is the second letter of the modern Latin alphabet. ...

Contents


Transcription:

This letter is named beth, following the Tiberian Hebrew pronunciation, in academic circles, and bet, following the modern Israeli Hebrew pronunciation, bet (/bɛʲt/), in Israel and by most Jews familiar with Hebrew, although many Ashkenazi speakers pronounce it beis (/beʲs/), and some Jews pronounce it beth (/beθ/). Tiberian Hebrew is an oral tradition of pronunciation for ancient forms of Hebrew, especially the Hebrew of the Bible, that was given written form by masoretic scholars in the Jewish community at Tiberias in the early middle ages, beginning in the 8th century. ... The Ashkenazi Hebrew language is a descendant of Biblical Hebrew favored for liturgical use by Ashkenazi Jewish practice. ...


Origin

This letter's name means "house" in various Semitic languages (Hebrew: bayit), and appears to derive from a Middle Bronze Age picture of a house by acrophony. Two similar but undeciphered scripts believed to be ancestral to all modern alphabets are attested from the Middle Bronze Age (2000-1500 BCE): the Proto-Sinaitic script discovered in the winter of 1904-1905 by William Flinders Petrie, and dated to 1500 BCE, and the Wadi el-Ħôl (or Wadi... In an acrophonic alphabet the initial (Greek: acro) sound (phonos) of a word gives the name to the whole. ...


Hebrew Pronunciation

The letter is pronounced like the English letter B (IPA /b/) when the Beth has a dagesh, and when this letter appears without the dagesh in its center then it is usually pronounced like the English letter V (/v/), but some may pronounce it as (/b/). See below. The letter B is the second letter of the modern Latin alphabet. ... The International Phonetic Alphabet. ... V is the twenty-second letter in the modern Latin alphabet. ...


Variations on written form/pronunciation:

Main article: Hebrew phonology

There are two orthographic variants of this letter, which alter the pronunciation: Hebrew phonology must take into account that the Hebrew language has been used primarily for liturgical purposes for most of the past two millennia. ...

  •   bet   /b/

and

  • ב   vet   /v/, /b/ (among Egyptian Jews), likely used to be β

The voiced bilabial fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ...

Beth with the dagesh

When the Beth has a "dot" in its center, known as a dagesh, then it is pronounced as Beth, making the same sound that the English B makes when pronounced. There are various rules in Hebrew grammar that stipulate when and why a dagesh is used. The [b] is a bilabial stop (plosive). The dagesh (דגש) is a diacritic used in the Hebrew alphabet. ... The letter B is the second letter of the modern Latin alphabet. ... Hebrew grammar is mostly analytical, expressing such forms as dative, ablative, and accusative using prepositional particles rather than grammatical cases. ...


Beth without the dagesh (Veth)

When this letter appears as ב without the dagesh ("dot") in its center then it is pronounced as Veth, making the same sound as the English letter V. The [v] is a labiodental fricative. The dagesh (דגש) is a diacritic used in the Hebrew alphabet. ... V is the twenty-second letter in the modern Latin alphabet. ...


Significance of Bet, Mystical and otherwise:

Bet in gematria symbolizes the number 2. Gematria (גימטריה) is numerology of the Hebrew language and Hebrew alphabet. ...


As a prefix, the letter bet may function as a preposition meaning "in", "at", or "with". Look up prefix on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with adposition. ...


Bet is the first letter of the Torah. As Bet is the number 2 in gematria, this is said to symbolize that there are two parts to Torah: the Written Torah and the Oral Torah. Torah (תורה) is a Hebrew word meaning teaching, instruction, or law. ... Torah (תורה) is a Hebrew word meaning teaching, instruction, or law. ... When Moses received all of the laws that would define the Jewish tradition, he also received the explanation of these laws. ...


Rashi points out that the letter is closed on three sides and open on one; this is to teach you that you may question about what happened after creation, but not what happened before it, or what is above the heavens or below the earth. Rashi Rashi (February 22, 1040 – July 17, 1105) is the acronym of Rabbi Solomon ben Isaac (or: Shlomo Yitzchaki). ...


In discrete mathematics, beth represents the beth numbers that stand for the power of infinite sets. Discrete mathematics, sometimes called finite mathematics, is the study of mathematical structures that are fundamentally discrete, in the sense of not supporting or requiring the notion of continuity. ... In mathematics, the Hebrew letter (aleph) with various subscripts represents various infinite cardinal numbers (see aleph number). ...


 
 

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