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Encyclopedia > Bessarabian Bulgarians

The Bessarabian Bulgarians (Bulgarian: бесарабски българи, besarabski bâlgari) are a Bulgarian minority group of the historical region of Bessarabia, inhabiting parts of present-day Ukraine (Odessa Oblast) and Moldova. Old map of Bessarabia Bessarabia or Bessarabiya (Basarabia in Romanian, Besarabya in Turkish) was the name by which the Imperial Russia designated the eastern part of the principality of Moldavia annexed by Russia in 1812. ... Odessa Oblast (Ukrainian: Одеська область, Odes’ka oblast’ or Одещина, Odeshchyna) is an oblast of south-western Ukraine. ...


Location and number

In Ukraine, the number of Bessarabian Bulgarians is estimated at over 140,000, being a majority in Bolhrad District and also inhabiting other districts of Budjak in the Odessa Oblast in the southern part of the country. Although Odessa, the regional capital, is not part of Bessarabia, many Bulgarians have moved there in recent years. Bolhrad is a city in South-western Ukraine, and capital of the Bolhrad district, a district with a large Bulgarian majority. ... Budjak, Budzhak, or Buchak (Ukrainian: Буджак [Budžak], Romanian: Bugeac, Turkish: Bucak, Polish: Budziak [Budžak]) is the southern part of Bessarabia, now part of Odesa region of Ukraine. ... ODESSA (German Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen; The Organization of Former SS-Members) was an alleged Nazi-German fugitive network set up towards the end of World War II by a group of SS officers, among whom Martin Bormann and Heinrich Himmler. ...


According to the 1989 census in Moldova, 88,419 Bulgarians lived in the republic, including Transnistria. The results of the census held in October 2004 state that there are 65,072 Bessarabian Bulgarians in Moldova (excluding the region of Transnistria), concentrated mostly in the southern parts - chiefly in Taraclia (66% of the population, or 28,500 people), but also in Gagauzia. The share of ethnic Bulgarians in Transnistria is about 2%. 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Administrative map of Moldova with Transnistria highlighted in yellow Official languages Moldovan, Russian and Ukrainian Political status unrecognized Capital Tiraspol President Igor Smirnov Independence  â€“ Declared  â€“ Recognition From Moldova  September 2, 1990  none Area 3,567 km² (2001 est. ... 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December See also: October 2004 in sports Deaths in October • 29 HRH Princess Alice • 25 John Peel • 24 James Cardinal Hickey • 23 Robert Merrill • 19 Paul Nitze • 18 K. M. Veerappan • 16 Pierre Salinger • 10 Christopher Reeve • 9... Taraclia is a city and an administrative region of Moldova in the south of the country. ... Gagauzia (or Gagauz-Yeri) is an autonomous region within Moldova, located along the southern border with Ukraine, inhabited by the Gagauz, a Turkic people who are ethnically and culturally distinct from other Moldovans. ...


History

The Bulgarian ethnic presence in Bessarabia dates since the Early Middle Ages, but the modern population of Bulgarians settled in the region at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th century, at the time of feudal sedition in the Ottoman Empire and after the Russo-Turkish Wars of the period. Particularly strong waves of emigration emerged after the Russo-Turkish Wars of 1806-1812 and 1828-1829. The settlers came primarily from what is now eastern Bulgaria, but many were also descendants of Bulgarians of the western part of the country that had moved east in and before the 18th century. Among the Bulgarians that emigrated to Bessarabia were also a handful of Albanians who also had settled in eastern Bulgaria some time ago. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, tone, style, and voice). ... The Russo-Turkish Wars were a series of eleven wars fought between the Russian Empire and the Turkish-ruled Ottoman Empire during the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. ... Russo-Turkish War, 1806-1812 was one of the several wars fought between Imperial Russia and Ottoman Empire War broke out in 1806, when Turkey deposed the russophile governors of its vassal states Moldavia and Walachia. ... The Greeks struggle for independence sparked the Russo-Turkish War of 1828-1829, in which Russian forces advanced into Bulgaria, the Caucasus, and northeastern Anatolia itself before the Turks sued for peace. ...


After arriving in Bessarabia, the Bulgarians founded their own towns, such as Bolhrad (1819) and Comrat, and around 64 villages. In 1856, after the Treaty of Paris, the region of Bessarabia was divided with the southwestern parts, including Bolhrad, Izmail and Kilia, incorporated into Moldova (since 1861Kingdom of Romania), and the northeastern ones, centred around Comrat, remained in the Russian Empire. A Bulgarian gymnasium (school) was founded in Bolhrad on 28 June 1858, which had serious effect on the development of Bulgarian education and culture. Bolhrad is a city in South-western Ukraine, and capital of the Bolhrad district, a district with a large Bulgarian majority. ... 1819 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Comrat or Komrat is the capital of the Gagauzia autonomous region in Moldova. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Paris of 1856 settled the Crimean War between Russia and Ottoman Empire and its allies France and Britain. ... Izmail or Ismail (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ; Romanian: Ismail), is a town in south-western Ukraine, located near Danube delta in Odessa Oblast (province). ... Kilia or Kiliya (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ; Romanian: Chilia) is a town in south-western Ukraine, located in the Danube Delta in Odessa Oblast (province). ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... From 1859 to 1877, Romania evolved from a personal union of two vassal principalities (Moldavia and Wallachia) under a single prince to a full-fledged independent kingdom with a Hohenzollern monarchy. ... Comrat or Komrat is the capital of the Gagauzia autonomous region in Moldova. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... A gymnasium is a type of school of secondary education in parts of Europe. ... (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. ... 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. ...


In 1861 20,000 Bulgarians from the Romanian part of Bessarabia moved to Russia, where they were given land in Taurida to replace the Nogais who had left what was formerly territory of the Crimean Khanate. Those settlers founded another Bulgarian community — the Tauridan Bulgarians. 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Taurida was a historical oblast of Russia that is now part of Ukraine. ... Nogais are the Turkic people in Daghestan who speak the Nogai language. ... The Crimean Khanate (Khanate of Crimea; Crimean Tatar: Qırım Hanlığı; Ukrainian: Кримський ханат [Krymskyj chanat]; Russian: Крымское ханство [Krymskoe khanstvo]; Turkish: Kırım Hanığı) was a Crimean Tatar state from 1441 to 1783. ...


After the whole region of Bessarabia was incorporated once again withing the bounds of Russia in 1878, the process of Russification grew stronger, as many Bulgarian intellectuals returned to newly established Principality of Bulgaria to help set up the Bulgarian state. The Bulgarian minority was deprived of the rights earned during Romanian control. 1878 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Russification is an adoption of the Russian language or some other Russian attribute (whether voluntarily or not) by non-Russian communities. ... ...


The whole of Bessarabia was ceded to Romania in 1918 after the Russian Revolution and the collapse of the Russian Empire. In contrast with the previous period of Romanian control, most cultural and educational rights of the Bulgarian minority were taken away which led to cases of armed resistance such as the Tatarbunar Uprising of 1924. 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a political movement in Russia which reached its peak in 1917 with the overthrow of the Provisional Government that had replaced the Russian Czarist system, and led to the establishment of the Soviet Union, which lasted until its collapse in 1991. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact of 1939 led to the June 1940 Soviet Ultimatum, an invasion of Soviet forces into Bessarabia, and its inclusion in the Soviet Union. Although being an officially accepted minority under Soviet rule, the Bessarabian Bulgarians lost some features of their cultural identity in the period. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... // Events January-March January 2 - End of term for Frank Finley Merriam, 28th Governor of California. ... The June 1940 Soviet Ultimatum was issued by the Soviet Union to Romania, regarding the Soviet territorial requests. ... Soviet redirects here. ...


References

  • Grek, Ivan and Nikolay Chervenkov. Българите в Украйна и Молдова. Минало и настояще (Balgarite v Ukrayna i Moldova. Minalo i nastoyashte), Sofia, 1993
  • Navakov, Saveliy Z. Социально-экономическое развитие болгарских и гагаузких сел Южной Бесарабии (1857-1918) (Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskoe razvitie bolgarskikh i gagauzkikh sel Yuzhnoy Besarabii (1857-1918)), Chişinău, 2004
  • Rodolyubets Almanach, volumes 1 — 6, (Sofia, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004)

 
 

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