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Encyclopedia > Bertel Thorvaldsen
Bertel Thorvaldsen. Portrait by Karl Begas, ca. 1820.
Bertel Thorvaldsen. Portrait by Karl Begas, ca. 1820.
Copenhagen, Church of Our Lady, Christus
Copenhagen, Church of Our Lady, Christus
Lion Monument, Lucerne.
Lion Monument, Lucerne.
Bust of Alexander I of Russia, Hermitage Museum
Bust of Alexander I of Russia, Hermitage Museum
Copernicus, before the Staszic Palace (headquarters of the Polish Academy of Sciences), Warsaw.
Copernicus, before the Staszic Palace (headquarters of the Polish Academy of Sciences), Warsaw.

(Albert) Bertel Thorvaldsen (November 19, 1770 - March 24, 1844) was a Danish/Icelandic sculptor. Download high resolution version (2024x2617, 193 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2024x2617, 193 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Karl Begas (sometimes Carl Joseph Begas) (1794-1854) was a German historical painter born at Heinsberg near Aix-la-Chapelle. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 403 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (649 × 964 pixel, file size: 53 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Bertel Thorvaldsens Christus, Church of Our Lady, Copenhagen Image:Vor Frue Kirke Copenhagen altar. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 403 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (649 × 964 pixel, file size: 53 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Bertel Thorvaldsens Christus, Church of Our Lady, Copenhagen Image:Vor Frue Kirke Copenhagen altar. ... Church of Our Lady seen from RundetÃ¥rn. ... Image File history File links Lionmonumentlucerne. ... Image File history File links Lionmonumentlucerne. ... Another view across Lake Lucerne. ... Image File history File links Bust of Alexander I of Russia, by Thorvaldsen, from the Hermitage Museum (1820s). ... Image File history File links Bust of Alexander I of Russia, by Thorvaldsen, from the Hermitage Museum (1820s). ... Aleksandr I Pavlovich (Russian: Александр I Павлович) (December 23, 1777–December 1, 1825?), was Emperor of Russia from 23 March 1801-1 December 1825 and Ruler of Poland from 1815–1825, as well as the first Grand Duke of Finland. ... The State Hermitage Museum (Russian: ) in Saint Petersburg, Russia is one of the largest and oldest art galleries and museums of human history and culture in the world. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (550x800, 306 KB)[edit] Summary This picture was taken by my Grandfather, who forfeits all rights to them. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (550x800, 306 KB)[edit] Summary This picture was taken by my Grandfather, who forfeits all rights to them. ... Movable metal type, and composing stick, descended from Gutenbergs invention Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg (c. ... Mainz is a city in Germany and the capital of the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. ... Download high resolution version (498x673, 157 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (498x673, 157 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... // Nicolaus Copernicus (February 19, 1473 – May 24, 1543) was a European astronomer who formulated the first explicitly heliocentric model of the solar system. ... Staszic Palace, seat of the Polish Academy of Sciences, in Warsaw. ... Categories: PAN | PAU | Scientific societies | Polish scientific societies | Stub | Education in Poland | Polish institutions | National academies ... Motto: Contemnit procellas (It defies the storms) Semper invicta (Always invincible) Coordinates: Country Poland Voivodeship Masovia Powiat city county Gmina Warszawa Districts 18 boroughs City Rights turn of the 13th century Government  - Mayor Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz (PO) Area  - City 516. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Battle of Chesma, by Ivan Aivazovsky. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... A sculpture is a three-dimensional object, which for the purposes of this article is man-made and selected for special recognition as art. ...

Contents

Biography

Thorvaldsen was born in Copenhagen in 1770 (according to some accounts, in 1768), the son of an Icelander who had settled in Denmark and there carried on the trade of a wood-carver. This account is disputed by some Icelanders, who claim Thorvaldsen was born in Iceland. For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... Battle of Chesma, by Ivan Aivazovsky. ... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Young Thorvaldsen attended Copenhagen's Royal Danish Academy of Art (Det Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi), winning all the prizes including the large Gold Medal. As a consequence, he was granted a Royal stipend, enabling him to complete his studies in Rome, where he arrived on March 8, 1797. Since the date of his birth had never been recorded, he celebrated this day as his "Roman birthday" for the rest of his life. The Royal Danish Academy of Art (Danish: Det Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi) has been a parallel to the arts studies found on Danish universities for nearly 250 years. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Thorvaldsen's first success was the model for a statue of Jason, which was highly praised by Antonio Canova, the most popular sculptor in the city. In 1803 he received the commission to execute it in marble from Thomas Hope, a wealthy English art-patron. From that time Thorvaldsen's success was assured, and he did not leave Italy for sixteen years. Jason (Greek: Ιάσων, Etruscan: Easun) is a hero of Greek mythology who led the Argonauts in the search of the Golden Fleece. ... Self-portrait by Canova, 1792. ... Thomas Hope (c. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the  United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130...


In 1819 he visited his native Denmark. Here he was commissioned to make the colossal series of statues of Christ and the twelve Apostles for the rebuilding of Vor Frue Kirke (from 1922 known as the Copenhagen Cathedral) between 1817 and 1829, after its having been destroyed in the British bombardment of Copenhagen in 1807. These were executed after his return to Rome, and were not completed till 1838, when Thorvaldsen returned to Denmark, being received as a hero. 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... The Twelve Apostles (in Koine Greek απόστολος apostolos [1], someone sent forth/sent out, an emissary) were probably Galilean Jewish men (10 names are Aramaic, 4 names are Greek) chosen from among the disciples, who were sent forth by Jesus of Nazareth to preach the Gospel to both Jews and Gentiles... Church of Our Lady seen from Rundetårn. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants United Kingdom Denmark Commanders James Gambier Ernst Peymann Casualties 42 killed, 145 wounded, 24 missing[1] 5,000 soldiers and militia[1] The Second Battle of Copenhagen, (16 August - 5 September 1807) was a British attack on the civilian population of Copenhagen in order to seize the Danish fleet. ... Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ...


He died suddenly in the Copenhagen Royal Theatre on March 24, 1844, and bequeathed a great part of his fortune for the building and endowment of a museum in Copenhagen, and also left to fill it all his collection of works of art and the models for all his sculptures very large collection, exhibited to the greatest possible advantage. Thorvaldsen is buried in the courtyard of this museum, under a bed of roses, by his own special wish. is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ...


Works

Thorvaldsen was an outstanding representative of the Neoclassical period in sculpture. He was often compared to Antonio Canova, but in fact he embodied the style of classical Greek art more than the Italian artist. The poses and expressions of his figures are much more stiff and formal than those of Canova's. Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... A sculpture is a three-dimensional object, which for the purposes of this article is man-made and selected for special recognition as art. ... Self-portrait by Canova, 1792. ...


Motifs for his works (reliefs, statues, and busts) were drawn mostly from Greek mythology, but he also created portraits of important personalities, as in his statue of Pope Pius VII. His works can be seen in many European countries, especially in the Thorvaldsen Museum in Copenhagen, where his tomb is in the inner courtyard. Thorvaldsen's Lion Monument (1819) is in Lucerne, Switzerland. This monument commemorates the sacrifice of more than six hundred Swiss Guards who died defending the Tuileries during the French Revolution. The monument portrays a dying lion lying across broken symbols of the French monarchy. The bust of Zeus found at Otricoli (Sala Rotonda, Museo Pio-Clementino, Vatican) Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the Ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. ... Pope Pius VII, OSB (August 14, 1742—August 20, 1823), born Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti, was Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from March 14, 1800 to August 20, 1823. ... Another view across Lake Lucerne. ... Papal Swiss Guards in traditional uniforms Swiss Guards are Swiss mercenary soldiers who have served as bodyguards, ceremonial guards and palace guards at foreign European courts from the late 15th century until the present day (in the form of the Papal Swiss Guard). ... Up to 1871 the Tuileries Palace was a palace in Paris, France, on the right bank of the River Seine. ... The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on...


Thorvaldsen produced some striking and affecting statues of historic figures, including two in Warsaw, Poland: the seated Nicolaus Copernicus, before the Polish Academy of Sciences building, and the equestrian statue of Prince Józef Poniatowski that now stands before the Presidential Palace, both located on Warsaw's Krakowskie Przedmieście. Mainz, Germany, has Thorvaldsen's statue of Johannes Gutenberg. Motto: Contemnit procellas (It defies the storms) Semper invicta (Always invincible) Coordinates: Country Poland Voivodeship Masovia Powiat city county Gmina Warszawa Districts 18 boroughs City Rights turn of the 13th century Government  - Mayor Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz (PO) Area  - City 516. ... // Nicolaus Copernicus (February 19, 1473 – May 24, 1543) was a European astronomer who formulated the first explicitly heliocentric model of the solar system. ... Categories: PAN | PAU | Scientific societies | Polish scientific societies | Stub | Education in Poland | Polish institutions | National academies ... Apotheosis of Saint Louis by Charles H. Niehaus In sculpture, an equestrian (from the Latin equus meaning horse) is a statue consisting of a horse with mounted rider. ... Noble Family Poniatowski Coat of Arms CioÅ‚ek Parents Andrzej Poniatowski Teresa Kinsky Sibling Maria Teresa Tyszkiewiczowa Consorts none Children with Zelia SitaÅ„ska: Józef SzczÄ™sny Poniatowski; with Zofia Czosnowska: Karol Józef Poniatowski. ... Presidential Palace in Warsaw. ... Staszic Palace. ... Mainz is a city in Germany and the capital of the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. ... Movable metal type, and composing stick, descended from Gutenbergs invention Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg (c. ...


Part of Thorvaldsen's work is informed by a pronounced classicist sensibility, traditionally encoded in European art in the myth of Zeus and Ganymede. Illustrative are his Eros, several versions of Ganymede, the Shepherd Boy with Dog, and his bas relief of Hylas and the Nymphs, depicting a shapely Hylas terrified of the nubile nymphs embracing him. The Statue of Zeus at Olympia Phidias created the 12-m (40-ft) tall statue of Zeus at Olympia about 435 BC. The statue was perhaps the most famous sculpture in Ancient Greece, imagined here in a 16th century engraving Zeus (in Greek: nominative: Zeús, genitive: Diós), is... In Greek mythology, Ganymede (Greek: Γανυμήδης, Ganumêdês)) was a divine hero whose homeland was the Troad. ... Eros. ... Two Argonauts before a hunt. ...

Copy of Thorvaldsen's Christus at Temple Square in Salt Lake City

Outside Europe, Thorvaldsen is less well known (but see the important paper by Dimmick below). Additionally, his statue of the resurrected Christ, commonly referred to as Thorvaldsen's Christus (created for what is now the Lutheran Cathedral in Copenhagen,) has appealed to the members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints [1] and a 3.4 m replica is on display at Temple Square and images of the statue are used in official church media, such as the internet site LDS.org. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1065x800, 99 KB) Summary Christus statue on Temple Square, Salt Lake City, Utah Taken by Ricardo630 in August 2005 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1065x800, 99 KB) Summary Christus statue on Temple Square, Salt Lake City, Utah Taken by Ricardo630 in August 2005 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms... This article is about the religious meaning of the word Resurrection. For other meanings see Resurrection (disambiguation). ... Christ is the English of the Greek word (Christós), which literally means The Anointed One. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... A cathedral is a religious building for worship, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Roman Catholic, Anglican and some Lutheran churches, which serves as a bishops seat, and thus as the central church of a diocese. ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the largest attraction in the citys Temple Square. ... This photo of Temple Square, circa 1897, shows that the plot housed the tallest buildings in Salt Lake City at the time, namely the Salt Lake Temple, Tabernacle and Assembly Hall. ...


Thorvaldsen's primary mastery was his feel for the rhythm of lines and movements. Nearly all his sculptures can be viewed from whatever angle without compromise of their impact. In addition, he had the ability to work in monumental size. Thorvaldsen's classicicsm was strict; nevertheless his contemporaries saw his art as the ideal, although afterwards art took new directions. In short, he is the greatest of the neo-classicist sculptors -- more strict a classicist than Sergel but far greater an artist than Canova. This raises the question whether, had king Gustaf III let Sergel be and left him alone, would Sergel's output have been extraordinary?


A bronze copy of Thorvaldsen's Self-Portrait stands in Central Park, New York, near the East 97 Street entrance. Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres or 3. ... NY redirects here. ...


References

  • Lauretta Dimmick, "Mythic Proportion: Bertel Thorvaldsen's Influence in America", Thorvaldsen: l'ambiente, l'influsso, il mito, ed. P. Kragelund and M. Nykjær, Rome 1991 (Analecta Romana Instituti Danici, Supplementum 18.), pp. 169-191.
  • Eugène Plon, Thorwaldsen, sa vie, etc. (Paris, 1880);
  • Andersen, B. Thorwaldsen (Berlin, 1845)
  • Killerup, Thorwaldsen's Arbeiten, etc. (Copenhagen, 1852)
  • Thiele, Thorwaldsen's Leben (Leipzig, 1852-1856);
  • CA Rosenberg, Thorwaldsen ... mit 146 Abbildungen (1896, "Künstlermonographien," No. 16)
  • S Trier, Thorvaldsen (1903);
  • A Wilde, Erindringer om Jerichau og Thorvaldsen (1884)
  • Malta 1796-1797: Thorvaldsen's Visit (Malta & Cop., 1996)

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


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Bertel Thorvaldsen (915 words)
Bertel Thorvaldsen -- his birth name being Albert -- was a Danish sculptor, born in Copenhagen, as the son of an Icelandic woodcarver.
Bertel Thorvaldsen's fame was so great that he was often portrayed by foreign painters.
Thorvaldsen's legacy is universal, carried to the United States by one of his friends, Horatio Greenough, and was continued by Hiram Powers, an American long resident in Italy.
Tilbygningen - Arkivet - Bertel Thorvaldsen (1770-1844) (675 words)
Thorvaldsen opnåede som et af sine højdepunkter at blive udnævnt til professor ved det pavelige kunstakademi i Rom, San Luca akademiet, i 1808.
Gammel og syg faldt Thorvaldsen død om den 24.
Han blev lagt i kapel i Vor Frue Kirke i 1844 og gravlagt i 1848 i en forsænket grav i Thorvaldsens Museums gård
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