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Encyclopedia > Bermuda Triangle
NASA image of the western Atlantic, showing the popular borders of the Bermuda Triangle.

The Bermuda Triangle, also known as the Devil's Triangle, is an area in the Atlantic Ocean where the disappearance of many people and their aircraft and surface vessels has been attributed by some to the paranormal, a suspension of the laws of physics, or activity by extraterrestrial beings. Some of the disappearances involve a level of mystery which is often popularly explained by a variety of theories beyond human error or acts of nature. An abundance of documentation for most incidents suggests that the Bermuda Triangle is a sailors' legend, later embellished by professional writers. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 529 × 482 pixelsFull resolution (529 × 482 pixel, file size: 20 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image was created via the MODIS satellite 8 April 2006[1], and was altered as seen for use on this site. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 529 × 482 pixelsFull resolution (529 × 482 pixel, file size: 20 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image was created via the MODIS satellite 8 April 2006[1], and was altered as seen for use on this site. ... NASA Logo Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-09-01, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... “Atlantic” redirects here. ... Look up aircraft in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A surface ship is any type of naval ship that is confined to the surface of the sea. ... Paranormal is an umbrella term used to describe a wide variety of reported anomalous phenomena. ... A physical law or a law of nature is a scientific generalization based on empirical observations. ... A 1967 Soviet Union 16 kopeks stamp. ... Look up mystery in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents

The Triangle area

The area of the Triangle varies with the authors.

The boundaries of the Triangle vary with the author; some stating its shape is akin to a trapezium covering the Straits of Florida, the Bahamas, and the entire Caribbean island area east to the Azores; others add to it the Gulf of Mexico. The more familiar, triangular boundary in most written works has as its points Miami, Florida; San Juan, Puerto Rico; and the mid-Atlantic island of Bermuda, with most of the accidents concentrated along the southern boundary around the Bahamas and the Florida Straits. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (828x459, 114 KB) The area of the Bermuda Triangle; traditional (yellow); Winer (red); Spencer (black); Berlitz (blue). ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (828x459, 114 KB) The area of the Bermuda Triangle; traditional (yellow); Winer (red); Spencer (black); Berlitz (blue). ... The term trapezium can mean more than one thing: In human anatomy, trapezium is a bone in the hand In geometry, a trapezium is also a name for a class of quadrilaterals. ... The Straits of Florida, Florida Straits, or Florida Strait is a strait located south-southeast of the North American mainland, generally accepted to be between the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean, and between the Florida Keys and Cuba. ... West Indian redirects here. ... Motto Antes morrer livres que em paz sujeitos Rather die free than in peace subjugated Anthem A Portuguesa (national) Hino dos Açores (local) Capital Ponta Delgada1 Angra do Heroísmo2 Horta3 Largest city Ponta Delgada Official languages Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Carlos César Establishment  -  Settled 1439   -  Autonomy... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... Nickname: Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


The area is one of the most heavily-sailed shipping lanes in the world, with ships crossing through it daily for ports in the Americas and Europe, as well as the Caribbean Islands. Cruise ships are also plentiful, and pleasure craft regularly go back and forth between Florida and the islands. It is also a heavily flown route for commercial and private aircraft heading towards Florida, the Carribean, and South America from points north. This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


The Gulf Stream ocean current flows through the Triangle after leaving the Gulf of Mexico; its current of five to six knots may have played a part in a number of disappearances. Sudden storms can and do appear, and in the summer to late fall the occasional hurricane strikes the area. The combination of heavy maritime traffic and tempestuous weather makes it inevitable that vessels could founder in storms and be lost without a trace — especially before improved telecommunications, radar, and satellite technology arrived late in the 20th century. [1] For the album by Ocean Colour Scene, see North Atlantic Drift (album) The Gulf Stream is orange and yellow in this representation of water temperatures of the Atlantic. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ...


History of the Triangle story

According to the Triangle authors Christopher Columbus was the first person to document something strange in the Triangle, reporting that he and his crew observed "strange dancing lights on the horizon", flames in the sky, and at another point he wrote in his log about bizarre compass bearings in the area. From his log book, dated October 11, 1492 he actually wrote: Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator and maritime explorer credited as the discoverer of the Americas. ... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with 1492: Conquest of Paradise. ...

"The land was first seen by a sailor (Rodrigo de Triana), although the Admiral at ten o'clock that evening standing on the quarter-deck saw a light, but so small a body that he could not affirm it to be land; calling to Pero Gutiérrez, groom of the King's wardrobe, he told him he saw a light, and bid him look that way, which he did and saw it; he did the same to Rodrigo Sánchez of Segovia, whom the King and Queen had sent with the squadron as comptroller, but he was unable to see it from his situation. The Admiral again perceived it once or twice, appearing like the light of a wax candle moving up and down, which some thought an indication of land. But the Admiral held it for certain that land was near..."

Modern scholars checking the original log books have surmised that the lights he saw were the cooking fires of Taino natives in their canoes or on the beach; the compass problems were the result of a false reading based on the movement of a star. The flames in the sky were undoubtedly falling meteors, which are easily seen while at sea.[1] The Taíno are the pre-Hispanic Amerindian inhabitants of the Greater Antilles, which includes Cuba, Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), Puerto Rico, Jamaica and the Bahamas. ...


The first article of any kind in which the legend of the Triangle began appeared in newspapers by E.V.W. Jones on September 16, 1950, through the Associated Press. Two years later, Fate magazine published "Sea Mystery At Our Back Door", a short article by George X. Sand in the October 1952 issue covering the loss of several planes and ships, including the loss of Flight 19, a group of five U.S. Navy TBM Avenger bombers on a training mission. Sand's article was the first to lay out the now-familiar triangular area where the losses took place. Flight 19 alone would be covered in the April 1962 issue of American Legion Magazine. The article was titled "The Lost Patrol", by Allen W. Eckert, and in his story it was claimed that the flight leader had been heard saying "We are entering white water, nothing seems right. We don't know where we are, the water is green, no white." It was also claimed that officials at the Navy board of inquiry stated that the planes "flew off to Mars." "The Lost Patrol" was the first to connect the supernatural to Flight 19, but it would take another author, Vincent Gaddis, writing in the February 1964 Argosy Magazine to take Flight 19 together with other mysterious disappearances and place it under the umbrella of a new catchy name: "The Deadly Bermuda Triangle"[2]; he would build on that article with a more detailed book, Invisible Horizons, the next year. Others would follow with their own works: John Wallace Spencer (Limbo of the Lost, 1969); Charles Berlitz (The Bermuda Triangle, 1974); Richard Winer (The Devil's Triangle, 1974), and many others, all keeping to some of the same supernatural elements outlined by Eckert.[3] // 1400 - Owain Glyndŵr declared Prince of Wales by his followers. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... This section does not cite its references or sources. ... US Navy TBF Grumman Avenger flight, similar to Flight 19 Flight 19 was the designation of a training exercise that took place on December 5, 1945 from Ft Lauderdale Naval Air Station, Florida, involving five TBM Avenger torpedo bombers of the United States Navy, which disappeared under still unknown circumstances... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... The Grumman TBF Avenger (designated TBM for aircraft manufactured by General Motors) was an American torpedo bomber, developed initially for the United States Navy and Marine Corps and used by a large number of air forces around the world. ... Argosy (originally meaning a large cargo ship) may refer to: American pulp magazine Argosy Magazine a 1920s British airliner, the Armstrong Whitworth Argosy a 1960s British military transport aircraft, the Armstrong Whitworth AW.660 Argosy the Space Navy of the Systems Commonwealth from the science fiction television series Andromeda. ... Charles Frambach Berlitz (November 20, 1914, New York City - December 18, 2003) was an author known for his books about anomalous phenomena. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ...


Kusche's explanation

Lawrence David Kusche, a research librarian from Arizona State University and author of The Bermuda Triangle Mystery: Solved (1975) has challenged this trend. Kusche's research revealed a number of inaccuracies and inconsistencies between Berlitz's accounts and statements from eyewitnesses, participants, and others involved in the initial incidents. He noted cases where pertinent information went unreported, such as the disappearance of round-the-world yachtsman Donald Crowhurst, which Berlitz had presented as a mystery, despite clear evidence to the contrary. Another example was the ore-carrier Berlitz recounted as lost without trace three days out of an Atlantic port when it had been lost three days out of a port with the same name in the Pacific Ocean. Kusche also argued that a large percentage of the incidents which have sparked the Triangle's mysterious influence actually occurred well outside it. Often his research was surprisingly simple: he would go over period newspapers and see items like weather reports that were never mentioned in the stories. Arizona State University (ASU) is a public institution of higher education and research with campuses located in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. ... Donald Crowhurst, pictured just prior to setting out in the Sunday Times Golden Globe Race in 1968. ...


Kusche came to several conclusions:

  • The number of ships and aircraft reported missing in the area was not significantly greater, proportionally speaking, than in any other part of the ocean.
  • In an area frequented by tropical storms, the number of disappearances that did occur were, for the most part, neither disproportionate, unlikely, nor mysterious; furthermore, Berlitz and other writers would often fail to mention such storms.
  • The numbers themselves had been exaggerated by sloppy research. A boat listed as missing would be reported, but its eventual (if belated) return to port may not be reported.
  • Some disappearances had in fact, never happened. One plane crash was said to have taken place in 1937 off Daytona Beach, Florida, in front of hundreds of witnesses; a check of the local papers revealed nothing.

Kusche concluded that: This article is about weather phenomena. ... Daytona Beach in 2005 Daytona Beach is a city in Volusia County, Florida, USA. As of 2004, the population estimates recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau is 64,422. ...

"The Legend of the Bermuda Triangle is a manufactured mystery... perpetuated by writers who either purposely or unknowingly made use of misconceptions, faulty reasoning, and sensationalism." (Epilogue, p. 277)

In recent years, however, several authors, most notably Gian J. Quasar, have raised several questions as to the veracity of Kusche's findings, including, but not limited to, why Kusche so often brought up as evidence for his claims cases that were already well-known before the writing of his work as not being Triangle incidents; his misidentification and mislocation of several ship and aircraft incidents that are well-documented, but then using that inability to properly identify the craft as "proof" that they never existed; and in other examples openly claiming possibilities for foul weather for certain disappearances where it can be verified that none existed.[2]


Other responses

The marine insurer Lloyd's of London has determined the Triangle to be no more dangerous than any other area of ocean, and does not charge unusual rates for passage through the region. United States Coast Guard records confirm their conclusion. In fact, the number of supposed disappearances is relatively insignificant considering the number of ships and aircraft which pass through on a regular basis. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Council of Lloyds. ... The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States armed forces involved in maritime law enforcement, mariner assistance, search and rescue, and national defense. ...


The Coast Guard is also officially skeptical of the Triangle, noting that they collect and publish, through their inquiries, much documentation[4] contradicting many of the incidents written about by the Triangle authors. In one such incident involving the 1972 explosion and sinking of the tanker V.A. Fogg in the Gulf of Mexico, the Coast Guard photographed the wreck and recovered several bodies[5], despite one Triangle author stating that all the bodies had vanished, with the exception of the captain, who was found sitting in his cabin at his desk, clutching a coffee cup (Limbo of the Lost by John Wallace Spencer, 1973 edition). T2 tanker vessel built in Alabama, begining January 1944, and launched as S.S. Four Lakes. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ...


Skeptical researchers, such as Ernest Taves and Barry Singer, have noted how mysteries and the paranormal are very popular and profitable. This has led to the production of vast amounts of material on topics such as the Bermuda Triangle. They were able to show that some of the pro-paranormal material is often misleading or not accurate, but its producers continue to market it. They have therefore claimed that the market is biased in favour of books, TV specials, etc. which support the Triangle mystery and against well-researched material if it espouses a skeptical viewpoint [3].


Natural explanations

Methane hydrates

Main article: Methane clathrate
Worldwide distribution of confirmed or inferred offshore gas hydrate-bearing sediments, 1996.
Source: USGS
False-color image of the Gulf Stream flowing north through the western Atlantic Ocean. (NASA)
USS Memphis (CA-10) in 1916, hard aground in the Dominican Republic after an encounter with a freak wave. (U.S. Navy)

An explanation for some of the disappearances has focused on the presence of vast fields of methane hydrates on the continental shelves. Laboratory experiments carried out in Australia have proven that bubbles can, indeed, sink a scale model ship by decreasing the density of the water [6]; any wreckage consequently rising to the surface would be rapidly dispersed by the Gulf Stream. It has been hypothesized that periodic methane eruptions may produce regions of frothy water that are no longer capable of providing adequate buoyancy for ships. If this were the case, such an area forming around a ship could cause it to sink very rapidly and without warning. Burning ice. Methane, released by heating, burns; water drips (USGS). ... Image File history File links Worldwide distribution of confirmed or inferred offshore gas hydrate-bearing sediments. ... Image File history File links Worldwide distribution of confirmed or inferred offshore gas hydrate-bearing sediments. ... The United States Geological Survey (USGS) is a scientific agency of the United States government. ... Image File history File links Gulfstream1. ... Image File history File links Gulfstream1. ... Image File history File links Memphis1916. ... Image File history File links Memphis1916. ... Methane is a chemical compound with the molecular formula CH4. ... The continental shelf is an area of relatively shallow sea water that is found on the edge of each continent. ... For the album by Ocean Colour Scene, see North Atlantic Drift (album) The Gulf Stream is orange and yellow in this representation of water temperatures of the Atlantic. ... Eruption can refer to: Volcanic eruption The eruption of teeth through the gum Eruption (band) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... In physics, buoyancy is the upward force on an object produced by the surrounding fluid (i. ...


Airplanes are also susceptible to any freak methane releases. Methane also has the ability to cause a piston engine to stall when released into the atmosphere, even at an atmospheric concentration as low as 1%[citation needed]. Furthermore, as methane is lighter than air, the altimeter of any airplane traveling through it would read that the airplane is higher than it really is, causing navigational problems.[citation needed] Diagram showing the face of a three-pointer sensitive aircraft altimeter displaying altitude in feet. ...


A white paper was published in 1981 by the United States Geological Survey about the appearance of hydrates in the Blake Ridge area, off the southeastern United States coast.[4] However, according to a USGS web page, no large releases of gas hydrates are believed to have occurred in the Bermuda Triangle for the past 15,000 years.[7] A white paper is an authoritative report. ... InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ...


Compass variations

Compass problems are one of the cited phrases in many Triangle incidents; it is possible that people operating boats and aircraft looked at a compass that they felt was not pointing north, veered course to adjust, and got lost quickly. The North Magnetic Pole is not the North Pole; rather it is the north end of the earth's magnetic field, and as such it is the natural end where the needle of a compass points. The North Magnetic Pole also wanders. In 1996 a Canadian expedition certified its location by magnetometer and theodolite at 78°35.7′N 104°11.9′W; in 2005 its position was 82.7° N 114.4° W, to the west of Ellesmere Island. ... North Pole Scenery When not otherwise qualified, the term North Pole usually refers to the Geographic North Pole – the northernmost point on the surface of the Earth, where the Earths axis of rotation intersects the Earths surface. ... A magnetometer is a scientific instrument used to measure the strength and/or direction of the magnetic field in the vicinity of the instrument. ... An optical theodolite, manufactured in the Soviet Union in 1958 and used for topographic surveying. ... Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada. ...


The direction in which a compass needle points is known as magnetic north. In general, this is not exactly the direction of the North Magnetic Pole (or of any other consistent location). Instead, the compass aligns itself to the local geomagnetic field, which varies in a complex manner over the Earth's surface, as well as over time. The angular difference between magnetic north and true north (defined in reference to the Geographic North Pole), at any particular location on the Earth's surface, is called the magnetic declination. Most map coordinate systems are based on true north, and magnetic declination is often shown on map legends so that the direction of true north can be determined from north as indicated by a compass. The magnetic declination (or magnetic variation) at any point on the earth is a property of the geomagnetic field defined as the angle that must be added or subtracted in converting between two kinds of directional information: the direction of the needle on a magnetic compass located there, and the...


Magnetic declination has been measured in many countries, including the U.S. The line of zero declination in the U.S. runs from the North Magnetic Pole through Lake Superior and across the western panhandle of Florida. Along this line, true north is the same as magnetic north. West of the line of zero declination, a compass will give a reading that is east of true north. Conversely, east of the line of zero declination, a compass reading will be west of true north. Since the North Magnetic Pole has been wandering toward the northwest, some twenty or more years ago the line of zero declination went through the Triangle, giving sailors and airmen a compass reading of true north instead of magnetic north. [5] A sailor not knowing the difference would sail off course without realizing it, ultimately resulting in a vanishing.


Hurricanes

Hurricanes are extremely powerful storms which are spawned in the Atlantic near the equator, and have historically been responsible for thousands of lives lost and billions of dollars in damage. The sinking of Francisco de Bobadilla's Spanish fleet in 1502 was the first recorded instance of a destructive hurricane. In 1988, Hurricane Gilbert, one of the most powerful hurricanes in history, set back Jamaica's economy by three years. These storms have in the past caused a number of incidents related to the Triangle. This article is about weather phenomena. ... Francisco de Bobadilla was a Spanish colonial administrator. ... Lowest pressure 888 hPa (mbar) Fatalities 318 direct Damage $5 billion (1988 USD) $9 billion (2006 USD) Areas affected Windward Islands, Venezuela, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Central America, Yucatán Peninsula, northern Mexico, Texas, South Central United States Part of the 1988 Atlantic hurricane season Hurricane Gilbert is the second...


Gulf Stream

The Gulf Stream ocean current that flows out of the Gulf of Mexico, then north through the Florida Straits, and then on into the North Atlantic. In essence, it is a river within an ocean, and like a river, it can and does carry floating objects with it. A small plane making a water landing or a boat having engine trouble will be carried away from its reported position by the current, as happened to the cabin cruiser Witchcraft on December 22, 1967, when it reported engine trouble near the Miami buoy marker one mile from shore, but was not there when a Coast Guard cutter arrived. For the album by Ocean Colour Scene, see North Atlantic Drift (album) The Gulf Stream is orange and yellow in this representation of water temperatures of the Atlantic. ... December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ...


Freak waves

This explanation is not without foundation; one such rogue wave wrecked the cruiser USS Memphis (CA-10) off the Dominican Republic on August 29, 1916, killing 40 men. [8] The Draupner wave, a single giant wave measured on New Years Day 1995, finally confirmed the existence of freak waves, which had previously been considered near-mythical Rogue waves, also known as freak waves, are relatively large and spontaneous ocean surface waves which are a threat even to large... USS Port Royal (CG-73), a Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser (really an uprated guided missile destroyer), launched in 1992. ... Six ships of the United States Navy (and one of the Confederate Navy) have been named Memphis in honor of Memphis, Tennessee (which was in turn named for Memphis, Egypt). ... August 29 is the 241st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (242nd in leap years), with 124 days remaining. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Acts of Man

Human error

One of the most cited explanations in official inquiries as to the loss of any aircraft or vessel is human error. Whether deliberate or accidental, humans have been known to make mistakes resulting in catastrophe, and losses within the Bermuda Triangle are no exception. For example, the Coast Guard cited a lack of proper training for the cleaning of volatile benzene residue as a reason for the loss of the tanker V.A. Fogg in 1972. Human stubbornness may have caused businessman Harvey Conover to lose his sailing yacht, the Revonoc, as he sailed into the teeth of a storm south of Florida on January 1, 1958. It should be noted that many losses remain inconclusive due to the lack of wreckage which could be studied, a fact cited on many official reports. Benzene, also known as benzol, is an organic chemical compound with the formula C6H6. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Deliberate acts of destruction

This can fall into two categories: acts of war, and acts of piracy. Records in enemy files have been checked for numerous losses; while many sinkings have been attributed to surface raiders or submarines during the World Wars and documented in the various command log books, many others which have been suspected as falling in that category have not been proven; it is suspected that the loss of USS Cyclops in 1918, as well as her sister ships Proteus and Nereus in World War II, were attributed to submarines, but no such link has been found in the German records. There have been two World Wars, now more commonly known as World War I or First World War (from 1914 to 1918), and World War II or Second World War (from 1939 to 1945). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Piracy, as defined by the taking of a ship or small boat on the high seas, is an act which continues to this day. Famous pirates of the Caribbean include Edward Teach (Blackbeard) and Jean Lafitte. Lafitte is sometimes said to be a Triangle victim himself. The flag of 18th-century pirate Calico Jack Piracy is robbery committed at sea, or sometimes on the shore, by an agent without a commission from a sovereign nation. ... Blackbeard (1680? – November 22, 1718) was the nickname of Edward Teach alias Edward Thatch, a notorious English pirate who had a short reign of terror in the Caribbean Sea between 1716 and 1718. ... Jean Lafitte (1780? - 1826?), was a famous pirate in the Gulf of Mexico in the early 19th century. ...


Another form of pirate operated on dry land. Bankers or wreckers would shine a light on shore to misdirect ships, which would then founder on the shore; the wreckers would then help themselves to the cargo. It is possible that these wreckers also killed any crew who protested. Nags Head, North Carolina, was named for the wreckers' practice of hanging a lantern on the head of a hobbled horse as it walked along the beach. Wrecking is the practice of taking valuables from a ship which has foundered near or close to shore. ... Nags Head is a town located in Dare County, North Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ...


Popular theories

The following theories have been used in the past by the Triangle writers to explain a myriad of incidents:


Atlantis

An explanation for some of the disappearances pinned the blame on left-over technology from Atlantis – for example, the activation of a still-operable death ray weapon which sets itself off at random intervals and blasts the victims out of existence.[citation needed] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with energy weapon. ...


Reputed psychic Edgar Cayce claimed that evidence for Atlantis would be discovered just off Bimini in 1968. New Agers view the Bimini Road as either a road, wall, or pier meant to service ships bound for Atlantis from Central and South America, or a breakwater built to protect fishing boats. The wall may also have a natural origin.[9][10] [11] Edgar Cayce (March 18, 1877 – January 3, 1945) (pronounced or like Casey) was an American psychic who claimed to channel answers to questions on subjects such as health, astrology, reincarnation, and Atlantis while in trance. ... Bimini Island from space, June 1998 Map of the Bahamas with the Biminis positioned center left (click to enlarge). ... New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ... The Bimini Road is an underwater stone structure near the Bimini Island. ...


UFOs

Theorists claim extraterrestrials captured ships and planes, taking them beyond our solar system.[citation needed] This was given a boost when topics like ESP, telekinesis, clairvoyance, and the like flowered in the middle-to-late 1960s, and was used as storylines for popular films like Close Encounters of the Third Kind and The UFO Incident. A 1967 Soviet Union 16 kopeks stamp. ... Extra-sensory perception (ESP) is defined in parapsychology as the ability to aquire information by paranormal means. ... Psychokinesis (literally mind-movement) or PK is the more commonly used term today for what in the past was known as telekinesis (literally distant-movement). It refers to the psi ability to influence the behavior of matter by mental intention (or possibly some other aspect of mental activity) alone. ... In parapsychology, clairvoyance [from late 17th century French clair (clear) and voyant (seeing)] denotes a form of extra-sensory perception in which a psychic acquires knowledge about a contemporary object, situation, or event by paranormal means. ... This article is about the film; for the a definition of the UFO related phenomenon, see Close encounter. ... Betty and Barney Hill claimed to have been abducted by extraterrestrials on September 16, 1961. ...


Time warp

The proponents of this theory state that the many ships and planes entered a time warp to a different time or dimension on the other side, meaning that their crews could still be alive there, living new lives in another time period of the past or the future – or maybe even in a parallel universe.[citation needed] Usually, the ship or aircraft in the story enters this dimension by way of a cloud. This has been a popular subject in television episodes of Star Trek, Doctor Who, The Twilight Zone and The X-Files, as well as in movies and miniseries such as The Triangle, The Philadelphia Experiment, and Zipang (manga). The Time Warp is a dance featured in the cult film The Rocky Horror Picture Show, performed during the chorus of the song of the same name. ... Parallel universe, alternate reality, etc. ... The current Star Trek franchise logo Star Trek is an American science fiction entertainment series. ... Doctor Who is a long-running British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC, (and a 1996 television movie). ... The Twilight Zone title. ... The X-Files is a Peabody- and Emmy Award-winning science fiction television series created by Chris Carter, which first aired on September 10, 1993, and ended on May 19, 2002. ... The Triangle is a science fiction miniseries concerning the Bermuda Triangle, which first aired on the Sci-Fi Channel from December 5 to December 7, 2005. ... See also: The Philadelphia Experiment (movie) The Philadelphia Experiment is a supposed secret experiment conducted by the U.S. Navy at the Philadelphia Naval Yards at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on or before October 28, 1943, which went horribly awry. ... Zipang (Japanese: ジパング, Jipangu) is a manga by Kaiji Kawaguchi. ...


Anomalous phenomena

Charles Berlitz, grandson of a distinguished linguist and author of various additional books on anomalous phenomena, has kept in line with this extraordinary explanation, and attributed the losses in the Triangle to anomalous or unexplained forces. Charles Frambach Berlitz (November 20, 1914, New York City - December 18, 2003) was an author known for his books about anomalous phenomena. ... Anomalous phenomena are phenomena which are observed and for which there are no suitable explanations in the context of a specific body of scientific knowledge, e. ...


Famous incidents

Flight 19

US Navy TBF Grumman Avenger flight, similar to Flight 19. This photo had been used by various Triangle authors to illustrate Flight 19 itself. (US Navy)
US Navy TBF Grumman Avenger flight, similar to Flight 19. This photo had been used by various Triangle authors to illustrate Flight 19 itself. (US Navy)
Main article: Flight 19

Flight 19 was a training flight of TBM Avenger bombers that went missing on December 5, 1945 while over the Atlantic. The impression is given that the flight encountered unusual phenomena and anomalous compass readings, and that the flight took place on a calm day under the leadership of an experienced pilot, Lt. Charles Carroll Taylor. Adding to the intrigue is that the Navy's report of the accident was ascribed to "causes or reasons unknown." It is believed that Charles Taylor's mother wanted to save Charles's reputation, so she made them write "reasons unknown" when actually Charles was 50 km NW from where he thought he was. [6] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1117x1371, 167 KB) Description: TBF (Avengers) flying in formation over Norfolk, Va. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1117x1371, 167 KB) Description: TBF (Avengers) flying in formation over Norfolk, Va. ... US Navy TBF Grumman Avenger flight, similar to Flight 19 Flight 19 was the designation of a training exercise that took place on December 5, 1945 from Ft Lauderdale Naval Air Station, Florida, involving five TBM Avenger torpedo bombers of the United States Navy, which disappeared under still unknown circumstances... US Navy TBF Grumman Avenger flight, similar to Flight 19 Flight 19 was the designation of a training exercise that took place on December 5, 1945 from Ft Lauderdale Naval Air Station, Florida, involving five TBM Avenger torpedo bombers of the United States Navy, which disappeared under still unknown circumstances... The Grumman TBF Avenger (designated TBM for aircraft manufactured by General Motors) was an American torpedo bomber, developed initially for the United States Navy and Marine Corps and used by a large number of air forces around the world. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Charles Carroll Taylor (October 25, 1917 - December 5, 1945) was a United States Naval Lieutenant who commanded the Flight 19 squadron that disappeared in the area known as the Bermuda Triangle on December 5, 1945. ...


While the basic facts of this version of the story are essentially accurate, some important details are missing. The weather was becoming stormy by the end of the incident; only Lt. Taylor had any significant flying time, but he was not familiar with the south Florida area and had a history of getting lost in flight, having done so three times during World War II, and being forced to ditch his planes twice into the water; and naval reports and written recordings of the conversations between Lt. Taylor and the other pilots of Flight 19 do not indicate magnetic problems. [6] Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Mary Celeste

The mysterious abandonment in 1872 of the Mary Celeste is often but inaccurately connected to the Triangle, the ship having been abandoned off the coast of Portugal. Many theories have been put forth over the years to explain the abandonment, including alcohol fumes from the cargo and insurance fraud. The event is possibly confused with the sinking of a ship with a similar name, the Mari Celeste, off the coast of Bermuda on September 13, 1864, which is mentioned in the book Bermuda Shipwrecks by Dan Berg. A painting of the Amazon (later renamed Mary Celeste) by an unknown artist. ... September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


Ellen Austin

The Ellen Austin supposedly came across an abandoned derelict, placed on board a prize crew, and attempted to sail with it to New York in 1881. According to the stories, the derelict disappeared; others elaborating further that the derelict reappeared minus the prize crew, then disappeared again with a second prize crew on board. A check of Lloyd's of London records proved the existence of the Meta, built in 1854; in 1880 the Meta was renamed Ellen Austin. There are no casualty listings for this vessel, or any vessel at that time, that would suggest a large number of missing men placed on board a derelict which later disappeared. [12]


Teignmouth Electron

Main article: Donald Crowhurst
Teignmouth Electron, as she was on July 10, 1969.

Donald Crowhurst was a sailor competing in the Sunday Times Golden Globe Race of 1968-69. His boat, a trimaran named Teignmouth Electron, left England on October 31, 1968; it was found abandoned south of the Azores on July 10, 1969. Most writers on the Triangle would stop there (only Winer elaborated on the facts), leaving out the evidence recovered from Crowhurst's logbooks which showed deception as to his position in the race and increasing irrationality. His last entry was June 29; it was assumed he jumped over the side a short time later. Donald Crowhurst, pictured just prior to setting out in the Sunday Times Golden Globe Race in 1968. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1133x813, 229 KB) The Teignmouth Electron found abandoned in the Atlantic, July 10, 1969. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1133x813, 229 KB) The Teignmouth Electron found abandoned in the Atlantic, July 10, 1969. ... Donald Crowhurst, pictured just prior to setting out in the Sunday Times Golden Globe Race in 1968. ... Robin Knox-Johnston finishing his circumnavigation of the world in Suhaili as the winner of the Golden Globe Race. ... Polynesian (Hawaiian navigators) sailing trimaran, ca 1781 A trimaran is a multihull boat consisting of a main hull (vaka) and two smaller outrigger hulls (amas), attached to the main hull with lateral struts (akas). ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 61 days remaining. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ...


USS Cyclops

Main article: USS Cyclops (AC-4)

The incident resulting in the single largest loss of life in the history of the U.S. Navy not related to combat occurred when USS Cyclops under the command of Lieutenant Commander G. W. Worley, went missing without a trace with a crew of 306 sometime after March 4, 1918, after departing the island of Barbados. Although there is no strong evidence for any theory, storms, capsizing and enemy activity have all been suggested as explanations. [7] [8] The USS Cyclops (AC-4) was one of four Proteus-class colliers built for the United States Navy during World War I. Named for the Cyclops, a primordial race of giants from Greek mythology, she was the second U.S. Naval vessel to bear the name. ... In the Royal Navy, United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, a lieutenant commander (lieutenant-commander or Lt Cdr in the RN) is a commissioned officer superior to a lieutenant and inferior to a commander. ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (64th in leap years). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... “The Great War” redirects here. ...


Theodosia Burr Alston

Main article: Theodosia Burr Alston

Theodosia Burr Alston was the daughter of former United States Vice-President Aaron Burr. Her disappearance has been cited at least once in relation to the Triangle, in The Bermuda Triangle by Adi-Kent Thomas Jeffrey (1975). She was a passenger on board the Patriot, which sailed from Charleston, South Carolina to New York City on December 30, 1812, and was never heard from again. Both Piracy and the War of 1812 have been posited as explanations, as well as a theory placing her in Texas, well outside the Triangle. Theodosia Burr Alston (1783-1813) was the daughter of Aaron Burr. ... Theodosia Burr Alston (1783-1813) was the daughter of Aaron Burr. ... A vice president is an officer in government or business who is next in rank below a president. ... This article does not adequately cite its references. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... For the overture by Tchaikovsky, see 1812 Overture; For the wars, see War of 1812 (USA - United Kingdom) or Patriotic War of 1812 (France - Russia) For the Siberia Airlines plane crashed over the Black Sea on October 4, 2001, see Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 1812 was a leap year starting... The flag of 18th-century pirate Calico Jack Piracy is robbery committed at sea, or sometimes on the shore, by an agent without a commission from a sovereign nation. ... Combatants United States Britain Canadian militia Eastern Woodland Indians Commanders James Madison Henry Dearborn Jacob Brown Winfield Scott Andrew Jackson George Prevost Isaac Brock† Tecumseh† Strength •U.S. Regular Army: 35,800 •Rangers: 3,049 •Militia: 458,463* •US Navy & US Marines: (at start of war): •Frigates:6 •Other vessels...


The Spray

Captain Joshua Slocum's skill as a mariner was beyond argument; he was the first man to sail around the world solo. In 1909, in his boat Spray he set out in a course to take him through the Caribbean to Venezuela. He disappeared; there was no evidence he was even in the Triangle when Spray was lost. It was assumed he was run down by a steamer or struck by a whale, the Spray being too sound a craft and Slocum too experienced a mariner for any other cause to be considered likely, and in 1924 he was declared legally dead. While a mystery, there is no known evidence for, or against, paranormal activity. Joshua Slocum (February 20, 1844 – on or shortly after 14 November 1909) was a Canadian-born American seaman and adventurer, a noted writer, and the first man to sail single-handedly around the world. ... The spray was the name of the vessel re-built and subsequently used by Joshua Slocum in his successful attempt to circum navigate the world single handed. ... West Indian redirects here. ...


Carroll A. Deering

Main article: Carroll A. Deering
Schooner Carroll A. Deering, as seen from the Cape Lookout lightship on January 29, 1921, two days before she was found deserted in North Carolina. (US Coast Guard)

A five-masted schooner built in 1919, the Carroll A. Deering was found hard aground and abandoned at Diamond Shoals, near Cape Hatteras, North Carolina on January 31, 1921. Rumors and more at the time indicated the Deering was a victim of piracy, possibly connected with the illegal rum-running trade during Prohibition, and possibly involving another ship, S.S. Hewitt, which disappeared at roughly the same time. Just hours later, an unknown steamer sailed near the lightship along the track of the Deering, and ignored all signals from the lightship. It is speculated that the Hewitt may have been this mystery ship, and possibly involved in the Deering crew's disappearance. [13] Carroll A. Deering, a five-masted commercial schooner, who was found run aground on the shore of North Carolina in 1921, its crew mysteriously missing. ... Image File history File links Deering2. ... Image File history File links Deering2. ... Cape Lookout can refer to: Cape Lookout on the coast of North Carolina in the United States Cape Lookout on the coast of Oregon in the United States. ... Concept image of a solar sail spacecraft in the process of unfurling sails. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... An aerial view of the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse (before its relocation in 1999) Cape Hatteras from space, October 1989 Cape Hatteras is a cape on the coast of North Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... The term Prohibition, also known as Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ...


Douglas DC-3

On December 28, 1948, a Douglas DC-3 aircraft, number NC16002, disappeared while on a flight from San Juan, Puerto Rico, to Miami. No trace of the aircraft or the 32 people onboard was ever found. From the documentation compiled by the Civil Aeronautics Board investigation, a possible key to the plane's disappearance was found, but barely touched upon by the Triangle writers: the plane's batteries were inspected and found to be low on charge, but ordered back into the plane without a recharge by the pilot while in San Juan. Whether or not this led to complete electrical failure will never be known. However, since piston-engined aircraft rely upon magnetos to provide electrical power and spark to their cylinders rather than batteries, this theory is unlikely. [14] December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft, which revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s and is generally regarded as one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made (also see Boeing 707 and Boeing 747). ... Among aircraft disappearances associated with the region referred to by many in the latter 20th century as the Bermuda Triangle, the disappearance of the DC-3 airliner NC16002 on 28 December 1948 was the first of three to involve the same make of aircraft, all within fifty miles of the...


Star Tiger and Star Ariel

These Avro Tudor IV passenger aircraft disappeared without trace en route to Bermuda and Jamaica, respectively. Star Tiger was lost on January 30, 1948 on a flight from the Azores to Bermuda. Star Ariel was lost on January 17, 1949, on a flight from Bermuda to Kingston, Jamaica. Neither aircraft gave out a distress call; in fact, their last messages were routine. A possible clue to their disappearance was found in the mountains of the Andes in 1998: the Star Dust, an Avro Lancastrian airliner run by the same airline, had disappeared on a flight from Buenos Aires, Argentina, to Santiago, Chile on August 2, 1947. The plane's remains were discovered at the melt end of a glacier, suggesting that either the crew did not pay attention to their instruments, suffered an instrument failure or did not allow for headwind effects from the jetstream on the way to Santiago when it hit a mountain peak, with the resulting avalanche burying the remains and incorporating it into the glacier. However, this is mere speculation with regard to the Star Tiger and Star Ariel, pending the recovery of the aircraft. It should be noted that the Star Tiger was flying at a height of just 2,000 feet, which would have meant that if the plane was forced down, there would have been no time to send out a distress message. It is also far too low for the jetstream or any other high-altitude wind to have any effect. [15] One of Star Tigers B.S.A.A sister-aircraft, the Tudor II, Star Eagle The Star Tiger and Star Ariel were two Avro Tudor IV passenger aircraft owned and operated by British South American Airways Corporation as part of an airfleet providing passenger service between Europe and South... Avro 504K. Avro was a British aircraft manufacturer, well known for planes such as the Avro Lancaster which served in World War II. One of the worlds first aircraft builders, A.V.Roe and Company was established at Brownsfield Mills, Manchester, England by Alliot Verdon Roe and his brother... The Avro Tudor was a piston-engined airliner based on the Avro Lincoln bomber, itself a descendent of the famous Avro Lancaster. ... January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... The City of Kingston is the capital and largest city of Jamaica. ... Planes view of the Andes, Peru. ... The B.S.A.A Lancastrian 3, Star Dust Star Dust was a British South American Airways airliner that disappeared under mysterious circumstances on the 2nd of August, 1947. ... Lancastrian is an adjective describing: A resident of one of the many places named Lancaster. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... The snowcapped Andes above downtown Santiago Santiago (frequently called   in Spanish) is Chiles capital and, when viewed as a conurbation, its largest city. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... Jet streams are fast flowing, confined air currents found in the atmosphere at around 12 km above the surface of the Earth, just under the tropopause. ...


KC-135 Stratotankers

On August 28, 1963 a pair of U.S. Air Force KC-135 Stratotanker aircraft collided and crashed into the Atlantic. The Triangle version (Winer, Berlitz, Gaddis) of this story specifies that they did collide and crash, but there were two distinct crash sites, separated by over 160 miles of water. However, Kusche's research showed that the unclassified version of the Air Force investigation report stated that the debris field defining the second "crash site" was examined by a search and rescue ship, and found to be a mass of seaweed and driftwood tangled in an old buoy. August 28 is the 240th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (241st in leap years), with 125 days remaining. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Seal of the Air Force. ... The Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker is an aerial refueling tanker aircraft, first entered service in 1957 and expected to remain in service into the 2040s. ... Ascophyllum nodosum exposed to the sun in Nova Scotia, Canada Dead Mans Fingers (Codium fragile) off Massachusetts coast For the band, see; Seaweed (band) For the rock musician, see; Seaweed (musician) Seaweeds are any of a large number of marine benthic algae. ... A piece of waterlogged driftwood Driftwood is wood that has been washed onto a shore or beach by the action of the waves. ... A sea lion on navigational buoy #14 in San Diego Harbor Green can #11 near the mouth of the Saugatuck river. ...


SS Marine Sulphur Queen

Shattered trailboard from Marine Sulphur Queen, recovered near the Florida Keys, February 1963. (U.S. Coast Guard)

SS Marine Sulphur Queen, a T2 tanker converted from oil to sulfur carrier, was last heard from on February 4, 1963 with a crew of 39 near the Florida Keys. Marine Sulphur Queen was the first vessel mentioned in Vincent Gaddis' 1964 Argosy Magazine article, but he left it as having "sailed into the unknown", despite the Coast Guard report which not only documented the ship's badly-maintained history, but declared that it was an unseaworthy vessel that should never have gone to sea. [16][17] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Image File history File links Msqboard. ... Image File history File links Msqboard. ... The T2 tanker, or only the T2 was a tanker ship constructed and produced in large quantities in the US under World War II to replace vessels sunk. ... General Name, Symbol, Number sulfur, S, 16 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 16, 3, p Appearance lemon yellow Standard atomic weight 32. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ...


USS Scorpion

The nuclear-powered submarine USS Scorpion was lost south of the Azores while on a transit home to Norfolk, Virginia after a six-month deployment on May 26, 1968. The Scorpion had been picked up by numerous writers (Berlitz, Spencer, Thomas-Jeffery) as a Triangle victim over the years, despite the fact that it did not sink in the Bermuda Triangle; the U.S. Navy believes that a malfunctioning torpedo contributed to her loss, an event actually recorded on the SOSUS microphone network. USS Scorpion (SSN-589) was the sixth ship of the United States Navy to be named for the scorpion, (hence the Scorpius constellation on her insignia). ... Motto Antes morrer livres que em paz sujeitos Rather die free than in peace subjugated Anthem A Portuguesa (national) Hino dos Açores (local) Capital Ponta Delgada1 Angra do Heroísmo2 Horta3 Largest city Ponta Delgada Official languages Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Carlos César Establishment  -  Settled 1439   -  Autonomy... Motto: Crescas (Latin for, Thou shalt grow. ... May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (147th in leap years). ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... SOSUS, an acronym for SOund SUrveillance System, is a chain of underwater listening posts located across the northern Atlantic Ocean near Greenland, Iceland and the United Kingdom—the so-called GIUK gap. ...


Raifuku Maru

One of the more famous incidents in the Triangle took place in 1921 (some say a few years later), when the Japanese vessel Raifuku Maru (sometimes misidentified as Raikuke Maru) went down with all hands after sending a distress signal which allegedly said "Danger like dagger now. Come quick!", or "It's like a dagger, come quick!" This has led writers to speculate on what the "dagger" was, with a waterspout being the likely candidate (Winer). In reality the ship was nowhere near the Triangle, nor was the word "dagger" a part of the ship's distress call ("Now very danger. Come quick."); having left Boston for Hamburg, Germany, on April 21, 1925, she got caught in a severe storm and sank in the North Atlantic with all hands while another ship, RMS Homeric, attempted an unsuccessful rescue. Raifuku Maru, a Japanese freighter ship that allegedly vanished during a voyage from Boston to Frankfurt, Germany, with a cargo of wheat and a crew of thirty-eight, in April 1925 (some reports erroneously say 1921 or 1924). ... Waterspouts on the beach of Kijkduin near The Hague , the Netherlands on 2006 August 27. ... April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... RMS Homeric was formerly known as Columbus and it was built by Norddeutscher Lloyd and launched in 1913 at the F. Schihau yard in Danzig. ...


Connemara IV

A pleasure yacht found adrift in the Atlantic south of Bermuda on September 26, 1955; it is usually stated in the stories (Berlitz, Winer) that the crew vanished while the yacht survived being at sea during three hurricanes. The 1955 Atlantic hurricane season lists only one storm coming near Bermuda towards the end of August, hurricane "Edith"; of the others, "Flora" was too far to the east, and "Katie" arrived after the yacht was recovered. It was confirmed that the Connemara IV was empty and in port when "Edith" may have caused the yacht to slip her moorings and drift out to sea. September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1955 Atlantic hurricane season was an ongoing event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. ...


The Triangle authors

The popular Triangle incidents cited above, apart from the official documentation, come from the following works. It should be noted that some incidents mentioned as having taken place within the Triangle are only found in these sources:

  • Into the Bermuda Triangle: Pursuing the Truth Behind the World's Greatest Mystery by Gian J. Quasar, International Marine/Ragged Mountain Press (2003) ISBN 0-07-142640-X. (Reprinted in paperback (2005) ISBN 0-07-145217-6).
  • The Bermuda Triangle, Charles Berlitz (ISBN 0-385-04114-4).
  • The Bermuda Triangle Mystery Solved (1975). Lawrence David Kusche (ISBN 0-87975-971-2).
  • Limbo Of The Lost, John Wallace Spencer (ISBN 0-686-10658-X).
  • The Evidence for the Bermuda Triangle, (1984), David Group (ISBN 0-85030-413-X).
  • Bermuda Shipwrecks, (2000), Daniel Berg(ISBN 0-9616167-4-1).
  • The Devil's Triangle, (1974), Richard Winer (ISBN 0553106880).
  • The Devil's Triangle 2 (1975), Richard Winer (ISBN 0553024647).
  • The Bermuda Triangle (1975) by Adi-Kent Thomas Jeffrey (ISBN 0446599611).

For additional listings, including newspaper references used, see Bermuda Triangle source page. This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... The area of the Bermuda Triangle, according to several authors. ...


See also

Map of the popularly-held dimensions of the Bermuda Triangle. ... Poster for Richard Winers documentary film on the Triangle, offering at the time a $10,000 reward to anyone solving it. ... The area of the Bermuda Triangle, according to several authors. ... In 1964, Chuck Wakely flew a charterplane on route to Florida, USA. Flying over the Bermuda Triangle at about 2000 meters, Chuck claimed that the plane became surrounded by a mysterious light. ... Miyake Island about 100 km south of Tokyo The Devils Sea is a region of the Pacific around Miyake Island, about 100 km south of Tokyo. ... The Formosa Triangle is a roughly 5 million square kilometer region of the Pacific between Gilbert Islands, Taiwan, and Wake Atoll, where, allegedly, ships frequently disappear under mysterious circumstances. ... Vile Vortices Map The Vile Vortices are twelve Bermuda Triangle - like areas distributed more or less evenly around the globe. ... An image of the distribution and size of eel larvae shows the approximate location of the Sargasso Sea. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

References

Cover to the May/June 2006 Skeptical Inquirer magazine. ... Dr Donald Don Laycock, was a graduate of Newcastle University, NSW, Australia and later worked as a researcher at Adelaide University in Anthropology. ... David Vernon is an Australian writer. ... Dr Colin Groves is a Professor of Biological Anthropology at the Australian National University in Canberra, Australia. ... he is quite poor ...

External links

Coordinates: 26°37′45″N, 70°53′01″W SCI FI (sometimes rendered Sci-Fi when part of a longer phrase) is an American cable television channel, launched on September 24, 1992, specializing in science fiction, fantasy, horror, and paranormal programming. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...



Ufology is the study of unidentified flying object (UFO) reports, sightings, alleged physical evidence, and other related phenomena. ... This is a list of alleged contactees. ... This is a list of alleged UFO crashes studied within the field of Exopolitics and Ufology. ... Exopolitics is a speculative field that deals with the implications of possible contact between humans and extraterrestrial civilizations. ... Exotheology is the examination of theological issues as they pertain to extraterrestrial intelligence. ... This is a list of alleged UFO-related extraterrestrials within the field of Exopolitics and Ufology. ... Wikinews has news related to: Pilots spot UFOs near the Channel Islands This is a list of UFO sighting including cases of alleged alien sightings and abductions. ... This is a list of topics studied in the field of Exopolitics and Ufology. ... This is a list of alleged UFO-related vehicles in the field of Exopolitics and Ufology. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 403 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (608 × 905 pixel, file size: 137 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Alternative biochemistry Hollow... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This is a list of alleged UFO-related government personnel in the field of Exopolitics and Ufology. ... This is a list of government responses to UFO-related phenomenon. ... The National UFO Conference (NUFOC) is an annual conference held in Hollywood, California. ... This is a list of UFO organizations located around the world. ... This is a list of UFO researchers from around the world. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bermuda Triangle (791 words)
The "Bermuda Triangle" or "Devil's Triangle" is an imaginary area located off the southeastern Atlantic coast of the United States of America, which is noted for a supposedly high incidence of unexplained disappearances of ships and aircraft.
The apexes of the triangle are generally believed to be Bermuda; Miami, Florida; and San Juan, Puerto Rico.
It has been inaccurately claimed that the Bermuda Triangle is one of the two places on earth at which a magnetic compass points towards true north.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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