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Encyclopedia > Bermuda Hundred Campaign
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The Bermuda Hundred Campaign was a series of battles fought outside Downtown Richmond as seen from the James River Richmond, Virginia City Flag City Logo City nickname: River City City motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra (Such is the way to the Stars) Location in the state of Virginia Area Total Water 162.0 km² (62.5 mi²) 6.4 km² (2... Richmond, Virginia, during May, Years: 1861 1862 1863 - 1864 - 1865 1866 1867 Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1864 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial governors - State leaders Contents // 1 Events 1.1... 1864, in the The article is about the military history of the United States. The categories on this (incomplete, in-development) list are somewhat arbitrary: Not all of these events were military, some were not even violent, but together they delineate the reappearance of the martial spirits in the life of the United... American Civil War. Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. It is derieved from the older rank of Sergeant Major General. A major general is a high-ranking officer subordinate to a full General. In the United States... Maj. Gen. Benjamin Franklin Butler Benjamin Franklin Butler (November 5, 1818–January 11, 1893) was an American lawyer, soldier and politician. He was born in Deerfield, New Hampshire, and was graduated from what is now Colby College in 1838, was admitted to the Massachusetts bar in 1840, began practice at Lowell... Benjamin Butler, commanding the Army of the James, threatened Richmond from the east, but was stopped by forces under Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard (BOH-rih-gahrd) (May 28, 1818 – February 20, 1893), best known as a general for the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War, was also a writer, civil servant, and inventor. Beauregard was born in New Orleans... P.G.T. Beauregard.

Contents

Background

In March 1864, Ulysses S. Grant Order: 18th President Term of Office: March 4, 1869 – March 4, 1877 Followed: Andrew Johnson Succeeded by: Rutherford B. Hayes Date of Birth April 27, 1822 Place of Birth: Point Pleasant, Ohio Date of Death: July 23, 1885 Place of Death: Mount McGregor, New York First... Ulysses S. Grant was summoned from the Western Theater, promoted to Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. A Lieutenant General ranks immediately below a General and above a Major General. In three branches of the United States military—the Army, Marines and Air Force—a Lieutenant General is a three-star general, named for the... lieutenant general, and given command of all The Union Army refers to the United States Army during the American Civil War. The Union Army is also known as the Northern Army, and the Federal Army. Contents // 1 History of the Union Army 1.1 Formation of the Union Army 1.2 Major Units of the Union Army... Union armies. He left Maj. Gen. Portrait of William Tecumseh Sherman by Mathew Brady William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, and author. He served as a general in the United States Army during the American Civil War (1861–1865), achieving both recognition for this outstanding command... William Tecumseh Sherman in command of most of the western armies. Grant devised a coordinated strategy that would strike at the heart of Confederacy from multiple directions: Grant, George Gordon Meade (December 31, 1815 - November 6, 1872) was an American military officer during the American Civil War. He is best known for defeating the Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by Robert E. Lee, at the Battle of Gettysburg. George Meade Contents // 1 Early career 2 Civil War career... George G. Meade, and Butler against For the author of Inherit the Wind and other works, see Robert Edwin Lee. Robert Edward Lee, as a U.S. Army Colonel before the war Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807–October 12, 1870) was a career army officer and the most successful general of the Confederate forces... Robert E. Lee near Richmond; Franz Sigel Franz Sigel ( November 18 is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years), with 43 remaining. November Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21... Franz Sigel in the Canoeing on the Shenandoah River near Winchester, Virginia. The Shenandoah Valley region of western Virginia, from Winchester to Roanoke, is bounded by the Blue Ridge mountains to the East and the Allegheny mountains to the West. Harrisonburg, Staunton, Waynesboro, Front Royal and Lexington are among the many small cities in... Shenandoah Valley; Sherman to invade State of Georgia (Flag of Georgia) (Seal of Georgia) State nickname: Peach State / Empire of the South Other U.S. States Capital Atlanta Largest city Atlanta Governor Sonny Perdue Official languages English Area 154,077 km² (24th)  - Land 150,132 km²  - Water 3,945 km² (2... Georgia, defeat Joseph Eggleston Johnston (February 3, 1807 - March 21, 1891) was a military officer in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War, whose effectiveness was undercut by tensions with President Jefferson Davis. Joseph E. Johnston Born in Farmville, Virginia, Johnston attended West Point, graduating with the Class of 1829. When... Joseph E. Johnston, and capture This article is about the state capital of Georgia. For other things named Atlanta, please see Atlanta (disambiguation). Atlanta, Georgia Seal and Flag of Atlanta City nickname: The Horizon City, The Capital of the South, The Phoenix City, The City Too Busy to Hate, Hotlanta County Fulton Area  - Total... Atlanta; Portrait of George Crook George Crook (1828–1890) was a Union Army officer. A native of Ohio, Crook graduated from West Point in 1852, ranking near the bottom of his class. His first assignment was with the 4th Infantry, serving in Oregon and northern California. When the U.S... George Crook and William Woods Averell, (November 5, 1892 - February 3, 1900) United States army officer. A native of Cameron, New York, William Averell graduated from the military academy at West Point in 1855. Wounded in action against the Indians in 1859, he was placed on the disabled list until the outbreak of... William W. Averell to operate against railroad supply lines in State of West Virginia (Flag of West Virginia) (Seal of West Virginia) State nickname: Mountain State Other U.S. States Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Governor Joe Manchin Official languages None Area 62,809 km² (41st)  - Land 62,436 km²  - Water 376 km² (0.6%) Population... West Virginia; Nathaniel Prentiss Banks (January 30, 1816–September 1, 1894), American politician and soldier, was born at Waltham, Massachusetts. He received only a common school education and at an early age began work as a bobbinboy in a cotton factory of which his father was superintendent. Subsequently he edited a... Nathaniel Banks to capture Mobile is a city located in Mobile County, Alabama. As of the 2000 census, the population of the city is 198,915. Mobile is the center of Alabamas Second Largest Metropolitan Area (which consists of Mobile and Baldwin Counties) and Metropolitan Mobile has a population of 551,178. Its... Mobile, Alabama. This was the first time the Union armies would have a coordinated offensive strategy across a number of theaters.


Grant and Meade attacked Lee's The Army of Northern Virginia was the primary military force of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War in the eastern theater. It was most often arrayed against the Union Army of the Potomac during the Civil War. The first commander of the Army of Northern Virginia... Army of Northern Virginia directly in the Ulysses S. Grant The forebearing use of power does not only form a touchstone, but the manner in which an individual enjoys certain advantages over others, is a test of a true gentleman. The power which the strong have over the weak, the magistrate over the citizen, the employer over... Overland Campaign. Butler's mission was to deploy his 33,000-man army via the The James River is the name of several rivers in the United States. James River (North Dakota, South Dakota) James River (Virginia) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you... James River to the The Virginia Peninsula is a peninsula in southeast Virginia, bounded by the York River, James River, Hampton Roads, and Chesapeake Bay. The Peninsula region is generally accepted to encompass these political subdivisions: Independent cities: Hampton (including former Elizabeth City County) Newport News (including former Warwick County) Poquoson Williamsburg Counties: James... Virginia Peninsula and strike northwest to Richmond. The objective was not to capture the For other meanings of confederate and confederacy, see confederacy (disambiguation) Confederate States of America (Confederate Flag) (Confederate Seal) National Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God our Vindicator) Official language English de facto nationwide Various European and Native American languages regionally Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861... Confederate capital directly, but to cut the Richmond-Petersburg Railroad, a critical Southern supply line, and force Lee to send reinforcements to that front, weakening him against Grant and Meade.


Butler was one of a number of political generals in the war—a man selected more for his support of Abraham Lincoln Order: 16th President Term of Office: March 4, 1861 – April 15, 1865 Predecessor: James Buchanan Successor: Andrew Johnson Date of Birth: February 12, 1809 Date of Death: April 15, 1865 Place of Birth: Hardin County, Kentucky (site now in LaRue County) First Lady: Mary Todd Lincoln Profession... Abraham Lincoln's upcoming re-election than his skill on the battlefield. His military career contained more controversies than victories. Grant hoped to compensate for Butler's weaknesses by assigning him two strong subordinate generals: Quincy A. Gillmore, commanding the X Corps, and William Farrar Smith William Farrar Smith (February 17, 1824 - February 28, 1903), American general, was born at St Albans, Vermont, and graduated from West Point in 1845, being assigned to the engineer branch of the army. He was twice assistant professor of mathematics at West Point (1846-1848 and 1855... William F. "Baldy" Smith, commanding the XVIII Corps. (Unfortunately, neither was to prove assertive enough to counteract Butler's inexperience.)


The campaign took its name from the fishing village of Bermuda Hundred on the peninsula at the confluence of the The Appomattox River is a tributary of the United States. It drains a cotton and tobacco-growing region of the Piedmont and coastal plain southwest of Richmond. It rises in the Piedmont of northeastern Appomattox County, approximately 10 mi (16 km) northeast of the town of Appomatox. It flows generally... Appomattox and The James River is the name of several rivers in the United States. James River (North Dakota, South Dakota) James River (Virginia) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you... James rivers. The village is southeast of Richmond, northeast of Petersburg is an independent city located in Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 33,740. It is located in the Richmond-Petersburg region and is a portion of the Richmond Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). Contents // 1 History 2 Location 3 Geography 4 Demographics... Petersburg. It was downriver on the James from the practical limit of advance for Union warships, the fortifications at Drewry's Bluff.


Butler's Army of the James disembarked from navy transports at Bermuda Hundred on May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (126th in leap years). There are 240 days remaining. There are usually 92 days in Spring. We are considered halfway through Spring on May 5. May Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4... May 5, the same day Grant and Lee began fighting in the This article is about the Battle of the Wilderness in the Military history of the United States Conflict American Civil War Date 1861–1865 Place Central and southern USA Result Defeat of seceding CSA Battles of the American Civil War Combatants United States of America USA flag (34 stars... Battle of the Wilderness. He also dropped units at City Point, which could be used to threaten Petersburg. For a brief time, Butler attempted to move out smartly. Opposing him was a Confederate "army" (the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia) of 18,000 under Gen. Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard (BOH-rih-gahrd) (May 28, 1818 – February 20, 1893), best known as a general for the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War, was also a writer, civil servant, and inventor. Beauregard was born in New Orleans... P.G.T. Beauregard; some of these soldiers were pieced together from the ranks of teenagers and elderly men in the Richmond-Petersburg area, theoretically no match for Butler's soldiers. Beauregard's subordinate commanding troops around Petersburg was Categories: People stubs | 1825 births | 1876 deaths | Confederate Army generals | U.S. Army officers ... George Pickett of Pickett's Charge fame.


Battles

The battles fought during the Bermuda Hundred Campaign were:

  • Battle of Port Walthall Junction ( May 6 is the 126th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (127th in leap years). There are 239 days remaining. May Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... May 6 May 7 is the 127th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (128th in leap years). There are 238 days remaining. May Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... 7, Years: 1861 1862 1863 - 1864 - 1865 1866 1867 Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1864 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial governors - State leaders Contents // 1 Events 1.1... 1864) — On May 6, Brig. Gen. Johnson Hagood's brigade stopped initial Federal probes at Port Walthall Junction, a junction critical to controlling the railroad. On May 7, a Union division drove Hagood's and Bushrod Johnson's brigades from the depot and cut the railroad. Confederate defenders retired behind Swift Run Creek and awaited reinforcements.
  • Battle of Swift Creek ( May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). There are 236 days remaining. May Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... May 9, Years: 1861 1862 1863 - 1864 - 1865 1866 1867 Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1864 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial governors - State leaders Contents // 1 Events 1.1... 1864) — Butler made a thrust toward Petersburg and was met by Bushrod Johnson's division at Swift Creek. A premature Confederate attack at Arrowfield Church was driven back with heavy losses, but Union forces did not follow up. After skirmishing, Butler seemed content to tear up the railroad tracks and did not press the defenders. In conjunction with the advance to Swift Creek, five Union gunboats steamed up the Appomattox River to bombard Fort Clifton, while Brig. Gen. Edward W. Hincks's U.S. African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. The majority of African Americans are of African, European and Native American ancestry. Terms for African... Colored Troops division struggled through marshy ground from the land side. The gunboats were quickly driven off, and the infantry attack was abandoned.
  • Battle of Chester Station ( May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). There are 235 days remaining. May Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... May 10, Years: 1861 1862 1863 - 1864 - 1865 1866 1867 Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1864 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial governors - State leaders Contents // 1 Events 1.1... 1864) — Elements of Maj. Gen. Robert Ransom's division conducted a reconnaissance-in-force against a portion of Butler's army that was destroying the railroad at Chester Station. The Confederates attacked near the Winfree House, and the Federals retired to their Bermuda Hundred entrenchments.
  • Battle of Proctor's Creek ( May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). There are 233 days remaining. May Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... May 12 May 16 is the 136th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (137th in leap years). There are 229 days remaining. May Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... 16, Years: 1861 1862 1863 - 1864 - 1865 1866 1867 Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1864 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial governors - State leaders Contents // 1 Events 1.1... 1864) — Butler moved north against the Confederate line at Drewry's Bluff, but again adopted a defensive posture when his attack was not supported by gunboats. On May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (134th in leap years). There are 232 days remaining. May Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... May 13 a Union column struck the right flank of the Confederate line at the Wooldridge House, carrying a line of works. Butler remained cautious, however, giving Beauregard time to concentrate his forces. On May 16 is the 136th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (137th in leap years). There are 229 days remaining. May Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... May 16, at dawn, Ransom's division opened an attack on Butler's right flank, routing many units. Subsequent attacks lost direction in the fog, but the Federals were disorganized and demoralized. After severe fighting, Butler extricated himself from battle, withdrawing again to his Bermuda Hundred line. Butler's offensive against Richmond was effectively ended.
  • Battle of Ware Bottom Church ( May 20 is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). There are 225 days remaining. May Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... May 20, Years: 1861 1862 1863 - 1864 - 1865 1866 1867 Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1864 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial governors - State leaders Contents // 1 Events 1.1... 1864) — Confederate forces under Beauregard attacked Butler's line near Ware Bottom Church. About 10,000 troops were involved in this action. After driving back Butler's advanced pickets, the Confederates constructed the Howlett Line, effectively bottling up the Federals at Bermuda Hundred.

Aftermath

Butler's expedition was an overall failure and he was "bottled up" at Bermuda Hundred, unable to move. Although he was able to distract Confederate forces for a brief time, their victories at Proctor's Creek and Ware Bottom Church enabled Beauregard to detach strong reinforcements for Lee's army in time for the fighting at Battle of Cold Harbor by Kurz and Allison, 1888. Battle of Cold Harbor Conflict American Civil War Date May 31 – June 12, 1864 Place Hanover County Result Confederate victory Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Ulysses S. Grant George G. Meade Robert E. Lee Strength... Cold Harbor.


In Grant's Personal Memoirs (http://bartleby.school.aol.com/1011/48.html) he described a conversation with his Chief Engineer regarding Butler's predicament:

He said that the general occupied a place between the James and Appomattox rivers which was of great strength, and where with an inferior force he could hold it for an indefinite length of time against a superior; but that he could do nothing offensively. I then asked him why Butler could not move out from his lines and push across the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad to the rear and on the south side of Richmond. He replied that it was impracticable, because the enemy had substantially the same line across the neck of land that General Butler had. He then took out his pencil and drew a sketch of the locality, remarking that the position was like a bottle and that Butler’s line of intrenchments across the neck represented the cork; that the enemy had built an equally strong line immediately in front of him across the neck; and it was therefore as if Butler was in a bottle. He was perfectly safe against an attack; but, as Barnard expressed it, the enemy had corked the bottle and with a small force could hold the cork in its place.

Butler's forces would eventually be used in the Troops in the Siege of Petersburg faced the usual siege armaments — projectiles of all shapes and sizes and attacks on fortifications — but the Union added underground explosives to the mix. Appomattox Manor served as Union army headquarters during the siege. The Siege of Petersburg (June 15, 1864 - April... Siege of Petersburg.


See also

  • Ulysses S. Grant The forebearing use of power does not only form a touchstone, but the manner in which an individual enjoys certain advantages over others, is a test of a true gentleman. The power which the strong have over the weak, the magistrate over the citizen, the employer over... Overland Campaign

External links

  • National Park Service battle descriptions (http://www.cr.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/bycampgn.htm#East64)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bermuda Hundred Campaign - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1070 words)
The Bermuda Hundred Campaign was a series of battles fought outside Richmond, Virginia, during May, 1864, in the American Civil War.
The campaign took its name from the fishing village of Bermuda Hundred on the peninsula at the confluence of the Appomattox and James rivers.
Butler's Army of the James disembarked from navy transports at Bermuda Hundred on May 5, the same day Grant and Lee began fighting in the Battle of the Wilderness.
Bermuda Government today (5949 words)
The Bermuda one covers Bermudians and their spouses only, not the 25 percent who are not and probably will never be unless they marry a Bermudian, or are born to parents one of whom must be a Bermudian.
The Bermuda Government has 9 appointed Parish Councils, 2 elected municipal Corporations each with their full slate of aldermen and councilors like much larger cities and towns abroad and 108 Government Boards in which there are 800 part time members (none of them full time civil servants, all reporting to a Member of Parliament).
Each year, Bermuda Government bursaries are awarded to selected Bermudian applicants undertaking a course of study at a university, college or training institution in order to acquire professional or technical qualifications specified by the Cabinet as essential or desirable for appointment to offices in the Public Service.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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