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Encyclopedia > Berliner Philharmoniker
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The Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra (a.k.a. the Berlin Philharmonic or BPO; in German Berliner Philharmoniker), is one of the world's leading orchestras. Its current principal/Chief conductor is Sir Simon Rattle, who is known for his championing of contemporary classical music. The BPO also supports several chamber music ensembles. An orchestra is a musical ensemble used most often in classical music. ... See Conductor for other possible uses of the word. ... Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988 Sir Simon Denis Rattle (born January 19, 1955) is an English conductor. ... In the broadest sense, contemporary music is any music being written in the present day. ... Chamber music is a form of classical music, written for a small group of instruments which traditionally could be accommodated in a palace chamber. ...


The funding for the organization is subsidized by the state of Berlin and a partnership with Deutsche Bank. Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (transliterated as Laender in English, singular Land). ... Deutsche Bank AG NYSE: DB (German for German Bank) is a multinational bank operating worldwide and employing almost 64,000 people (Dec. ...

Contents


History

It was founded in Berlin in 1862 by Benjamin Bilse under the name Bilsesche Kapelle (Bilse's Band), then given its current name and reorganized under the financial management of Hermann Wolff in 1882. Its first conductor under the new organization was Ludwig von Brenner; in 1887 Hans von Bülow, one of the most esteemed conductors in the world, joined, and from then on, the orchestra's reputation became established, with guests Hans Richter, Felix von Weingartner, Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler, Johannes Brahms and Edvard Grieg conducting the orchestra over the next few years. (help· info), IPA: , is the capital city as well as a state of Germany, and also the countrys largest city. ... 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). ... Hans von Bülow. ... Hans Richter (1843–1916), Austrian conductor (born in what is now Hungary), studied at the Vienna Conservatory (showing a special interest in the horn) and developed his conducting career at several opera-houses in the Austro-Hungarian empire. ... Felix Weingartner, Edler von Münzberg (June 2, 1863 – May 7, 1942) was a conductor, composer and pianist. ... Richard Strauss (June 11, 1864 – September 8, 1949) was a German composer of the late Romantic era, particularly noted for his tone poems and operas. ... Gustav Mahler in 1909 Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and conductor. ... Johannes Brahms Johannes Brahms (May 7, 1833 – April 3, 1897) was a German composer of Romantic music, who predominantly lived in Vienna, Austria. ... Edvard Hagerup Grieg (June 15, 1843–September 4, 1907) was a Norwegian composer and pianist who composed in the romantic period. ...


In 1895, Arthur Nikisch became chief conductor. He was succeeded in 1923 by Wilhelm Furtwängler. The orchestra continued to perform throughout World War II, and continued with barely a break under the baton of Leo Borchard. When he died, Sergiu Celibidache took over. Furtwängler returned in 1952 until his death in 1954. 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Arthur Nikisch (or Nikitsch) ( October 12, 1855 – January 23, 1922) was a Hungarian conductor who performed mainly in Germany. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Portrait by Emil Orlik, 1928 Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886 – November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer. ... Combatants Allies: • Soviet Union, • UK & Commonwealth, • USA, • France/Free France, • China, • Poland, • ...and others Axis: • Germany, • Japan, • Italy, • ...and others Commanders Strength Casualties Full list Full list World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a large scale military conflict that took place between 1939 and 1945. ... Leo Borchard (born 1899 in Moscow, died 1945 in Berlin) was a Russian conductor and briefly musical director of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. ... Sergiu Celibidache (June 28, 1912 - August 14, 1996) was a Romanian conductor. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


His successor was the legendary Herbert von Karajan, who remained with the orchestra until his death in 1989. Under him the orchestra made a vast number of recordings and toured widely. Claudio Abbado became principal conductor after him, expanding the orchestra's repertoire beyond the core classical and romantic works into more modern 20th century works. Herbert von Karajan (Salzburg April 5, 1908 – Anif near Salzburg July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... The Classical period in Western music occurred from about 1730 and 1820, but there was considerable overlap at both ends with preceding and following periods, as is true for all musical eras. ... The era of Romantic music is defined as the period of European classical music that runs roughly from the early 1800s to the first decade of the 20th century, as well as music written according to the norms and styles of that period. ... 20th century classical music, the classical music of the 20th century, was extremely diverse, beginning with the late Romantic style of Sergei Rachmaninoff and the Impressionism of Claude Debussy, and ranging to such distant sound-worlds as the complete serialism of Pierre Boulez, the simple triadic harmonies of minimalist composers...


Simon Rattle made it a condition of his signing with the Berlin Philharmonic that it be turned into a self-governing public foundation, with the power to make its own artistic and financial decisions. This required a change to state law, which was approved in 2001, allowing him to join the organization in 2002. Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988 Sir Simon Denis Rattle (born January 19, 1955) is an English conductor. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ...


The concert hall of the orchestra was destroyed during WWII in 1944, and was rebuilt in 1963 by architect Hans Scharoun. A Concert hall is a cultural building, which serves as performance venue, chiefly for classical instrumental music. ...


Also, the orchestra recorded an album with the german heavy metal group Scorpions called Moment of Glory in 2000. Heavy metals, in chemistry, are chemical elements of a particular range of atomic weights. ... A scorpion is an invertebrate animal with eight legs belonging to the order Scorpiones in the class Arachnida. ... Moment Of Glory is a 2000 album by German heavy metal band Scorpions with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. ... This article is about the year 2000. ...


Principal Conductors/Artistic Directors

Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988 Sir Simon Denis Rattle (born January 19, 1955) is an English conductor. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... Herbert von Karajan (Salzburg April 5, 1908 – Anif near Salzburg July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Portrait by Emil Orlik, 1928 Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886 – November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sergiu Celibidache (June 28, 1912 - August 14, 1996) was a Romanian conductor. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Leo Borchard (born 1899 in Moscow, died 1945 in Berlin) was a Russian conductor and briefly musical director of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Portrait by Emil Orlik, 1928 Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886 – November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Arthur Nikisch (or Nikitsch) ( October 12, 1855 – January 23, 1922) was a Hungarian conductor who performed mainly in Germany. ... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Hans von Bülow. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...

Recognition

The orchestra's recordings have received numerous awards and recognitions, including:


Classical Brit Awards Ensemble/Orchestral Album of the Year The Classical Brit Awards are an annual awards ceremony held in the United Kingdom covering aspects of classical music, and are the classical equivalent of pop musics Brit Awards. ...

Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance: Gustav Mahler in 1909 Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and conductor. ... The Symphony No. ... The Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance has been awarded since 1959. ...

Grammy Award for Best Orchestral Performance: Daniel Barenboim Daniel Barenboim (born November 15, 1942) is an Argentinean-Israeli pianist and conductor. ... Larry Combs is an American clarinetist. ... Ludwig van Beethoven by Carl Jäger (Date unknown). ... Mozart drawing by Doris Stock 1789 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (born Johann Chrysostom Wolfgang Theophilus Mozart on January 27th, 1756 – December 5, 1791) is among the most significant and enduringly popular composers of classical music. ... The 37th Grammy Awards were held in 1995. ... The Grammy Award for Best Orchestral Performance has been awarded since 1959. ...

Gramophone Awards Orchestral Record of the Year Herbert von Karajan (Salzburg April 5, 1908 – Anif near Salzburg July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... Ludwig van Beethoven by Carl Jäger (Date unknown). ... Below is a complete list of works by Beethoven: // Beethoven works, by genre Symphonies Opus 21: Symphony No. ... The 21st Grammy Awards were held in 1979, and were broadcast live on American television. ... The Gramophone Awards are one of the most significant honours bestowed on the classical record industry, often referred to as the Oscars for classical music. ...

Gustav Mahler in 1909 Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and conductor. ... The Symphony No. ... The EMI Group is a major record label, based in Hammersmith in London, in the United Kingdom. ...

See also

The 12 cellists of the Berlin Philharmonic (Die 12 Cellisten der Berliner Philharmoniker) are 13 cellists, members of the Berlin Philharmonic as the name implies, who perform and record as an all-cello ensemble. ...

External links

  • Official website (in English)
  • Orchestra's "Biography" from All Music Guide
  • Economic Crisis Puts the Squeeze on Arts, a 2003 Deutsche Welle article

  Results from FactBites:
 
Berliner Philharmoniker (Symphony Orchestra) - Short History (1101 words)
Among guest conductors coming to Berlin were Hermann Levi, Hans Richter, Felix Mottl, Felix von Weingartner, Ernst von Schuch, the composers Brahms and Grieg, and the composer-conductors Gustav Mahler, Richard Strauss and Hans Pfitzner.
They have the capacity to adapt themselves to the dimensions of a Berlioz or a Liszt, and of reproducing with equal mastery the variegated arabesques of the former and the thunderous cannonades of the latter - yet they are able to exercise the restraint called for by the gentleness of a Haydn....
Although employees of the state of Berlin, the musicians still constitute a "free orchestral republic" (Wilhelm Furtwängler) which is self-governing and retains powerful rights of self-determination.
c0t0d0s0's User Page - Last.fm (248 words)
Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan, Reinhold Schmid, Wiener Singverein and Wolfgang Meyer
Anton Dermota, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan, Hilde Rössel Majdan, Reinhold Schmid, Walter Berry, Wiener Singverein, Wilma Lipp and Wolfgang Meyer
Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan, Reinhold Schmid, Wiener Singverein, Wilma Lipp and Wolfgang Meyer
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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