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Encyclopedia > Berlin State Opera
Staatsoper Unter den Linden, 2003

Berlin State Opera (in German: Staatsoper Unter den Linden) is a prominent German opera company. Its permanent home is the Opera House on the Unter den Linden boulevard in Berlin. Download high resolution version (996x649, 340 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (996x649, 340 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This article is about opera as an art form. ... Unter den Linden (Under the Limes – named for its linden trees which line the grassed pedestrian mall between the two carriageways) is one of Berlins splendid boulevards. ... Berlin (pronounced: , German ) is the capital of Germany and its largest city, with 3,426,000 inhabitants (as of January 2005); down from 4. ...

Contents

Early years

Berlin Court Opera in 1832
Berlin Court Opera, rebuilt after a fire in 1843

Frederick II commissioned the original building on the site and construction work began in July 1741 with what was designed to be the first part of a "Forum Fredericianum". Although not entirely completed, the Court Opera (Hofoper) was inaugurated with a performance of Carl Heinrich Graun's Cleopatra e Cesare on December 7, 1742. This event marked the beginning of the successful, 250 year old cooperation between the Staatsoper and the Staatskapelle Berlin, the state orchestra, whose roots trace back to the 16th century. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1400x927, 257 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1400x927, 257 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Frederick the Great Frederick II of Prussia (Friedrich der Große Frederick the Great (January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) was a Hohenzollern king of Prussia 1740–86. ... December 7 is the 341st day (342nd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... The Staatskapelle Berlin is the orchestra of the Berlin State Opera (Berliner Staatsoper Unter den Linden). ...


In 1842, Gottfried Wilhelm Taubert instituted the tradition of regular symphonic concerts. In the same year, Giacomo Meyerbeer succeeded Gaspare Spontini as General Music Director. Felix Mendelssohn also conducted symphonic concerts for a year. Giacomo Meyerbeer Giacomo Meyerbeer (September 5, 1791 - May 2, 1864) was a noted opera composer. ... Gaspare Spontini (14 November 1774 – 24 January 1851) was an Italian opera composer and conductor. ... Felix Mendelssohn wrote his first symphony at the young age of fifteen. ...


On August 18, 1843 the Linden Opera was destroyed by fire. A new opera building, with Carl Friedrich Langhans as architect, was inaugurated the following fall by a performance of Meyerbeer's Ein Feldlager in Schlesien. Giacomo Meyerbeer Giacomo Meyerbeer (September 5, 1791 - May 2, 1864) was a noted opera composer. ...


In 1821, the Berlin Opera gave the premiered of Weber's Der Freischütz. In 1849, it premiered Otto Nicolai's Die Lustigen Weiber von Windsor, conducted by the composer himself. Der Freischütz (EN: The Freeshooter) is an opera in three acts by Carl Maria von Weber to a libretto by Friedrich Kind. ...


20th century

At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, the Berlin opera attracted many illustrious conductors. including Felix von Weingartner, Karl Muck, Richard Strauss, and Leo Blech. Karl Muck (1859 - 1940) was a German conductor. ... Richard Strauss (June 11, 1864 – September 8, 1949) was a German composer of the late Romantic era, particularly noted for his tone poems and operas. ...


After the collapse of the German Empire in 1918, the Opera was renamed "Staatsoper unter den Linden" and the "Königliche Kapelle" became "Kapelle der Staatsoper". The term German Empire (Deutsches Reich) commonly refers to Germany, from its consolidation as a unified nation-state on January 18, 1871, until the abdication of Kaiser ( Emperor) Wilhelm II on November 9, 1918. ...


In the 1920s, Wilhelm Furtwängler, Erich Kleiber, Otto Klemperer, Alexander von Zemlinsky, Bruno Walter occupying the conductor's post. In 1925, Alban Berg's Wozzeck, was given its premiere in a production conducted by Erich Kleiber in the composer's presence Wilhelm Furtwängler ( January 25, 1886 – November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer. ... Erich Kleiber (August 5, 1890 – January 27, 1956) was an Austrian born conductor. ... Otto Klemperer (May 14, 1885 – July 6, 1973) was a German-born conductor and composer. ... Alexander von Zemlinsky or Alexander Zemlinsky, (October 14, 1871 - March 15, 1942) was an Austrian composer of classical music, a conductor and a teacher. ... Bruno Walter (September 15, 1876 _ February 17, 1962) was a conductor and composer. ... Alban Maria Johannes Berg (February 9, 1885 – December 24, 1935) was an Austrian composer. ... Wozzeck is the first and most famous opera by Alban Berg. ... Erich Kleiber (August 5, 1890 – January 27, 1956) was an Austrian born conductor. ...


After having undergone a extensive renovation, the Linden Opera reopened in April 1928 with a new production of The Magic Flute. In the same year, the famous Russian bass Feodor Chaliapin and Serge Diaghilev's Ballets Russes with conductor Ernest Ansermet are guest performers. In 1930 Erich Kleiber conducted premiere of Darius Milhaud's Christoph Columbus. However, in 1934, when symphonic pieces from Alban Berg's Lulu were performed by Kleiber, the National Socialists provoked a scandal and he was forced into exile. Die Zauberflöte (English title: The Magic Flute) is an opera in two acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with libretto in German by Emanuel Schikaneder. ... The Russian opera singer Feodor Ivanovich Chaliapin () (February 13 (February 1, Old Style), 1873–April 12, 1938) was the most famous bass in the first half of the 20th century. ... Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev (Сергей Павлович Дягилев) (March 19, 1872 – August 19, 1929), often known as Serge, was a Russian ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes from which many famous dancers and choreographers would later arise. ... The ballet company Ballets Russes created a sensation in Western Europe in the early years of the 20th century, due to the great vitality of Russian ballet, as compared with what was current in France at the time. ... Darius Milhaud (September 4, 1892 - June 22, 1974) was a French-Jewish composer and teacher. ... Lulu is an opera by the composer Alban Berg. ...


After Hitler's Nazi takeover, members of Jewish origin were dismissed from the ensemble. Many German musicians associated with the opera went into exile, including the conductors Otto Klemperer and Fritz Busch. During the Third Reich, Robert Heger, Johannes Schüler and Herbert von Karajan were the "Staatskapellmeister". In 1944, under Karajan's baton that the first stereo recording was made. Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ... The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... The word Jew (Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Otto Klemperer (May 14, 1885 – July 6, 1973) was a German-born conductor and composer. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Herbert von Karajan (April 5, 1908 – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor, one of the most prominent of the postwar period. ...


During World War II, the opera house was completely destroyed by bombing twice. The first reconstructions happened quickly, and the theatre was soon reopened with a performance of Wagners Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (May 22, 1813 – February 13, 1883) was an influential German composer, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his groundbreaking symphonic-operas (or music dramas). His compositions are notable for their continuous contrapuntal texture, rich harmonies and orchestration, and elaborate use of leitmotifs: themes associated... Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (The Master Singers of Nuremberg) is an opera in three acts, written and composed by Richard Wagner. ...


Postwar years

The second rebuilding one took a long time. From 1945, the opera company played in the former Admiralspalast (today's Metropoltheater). From 1949, the company served as state opera of the GDR. It moved back to its original home after the rebuilding in freely adapted baroque forms was finally completed in 1955. The newly rebuilt opera house was opened, again, with Wagner's Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg. For the historical eastern German provinces, see Historical Eastern Germany East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR), German Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR), was a Communist Party-led state that existed from 1949 to 1990 in the former Soviet occupation zone of Germany. ...


After the Berlin Wall was built in 1961, the Opera was somewhat isolated, but still maintained a comprehensive repertoire that featured the classic and romantic period together with contemporary ballet and operas. Berlin Wall on November 16, 1989 The Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer) was a long barrier separating West Berlin from East Berlin and the surrounding territory of East Germany. ...


After reunification, the Linden Opera rejoined the operatic world. Important works that had already performed in the past were rediscovered and discussed anew within the framework of a "Berlin Dramaturgy". Baroque Opera in particular was at the center of attention, with Cleopatra e Cesare, Croesus, L'Opera seria and Griselda. These works were performed by Flemish conductor René Jacobs together with the Akademie für Alte Musik Berlin and the Freiburger Barockorchester on period instruments. In the 1990s, the opera was officially renamed "Staatsoper Unter den Linden". This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... René Jacobs (Born: October 30, 1946) is a Flemish musician. ... The authentic performance movement is an effort on the part of musicians and scholars to perform works of classical music in ways similar to how they were performed when they were originally written. ...


In 1992, the Argentine-Israeli conductor Daniel Barenboim was appointed Music Director. During the 2002 Festtage, he led a Wagner cycle in ten parts, a production created in collaboration with director Harry Kupfer. Daniel Barenboim (born November 15, 1942) is an argentinean pianist and conductor. ...


External link

  • Berlin State Opera website (http://www.staatsoper-berlin.org/en/intro.htm) (in English)

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Welcome to the official site of Waltraud Meier (846 words)
Her close artistic collaboration with Maestro Barenboim and the Berlin State Opera Unter den Linden, as well as with the Bavarian State Opera in Munich has taken the singer on regular tours with those companies to Japan, where she has been seen and heard in Die Walküre, Wozzeck, Tristan und Isolde and Fidelio.
In 2001 at the opening of the Munich Opera Festival, the singer then made her brilliant début in the role of Didon in Hector Berlioz's Les Troyens with Zubin Mehta in the pit.
This is why she decided to consecrate the 2003/2004 season exclusively to her activities as recitalist and concert singer.
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