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Encyclopedia > Berlin Stadtbahn
Stadtbahn
Strecke der Berlin Stadtbahn
Line number: 6003, 6024
Gauge: 1435 mm
Legend
from Lichtenberg / Karlshorst
0.0 Ostkreuz * 1882-02-07
Nord- /Südringkurve
1.2 Warschauer Straße * 1884-08-11
2.4 Ostbahnhof * 1842-10-23
3.4 Jannowitzbrücke * 1882-02-07
4.6 Alexanderplatz * 1882-02-07
5.3 Hackescher Markt * 1882-02-07
6.4 Friedrichstraße * 1882-02-07
7.7 Hauptbahnhof * 2002-07-04
9.3 Bellevue 1882-02-07
10.6 Tiergarten * 1885-01-05
11.4 Zoologischer Garten * 1882-02-07
12.5 Savignyplatz * 1896-08-01
13.7 Charlottenburg * 1882-02-07
Nord-/ Sürdingkurve
15.0 Westkreuz * 1928-12-10
to Spandau / Wannsee

The Berlin Stadtbahn ("city railway") is a major railway thoroughfare in the German capital Berlin. The dominant rail gauge in each country shown Rail gauge is the distance between the inner sides of the two parallel rails that make up a railway track. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The underground station Warschauer Straße is the eastern terminus of the Berlin U-Bahn line U1. ... 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The station foyer contains shops and eating faculities Looking west from a mainline platform, facing the two S-bahn platforms Berlin Ostbahnhof (East Station) is a mainline railway station in Berlin, Germany. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Berlin Hauptbahnhof Berlin Ostbahnhof was named Berlin Hauptbahnhof from 1987 to 1998. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Location of the Tiergarten neighborhood View within the Tiergarten Tiergarten (Animal Garden) is the name of both a large park in Berlin and a neighborhood within the borough of Mitte. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... January 5 is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Bahnhof Zoo in 2004 Berlin Zoologischer Garten (German for Berlin Zoological Garden, short form Berlin Zoo or colloquially Bahnhof Zoo) was the central transport facility in West Berlin during the division of the city, and is still the main station for the western central area of Berlin. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, 21 days before the next year. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Berlin-Spandau is a railway station situated in the Spandau district of Berlin, Germany. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ...


The line was originally built in the 1880s and runs through Berlin from east to west. It connects the eastern borough of Friedrichshain and Charlottenburg via the stations of Berlin Ostbahnhof, Alexanderplatz, Friedrichstraße, Hauptbahnhof, and Zoologischer Garten. Boulevard Karl-Marx-Allee Friedrichshain is a part of Berlins borough Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg. ... The station foyer contains shops and eating faculities Looking west from a mainline platform, facing the two S-bahn platforms Berlin Ostbahnhof (East Station) is a mainline railway station in Berlin, Germany. ... Berlin Hauptbahnhof Berlin Ostbahnhof was named Berlin Hauptbahnhof from 1987 to 1998. ... The Bahnhof Zoo in 2004 Berlin Zoologischer Garten (German for Berlin Zoological Garden, short form Berlin Zoo or colloquially Bahnhof Zoo) was the central transport facility in West Berlin during the division of the city, and is still the main station for the western central area of Berlin. ...


The Berlin Stadtbahn is often also defined as the slightly longer route between Ostkreuz and Westkreuz, although this is not technically correct. Ostkreuz is almost unchanged since the 1920s. ...

Contents

History

In 1871, eight main line railways existed in Berlin, each with its own terminal station at the city's edge or outside the city limits. This was very impractical for many passengers, who were forced to use hackney carriages to transfer from one train to another. Therefore a railway line was planned to connect these terminuses with each other. For the historic canal, see Pennsylvania Main Line of Public Works. ... Terminal Station was also the name of a railway station in Chattanooga, Tennessee; see Chattanooga Choo Choo. ... In the United Kingdom, the name hackney carriage refers to a taxicab licensed by the Public Carriage Office in London (for the area within the M25 motorway) or by the local authority (non-metropolitan district councils or unitary authorities) in other parts of England, Wales, and Scotland, or by the...


In 1872, the Deutsche Eisenbahnbaugesellschaft (German Railway Construction Company - DEG) filed the planning application for a railway line through the city, connecting the then-Schlesischer Bahnhof (today Berlin Ostbahnhof) to Charlottenburg, and continuing to Potsdam. In December 1873, the state of Prussia as well as the private rail enterprises Berlin-Potsdamer Eisenbahn, Magdeburg-Halberstädter Eisenbahn and Berlin-Hamburger Bahn bought shares in the DEG, and jointly founded the Berliner Stadteisenbahngesellschaft (Berlin City Railway Company). However, things did not go as expected and the DEG went into bankruptcy in 1878, which forced the Prussian state government to take over operations, pay for the construction of the line with state money and to reimburse the former private owners of the DEG.[1] The state's interest in the line was attributed to the military, which after the 1870-1871 Franco-Prussian War was of the opinion that the railway networks would hinder mobilisation when not properly interconnected.[2] Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The station foyer contains shops and eating faculities Looking west from a mainline platform, facing the two S-bahn platforms Berlin Ostbahnhof (East Station) is a mainline railway station in Berlin, Germany. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2... Notice of closure stuck on the door of a computer store the day after its parent company, Granville Technology Group Ltd, declared bankruptcy (strictly, put into administration - see text) in the UK. Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of a individuals or organizations to pay their... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Second French Empire North German Confederation allied with south German states (later German Empire) Commanders Napoleon III # Otto Von Bismarck Helmuth von Moltke the Elder Strength 400,000 at the beginning of the war 1,200,000 Casualties 150,000 dead or wounded 284,000 captured 350,000 civilian... Mobilization (or mobilisation in British English) is the act of assembling and making both troops and supplies ready for war. ...


On July 15, 1878 the Königliche Direktion der Berliner Stadteisenbahn (Royal Directorate of Berlin City Railways), under the management of Ernst Dircksen, was commissioned to manage the site. The directorate at first reported to the Prussian Ministry of Transport and later became a subsidiary of the Ministry of Public Operations. July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...

Stadtbahn seen from the Fernsehturm, near station Hackescher Markt
Stadtbahn seen from the Fernsehturm, near station Hackescher Markt

The planned railway had two tracks each for freight and passenger traffic. Having taken similar projects in London and New York City into consideration, passenger traffic received priority over freight trains. Furthermore, the new railway line was not only to serve as a connection between the mainline terminuses in Berlin, but would also offer connections to the Berlin Ringbahn and the suburban rail lines. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham, NYC, City That Never Sleeps, The Concrete Jungle, The City So Nice They Named It Twice Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1676 Government  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area...


The traffic routing was not only influenced by the location of the already existing stations the line was supposed to connect, but also by land availability in the city centre. One of the original drafts, which called for building the line along Leipziger Straße, had to be scrapped because of overly high land prices. The moat of a 17th century fortress was filled up between today's stations Hackescher Markt and Jannowitzbrücke and, since it was public land, was used for building the railway line. This explains some of the curvy sections on the Stadtbahn, especially between the stations Alexanderplatz and Jannowitzbrücke.[3] The moated manor house of Baddesley Clinton in Warwickshire, England Moats (also known as a Fosse) were deep and wide water-filled trenches, excavated to provide a barrier against attack upon castle ramparts or other fortifications. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ...

Berliner Stadteisenbahn: Station Savignyplatz with a Prussian T2
Berliner Stadteisenbahn: Station Savignyplatz with a Prussian T2

The Stadtbahn line mostly is built as an elevated rail line with viaducts totalling eight kilometres of length and including 731 masonry viaduct arches. Two kilometres of the line length are situated on 64 bridges, and the remaining length of the 12-km line is on an embankment. This sets the Stadtbahn apart from the previous Berliner Verbindungsbahn, built in 1851, which was built at street level and was a hindrance to travel. The Stadtbahn was originally equipped with vertical iron sleepers, however these were replaced with wooden sleepers in the early 20th century. Torontos Bloor Street Viaduct bridges the Don valley; road traffic uses the upper deck, rail traffic uses the lower deck. ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Ferroconcrete sleepers A variant fastening of rails to wooden sleepers A railroad tie, cross tie, or sleeper is a rectangular object used as a base for railroad tracks. ...


Work on the line started in 1875, and the Stadtbahn was opened on February 7, 1882 for local traffic; it opened on May 15 of the same year for long-distance trains. The costs of construction, including purchase of the land, were estimated at about 5 million Goldmark per kilometre. The line would later become the core route of the Berlin S-Bahn. 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... German 20 Mark banknote from 1914 (www. ... Berlins S-Bahn network The Berlin S-Bahn is a metro system operated by S-Bahn Berlin GmbH, a subsidiary of the Deutsche Bahn. ...


The original stations, seen from west to east, were: Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street Station in 1865. ...

Since May 1, 1988 the Stadtbahn also connected to Stralau-Rummelsburg in the east and Westend in the west. The Bahnhof Zoo in 2004 Berlin Zoologischer Garten (German for Berlin Zoological Garden, short form Berlin Zoo or colloquially Bahnhof Zoo) was the central transport facility in West Berlin during the division of the city, and is still the main station for the western central area of Berlin. ... Berlin Hauptbahnhof Berlin Ostbahnhof was named Berlin Hauptbahnhof from 1987 to 1998. ... Schlossplatz (in English, Palace Square) is a square in the centre of Berlin in Germany. ... “East Germany” redirects here. ... The station foyer contains shops and eating faculities Looking west from a mainline platform, facing the two S-bahn platforms Berlin Ostbahnhof (East Station) is a mainline railway station in Berlin, Germany. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Miastko (Kashubian/Pomeranian: Miastkò; German: Rummelsburg), is a town in the Middle Pomerania region ofnorth-western Poland. ... Westend is a district of the city of Espoo, Finland. ...


Two stations were added between Charlottenburg and Zoologischer Garten as well as between Zoologischer Garten and Bellevue:

August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... Location of the Tiergarten neighborhood View within the Tiergarten Tiergarten (Animal Garden) is the name of both a large park in Berlin and a neighborhood within the borough of Mitte. ... January 5 is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Operation and extensions

Suburban trains

Suburban trains operated on the local tracks, the so-called city track. At first, these were either services to the suburbs or connections to the Berlin Ringbahn, running as "half ring trains", using the Stadtbahn and either the northern or the southern Ringbahn. The trains were pulled by locomotives, which ran on coke to minimise the smell. Doors on the train compartments had to be opened by the passengers themselves and stations were not called out on the train. Coke Coke is a solid carbonaceous material derived from destructive distillation of low-ash, low-sulfur bituminous coal. ...


These trains ran from 4 o'clock in the morning to 1 o'clock at night, typically at intervals between two and five minutes, depending on the time of day. Fares in the early 20th century were 10 pfennig in 3rd class and 15 pfennig in 2nd class. The pfennig was a small German coin valued at 1/100 of a Deutsche Mark and other German currencies with the name Mark. ...


Freight traffic

The freight traffic to the central market at Alexanderplatz was carried by seven special trains per day, of which four ran at night, two during the day and one in the evening. Furthermore, the line carried the normal freight traffic toward Charlottenburg, Moabit, Wedding, Zentralviehhof, Weißensee, Frankfurter Allee, Rixdorf, Tempelhof, Wilmersdorf-Friedenau and to Halensee. Alexanderplatz from Fernsehturm Alexanderplatz is a large open square and public transport hub in central Berlin, near the Spree river and the Berliner Dom. ... Charlottenburg palace Charlottenburg is an area in Berlin, formerly a borough, now part of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf. ... Moabit is a district in the center of Berlin. ... Wedding is a district in the borough of Mitte, Berlin, Germany and was a separate borough in north-western Berlin until it was fused with Tiergarten and Mitte in 2001. ... Weißensee is a former borough of Berlin, Germany, named for a small lake within it. ... Wilmersdorf is an area of Berlin, formerly a borough but since 2001 part of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf. ... Friedenau is a district within the Borough of Tempelhof-Schöneberg in Berlin, Germany. ...


Long-distance trains

In the first years of the Stadtbahn, many trains previously terminating at the old terminuses Lehrter Bahnhof, Görlitzer Bahnhof or Potsdamer Bahnhof operated via the Stadtbahn to reduce the load on the terminus stations. By the end of the 19th century, however, most of these train runs had to terminate at their old destination stations again due to the increasing local traffic on the Stadtbahn. This article has been translated, and needs attention from someone approaching dual fluency. ... „Empfangsgebäude des Görlitzer Bahnhofes in Berlin” an 1872 painting depicting the station entrance hall Görlitzer Bahnhof was the name of the Berlin railway terminus for the mainline link between the capital, Cottbus in Brandenburg and Görlitz in Saxony. ...


The remaining traffic on the Stadtbahn mostly consisted of express trains to Hanover and Cologne via the Lehrter Bahn, Kanonenbahn trains to Dessau, trains to Königsberg and Danzig on the Preußische Ostbahn and trains to Frankfurt/Oder and Breslau. Suburban trains to Spandau and Strausberg also ran on the Stadtbahn's long-distance tracks until 1928. Hanover (German: , IPA: ), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... Former German name of the city of Kaliningrad. ... For alternative meanings of Gdańsk and Danzig, see Gdansk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Frankfurt (Oder) [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, located on the river Oder, on the German-Polish border, directly opposite to the city of Słubice. ... Wrocław. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ...


Trains heading west usually left from the Schlesischer Bahnhof station, those heading east from Charlottenburg. Depots were situated in Rummelsburg (then called Bw Karlshorst) and Grunewald. Miastko (Kashubian/Pomeranian: Miastkò; German: Rummelsburg), is a town in the Middle Pomerania region ofnorth-western Poland. ... Grunewald is both a forest in Berlin on the east side of the Havel and a municipal district of Berlin (part of the borough of [Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf]]. The district developed out of a so-called mansion colony when the upper class of Berlin discovered Grunewald as an attractive site for...

Station Jannowitzbrücke
Station Jannowitzbrücke

Station expansions and viaducts

In 1914, the Friedrichstraße station was rebuilt; the long-distance section of the station was expanded to four tracks and the current station hall was built. Between 1922 and 1932, the Stadtbahn viaduct was thoroughly modernised in order to handle the ever increasing train weight. Also, the train sheds of Alexanderplatz and Schlesischer Bahnhof were replaced. The suburban line's platforms were raised to a height of 96 centimetres.[4] A train shed is a adjecent building to a railway station where the tracks and platforms are covered by a overall roof. ...


A second long-distance platform and a new hall were built at Zoo station from 1934 to 1940. The station hall was only glazed in the 1950s, however. The notable terraced vestibule dates from the same time. The Bahnhof Zoo in 2004 Berlin Zoologischer Garten (German for Berlin Zoological Garden, short form Berlin Zoo or colloquially Bahnhof Zoo) was the central transport facility in West Berlin during the division of the city, and is still the main station for the western central area of Berlin. ...


Electric operation

On June 11, 1928 the suburban line Potsdam-Stadtbahn-Erkner was fully equipped with DC third rail gear.[5] Five trains of the new DRG Class ET 165 – the type appropriately named Stadtbahn – went into service, still sharing the track with steam trains. By November 1928, all lines leading toward the Stadtbahn, namely the lines from Kaulsdorf, Spandau and Grünau as well as the Berlin Ringbahn, were fully electrified. Therefore, suburban services to Spandau could be moved from the long-distance tracks to the local tracks. The last steam trains disappeared in 1929 when the ring became fully operated by electric trains. Half-ring trains operated only as peak time services. In December 1930, the term S-Bahn and the symbol of a white S on a green circle were introduced for the city, ring and suburban services. Image File history File links S-Bahn-Logo. ... June 11 is the 162nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (163rd in leap years), with 203 days remaining. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... Erkner is a town in the Oder-Spree District of Brandenburg, Germany. ... Direct current (DC or continuous current) is the continuous flow of electricity through a conductor such as a wire from high to low potential. ... Third rail at the West Falls Church Metro stop in Washington, D.C., electrified to 750 volts. ... For the 1980s New Wave group, see Spandau Ballet. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Post-War situation

After World War II, the Stadtbahn lay devastated by bombs, but was rebuilt very quickly. Because Stalin wanted to travel by train to the Potsdam Conference, the Stadtbahn was converted to the Russian 1524mm broad gauge in 1945. The national importance had diminished with the loss of eastern Germany; only a few trains ran towards the western zones. Some trains from the Soviet zone terminated on the Stadtbahn. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვი&#4314... Harry S. Truman and Joseph Stalin meeting at the Potsdam Conference on July 18, 1945. ... Great Western Railway broad gauge steam locomotives awaiting scrapping in 1892 after the conversion to standard gauge. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Historical Eastern Germany or Former German Eastern Territories are terms which can be used to describe collectively those provinces or regions east of the Oder–Neisse line which were parts of Germany after its unification in 1871 and were internationally recognised as such at the time. ...


During the Berlin Blockade, the long-distance traffic came to an almost complete halt. The Stadtbahn was useful for the re-established S-Bahn, however, now with connections to places line Königs Wusterhausen, Strausberg, Staaken and Falkensee. Occupation zones after 1945. ... The S-Bahn is a suburban metro railway network in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. ... Königs Wusterhausen is a city in Dahme-Spreewald district in the state of Brandenburg in the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Strausberg is a city in Brandenberg, Germany. ... Falkensee is a town in the Havelland district, Brandenburg, Germany. ...


From May 18, 1952, when all Berlin terminal stations and all other long-distance stations in West Berlin were closed, the station Zoologischer Garten remained the only long-distance station for the western part of the city. The last domestic train of the GDR (East German) railways ran on the Stadtbahn in 1953. May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Boroughs of West Berlin West Berlin was the name given to the western part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... The Bahnhof Zoo in 2004 Berlin Zoologischer Garten (German for Berlin Zoological Garden, short form Berlin Zoo or colloquially Bahnhof Zoo) was the central transport facility in West Berlin during the division of the city, and is still the main station for the western central area of Berlin. ... “East Germany” redirects here. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...

Transit train at Zoo station 1976
Transit train at Zoo station 1976

After the Berlin Wall was built in 1961, Zoologischer Garten became the West Berlin and Ostbahnhof the East Berlin de facto central station. The station Friedrichstraße now was the terminal point of the separated West and East Berlin S-Bahn lines and departure point for the Interzonenzug (Inter-zone train) services between West Berlin and West Germany. Friedrichstraße station was separated into Eastern and Western parts with steel walls, and enabled West Berliners to change to S-Bahn trains running on the Nord-Süd-Bahn and the U6 line of the Berlin U-Bahn without passing through GDR border controls. The station also featured a border crossing into East Berlin.[6] Through trains between Zoo and Ostbahnhof only existed in international traffic, for example the Paris to Warsaw trains. Later, through coaches and shuttle trains connecting to the night trains to Scandinavia crossed the intra-German border on the Stadtbahn as well. East German construction workers building the Berlin Wall, 20 November 1961. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... Boroughs of West Berlin West Berlin was the name given to the western part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... East Berlin was the name given to the eastern part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... The Oberbaumbrücke on the U1. ... Border control Border control is a term that describes how a country polices its borders. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Motto: Contemnit procellas (It defies the storms) Semper invicta (Always invincible) Coordinates: Country Poland Voivodeship Masovian Voivodeship Powiat (County) Gmina (Commune) Warszawa Districts 18 boroughs City Rights turn of the 13th century Government  - Mayor Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz Area  - City 516. ... Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe and includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ...


Due to a quirk in legislation, the West Berlin parts of the Stadtbahn belonged to the Deutsche Reichsbahn, which made it (and therefore the GDR government) one of the largest landowners in West Berlin. Regular quarrels erupted between the DR, the GDR government, the West Berlin senate and the Allied occupation powers. For the 1920-1945 company of the same name, see Deutsche Reichsbahn-Gesellschaft. ...


Prices for the West Berlin S-Bahn were kept slightly below the fares of the West Berlin BVG. In East Berlin, a flat fee of 0.20 Mark was charged until 1991. West Berlin politics and most of the populace fully boycotted the S-Bahn, which was run by the East German railways, and introduced bus and U-Bahn lines running parallel to the S-Bahn network and the Stadtbahn. The Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (German: Berlin Transporation Company), often abbreviated the BVG, manages the Berlin U-Bahn, the Berlin Straßenbahn, and the Berlin bus network, as well as several ferry lines. ... East Berlin was the name given to the eastern part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Restoration during the Cold War

Despite problems, the Deutsche Reichsbahn made improvements to the line and reconstructed at great expense the Westkreuz railway station which had been built on swamp land. For the 1920-1945 company of the same name, see Deutsche Reichsbahn-Gesellschaft. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Meanwhile, the number of S-Bahn lines running in West Berlin was reduced to just three as a consequence of a strike carried out by the Deutsche Reichsbahn's West Berlin-based employees in September 1980.


On January 9, 1984, a treaty between the GDR and the West Berlin Senate came into force and turned over the responsibility for operation of the S-Bahn in West Berlin to the West Berlin transport authority, the Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe. Soon thereafter, talks with the GDR commenced regarding improvements of the Stadtbahn in West Berlin as well as the modernisation of the Zoologischer Garten station. The Lehrter Stadtbahnhof was also carefully restorated to its original 1880s look and became a listed building. In East Berlin, the Ostbahnhof was partially rebuilt and renamed to Hauptbahnhof, in time for the 750th anniversary of Berlin's founding in 1987.[7] January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (German: Berlin Transporation Company), often abbreviated the BVG, manages the Berlin U-Bahn, the Berlin Straßenbahn, and the Berlin bus network, as well as several ferry lines. ... Buckingham Palace, a Grade I listed building. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After reunification

The fall of the Berlin Wall and German reunification made for a sudden spike of importance for the Stadtbahn. The first InterRegio train ran to Cologne in 1990. Since 1991, InterCity trains to Karlsruhe, Cologne and Hamburg used the Stadtbahn. The Hamburg line was soon extended to Dresden and Prague, and the former Interzonenzug trains from Munich were converted to InterCity trains and now ran on the Stadtbahn as well. East German construction workers building the Berlin Wall, 20 November 1961. ... The Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) German reunification (German: ) took place on October 3, 1990, when the areas of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR, in English commonly called East Germany) were incorporated into the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, in English... The InterRegio is a train service seen in some European countries. ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... A Romanian InterCity train, run by Romanian Railways, at Arad station in May 2003 InterCity is a name for the inter-city rail services in Europe. ... Karlsruhe (population 283,959 in 2005) is a city in the south west of Germany, in the Bundesland Baden-Württemberg, located near the French-German border. ... Hamburg from above Hamburgs motto: May the posterity endeavour with dignity to conserve the freedom, which the forefathers acquired. ... For other uses, see Dresden (disambiguation). ... Nickname: City of a Hundred Spires Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae Location within the Czech Republic Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region Capital City of Prague Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Pavel Bém Area  - City 496 km²  (191. ... Munich (German: , pronounced  ) is the capital of the German Federal State of Bavaria (German: ). Munich is Germanys third largest city and one of Europes most prosperous. ...


The western part of the Stadtbahn was electrified on July 4, 1993 up to Zoologischer Garten station. The eastern part of the line up to Ostbahnhof had been electrified since 1987. As soon as electrification reached the Zoo station, ICE trains began to use the station. For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... ICE 1 powerhead The InterCityExpress or ICE (German pronunciation: ) is a system of high-speed trains predominantly running in Germany and its neighbouring countries. ...

Station Hackescher Markt with RegionalExpress and S-Bahn trains, 2006
Station Hackescher Markt with RegionalExpress and S-Bahn trains, 2006

RE4 (NRW) in Dortmund Hbf The term RegionalExpress denotes a type of regional train in Germany. ... Berlins S-Bahn network The Berlin S-Bahn is a metro system operated by S-Bahn Berlin GmbH, a subsidiary of the Deutsche Bahn. ...

Modernisation in 1994 - 1998

In October 1994, a large-scale modernisation programme was started on the Stadtbahn. The viaducts were checked and strengthened, and the tracks were bedded in concrete to improve durability and comfort. Almost all stations saw large financial investments and were thoroughly modernised. Long-distance traffic between Zoo and Ostbahnhof stations was interrupted during the construction period and the S-Bahn trains temporarily used the long-distance line. On March 24, 1998 the Stadtbahn was reopened, now carrying up to three ICE and IC lines as well as five RegionalExpress lines.[8] Part of the Stadtbahn was realigned as part of the construction of the new Berlin Hauptbahnhof, with construction commencing in 2001 and completed in July 2002. The realigned section consisted of two 450 m-long bridges spanning the station and the adjacent Humboldthafen port. Concrete being poured, raked and vibrated into place in residential construction in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (84th in leap years). ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... ICE 1 powerhead The InterCityExpress or ICE (German pronunciation: ) is a system of high-speed trains predominantly running in Germany and its neighbouring countries. ... A Romanian InterCity train, run by Romanian Railways, at Arad station in May 2003 InterCity is a name for the inter-city rail services in Europe. ... RE4 (NRW) in Dortmund Hbf The term RegionalExpress denotes a type of regional train in Germany. ... Berlin Hauptbahnhof Berlin Ostbahnhof was named Berlin Hauptbahnhof from 1987 to 1998. ...


Until the summer of 2006, the Stadtbahn was the main thoroughfare for long-distance trains, which usually stopped at Zoologischer Garten and Ostbahnhof (which was renamed in 1998). When the new Hauptbahnhof opened on May 28, 2006, the importance of the line diminished slightly, as many trains now would use the new north-south line connected to the Hauptbahnhof. The remaining intercity trains on the Stadtbahn, mainly those heading toward Hanover and Cologne, now usually call at Hauptbahnhof and Ostbahnhof.[9] May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Hanover (German: , IPA: ), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ...


Further reading

  • (German) Die Stadtbahn, Signal-Sonderausgabe, Berliner S-Bahn-Museum, Berlin 1996, Verlag GVE, ISBN 3-89218-046-6

References

  1. ^ (1882-02-25). "Die Berliner Stadtbahn". Illustrirte Zeitung.
  2. ^ Elkins, Thomas Henry (1988). Berlin: Spatial Structure of a Divided City. Routledge, p. 114. ISBN 0416922201. 
  3. ^ (1884). "Die Linienführung der Berliner Stadteisenbahn". Zeitschrift für Bauwesen.
  4. ^ (1932). "Fünfzig Jahre Berliner Stadtbahn". Die Reichsbahn.
  5. ^ (German) Bousset, Johannes (1935). Die Berliner U-Bahn. W. Ernst & Sohn, p. 140. 
  6. ^ Katona, Marianna S. (2005). Tales from the Berlin Wall. Recollections of Frequent Crossings.. BoD, pp. 31-35. ISBN 3833404396. 
  7. ^ Stations in Berlin, the railway capital (2006-09-23). Retrieved on January 28, 2007.
  8. ^ (German) Wehling, Hans-Georg (2004). Die deutschen Länder: Geschichte, Politik, Wirtschaft. VS Verlag, p. 78. ISBN 353143229X. 
  9. ^ (German) Staff writer (2006). Die Bahn am Ball. Deutsche Bahn AG, pp. 130-136. 

Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ...

External links

  • (German) Entry in the listed building directory of the Berlin Senate

This article incorporates text translated from the corresponding German Wikipedia article as of 2007-01-28.


 
 

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