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Encyclopedia > Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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The Berlin Philharmonic rehearsing in the Berliner Philharmonie.
The Berlin Philharmonic rehearsing in the Berliner Philharmonie.

The Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra (also known as Berlin Philharmonic or BPO; in German Berliner Philharmoniker), is one of the world's leading orchestras. Its current principal/Chief conductor is Sir Simon Rattle, who is known for his championing of contemporary classical music. The BPO also supports several chamber music ensembles. Image File history File links Padlock. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 338 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Talk:Berlin Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra Berliner Philharmonie Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 338 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Talk:Berlin Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra Berliner Philharmonie Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... The Berliner Philharmonie in Berlin-Tiergarten ist one of the most important concert halls in Berlin and home to the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. ... The Boston Pops orchestra performing on the Charles River Esplanade in Boston, Massachusetts. ... A conductor conducting a band at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988 Sir Simon Denis Rattle, CBE OL (born January 19, 1955) is an English conductor. ... In the broadest sense, contemporary music is any music being written in the present day. ... Chamber music is a form of classical music, written for a small group of instruments which traditionally could be accommodated in a palace chamber. ...


The funding for the organization is subsidized by the city-state of Berlin and a partnership with Deutsche Bank. Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (transliterated as Laender in English, singular Land). ... Deutsche Bank AG NYSE: DB (German for German Bank) is a multinational bank operating worldwide and employing almost 64,000 people (Dec. ...

Contents

History

 Entrance to the concert hall.
Entrance to the concert hall.

The Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra was founded in Berlin in spring 1882 by 54 musicians under the name Frühere Bilsesche Kapelle (former Bilse's Band), because Benjamin Bilse has before announces the intention of taking on the train to Warsaw in fourth class for a concert, that's the last straw for this musicians. Then given its current name and reorganized under the financial management of Hermann Wolff in 1887. Its first conductor under the new organization was Ludwig von Brenner; in 1887 Hans von Bülow, one of the most esteemed conductors in the world, joined, and from then on, the orchestra's reputation became established, with guests Hans Richter, Felix von Weingartner, Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler, Johannes Brahms and Edvard Grieg conducting the orchestra over the next few years. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1183x887, 255 KB) The Philharmonie in Berlin, main entrance. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1183x887, 255 KB) The Philharmonie in Berlin, main entrance. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Hans von Bülow. ... Hans Richter (1843–1916), Austrian conductor (born in what is now Hungary), studied at the Vienna Conservatory (showing a special interest in the horn) and developed his conducting career at several opera-houses in the Austro-Hungarian empire. ... Felix Weingartner, Edler von Münzberg (June 2, 1863 – May 7, 1942) was a conductor, composer and pianist. ... Richard Strauss (June 11, 1864 – September 8, 1949) was a German composer of the late Romantic era, particularly noted for his tone poems and operas. ... Gustav Mahler in 1909 Gustav Mahler (July 7, 1860–May 18, 1911) was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and conductor. ... Johannes Brahms. ... Edvard Grieg Edvard Hagerup Grieg (June 15, 1843 – September 4, 1907) was a Norwegian composer and pianist who composed in the romantic period. ...


In 1895, Arthur Nikisch became chief conductor. He was succeeded in 1923 by Wilhelm Furtwängler. The orchestra continued to perform throughout World War II, and continued with barely a break under the baton of Leo Borchard. When he was accidentally killed, Sergiu Celibidache took over. Furtwängler returned in 1952 until his death in 1954. Arthur Nikisch (or Nikitsch) (October 12, 1855 – January 23, 1922) was a Hungarian conductor who performed mainly in Germany. ... Portrait by Emil Orlik, 1928 Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886 – November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer. ... Combatants Allies: Soviet Union United States United Kingdom France and others Axis Powers: Germany Japan Italy and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II, also known as the... Leo Borchard (born 1899 in Moscow, died 1945 in Berlin) was a Russian conductor and briefly musical director of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. ... Sergiu Celibidache (June 28, 1912, Roman, Romania - August 14, 1996, Paris) was a Romanian conductor. ...


His successor was the legendary Herbert von Karajan, who remained with the orchestra until 1989, resigning only months before his death. Under him the orchestra made a vast number of recordings and toured widely. Claudio Abbado became principal conductor after him, expanding the orchestra's repertoire beyond the core classical and romantic works into more modern 20th century works. Herbert von Karajan (Salzburg April 5, 1908 Anif near Salzburg – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... The Classical period in Western music occurred from about 1730 through 1820, despite considerable overlap at both ends with preceding and following periods, as is true for all musical eras. ... The era of Romantic music is defined as the period of European classical music that runs roughly from the early 1800s to the first decade of the 20th century, as well as music written according to the norms and styles of that period. ... 20th century classical music, the classical music of the 20th century, was extremely diverse, beginning with the late Romantic style of Sergei Rachmaninoff and the Impressionism of Claude Debussy, and ranging to such distant sound-worlds as the complete serialism of Pierre Boulez, the simple triadic harmonies of minimalist composers...


Simon Rattle made it a condition of his signing with the Berlin Philharmonic that it be turned into a self-governing public foundation, with the power to make its own artistic and financial decisions. This required a change to state law, which was approved in 2001, allowing him to join the organization in 2002. Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988 Sir Simon Denis Rattle, CBE OL (born January 19, 1955) is an English conductor. ...


The first concert hall of the orchestra was destroyed during WWII in 1944. The new Berliner Philharmonie was built in 1963 by architect Hans Scharoun. A Concert hall is a cultural building, which serves as performance venue, chiefly for classical instrumental music. ... The Berliner Philharmonie in Berlin-Tiergarten ist one of the most important concert halls in Berlin and home to the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. ... Berlin Philharmonic Hans Bernhard Scharoun (born September 20, 1893 Bremen, Germany - November 25, 1972 Berlin, Germany), was a German architect best known for designing the Berlin Philharmonic concert hall and the Schminke House in Loebau/Saxony. ...


Principal conductors

The relevance of particular information in (or previously in) this article or section is disputed.
The information may have been removed or included by an editor as a result.
Please see discussion on the talk page considering whether its inclusion is warranted.
Current conductor as of 2006
Past conductors, chronologically

Image File history File links Diamond-caution. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988 Sir Simon Denis Rattle, CBE OL (born January 19, 1955) is an English conductor. ... Hans von Bülow. ... Arthur Nikisch (or Nikitsch) (October 12, 1855 – January 23, 1922) was a Hungarian conductor who performed mainly in Germany. ... Portrait by Emil Orlik, 1928 Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886 – November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer. ... Leo Borchard (born 1899 in Moscow, died 1945 in Berlin) was a Russian conductor and briefly musical director of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. ... Sergiu Celibidache (June 28, 1912, Roman, Romania - August 14, 1996, Paris) was a Romanian conductor. ... Herbert von Karajan (Salzburg April 5, 1908 Anif near Salzburg – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ...

Recognition

The orchestra's recordings have received numerous awards and recognitions. They include, alphabetically:

Classical Brit Awards
Grammy Awards
Gramophone Awards
Timbre de Platine (Platinum Stamp) awarded by Opéra International magazine [1]

The Classical Brit Awards are an annual awards ceremony held in the United Kingdom covering aspects of classical music, and are the classical equivalent of pop musics Brit Awards. ... Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988 Sir Simon Denis Rattle, CBE OL (born January 19, 1955) is an English conductor. ... Gustav Mahler in 1909 Gustav Mahler (July 7, 1860–May 18, 1911) was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and conductor. ... The Symphony No. ... Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988 Sir Simon Denis Rattle, CBE OL (born January 19, 1955) is an English conductor. ... Gustav Mahler in 1909 Gustav Mahler (July 7, 1860–May 18, 1911) was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and conductor. ... The Symphony No. ... Grammy Award The Grammy Awards (originally called the Gramophone Awards), presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music... The 12th Grammy Awards were held in 1970. ... The Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording has been awarded since 1961. ... Herbert von Karajan (Salzburg April 5, 1908 Anif near Salzburg – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... Helga Dernesch (b. ... Jess Thomas (August 4, 1927, Hot Springs, South Dakota- October 11, 1993, San Francisco, California) was a lyric and Wagnerian tenor. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (May 22, 1813 – February 13, 1883) was an influential German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as he later came to call them). ... Siegfried is the third of the four operas that comprise Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung), by Richard Wagner. ... The 21st Grammy Awards were held in 1979, and were broadcast live on American television. ... The Grammy Award for Best Orchestral Performance has been awarded since 1959. ... Herbert von Karajan (Salzburg April 5, 1908 Anif near Salzburg – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... Ludwig van Beethoven (pronounced ) (baptized December 17, 1770 – March 26, 1827) was a German composer and pianist. ... Below is a complete list of works by Beethoven with dates of publication in parentheses: // Beethoven works, by genre Symphonies (9) Opus 21: Symphony No. ... The 35th Grammy Awards were held in 1993. ... The Grammy Award for Best Orchestral Performance has been awarded since 1959. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American composer, pianist and conductor. ... Gustav Mahler in 1909 Gustav Mahler (July 7, 1860–May 18, 1911) was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and conductor. ... The Symphony No. ... The 35th Grammy Awards were held in 1993. ... The Grammy Award for Best Classical Album has been awarded since 1962. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American composer, pianist and conductor. ... Gustav Mahler in 1909 Gustav Mahler (July 7, 1860–May 18, 1911) was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and conductor. ... The Symphony No. ... The 37th Grammy Awards were held in 1995. ... The Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance has been awarded since 1959. ... Daniel Barenboim conducting. ... Larry Combs is an American clarinetist. ... Ludwig van Beethoven (pronounced ) (baptized December 17, 1770 – March 26, 1827) was a German composer and pianist. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The 43rd Grammy Awards were held on February 21, 2001. ... The Grammy Award for Best Orchestral Performance has been awarded since 1959. ... Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988 Sir Simon Denis Rattle, CBE OL (born January 19, 1955) is an English conductor. ... Gustav Mahler in 1909 Gustav Mahler (July 7, 1860–May 18, 1911) was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and conductor. ... The Symphony No. ... The Gramophone Awards are one of the most significant honours bestowed on the classical record industry, often referred to as the Oscars for classical music. ... Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988 Sir Simon Denis Rattle, CBE OL (born January 19, 1955) is an English conductor. ... Gustav Mahler in 1909 Gustav Mahler (July 7, 1860–May 18, 1911) was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and conductor. ... The Symphony No. ... Mariss Jansons (born 1943) is a prominent Latvian conductor. ... Leif Ove Andsnes Leif Ove Andsnes (born April 7, 1970) is a Norwegian pianist born in Karmøy. ... Edvard Grieg Edvard Hagerup Grieg (June 15, 1843 – September 4, 1907) was a Norwegian composer and pianist who composed in the romantic period. ... The Piano Concerto in A minor by Edvard Grieg was the only concerto Grieg completed. ... Robert Schumann (June 8, 1810 – July 29, 1856) was a German composer and pianist. ... The Piano Concerto in A minor, a famous Romantic concerto by Robert Schumann, was completed in 1845. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote the Requiem mass in D minor (K. 626) in 1791. ...

In popular culture

  • The soundtrack album for the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey offers a version of Strauss' Also sprach Zarathustra performed by the BPO conducted by Karl Böhm. (The version used in the movie itself was by the Vienna Philharmonic conducted by Karajan, uncredited, but copyright owner Decca Records didn't want to be associated with science-fiction.)

Also sprach Zarathustra, op. ... The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra (in German: Wiener Philharmoniker) is the best known orchestra in Austria and one of Europes major ensembles. ... It has been suggested that Decca Music Group be merged into this article or section. ... Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that emerged as a defined musical style in the 1970s, having its roots in hard rock bands which, between 1967 and 1974, mixed blues and rock to create a hybrid with a thick, heavy, guitar-and-drums-centered sound, characterised by the... Scorpions are a hard rock band from Hanover, Germany, best known for their 80s rock anthem, Rock You Like a Hurricane and their singles Wind of Change, No One Like You, and Still Loving You. // History Formation and early history (1965-1973) Rudolf Schenker, the bands rhythm guitarist, set... Moment Of Glory is a 2000 album by German heavy metal band Scorpions with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. ...

See also

The 12 cellists of the Berlin Philharmonic (Die 12 Cellisten der Berliner Philharmoniker) are 13 cellists, members of the Berlin Philharmonic as the name implies, who perform and record as an all-cello ensemble. ... The Berlin Symphony Orchestra (also known as BSO; Berliner Sinfonie-Orchester in German) is a major symphony orchestra from Berlin, Germany. ...

External links

  • Official website (English version)
  • "Economic Crisis Puts the Squeeze on Arts", a 2003 Deutsche Welle article

  Results from FactBites:
 
Orchestra - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article (2334 words)
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The unusual aspect of the orchestra was that, believing that in the ideal Marxist state all men are equal, its members felt that there was no need to be led by the dictatorial baton of a conductor; instead they were led by a committee.
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Abbado Claudio: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library (1084 words)
He was appointed (1971) principal conductor of the Vienna Philharmonic, was (1986–91) musical director of the Vienna State Opera, and since 1987 has directed music for the city of Vienna.
With assistantships to Sir Simon Rattle at the CBSO and Claudio Abbado at the Berlin Philharmonic under his belt, and now the principal conductorship of the Trondheim Symphony Orchestra...
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