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Encyclopedia > Berlin Philharmonic
Berliner Philharmoniker

Background information
Also known as Berlin Philharmonic
Origin Berlin, Germany
Genre(s) Classical
Occupation(s) Symphony orchestra
Years active 1887-present
Website www.Berliner-Philharmoniker.de
Members
Principal Conductor
Simon Rattle
Pianist-in-Residence
András Schiff
Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Former members
Founder
Ludwig von Brenner
Notable instrument(s)
Concert Organ
Karl Schuke, Berlin IV-72

The Berliner Philharmoniker (Berlin Philharmonic), is one of the world's leading orchestras. Its current principal conductor is Sir Simon Rattle, known for his championing of contemporary classical music. The BPO also supports several chamber music ensembles. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 338 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Talk:Berlin Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra Berliner Philharmonie Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about Western art music from 1000 AD to the 2000s . ... Orchestra at City Hall (Edmonton). ... Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988, aged 33. ... András Schiff (born December 21, 1953) is a Hungarian-born Jewish classical pianist. ... Pierre-Laurent Aimard (born 9 September 1957) is a French pianist. ... A manual is a keyboard designed to be played with the hands on a pipe organ, harpsichord, clavichord, electronic organ, or synthesizer. ... The choir division of the organ at St. ... For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ... The title of music director is used by many symphony orchestras to designate the primary conductor and artistic leader of the orchestra. ... Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988, aged 33. ... In the broadest sense, contemporary music is any music being written in the present day. ... Chamber music is a form of classical music, written for a small group of instruments which traditionally could be accommodated in a palace chamber. ...


The funding for the organization is subsidized by the city of Berlin and a partnership with Deutsche Bank. This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Deutsche Bank AG (ISIN: DE0005140008, NYSE: DB) (English: ) is a bank operating worldwide and employing more than 75,000 people (June, 2007). ...

Contents

History

Entrance to the concert hall.
Entrance to the concert hall.

The Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra was founded in Berlin in spring 1882 by 54 musicians under the name Frühere Bilsesche Kapelle (former Bilse's Band); the group broke away after their previous conductor Benjamin Bilse announced his intention of taking the band on a fourth class train to Warsaw for a concert. The orchestra was given its current name and reorganized under the financial management of Hermann Wolff in 1887. Its first conductor under the new organization was Ludwig von Brenner; in 1887 Hans von Bülow, one of the most esteemed conductors in the world, joined, and from then on, the orchestra's reputation became established, with guests Hans Richter, Felix von Weingartner, Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler, Johannes Brahms and Edvard Grieg conducting the orchestra over the next few years. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1183x887, 255 KB) The Philharmonie in Berlin, main entrance. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1183x887, 255 KB) The Philharmonie in Berlin, main entrance. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Hans von Bülow. ... Hans Richter (1843–1916), Austrian conductor (born in what is now Hungary), studied at the Vienna Conservatory (showing a special interest in the horn) and developed his conducting career at several opera-houses in the Austro-Hungarian empire. ... Felix Weingartner, Edler von Münzberg (June 2, 1863 – May 7, 1942) was a conductor, composer and pianist. ... This article is about the German composer of tone-poems and operas. ... “Mahler” redirects here. ... Johannes Brahms Johannes Brahms (May 7, 1833 – April 3, 1897) was a German composer of the Romantic period. ... Edvard Grieg Edvard Hagerup Grieg (15 June 1843 – 4 September 1907) was a Norwegian composer and pianist who composed in the romantic period. ...


In 1895, Arthur Nikisch became chief conductor, and was succeeded in 1923 by Wilhelm Furtwängler. Despite several changes in leadership the orchestra continued to perform throughout World War II. After Furtwängler fled to Switzerland in 1945, Leo Borchard became chief conductor. This arrangement lasted only a few months, however, as Borchard was accidentally shot and killed by American forces occupying Berlin. Sergiu Celibidache then took over as chief conductor for seven years, from 1945 to 1952. Furtwängler returned in 1952 and conducted the orchestra until his death in 1954. Arthur Nikisch (or Nikitsch) (October 12, 1855 – January 23, 1922) was a Hungarian conductor who performed mainly in Germany. ... Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886 – November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Leo Borchard (born 1899 in Moscow, died 1945 in Berlin) was a Russian conductor and briefly musical director of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. ... Sergiu Celibidache (June 28, 1912, Roman, Romania - August 14, 1996, Paris) was a Romanian conductor. ...


His successor was Herbert von Karajan, who led the orchestra from 1955 until 1989, resigning only months before his death in April of that year. Under him, the orchestra made a vast number of recordings and toured widely. Herbert von Karajan (April 5, 1908 – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ...


Claudio Abbado became principal conductor after him, expanding the orchestra's repertoire beyond the core classical and romantic works into more modern 20th century works. He stepped down from this post in 2002. During the post-unification period, the orchestra encountered financial problems resulting from budgetary stress in the city of Berlin.[1] Several years after his departure as chief conductor, in 2006, the Orchestra Academy of the Berlin Philharmonic established the Claudio Abbado Composition Prize in Abbado's honour.[2] Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... The Classical period in Western music occurred from about 1730 through 1820, despite considerable overlap at both ends with preceding and following periods, as is true for all musical eras. ... The era of Romantic music is defined as the period of European classical music that runs roughly from the early 1800s to the first decade of the 20th century, as well as music written according to the norms and styles of that period. ... 20th century classical music, the classical music of the 20th century, was extremely diverse, beginning with the late Romantic style of Sergei Rachmaninoff, Impressionism of Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel, and continuing through the Neoclassicism of middle-period Igor Stravinsky, and ranging to such distant sound-worlds as the complete...


In June 1999, the musicians elected Sir Simon Rattle as their next chief conductor.[3] Rattle made it a condition of his signing with the Berlin Philharmonic that it be turned into a self-governing public foundation, with the power to make its own artistic and financial decisions. This required a change to state law, which was approved in 2001, allowing him to join the organization in 2002. The current Intendantin of the orchestra is Pamela Rosenberg. Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988, aged 33. ...


In 2006, the orchestra announced it would investigate its role during the Nazi regime.[4] In 2007, Misha Aster published the book The Reich's Orchestra, his study of the relationship of the Berlin Philharmonic to the rulers of the Third Reich.[5] Flag of Nazi Germany Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, refers to the German Empire in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the control of the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP), or Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as chancellor and head of state. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ...


The first concert hall of the orchestra was destroyed during WWII in 1944. The new Berliner Philharmonie was built in 1963 by architect Hans Scharoun at the Kulturforum. A Concert hall is a cultural building, which serves as performance venue, chiefly for classical instrumental music. ... The Berliner Philharmonie in Berlin-Tiergarten ist one of the most important concert halls in Berlin and home to the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. ... Berlin Philharmonic Hans Bernhard Scharoun (born September 20, 1893 Bremen, Germany - November 25, 1972 Berlin, Germany), was a German architect best known for designing the Berlin Philharmonic concert hall and the Schminke House in Loebau/Saxony. ...


Principal conductors

Hans von Bülow. ... Arthur Nikisch (or Nikitsch) (October 12, 1855 – January 23, 1922) was a Hungarian conductor who performed mainly in Germany. ... Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886 – November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer. ... Leo Borchard (born 1899 in Moscow, died 1945 in Berlin) was a Russian conductor and briefly musical director of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. ... Sergiu Celibidache (June 28, 1912, Roman, Romania - August 14, 1996, Paris) was a Romanian conductor. ... Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886 – November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer. ... Herbert von Karajan (April 5, 1908 – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988, aged 33. ...

Awards and recognition

Classical BRIT Awards
  • 2001 - "Ensemble/Orchestral Album of the Year" - Sir Simon Rattle, Mahler: Symphony No. 10 (EMI, 2000)
  • 2003 - "Ensemble/Orchestral Album of the Year" - Sir Simon Rattle, Mahler: Symphony No. 5 (EMI, 2002)
Grammy Awards
Gramophone Awards
  • 1981 - "Orchestral Record of the Year" - Herbert von Karajan, Mahler: Symphony No. 9 (DGG, 1980)
  • 1984 - "Record of the Year" - Herbert von Karajan, Mahler: Symphony No. 9 (DGG, 1984; live recording 1982)
  • 2000 - "Orchestral Record of the Year" - Sir Simon Rattle, Mahler: Symphony No. 10 (EMI, 2000)
  • 2004 - "Concerto" - Mariss Jansons, Leif Ove Andsnes, Grieg: Piano Concerto and Schumann: Piano Concerto (EMI, 2004)
  • 2006 - "Record of the Year" - Claudio Abbado, Mahler: Symphony No. 6 (DGG, 2005)
ECHO (formerly Deutscher Schallplattenpreis) of Deutsche Phono-Akademie
Timbre de Platine (Platinum Stamp) awarded by Opéra International magazine [1]
  • 1987 - Riccardo Muti, Mozart: Requiem (EMI, 1987)

The Classical Brit Awards are an annual awards ceremony held in the United Kingdom covering aspects of classical music, and are the classical equivalent of pop musics Brit Awards. ... The Symphony No. ... The Symphony No. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The 12th Grammy Awards were held in 1970. ... The Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording has been awarded since 1961. ... Helga Dernesch (b. ... Jess Thomas (August 4, 1927, Hot Springs, South Dakota- October 11, 1993, San Francisco, California) was a lyric and Wagnerian tenor. ... Siegfried is the third of the four operas that comprise Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung), by Richard Wagner. ... The 21st Grammy Awards were held in 1979, and were broadcast live on American television. ... The Grammy Award for Best Orchestral Performance has been awarded since 1959. ... Below is a complete list of works by Beethoven with dates of publication in parentheses: // Opus 21: Symphony No. ... The 35th Grammy Awards were held in 1993. ... The Grammy Award for Best Orchestral Performance has been awarded since 1959. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (IPA pronunciation: )[1] (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, and pianist. ... The Symphony No. ... The 37th Grammy Awards were presented March 1, 1995. ... The Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance has been awarded since 1959. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Larry Combs is an United States American clarinetist. ... Hansjörg Schellenberger born in 1948. ... “Mozart” redirects here. ... The 40th Grammy Awards were held on February 25, 1998. ... The Grammy Award for Best Small Ensemble Performance (with or without conductor) has been awarded since 1997. ... Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... The 42nd Grammy Awards were held on February 23, 2000. ... The Grammy Award for Best Classical Vocal Performance has been awarded since 1959. ... Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... The Swedish mezzo-soprano Anne Sofie von Otter (born 9 May 1955) is a well-known opera singer and concert recitalist. ... The German bass-baritone Thomas Quasthoff (born November 9, 1959) is generally regarded as one of the finest lieder singers of his generation. ... The 43rd Grammy Awards were held on February 21, 2001. ... The Grammy Award for Best Orchestral Performance has been awarded since 1959. ... The 49th Annual Grammy Awards honored the best in music for the 2006 recording year. ... Antonio Pappano (born 30 December 1959 in London, England) is a British conductor. ... Leif Ove Andsnes Leif Ove Andsnes (born April 7, 1970 in Karmøy) is a Norwegian pianist. ... The Gramophone Awards are one of the most significant honours bestowed on the classical record industry, often referred to as the Oscars for classical music. ... Mariss Jansons (born 1943) is a prominent Latvian conductor. ... Leif Ove Andsnes Leif Ove Andsnes (born April 7, 1970 in Karmøy) is a Norwegian pianist. ... Edvard Hagerup Grieg (June 15, 1843–September 4, 1907) was a Norwegian composer and pianist. ... The Piano Concerto in A minor by Edvard Grieg was the only concerto Grieg completed. ... Schumann is the name of several notable people: Robert Schumann (1810 - 1856), German composer (husband of composer Clara Schumann) Clara Wieck Schumann (1819 - 1896), German pianist and composer, (wife of composer Robert Schumann) Georg Schumann (1886 - 1945), German Communist and resistance fighter against the Nazis Georg Schumann (1866 - 1952), German... The Piano Concerto in A minor, a famous Romantic concerto by Robert Schumann, was completed in 1845. ... The Symphony No. ... ECHO is a German music award granted every year by the Deutsche Phono-Akademie (an association of recording companies). ... The Deutscher Schallplattenpreis was a prize that the Deutsche Phono-Akademie awarded from 1963 through 1992. ... Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988, aged 33. ... Karita Mattila Karita Mattila (born September 5, 1960 in Somero, Finland), is a leading opera soprano. ... The Swedish mezzo-soprano Anne Sofie von Otter (born 9 May 1955) is a well-known opera singer and concert recitalist. ... Philip Langridge CBE is an English tenor considered to be among the foremost exponents of English opera and oratorio. ... The German bass-baritone Thomas Quasthoff (born November 9, 1959) is generally regarded as one of the finest lieder singers of his generation. ... Arnold Schoenberg, Los Angeles, 1948 For the American music critic and journalist, see Harold Charles Schonberg. ... Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... “Mahler” redirects here. ... The Requiem Mass in D minor (K. 626) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was composed in 1791. ...

In popular culture

  • The soundtrack album for the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey offers a version of Strauss' Also sprach Zarathustra performed by the BPO conducted by Karl Böhm. (The version used in the movie itself was by the Vienna Philharmonic conducted by Karajan, uncredited, but copyright owner Decca Records didn't want to be associated with science-fiction.)
  • The BPO participated in playing heavy metal music with the German band Scorpions, on their 2000 album Moment of Glory .

Also sprach Zarathustra, op. ... The Vienna Philharmonic (in German: Wiener Philharmoniker) is an orchestra in Austria, regularly considered as one of the finest in the world. ... It has been suggested that Decca Music Group be merged into this article or section. ... “Heavy metal” redirects here. ... For other bands named The Scorpions or other meanings of scorpion, see scorpion. ... Moment of Glory is a 2000 album by German heavy metal band Scorpions with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. ...

See also

The 12 cellists of the Berlin Philharmonic (Die 12 Cellisten der Berliner Philharmoniker) are 13 cellists, members of the Berlin Philharmonic as the name implies, who perform and record as an all-cello ensemble. ... The Konzerthausorchester Berlin (until 2006 known as the Berlin Symphony Orchestra in English and Berliner Sinfonie-Orchester in German) is a major symphony orchestra from Berlin, Germany. ... Throughout its history, Berlin was a musical center in North Germany. ...

References

  1. ^ Kate Connolly. "Band of no gold", The Guardian, 10 November 1999. Retrieved on 2007-08-17. 
  2. ^ Matthew Westphal. "Berlin Philharmonic Names Winner of First Claudio Abbado Composition Prize", Playbill Arts, 6 November 2006. Retrieved on 2007-09-01. 
  3. ^ Andrew Clements. "Picking up the baton", The Guardian, 24 June 1999. Retrieved on 2007-08-17. 
  4. ^ Agence France-Presse. "Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra to probe Nazi-era history", European Jewish Express, 01 May 2007. Retrieved on 2007-08-17. 
  5. ^ Tony Paterson. "Berlin Philharmonic 'was obedient servant of Hitler'", The Independent, 28 August 2007. Retrieved on 2007-09-01. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra - Biography (945 words)
At regular concerts in Berlin, where it has been the center of the city's cultural life for over 100 years, as well as in the major venues across the world, the orchestra never fails to astonish listeners with its high standards of execution and musicianship.
The Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra was founded in 1882 by some fifty ambitious musicians who decided to break from the main orchestra of the town, run by the autocratic and parsimonious Benjamin Bilse.
The Berlin Philharmonic continues to be a democratic organization as it was in the beginning.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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