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Encyclopedia > Berkshire County, Massachusetts
Berkshire County, Massachusetts
Map
Map of Massachusetts highlighting Berkshire County
Location in the state of Massachusetts
Map of the USA highlighting Massachusetts
Massachusetts's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1685
Seat Pittsfield
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

946 sq mi (2,451 km²)
931 sq mi (2,412 km²)
15 sq mi (39 km²), 1.58%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

134,953
145/sq mi (56/km²)

Berkshire County is a county located in on the western edge of the U.S. state of Massachusetts. As of 2000, the population was 134,953. Its county seat is Pittsfield. The Berkshire Hills are centered on Berkshire County. Image File history File links Map_of_Massachusetts_highlighting_Berkshire_County. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_MA.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Massachusetts ... Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King James VII of Scotland. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Pittsfield redirects here. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Western Massachusetts is a loosely defined geographical region of the state of Massachusetts which contains the Berkshires and the Pioneer Valley. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. State. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Pittsfield redirects here. ... Berkshire region of Massachusetts The Berkshires (pronounced as or ) is a region located in Western Massachusetts (with portions located in the adjacent states of Vermont, New York, and Connecticut). ...

Contents

Law and government

Like an increasing number of Massachusetts counties, Berkshire County exists today only as a historical geographic region, and has no county government. All former county functions were assumed by state agencies in 2000. The sheriff and some other regional officials with specific duties are still elected locally to perform duties within the county region, but there is no county council or commissioner. However, communities are now granted the right to form their own regional compacts for sharing services. See also the League of Women Voters of Massachusetts page on counties.


Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,451 km² (946 mi²). 2,412 km² (931 mi²) of it is land and 39 km² (15 mi²) of it (1.58%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Adjacent Counties

Bennington County is a county in the state of Vermont. ... Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Hampshire County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Hampden County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Litchfield County is located in the northwestern corner of the U.S. state of Connecticut. ... Location in the state of New York Formed 1786 Seat Hudson Area  - Total  - Water 1,679 km² (648 mi²) 32 km² (13 mi²) 1. ... Rensselaer County is a county in the state of New York. ...

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 134,953 people, 56,006 households, and 35,115 families residing in the county. The population density was 56/km² (145/mi²). There were 66,301 housing units at an average density of 27/km² (71/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.02% White, 1.99% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.23% from two or more races. 1.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.5% were of Italian, 16.4% Irish, 10.8% French, 10.3% English, 8.0% Polish, 7.1% German, 5.8% American and 5.1% French Canadian ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.1% spoke English, 1.6% Spanish and 1.1% French as their first language. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... French Canadian is a term that has several different connotations. ... The United States 2000 Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


There were 56,006 households out of which 27.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.00% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.30% were non-families. 31.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.89. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the county the population was spread out with 22.40% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.10 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $39,047, and the median income for a family was $50,162. Males had a median income of $36,692 versus $26,504 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,807. About 6.50% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 7.20% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


History

Berkshire County was originally inhabited by the Mahican (Muh-he-ka-neew) Native American tribe, until the early 1700’s when the first English settlers and frontiersmen appeared around this time and began setting up farms and homesteads, despite the fact that it was Native American land. On April 25th 1724 “The English finally paid the Indians 460 pounds, 3 barrels of cider, and 30 quarts of rum for what is today Berkshire County” (page 5. Wood, David H. Lenox Massachusetts Shire Town. Published by the town of Lenox, 1969). This deal exempted modern Sheffield, Stockbridge, Richmond and Lenox, which were collected at various other dates into English territory. Mahicans settled the Hudson River south of the Mohawk River, moved east to Massachusetts, then to Wisconsin. ... Sheffield is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Stockbridge is a town in Berkshire County in Western Massachusetts. ... Richmond is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Location in Berkshire County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Berkshire County Settled 1750 Incorporated 1767 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  21. ...


Cities, towns, and villages

Map of Berkshire County
Map of Berkshire County

*: Villages are census divisions, but have no separate legal existence from the towns they are in. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (390x698, 189 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (390x698, 189 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Adams is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Alford is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Becket is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Cheshire is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Clarksburg is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Dalton is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Egremont is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Florida is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ...   Great Barrington is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Housatonic is a census-designated place and village located in the town of Great Barrington in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Hancock is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Hinsdale is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Lanesborough is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Lee is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Location in Berkshire County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Berkshire County Settled 1750 Incorporated 1767 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  21. ... Monterey is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Mount Washington is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... New Ashford is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... New Marlborough is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... North Adams is a city in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Pittsfield redirects here. ... Richmond is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Sandisfield is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Savoy is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Sheffield is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Stockbridge is a town in Berkshire County in Western Massachusetts. ... Shaker dance and worship Tyringham is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Washington is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... West Stockbridge is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Williamstown is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Windsor is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ...

North: Bennington County, Vermont
West: Rensselaer County, New York Berkshire County East: Franklin County, Massachusetts
West: Columbia County, New York East: Hampshire County, Massachusetts
East: Hampden County, Massachusetts
South: Litchfield County, Connecticut°

°: There is also a southern border with Dutchess County, New York, however this is in a forested area and there is no direct access to Berkshire County. Bennington County is a county in the state of Vermont. ... Rensselaer County is a county in the state of New York. ... Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Location in the state of New York Formed 1786 Seat Hudson Area  - Total  - Water 1,679 km² (648 mi²) 32 km² (13 mi²) 1. ... Hampshire County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Hampden County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Litchfield County is located in the northwestern corner of the U.S. state of Connecticut. ... Dutchess County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ...


See also

  • USS Berkshire County (LST-288)

The USS Berkshire County (LST-288) was one of 390 LST-1-class tank landing ships (LSTs) built for the United States Navy during World War II. Named for Berkshire County, Massachusetts, she was the only U.S. Naval vessel to bear the name. ...

External links

Coordinates: 42°22′N 73°13′W / 42.37, -73.21 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Berkshire County History (503 words)
Berkshire County, MA Berkshire County, originally a part of Hampshire County, was incorporated April 24, 1761, and named from Berkshire County in England.
It occupies the western extremity of the State, and is bounded on the north by Vermont, on the east by Franklin, Hampshire and Hampden counties, on the south by Connecticut, and on the west by New York.
Literary Associations of Berkshire County is a reproduction of an 1893 article describing the many authors of Berkshire County including: Catherine Sedgwick, William Cullen Bryant, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, the Field brothers and many others.
List of Massachusetts county name etymologies - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (284 words)
Berkshire County: Berkshire is named for the English county of Berkshire.
Plymouth County: Plymouth County is named for its seat of Plymouth, which is named for the English port city of Plymouth.
Worcester County: Worcester is named after its county seat of Worcester, which is named in honor of the English town of Worcester and the English Civil War Battle of Worcester in 1651, a Parliamentarian victory.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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