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Encyclopedia > Berkeley, California
City of Berkeley
Berkeley looking northwest as seen from the Claremont Canyon Regional Preserve.
The City of Berkeley highlighted within Alameda County.
The City of Berkeley highlighted within Alameda County.
Coordinates: 37°52′13″N 122°16′05″W / 37.87028, -122.26806
Country United States
State California
County Alameda
Incorporated April 4, 1878
Government
 - Mayor Tom Bates
 - State Senate Don Perata (D)
 - State Assembly Loni Hancock (D)
 - U. S. Congress Barbara Lee (D)
Area
 - Total 17.7 sq mi (45.9 km²)
 - Land 10.5 sq mi (27.1 km²)
 - Water 7.2 sq mi (18.8 km²)
Elevation 0–1,320 ft (0–400 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 102,743
 - Density 9,823.3/sq mi (3,792.5/km²)
Time zone PST (UTC−8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP code 94701–94710, 94712, 94720
Area code(s) 510
FIPS code 06-06000
GNIS feature ID 1658037
Website: http://www.ci.berkeley.ca.us

Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in Northern California, in the United States. Its neighbors to the south are the cities of Oakland and Emeryville. To the north is the city of Albany and the unincorporated community of Kensington. The eastern city limits coincide with the county line (bordering Contra Costa County) which generally follows the ridge line of the Berkeley Hills. Berkeley is located in northern Alameda County. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Claremont Canyon Regional Preserve is a small regional park mainly located in the city of Berkeley, California, and administered by the East Bay Regional Park District. ... Image File history File links Alameda_County_California_Incorporated_and_Unincorporated_areas_Berkeley_Highlighted. ... Alameda County is a suburban county in Californias San Francisco Bay Area. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The U.S. state of California is divided into 58 counties. ... Official website: http://www. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Tom Bates City of Berkeley Mayors Office (born February 9, 1938) is a California politician, currently serving as the Mayor of Berkeley, California. ... Californias Capitol, where the State Legislature meets California State Assembly chamber California state Senate chamber The California Legislature is the legislative branch of the state government of California. ... Don Perata (born April 30, 1945) is a California Democratic politician, who is the current President Pro Tempore of the California State Senate. ... The California Democratic Party is the local branch of the Democratic Party in the state of California. ... The California State Assembly chamber California State Assembly Chamber in the State Capitol The California State Assembly is the lower house of the California State Legislature. ... Loni Hancock served as mayor of Berkeley, California from 1986 to 1994, and is currently representing California State Assembly District 14. ... The 9th Congressional District of California is a Congressional District that currently covers a significant portion of the East Bay portion of the San Francisco Bay Area, California. ... Barbara Jean Lee (born July 16, 1946), American politician, has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1998, representing Californias 9th congressional district (map) and is the first woman to represent that district. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Pacific Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... PDT is UTC-7 The Pacific Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-8). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Map of California area codes in blue (and border states) with 510 in red North American area code 510 is a California telephone area code which covers eastern Bay Area cities such as Hayward, Castro Valley, San Leandro, San Lorenzo, Alameda, Berkeley, Oakland, Piedmont, Richmond, San Pablo, Union City, and... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... Northern California, sometimes referred to as NorCal, is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. ... Oakland redirects here. ... The city of Emeryville highlighted within Alameda County Emeryville is a small city located in Alameda County, California, in the United States. ... The city of Albany highlighted within Alameda County Albany is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Kensington is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in the East Bay, part of the San Francisco Bay Area, in Contra Costa County, California. ... Contra Costa County is a suburban county in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... The Berkeley Hills are a range of the Pacific Coast Ranges which overlook the northeast side of the valley in which San Francisco Bay is situated. ... Official website: http://www. ...


Berkeley is the site of the University of California, Berkeley, the oldest campus of the University of California system, and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Lawrence Hall of Science, Space Sciences Laboratory, and Mathematical Sciences Research Institute, which are on the campus grounds. The city is noted as one of the most politically liberal in the nation, with one study placing it as the third most liberal city in the United States.[1] Sather Tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced Riverside San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), formerly the Berkeley Radiation Laboratory and usually shortened to Berkeley Lab or LBL, is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory conducting unclassified scientific research. ... The Lawrence Hall of Science (LHS) is a public science center, run by the University of California, Berkeley. ... The Space Sciences Laboratory (SSL) is run by the University of California, Berkeley. ... The Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI), founded in 1982, is a mathematical research institution whose funding sources include the National Science Foundation. ... Modern liberalism in the United States is a form of liberalism that began in the United States in the last years of the 19th century and the early years of the 20th century. ...

Contents

History

Early history

The site of today's City of Berkeley was the territory of the Chochen/Huichin band of the Ohlone people when the first Europeans arrived. Remnants of their existence in the area include pits in various rock formations which were used to grind acorns from oak trees, and a shellmound now mostly leveled and covered up along the shoreline of San Francisco Bay at the mouth of Strawberry Creek. Other artifacts were discovered in the 1950s in the downtown area during the remodeling of a commercial building, near the upper course of the creek. For the college of the same name, see Ohlone College. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), which are listed in the List of Quercus species, and some related genera, notably... A midden, or kitchen midden, is a dump for domestic waste. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... Strawberry Creek is the principal watercourse running through the City of Berkeley, California. ... Downtown Berkeley in the foreground, with San Francisco seen across the Bay. ...


The first people of European ancestry (most of whom were actually of mixed ancestry and born in America) arrived with the De Anza Expedition of 1776, which is today noted by signage on Interstate 80 which runs along the San Francisco Bay shoreline of Berkeley. The De Anza Expedition resulted in the establishment of the Spanish Presidio of San Francisco at the entrance to San Francisco Bay (the "Golden Gate") which is due west of Berkeley. Among the soldiers serving at the Presidio was one Luís Peralta. For his services to the King of Spain, he was granted a vast extent of land on the east shore of San Francisco Bay (the contra costa, "opposite shore") for a ranch, including that portion which now comprises the City of Berkeley. Juan Bautista de Anza (July 1736 - December 19, 1788) was a Basque explorer working for the Spanish empire. ... Interstate 80, a major east-west route of the Interstate Highway System, has its western terminus in San Francisco, California, United States. ... The Parade Grounds at the Presidio of San Francisco. ... The Golden Gate The Golden Gate, looking south towards San Francisco. ... Don Luís María Peralta (b. ... The Spanish monarchy, referred to as the Crown of Spain (Corona de España) in the Spanish Constitution of 1978, is the office of the King or Queen of Spain. ...


Luis Peralta named his holding "Rancho San Antonio". The primary activity of the ranch was the raising of cattle for meat and hides, but hunting and farming were also pursued. Eventually, he gave portions of his ranch to each of his four sons. Most of the portion that is now Berkeley was the domain of his son Domingo, the rest being held by his son Vicente. No artifact survives of the ranches of Domingo or Vicente, although their names have been preserved in the naming of Berkeley streets (Vicente, Domingo, and Peralta). However, the legal title to all land in the City of Berkeley remains based on the original Peralta land grant. Rancho San Antonio, also known as the Peralta Grant, was a 44,800-acre land grant by Governor Pablo Vicente de Solá, the last Spanish governor of California, to Don Luís María Peralta, a Spanish Army officer, in recognition of his forty years of service, on August 3...


The Peraltas' Rancho San Antonio continued after Alta California passed from Spanish to Mexican sovereignty as a result of the Mexican War of Independence. However, the advent of U.S. sovereignty as a result of the Mexican–American War, and especially, the Gold Rush, saw the Peralta's lands quickly encroached on by squatters and diminished by dubious legal proceedings. The lands of the brothers Domingo and Vicente were quickly reduced to reservations close to their respective ranch homes. The rest of the land was surveyed and parceled out to various American claimants. Alta California (Upper California) was formed in 1804 when the province of California, then a part of the Spanish colony of New Spain, was divided in two along the line separating the Franciscan missions in the north from the Dominican missions in the south. ... Combatants Mexico Spain Commanders Miguel Hidalgo José María Morelos Vicente Guerrero Spanish colonial authorities Strength  ?  ? Casualties  ?  ? Mexican War of Independence (1810-1821), was an armed conflict between the people of Mexico and Spanish colonial authorities, which started on September 16, 1810. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 18,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 25,000 killed or wounded... The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began shortly after January 24, 1848 (when gold was discovered at Sutters Mill in Coloma). ... This article is about occupying land without permission. ...


Politically, the area that became Berkeley was initially part of a vast Contra Costa County. On March 25, 1853, Alameda County was created by division of Contra Costa County, as well as a small portion of Santa Clara County. Contra Costa County is a suburban county in Californias San Francisco Bay Area. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Santa Clara County is a county located in Californias San Francisco Bay Area. ...


The area of Berkeley was at this period mostly a mix of open land, farms and ranches, with a small though busy wharf by the bay. It was not yet "Berkeley", but merely the northern part of the "Oakland Township" subdivision of Alameda County.


Late 1800s

In 1866, the private College of California located in the city of Oakland sought out a new site. It settled on a location north of Oakland along the foot of the Contra Costa Hills (later called the Berkeley Hills) astride Strawberry Creek, at an elevation about 500 ft (150 m) above the bay, commanding a fantastic view of the Bay Area and the Pacific Ocean through the Golden Gate. The College of California was the predecessor of the University of California. ...


According to the Centennial Record of the University of California, "In 1866…at Founders' Rock, a group of College of California men were watching two ships standing out to sea through the Golden Gate. One of them, Frederick Billings, was reminded of the lines of the (Irish Anglican) Bishop Berkeley, 'westward the course of empire takes its way,' and suggested that the town and college site be named for the eighteenth-century Irish philosopher and poet." Founders Rock On the corner of Hearst Avenue and Gayley Road, in Berkeley, California, lies the Founders Rock, the spot, according to college lore, where the 12 trustees of the College of California, the nascent University of California, Berkeley, stood on April 16, 1860, to dedicate the property they... The Golden Gate The Golden Gate, looking south towards San Francisco. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... For the second husband of Henrietta Howard, Countess of Suffolk, see George Berkeley (MP). ...


The College of California's "College Homestead Association" planned to raise funds for their new campus by selling off parcels of land adjacent to it. To this end, they laid out a plat and street grid which became the basis of Berkeley's modern street plan. Their plans fell far short of their desires, and collaboration was then begun with the State of California, culminating in 1868 with the creation of the public University of California. Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced Riverside San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ...


As construction began on the new site, more residences began to be constructed in the vicinity of the new campus. At the same time, a settlement of residences, saloons, and various industries had also been growing up around the wharf on the bayshore called "Ocean View". A horsecar line was constructed out from Temescal in Oakland along what is today's Telegraph Avenue to the university campus. Ocean View was the name of an unincorporated town which today is the western part of the city of [[Berkeley, California. ... Rapid Transit in San Diego: An original 1886 horse-drawn trolley and its driver participate in a parade celebrating the groundbreaking of the Panama-California Exposition Center in 1911. ... Location of Temescal in the City of Oakland Temescal is one of the oldest neighborhoods in the northern section of Oakland, California. ... On a normal day, street vendors line Telegraph Avenue near the UC Berkeley campus. ...


By the 1870s the Transcontinental Railroad had reached its terminus in Oakland. In 1876, a branch line of the Central Pacific Railroad, the Berkeley Branch Railroad, was laid from Oakland into what is now downtown Berkeley. That same year, the main line of the transcontinental railroad into Oakland was re-routed, putting the right-of-way along the bay shore through Ocean View. A Transcontinental Railroad is a railway that crosses a continent typically from sea to sea. Terminals are at or connected to different oceans. ... The Gov. ... The Berkeley Branch Railroad was a 3. ... Downtown Berkeley in the foreground, with San Francisco seen across the Bay. ...


In 1878, the people of Ocean View and the area around the University campus, together with the local farmers, incorporated themselves as the Town of Berkeley. The first elected trustees of the town were the slate of Dennis Kearney's Workingman's Party who were particularly favored in the working class area of the former Ocean View, now called "West Berkeley". The area near the university became known as "East Berkeley". Dennis Kearney (1847–1907) was a California political leader in the late 19th century, known for his anti-immigrant political views toward Chinese immigrants. ... The Workingmans Party was a California labor organization led by Dennis Kearney in the 1870s. ...


The modern age came quickly to Berkeley, no doubt due to the influence of the university. Electric lights were in use by 1888. The telephone had already come to town. Electric streetcars soon replaced the horsecar. A silent film of one of these early streetcars in Berkeley can be seen at the Library of Congress website: "A Trip To Berkeley, California" Most of the industrialized world is lit by electric lights, which are used both at night and to provide additional light during the daytime. ... For other uses, see Telephone (disambiguation). ... a historic postcard showing electric trolley-powered streetcars in Richmond, Virginia, where Frank J. Sprague successfully demonstrated his new system on the hills in 1888 A streetcar is a railway vehicle designed to carry passengers on tracks, usually laid in city streets. ... Rapid Transit in San Diego: An original 1886 horse-drawn trolley and its driver participate in a parade celebrating the groundbreaking of the Panama-California Exposition Center in 1911. ... Construction of the Thomas Jefferson Building, from July 8, 1888 to May 15, 1894. ...


Early 20th century

Berkeley's slow growth ended abruptly with the Great San Francisco Earthquake of 1906. The town and other parts of the East Bay somehow managed to escape even moderate damage from the massive temblor, and hundreds if not thousands of refugees flowed across the Bay. In 1909, the citizens of Berkeley adopted a new charter, and the Town of Berkeley became the City of Berkeley. Rapid growth continued right up to the Crash of 1929. The Great Depression hit Berkeley hard, but not as hard as many other places in the U.S. thanks in part to the University. Sarah San Francisco Earthquake redirects here. ... The Great Depression was a global economic slump that began in 1929 and bottomed in 1933. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ...


On September 17, 1923, a major fire swept down the hills toward the University campus and the downtown section. Some 640 structures burned before a late afternoon sea breeze stopped its progress, allowing firefighters to put it out. is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1923 Berkeley Fire was a conflagration which consumed some 640 structures, including 584 homes in the densely-built neighborhoods north of the campus of the University of California in Berkeley, California on September 17, 1923. ...


The next big growth occurred with the advent of World War II when large numbers of people moved into the Bay Area to work in the many war industries, such as the immense Kaiser Shipyards in nearby Richmond. One who moved out, but played a big role in the outcome of the War was U.C. Professor and Berkeley resident J. Robert Oppenheimer. During the war, an Army base, Camp Ashby, was temporarily sited in Berkeley. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Kaiser Shipyards were seven major shipbuilding yards located on the West Coast of the United States during World War II headed by Henry J. Kaiser. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country United States State California County Contra Costa Government  - Mayor Gayle McLaughlin (G) Area  - City  52. ... J. Robert Oppenheimer, father of the atomic bomb, served as the first director of Los Alamos National Laboratory, beginning in 1943. ... Camp Ashby was a temporary U.S. Army installation sited in Berkeley, California during World War II. The base was named for Ashby Avenue, a nearby thoroughfare (at the time, part of State Highway 24, now 13), which in turn was named for an early settler, William Ashby. ...


The 1950s and 1960s

The postwar years saw moderate growth of the City, but events on the U.C. campus began to build up to the recognizable activism of the sixties. In the 1950s, McCarthyism induced the University to demand a loyalty oath from its professors, many of whom refused to sign any such oath on the principle of freedom of thought. In 1960, a U.S. House committee (HUAC) came to San Francisco to investigate the influence of communists in the Bay Area. Their inquisition was met by protesters, including many from the University. Meanwhile, a number of U.C. students became active in support of the Civil Rights Movement. Finally, the University in 1964 provoked a massive student protest by banning the distribution of political literature on campus. This protest became known as the Free Speech Movement. As the Vietnam War rapidly escalated in the ensuing years, so did student activism at the University, particularly that organized by the Vietnam Day Committee. A 1947 comic book published by the Catechetical Guild Educational Society warning of the supposed dangers of a Communist takeover. ... The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) was an investigating committee of the United States House of Representatives. ... Historically, the civil rights movement was a concentrated period of time around the world of approximately twenty years (1960-1980) in which there was much worldwide civil unrest and popular rebellion. ... The Free Speech Movement was a student protest which began in 1964 - 1965 on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley under the informal leadership of student Mario Savio and others. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... The Vietnam Day Committee (VDC) was a coalition of left-wing political groups, student groups, labour organizations, and pacifist religions in the United States of America that opposed the Vietnam War. ...


The late sixties would become the time period for which Berkeley is most identified, even today, in the memories of Americans who were alive at the time. In that period, Berkeley—especially Telegraph Avenue—became a focal point of the hippie movement, spilling over the Bay from San Francisco. Hippies were apolitical drop-outs, rather than students, but in the heady atmosphere of Berkeley in 1967–1969 there was considerable overlap of the hippie movement and the radical left. Perhaps the crowning event of the Berkeley Sixties scene was the conflict over a parcel of University property south of the contiguous campus site which came to be called "People's Park". For the British TV show, see Hippies (TV series). ... Peoples Park, Berkeley Peoples Park in Berkeley, California, USA is a park off of Telegraph Avenue, bound by Haste and Bowditch Streets and Dwight Way, near the University of California (UC Berkeley) that was created as part of the citys radical activism in the 1960s. ...

People's Park with high-rise student housing in the background
People's Park with high-rise student housing in the background

The battle over the disposition of People's Park resulted in a month-long occupation of Berkeley by the National Guard on orders of then-Governor Ronald Reagan. In the end, the park remained undeveloped, and remains so today. A spin-off "People's Park Annex" was established at the same time by activist citizens of Berkeley on a strip of land above the Bay Area Rapid Transit subway construction along Hearst Avenue northwest of the U.C. campus. The land had also been intended for development, but was peacefully turned over to the City and is now Ohlone Park. Picture of Peoples Park in Berkeley, California taken by Minesweeper on December 14, 2003 and released under terms of the GNU FDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Picture of Peoples Park in Berkeley, California taken by Minesweeper on December 14, 2003 and released under terms of the GNU FDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The United States National Guard is a reserve forces component of the United States Army (the Army National Guard) and the United States Air Force (the Air National Guard). ... Reagan redirects here. ... A westbound BART train with aerodynamic design A car in downtown San Francisco. ... Ohlone Park is a public park in the city of Berkeley, California. ...


1970s to present

The 1970s saw a decline in the population of Berkeley, partly due to an exodus to the suburbs. Some moved because of the rising cost of living throughout the Bay Area, and others because of the decline and disappearance of many industries in West Berkeley.


The period from the 1980s right up to the present has been marked by a continuation of rising costs, particularly with respect to housing, especially since the mid-1990s. In 2005–2007, sales of homes began slowing, but average home prices were, and as of 2008 remain, among the highest in the nation. 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Although many think of the 1960s as the heyday of liberalism in Berkeley, it remains one of the most overwhelmingly Democratic cities in the United States, with its 2004 presidential vote going more than 90% for John Kerry (54,419 votes) versus only 6.7% for George W. Bush (4,010 votes).


The era of large public protest in Berkeley waned considerably with the end of the Vietnam War in 1974. One person who rose in prominence during the late sixties and into the seventies was Ron Dellums, nephew of C.L. Dellums, an African American labor leader. He first served on the Berkeley City Council, and later became a federal representative for the district which includes Berkeley. He was elected as Mayor of Oakland in 2006. Ronald Vernie (Ron) Dellums (born November 24, 1935), U.S. Democratic Party politician, is the mayor of the City of Oakland, California. ... C.L. Dellums was one of the organizers and leaders of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. ...


Also in 2006, a tree sit-in began, protesting the construction of a new sports center annex to Memorial Stadium at the expense of a grove of oak trees on the UC campus. The protest continues in early 2008.


In 2007–08, demonstrations against a Marine Corps recruiting office in downtown Berkeley were ongoing, receiving special media attention after the City Council proposed to draft an anti-recruiting letter to the Marines. (See Berkeley Marine Corps Recruiting Center controversy)


Geography

Berkeley is located at 37°52′18″N, 122°16′29″W (37.871775, −122.274603)[2].

View of Berkeley and the San Francisco Bay from LBNL.
View of Berkeley and the San Francisco Bay from LBNL.
View of Berkeley and the San Francisco Bay at nightfall.
View of Berkeley and the San Francisco Bay at nightfall.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.7 sq mi (46 km²). 10.5 sq mi (27 km²) of it is land and 7.2 sq mi (19 km²) of it (40.9%) is water, most of it part of San Francisco Bay. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1188 KB) A view of Berkeley, California, and the San Francisco Bay from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1188 KB) A view of Berkeley, California, and the San Francisco Bay from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. ... The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), formerly the Berkeley Radiation Laboratory and usually shortened to Berkeley Lab or LBL, is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory conducting unclassified scientific research. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 532 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Berkeley, California Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 532 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Berkeley, California Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ...


Berkeley borders the cities of Albany, Oakland, and Emeryville and unincorporated Contra Costa County including Kensington as well as San Francisco Bay.


Berkeley lies within telephone area code 510 (historically, part of 415), and the postal ZIP codes are 94701 through 94710, 94712, and 94720 for the University of California campus. A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Mr. ...


Geology

Most of Berkeley lies on a rolling sedimentary plain, rising gently from sea level to the base of the Berkeley Hills. From there, the land rises dramatically. The highest peak along the ridge line above Berkeley is Grizzly Peak, elevation 1,754 ft (535 m). A number of small creeks run from the hills to the Bay through Berkeley: Codornices, Schoolhouse, Marin and Strawberry are the principal streams. Most of these are largely culverted once they reach the plain west of the hills. The Berkeley Hills are a range of the Pacific Coast Ranges which overlook the northeast side of the valley in which San Francisco Bay is situated. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Codornices Creek is one of the principal creeks which runs out of the Berkeley Hills in the East Bay area of the San Francisco Bay Area in California. ... Schoolhouse Creek is the name of a creek which flows through the city of Berkeley, California in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Strawberry Creek is the principal watercourse running through the City of Berkeley, California. ...


The Berkeley Hills are part of the Pacific Coast Ranges, and run in a northwest–southeast alignment. In Berkeley, the hills consist mainly of a soft, crumbly rock with outcroppings of harder material of old (and extinct) volcanic origin. These rhyolite formations can be seen in several city parks and in the yards of a number of private residences. One such park is Indian Rock Park in the northeastern part of Berkeley near the Arlington/Marin Circle. The Pacific Coast Ranges are the series of mountain ranges that stretch along the west coast of North America from Alaska to northern and central Mexico. ... This page is about a volcanic rock. ... Indian Rock Park is a public park in the city of Berkeley, California. ...


Berkeley is traversed by the Hayward Fault, a major branch of the San Andreas Fault to the west. No large earthquake has occurred on the Hayward Fault near Berkeley in historic times (except possibly in 1836), but seismologists warn about the geologic record of large temblors several times in the deeper past, and their current assessment is that a quake of 6.5 or greater is imminent, sometime within the next 30 years. The Hayward Fault Zone is located in northern California in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... View of the San Andreas Fault on the Carrizo Plain in central California, 35°07N, 119°39W The San Andreas Fault is a geological fault that runs a length of roughly 800 miles (1300 kilometres) through western and southern California in the United States. ...


In 1868, a large earthquake did occur on the southern segment of the Hayward Fault [1] in the vicinity of today's city of Hayward (hence, how the fault got its name). This quake destroyed the county seat of Alameda County then located in San Leandro and it was subsequently moved to Oakland. It was strongly felt in San Francisco, causing major damage, and experienced by one Samuel Clemens (also known as Mark Twain). [2] It was regarded as the "Great San Francisco Quake" prior to 1906. The quake produced a furrow in the ground along the fault line in Berkeley, across the grounds of the new State Asylum for the Deaf, Dumb and Blind then under construction which was noted by one early University of California professor. Although no significant damage was reported to most of the few buildings which then existed in Berkeley, the 1868 quake did destroy the vulnerable adobe home of Domingo Peralta in north Berkeley. [3] Hayward is a city located in the East Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area in Alameda County. ... San Leandro is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910),[1] better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American humanist,[2] humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer. ... The California School for the Blind is a public educational institution for blind children, K-12, located in Fremont, California. ...


Today, the Hayward Fault can be seen "creeping" at various locations in Berkeley, although since it cuts across the base of the hills, this creep is typically concealed by and confused with slide activity. Some of this slide activity however is itself the result of the Hayward Fault's slow movement. Springs and sharp perpendicular jogs of streams are another sign of the fault's location and movement.


One notorious segment of the Hayward Fault runs lengthwise right down the middle of Memorial Stadium at the mouth of Strawberry Canyon on the campus of the University of California. Photos and measurements show the movement of the fault through the stadium.


Climate

Berkeley has a Mediterranean climate, with dry summers and wet winters as is typical in the Mediterranean region, but with a cool modification in summer thanks to upwelling ocean currents along the California coast, which help to produce cool, foggy days. Berkeley's position directly opposite the Golden Gate ensures that typical eastward fog movement will blanket the city more often than its southerly or northerly neighbors.[4]  Areas with Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate is one that resembles the climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin, which includes over half of the area with this climate type world-wide. ... Upwelling is an oceanographic phenomenon that involves wind-driven motion of dense, cooler, and usually nutrient-rich water towards the ocean surface, replacing the warmer, usually nutrient-depleted surface water. ... The Golden Gate The Golden Gate, looking south towards San Francisco. ...


Winter is punctuated with rainstorms of varying ferocity and duration, but also produces stretches of bright sunny days and clear cold nights. It does not normally snow, though occasionally the hilltops get a dusting. Spring and fall are transitional and intermediate, with some rainfall and variable temperature. Summer typically brings night and morning low clouds or fog, followed by sunny, warm days. The warmest and driest months are typically June through September, with the highest temperatures occurring in September. Mid-summer (July–August) is often a bit cooler due to the sea breezes and fog which are normally most strongly developed then. For other uses, see Fog (disambiguation). ...


The National Weather Service cooperative station's records since 1919 show that January, the coldest month, has an average maximum of 56.2 °F (13.4 °C) and an average minimum of 42.9 °F (6.1 °C). September, the warmest month, has an average maximum of 71.8 °F (22.1 °C) and an average minimum of 55.0 °F (12.8 °C). Annually, there are an average of 2.9 days with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher and an average of 1.0 days with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower. The highest temperature recorded was 107 °F (42 °C) on June 15, 2000, and the lowest temperature recorded was 25 °F (−4 °C) on January 21, 1937, and December 9, 1972. The National Weather Service (NWS) is one of the six scientific agencies that make up the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the United States government. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Average annual precipitation is 23.57 in (599 mm). The wettest year was 1983 with 48.42 in (1,230 mm) and the dryest year was 1929 with 9.89 in (251 mm). The wettest month on record was December 1955 with 15.04 in (382 mm). No measurable rainfall has been common during the summer months. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 6.98 in (177 mm) on January 4, 1982. Although snowfall is rare in the lowlands, averaging only 0.1 in (2.5 mm) each year, 6.0 in (150 mm) fell on January 29, 1922. Snow has generally fallen every several years on the higher peaks of the Berkeley Hills.[5] is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Berkeley Hills are a range of the Pacific Coast Ranges which overlook the northeast side of the valley in which San Francisco Bay is situated. ...

Climate chart for Berkeley, California
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
131
 
13
7
 
 
106
 
15
8
 
 
90
 
16
8
 
 
42
 
18
9
 
 
21
 
19
11
 
 
5
 
21
12
 
 
1
 
21
13
 
 
2
 
22
13
 
 
11
 
22
13
 
 
33
 
21
12
 
 
73
 
17
9
 
 
105
 
14
7
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm

In the late spring and early fall, strong offshore winds of sinking air typically develop, bringing heat and dryness to the area. In the spring, this is not usually a problem as vegetation is still moist from winter rains, but extreme dryness prevails by the fall, creating a danger of wildfires. In September 1923 a major fire swept through the neighborhoods north of the University campus, stopping just short of downtown. (See 1923 Berkeley fire). On October 20, 1991, gusty, hot winds fanned a conflagration along the Berkeley–Oakland border, killing 25 people and injuring 150, as well as destroying 2,449 single-family dwellings and 437 apartment and condominium units. (See 1991 Oakland firestorm) The 1923 Berkeley Fire was a conflagration which consumed some 640 structures, including 584 homes in the densely-built neighborhoods north of the campus of the University of California in Berkeley, California on September 17, 1923. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Infrared aerial photograph of the firestorm. ...

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Avg high temp. °F (°C) 56
(13)
59
(15)
61
(16)
64
(18)
67
(19)
70
(21)
70
(21)
71
(22)
72
(22)
70
(21)
62
(17)
57
(14)
Avg low temp. °F (°C) 44
(7)
46
(8)
47
(8)
49
(9)
51
(11)
54
(12)
55
(13)
56
(13)
56
(13)
53
(12)
48
(9)
43
(7)
Rainfall in. (cm) 5.1
(13)
4.8
(12)
4.1
(10)
1.6
(4)
0.6
(2)
0.1
(0.25)
0.1
(0.25)
0.1
(0.25)
0.4
(1)
1.4
(3)
3.6
(9)
3.5
(9)
Table 1: Berkeley Climate Data [6]

Demographics

Population
1890 5,101
1900 13,214
1910 40,434
1920 56,036
1930 82,109
1940 85,547
1950 113,805
1960 111,268
1970 116,716
1980 103,328
1990 102,724
2000 102,743
2005 100,744
2000 Census [7]
City Data estimate (2005) [8]
Street fair on Telegraph Avenue
Street fair on Telegraph Avenue

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 102,743 people, 44,955 households, and 18,656 families residing in the city. The population density was 9,823.3 people per square mile (3,792.5/km²), one of the highest in California. There were 46,875 housing units at an average density of 4,481.8/sq mi (1,730.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.17% White, 16.39% Asian, 13.63% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 4.64% from other races, and 5.57% from two or more races. 9.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Non-Hispanic whites accounted for 55.18% of the city's population. 7.3% were of German, 7.2% English and 6.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 73.1% spoke English, 8.3% Spanish, 4.5% Chinese or Mandarin, 1.6% French, 1.2% Korean, 1.1% Japanese and 1.0% German as their first language. Photograph of a street fair on Telegraph Avenue in Berkeley, California taken by Minesweeper on December 14, 2003 and released under terms of the GNU FDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photograph of a street fair on Telegraph Avenue in Berkeley, California taken by Minesweeper on December 14, 2003 and released under terms of the GNU FDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... A stereotypical German The Germans (German: die Deutschen), or the German people, are a nation in the meaning an ethnos (in German: Volk), defined more by a sense of sharing a common German culture and having a German mother tongue, than by citizenship or by being subjects to any particular... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... The United States 2000 Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This article is on all of the Northern Chinese dialects. ...


There were 44,955 households out of which 17.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.9% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 58.5% were non-families and/or unmarried couples. 38.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.84.


In the city the population was spread out with 14.1% under the age of 18, 21.6% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males.


According to a 2006 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $51,256, and the median income for a family was $87,033.[3] Males had a median income of $50,789 versus $40,623 for females. The per capita income for the city was $30,477. About 8.3% of families and 20.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.4% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Transportation

Berkeley is served by Amtrak (Capitol Corridor), AC Transit, BART (Downtown Berkeley Station, North Berkeley, and Ashby Station) and bus shuttles operated by major employers including UC Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The Eastshore Freeway (Interstate 80 and Interstate 580) runs along the bay shoreline. Each day there is an influx of thousands of cars into the city by commuting UC faculty, staff and students, making parking for more than a few hours an expensive proposition. Vermonter at the Brattleboro, Vermont, station, 18 March 2004. ... Amtrak California system map, with Capitol Corridor in Red The Capitol Corridor is a 172-mile (275 km) passenger train route operated by Amtrak in California. ... AC Transit (in full, Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District) is a regional bus agency serving parts of Alameda County and Contra Costa County in the western coastal area of the East Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... A westbound BART train with aerodynamic design A car in downtown San Francisco. ... Downtown Berkeley Station is a Bay Area Rapid Transit station located on Shattuck Avenue, between Allston Way and Center Street in downtown Berkeley, California. ... North Berkeley is a Bay Area Rapid Transit station located on Sacramento Street between Virginia and Delaware Streets in Berkeley, California. ... Ashby Station is a Bay Area Rapid Transit station located at Ashby Avenue and Adeline Street in the southern part of Berkeley, California. ... Sather Tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), formerly the Berkeley Radiation Laboratory and usually shortened to Berkeley Lab or LBL, is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory conducting unclassified scientific research. ... Interstate 80 (abbreviated I-80) is the second-longest Interstate Highway in the United States. ... Interstate 80, a major east-west route of the Interstate Highway System, has its western terminus in San Francisco, California, United States. ... Interstate 580 (abbreviated I-580) is an interstate highway in Northern California. ...


Berkeley has one of the highest rates of bicycle and pedestrian commuting in the nation. Berkeley is the safest city of its size in California for pedestrians and cyclists, considering the number of injuries per pedestrian and cyclist, rather than per capita.[10] For other uses, see Bicycle (disambiguation). ...


Berkeley has modified its original grid roadway structure through use of diverters and barriers, moving most traffic out of neighborhoods and onto arterial streets (visitors often find this confusing, because the diverters are not shown on all maps). Berkeley maintains a separate grid of arterial streets for bicycles, called Bicycle Boulevards, with bike lanes and lower amounts of car traffic than the major streets to which they often run parallel. A Bicycle Boulevard, sometimes called a bicycle priority street, is a street where all types of vehicles are allowed, but the roadway is modified as needed to enhance bicycle safety and convenience. ...


Berkeley hosts a car sharing network run by City CarShare. Rather than owning (and parking) their own cars, members share a group of cars parked nearby. Web- and telephone-based reservation systems keep track of hours and charges. Several "pods" (points of departure where cars are kept) exist throughout the city, in several downtown locations, at the Ashby and North Berkeley BART stations, and at various other locations in Berkeley (and other cities in the region). Using alternative transportation is encouraged. Car sharing is a system where a fleet of cars (or other vehicles) is owned by a company or cooperative, which are available for use by members of the car share. ...


Berkeley has had recurring problems with parking meters. In 1999, over 2,400 Berkeley meters were jammed, smashed, or sawed apart[11]. Starting in 2005 and continuing into 2006, Berkeley began to phase out mechanical meters in favor of more centralized electronic meters. A traditional style parking meter A parking meter is a device used to collect money in exchange for the right to park a vehicle in a particular place for a limited amount of time. ...


Transportation past

The first commuter service to San Francisco was provided by the Central Pacific's Berkeley Branch Railroad, a standard gauge steam railroad which terminated in downtown Berkeley, and connected in Emeryville with trains to the Oakland ferry pier as well as with the Central Pacific main line starting in 1876. The Berkeley Branch line was extended from Shattuck and University to Vine Street ("Berryman's Station") in 1878. Eventually, the Berkeley trains ran directly to the Oakland Pier. In the 1880s, Southern Pacific assumed operations of the Berkeley Branch. In 1911, Southern Pacific electrified this line and the several others it constructed in Berkeley, creating its East Bay Electric Lines division. The huge and heavy cars specially built for these lines came to be called the "Big Red Trains". The Shattuck line was extended and connected with two other Berkeley lines (the Ninth Street Line and the California Street line) at Solano and Colusa (the "Colusa Wye"). It was at this time that the Northbrae Tunnel and the Rose Street Undercrossing were constructed, both of which still exist (the Rose Street Undercrossing is not accessible to the public, being situated between what is now two backyards). The last Red Trains ran in July, 1941. External link Central Pacific Railroad Photographic History Museum Categories: Corporation stubs | Historical stubs | Defunct railroad companies of the United States | California railroads | Nevada railroads | Utah railroads | Historic civil engineering landmarks ... The Berkeley Branch Railroad was a 3. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... Steam railroad is a term used in the United States to distinguish conventional heavy railroads from street railways, interurban streetcar lines, and other light railways usually dedicated primarily to passenger transport. ... The Oakland Long Wharf was a massive railroad wharf and ferry pier (mole) in Oakland, California. ... The Southern Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting marks SP) was an American railroad. ... The East Bay Electric Lines was a division of the Southern Pacific Railroad which operated a system of electric interurban-type trains in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. ...


The first electric rail service in Berkeley was provided by several small streetcar companies starting in 1891. Most of these were eventually bought up by the Key System of Francis "Borax" Smith who added lines and improved equipment. The Key System's streetcars were operated by its East Bay Street Railways division. Principal lines in Berkeley ran on Euclid, The Arlington, College, Telegraph, Shattuck, and Grove (today's Martin Luther King Jr. Way). The last streetcars ran in 1948, replaced by buses. a historic postcard showing electric trolley-powered streetcars in Richmond, Virginia, where Frank J. Sprague successfully demonstrated his new system on the hills in 1888 A streetcar is a railway vehicle designed to carry passengers on tracks, usually laid in city streets. ... The Key System (or Key Route) was a company that provided mass transit in the cities of Oakland, Berkeley, Emeryville, Piedmont, San Leandro, Richmond, Albany and El Cerrito in the eastern San Francisco Bay Area from the 1900s until 1960 when the system was sold to a newly formed public... Francis Marion Smith Francis Marion Smith (aka Borax Smith and the Borax King) (February 2, 1846 - August 27, 1931) was an American business magnate and civic builder of Oakland, California. ...


The first electric commuter interurban-type trains to San Francisco from Berkeley were put in operation by the Key System in 1903, several years before the Southern Pacific electrified its steam commuter lines. Like the SP, Key trains ran to a pier serviced by the Key's own fleet of ferryboats which also docked at the Ferry Building in San Francisco. After the Bay Bridge was built, the Key trains ran to the Transbay Terminal in San Francisco, sharing tracks on the lower deck of the Bay Bridge with the SP's red trains and the Sacramento Northern Railroad. It was at this time that the Key trains acquired their letter designations, which were later preserved by Key's public successor, AC Transit. Today's F bus is the successor of the F train. Likewise, the E, G and the H. Before the Bridge, these lines were simply the Shattuck Avenue Line, the Claremont Line, the Westbrae Line, and the Sacramento Street Line, respectively. San Francisco Bay in California has been served by ferries of all types for over 150 years. ... San Francisco Transbay Terminal or simply Transbay Terminal, is a transportation complex in San Francisco, California which is located roughly in the center of the rectangle bounded north-south by Mission Street and Howard Street, and east-west by Beale Street and Second Street. ... The Sacramento Northern Railroad was an electrified railroad which ran between Chico and Oakland in northern California. ...


After the Southern Pacific abandoned transbay service in 1941, the Key System acquired the rights to use its tracks and catenary on Shattuck north of Ward Street and through the Northbrae Tunnel to The Alameda for the F-train, and also the tracks along Monterey Avenue as far as Colusa for the H-train. The Key System trains stopped running in April 1958. In 1963, the Northbrae Tunnel was opened to auto traffic. For the railroad term see Overhead lines For its use in ring theory, see Catenary ring. ...


Places

Major streets

  • Shattuck Avenue passes through several neighborhoods, including the downtown business district in Berkeley. It is named for Francis K. Shattuck, one of Berkeley's earliest influential citizens.
  • University Avenue runs from Berkeley's bayshore to the University of California campus.
  • Ashby Avenue (Highway 13), which also runs from Berkeley's bayshore to the hills, connects with the Warren Freeway and Highway 24 leading to the Caldecott Tunnel.
  • San Pablo Avenue (Highway 123) runs north–south through West Berkeley, connecting Emeryville to the south and Albany to the north.
  • Telegraph Avenue, which runs north/south from the University Campus to Oakland, and was historically the site of much of the "hippie" presence in Berkeley.
  • Martin Luther King Jr. Way, which used to be called Grove St, runs north/south a few blocks west of Shattuck Avenue, connects Oakland and the freeways to the south with the neighborhoods and other communities to the north.
  • Solano Avenue, a major street for shopping and restaurants, runs east/west near the north end of Berkeley, continuing into Albany.

Downtown Berkeley in the foreground, with San Francisco seen across the Bay. ... Francis Kittredge Shattuck was the most prominent civic leader in the early history of Berkeley, California, and played an important role in the creation and government of Alameda County as well. ... JUNCTION POSTMILE SR-61 ALA 0. ... State Route 24 in the U.S. State of California is a heavily-traveled east-west freeway in the eastern side of the San Francisco Bay Area of northern California between Oakland (junction Interstate 580, the MacArthur Freeway) and Walnut Creek (junction Interstate 680). ... The Caldecott Tunnel is a three bore tunnel in Oakland, California. ... California State Highway 123 or San Pablo Avenue runs along the flats of the East Bay in California, from Oakland to Crockett, through: Emeryville, Berkeley, Albany, El Cerrito, Richmond, San Pablo, Pinole, Hercules, and Rodeo. ... JUNCTION POSTMILE I-580 ALA 0. ... The city of Emeryville highlighted within Alameda County Emeryville is a small city located in Alameda County, California, in the United States. ... The city of Albany highlighted within Alameda County Albany is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... On a normal day, street vendors line Telegraph Avenue near the UC Berkeley campus. ... Solano Avenue is a two mile (3. ...

Highways

  • The Eastshore Freeway (I-80 & I-580) runs along Berkeley's bayshore with exits at Ashby Avenue, University Avenue and Gilman Street.

Interstate 80 (abbreviated I-80) is the second-longest Interstate Highway in the United States. ... Interstate 80 as seen from an overpass in Davis, California Interstate 80 is the second-longest interstate highway in the United States. ... Interstate 580 (abbreviated I-580) is an interstate highway in Northern California. ...

Bicycle and pedestrian paths

  • Ohlone Greenway
  • San Francisco Bay Trail
  • Berkeley I-80 bridge – opened in 2002, an arch-suspension bridge spanning Interstate 80, for bicycles and pedestrians only, giving access from the city at the foot of Addison Street to the San Francisco Bay Trail, the Eastshore State Park and the Berkeley Marina.
  • Berkeley's Network of Historic Pathways – Berkeley has a network of historic pathways that link the winding neighborhoods found in the hills and offer panoramic lookouts over the East Bay. A complete guide to the pathways may be found at Berkeley Path Wanderers Association
  • Maps of Berkeley's network of bicycle routes can be accessed from the City of Berkeley web site: Bicycling and Walking Maps and Guides

The Ohlone Greenway is a pedestrian and bicycle path in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... The San Francisco Bay Trail is a bicycle and pedestrian trail in the San Francisco Bay area that is intended eventually to be a continuous 400-mile network of trails that will encircle San Francisco Bay and San Pablo Bay. ... The Berkeley I-80 bridge is a 15-foot-wide bridge spanning Interstate 80/580 to allow bicycles, pedestrians, and wheelchair users access to the Eastshore State Park and the city. ... The San Francisco Bay Trail is a bicycle and pedestrian trail in the San Francisco Bay area that is intended eventually to be a continuous 400-mile network of trails that will encircle San Francisco Bay and San Pablo Bay. ... Map of Eastshore State Park Eastshore State Park is a state park and wildlife refuge along the San Francisco Bay Coast of the east bay between Richmond, Berkeley, and Oakland. ... The Berkeley Marina is the westernmost portion of the city of Berkeley, California, located west of Interstate 80, the Eastshore Freeway at the foot of University Avenue on San Francisco Bay. ...

Neighborhoods

See also: List of Berkeley neighborhoods

Berkeley has a number of distinct neighborhoods. This is a list of neighborhoods in Berkeley, California. ...


Surrounding the University of California campus are the most densely populated parts of the city. West of the campus is Downtown Berkeley, the city's traditional commercial core; home of the civic center, the city's only public high school, the busiest BART station in Berkeley, as well as a major transfer point for AC Transit buses. South of the campus is the Southside neighborhood, mainly a student ghetto, where much of the university's student housing is located. The busiest stretch of Telegraph Avenue is in this neighborhood. North of the campus is the quieter Northside neighborhood, the location of the Graduate Theological Union. The University of California, Berkeley campus and its surrounding community are home to a number of notable buildings by early 20th-century campus architect John Galen Howard, his peer Bernard Maybeck (best known for the San Francisco Palace of Fine Arts), and Maybecks student Julia Morgan. ... Downtown Berkeley in the foreground, with San Francisco seen across the Bay. ... Categories: Stub ... Berkeley High School is the only public high school in Berkeley, California. ... Downtown Berkeley Station is a Bay Area Rapid Transit station located on Shattuck Avenue, between Allston Way and Center Street in downtown Berkeley, California. ... AC Transit (in full, Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District) is a regional bus agency serving parts of Alameda County and Contra Costa County in the western coastal area of the East Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Telegraph Avenue during a street fair. ... A student ghetto is a residential neighbourhood, usually in proximity to a college or university, that houses mostly students. ... The University of California, Berkeley has various student housing facilities, some run by the office of Residential and Student Service Programs, and others by off-campus entities. ... On a normal day, street vendors line Telegraph Avenue near the UC Berkeley campus. ... Northside is a neighborhood in Berkeley, California; located north of the University of California, Berkeley campus, east of Oxford Street, and south of Cedar Street. ... The Graduate Theological Union is a consortium of nine independent theological schools and eight program centers in Berkeley, California. ...


Further from the university campus, the influence of the University quickly becomes less visible. Most of Berkeley's neighborhoods are primarily made up of detached houses, often with separate in-law units in the rear, although larger apartment buildings are also common in many neighborhoods. Commercial activities are concentrated along the major avenues and at important intersections. In the southeastern corner of the city is the Claremont District, home to the Claremont Hotel; and the Elmwood District, with a small shopping area on College Avenue. West of Elmwood is South Berkeley, known for its weekend flea market at the Ashby BART station. West of (and including) San Pablo Avenue, a major commercial corridor, is West Berkeley, the historic commercial center of the city, and the former unincorporated town of Ocean View. West Berkeley contains the remnants of Berkeley's industrial area, much of which has been replaced by retail and office uses, as well as residential live/work loft space, with the decline of manufacturing in the United States. Location of Claremont in the cities of Oakland and Berkeley. ... The Claremont Resort The Claremont Resort & Spa is an historic hotel that straddles the border between Berkeley, California and Oakland. ... South Berkeley is a neighborhood in the city of Berkeley, California. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Ashby Station is a Bay Area Rapid Transit station located at Ashby Avenue and Adeline Street in the southern part of Berkeley, California. ... West Berkeley is generally the area of Berkeley, California which lies west of San Pablo Avenue, abutting San Francisco Bay. ... Ocean View was the name of an unincorporated town which today is the western part of the city of [[Berkeley, California. ...


The areas of South and West Berkeley are in the midst of redevelopment. Some residents have opposed redevelopment in this area.


Along the shoreline of San Francisco Bay at the foot of University Avenue is the Berkeley Marina. Nearby is Berkeley's Aquatic Park, featuring an artificial linear lagoon of San Francisco Bay. North of Downtown is the North Berkeley neighborhood, which has been nicknamed the "Gourmet Ghetto" because of the concentration of well-known restaurants and other food-related businesses. Further north are Northbrae, a master-planned subdivision from the early 20th century, and Thousand Oaks. Above these last three neighborhoods, in the northeastern part of Berkeley, are the Berkeley Hills. The neighborhoods of the Berkeley Hills such as Cragmont and La Loma Park are notable for their dramatic views, winding streets, and numerous public stairways and paths. The Berkeley Marina is the westernmost portion of the city of Berkeley, California, located west of Interstate 80, the Eastshore Freeway at the foot of University Avenue on San Francisco Bay. ... Aquatic Park is a public park in Berkeley, California, located just east of the Eastshore Freeway (Interstate 80) between Ashby and University Avenues. ... The Berkeley Hills are a range of the Pacific Coast Ranges which overlook the northeast side of the valley in which San Francisco Bay is situated. ... The Cragmont area of Berkeley is a residential district located in the northeastern section of the city, occupying most of the hill area north of Codornices Creek. ... La Loma Park is the historic name of a tract of land located in the Berkeley Hills section of the city of Berkeley, California in the San Francisco Bay Area. ...


Points of interest

Other notable places include: Download high resolution version (600x800, 69 KB)Photograph of Sather Tower (the Campanile) taken on September 11, 2003 by Minesweeper and released under terms of the GNU FDL. See also: Smaller version File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this... Download high resolution version (600x800, 69 KB)Photograph of Sather Tower (the Campanile) taken on September 11, 2003 by Minesweeper and released under terms of the GNU FDL. See also: Smaller version File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this... Sather Tower is a campanile (bell and clock tower) on the University of California, Berkeley campus. ... Sather Tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... Berkeley Repertory Theatre is a regional theater company located in Berkeley, California. ... Cloyne Court Hotel The Cloyne Court Hotel, often referred to simply as Cloyne, is a student housing cooperative at 2600 Ridge Road in Berkeley, California on the north side of the University of California, Berkeley campus, on Ridge Road at Leroy Avenue. ... The University Students Cooperative Association or USCA is a student housing cooperative serving primarily the University of California, Berkeley but open to any student living in or near Berkeley, California. ... Sign at the front entrance to the Greek Theatre The William Randolph Hearst Greek Theatre, known locally as simply the Greek Theatre, is an 8,500-seat amphitheater owned and operated by the University of California, Berkeley in Berkeley, California, USA. The Greek Theatre hosts pop, rock, and world music... The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), formerly the Berkeley Radiation Laboratory and usually shortened to Berkeley Lab or LBL, is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory conducting unclassified scientific research. ... The Regional Parks Botanic Garden is a 10 acre (40,000 m²) botanical garden located in Tilden Regional Park in the Berkeley Hills, east of Berkeley, California, USA. It showcases California native plants, and is open to the public in daylight hours every day of the year except New Year... The University of California Botanical Gardenis a 34 acres (13. ... The Berkeley Rose Garden, constructed by the Works Project Administration, opened to the public in 1937. ... The Pacific Film Archive (PFA) is the film department of the Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, the visual arts center of the University of California, Berkeley. ...

Sather Tower is a campanile (bell and clock tower) on the University of California, Berkeley campus. ... Sather Tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... On a normal day, street vendors line Telegraph Avenue near the UC Berkeley campus. ... Peoples Park, Berkeley Peoples Park in Berkeley, California, USA is a park off Telegraph Avenue, bounded by Haste and Bowditch Streets and Dwight Way, near the University of California, Berkeley. ... // The counterculture of the 1960s was a social revolution between the period of 1960 and 1973[1] that began in the United States as a reaction against the conservative social norms of the 1950s, the political conservatism (and perceived social repression) of the Cold War period, and the US government... The front entrance to Chez Panisse on Berkeleys Shattuck Avenue Chez Panisse is a Berkeley, California restaurant known as the birthplace of California cuisine, a style credited to its co-founder, Alice Waters. ... The Claremont Resort & Spa is an historic hotel that straddles the border between Berkeley, California and Oakland. ... Berkeley High School is the only public high school in Berkeley, California. ... A noted venue located in Berkeley, California on the campus of Berkeley High School. ... The 924 Gilman Street project, aka the Alternative Music Foundation, is the Berkeley, California street address, and the official business name, of the all-ages, non-profit, collectively organized music club usually referred to by its fans simply as Gilman. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Operation Ivy was an influential ska punk band formed in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Pansy Division is a punk band that was a founding example of the queercore genre. ... This article is about the band Green Day. ... Rancid is a punk band, formed in 1991 in Albany, California, by Matt Freeman and Tim Armstrong. ... Tiger Army is an Alternative rock band that was formed in 1995 in Berkeley, California. ... AFI, in recent years short for A Fire Inside, is an American band from Ukiah, California. ... The Freight and Salvage (known as The Freight) is a nonprofit musical performance venue in Berkeley, California, that primarily hosts folk music and world music acts. ... Folk song redirects here. ... World music is, most generally, all the music in the world. ... The Entrance to the Cheese Board Collective, located on Shattuck Avenue The Cheese Board Collective in Berkeley, California, comprises two collectively owned and operated businesses: a cheese shop/bakery commonly referred to as The Cheese Board, and a pizzeria known as Cheese Board Pizza. ... Collective can also refer to the collective pitch flight control in helicopters A collective is a group of people who share or are motivated by at least one common issue or interest, or work together on a specific project(s) to achieve a common objective. ... Berkeley City College, formerly Vista Community College, one of the California Community Colleges, is part of the Peralta Community College District. ... The Peralta Community College District is the community college district serving northern Alameda County, California. ...

Landmarks and Historic Districts

165 buildings in Berkeley are designated as local landmarks or local structures of merit. Of these, 49 are listed in the National Register of Historic Places, including: A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...

Historic Districts listed in the National Register of Historic Places: Julia Morgan (January 20, 1872 – February 2, 1957) was an American architect. ... Bernard Ralph Maybeck (February 7, 1862 - October 3, 1957) was a prominent architect in the Arts and Crafts Movement of the early 20th Century. ... Julia Morgan (January 20, 1872 – February 2, 1957) was an American architect. ... The Sigma Phi Society, founded on 4 March 1827 on the campus of Union College in Schenectady, New York is the second oldest Greek social fraternal organization in the United States. ... Brothers Charles Sumner Greene and Henry Mather Greene, who established the Architectural firm of Greene and Greene, were born in Brighton, Ohio in 1868 and 1870, respectively. ... Brothers Charles Sumner Greene and Henry Mather Greene, who established the Architectural firm of Greene and Greene, were born in Brighton, Ohio in 1868 and 1870, respectively. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...

  • Berkeley Historic Civic Center District – Roughly bounded by McKinney Avenue, Addison Street, Shattuck Avenue, and Kittredge Street (99 acres (40 ha), 7 buildings, 1 structure; added 1998).
  • George C. Edwards Stadium – Located at intersection of Bancroft Way and Fulton Street on University of California, Berkeley campus (80 acres (32 ha), 3 buildings, 4 structures, 3 objects; added 1993).
  • Panoramic Hill, also known as University Terrace – Located at Panoramic Way, Canyon Road, Mosswood Road, Orchard Lane, and Arden Road (123 acres (50 ha), 61 buildings, 16 structures, 1 object; added 2005).
  • State Asylum for the Deaf, Dumb and Blind, also known as California Schools for the Deaf and Blind, now Clark Kerr Campus – Bounded by Dwight Way, the City line, Derby Street, and Warring Street (500 acres (200 ha), 20 buildings; added 1982).

See List of Berkeley Landmarks, Structures of Merit, and Historic Districts This is a list of landmarks, structures of merit and historical districts in Berkeley, California. ...


Arts and culture

Annual events

Sather Tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ...

Schools

The first public school in Berkeley was the Ocean View School, now the site of the Berkeley Adult School located at Virginia Street and San Pablo Avenue. The public schools today are administered by the Berkeley Unified School District. In the 1960s, Berkeley was one of the earliest US cities to voluntarily desegregate, utilizing a system of buses, still in use. The city has only one public high school, Berkeley High, established in 1880. The Berkeley High campus was designated a historic district by the National Register of Historic Places on January 7, 2008. [13] Saint Mary's College High School, a Catholic school, has its street address in Berkeley, although most of the grounds and buildings are actually in neighboring Albany. Berkeley has eleven elementary schools and three middle schools. There is also the prestigious Bay Area Technology school, the only school in the whole Bay Area to offer a technology- and science-based curriculum, which major connections to leading universities. Ocean View was the name of an unincorporated town which today is the western part of the city of [[Berkeley, California. ... Berkeley Unified School District is the public school district for the city of Berkeley, California. ... Berkeley High School is the only public high school in Berkeley, California. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Saint Marys College High School is a private, Roman Catholic high school in Berkeley, California. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... Middle school and junior high school cover a period of education that straddles primary education and secondary education and serve as a bridge between them. ...


Notable People

  • List of notable people from Berkeley, California

This is a list of notable people that were born in, or who have lived in, Berkeley, California. ...

Mayors

City of Berkeley Mayor's Office

The Workingmans Party was a California labor organization led by Dennis Kearney in the 1870s. ... Samuel Heywood (November 16, 1833-May 9, 1903) was a prominent early resident of Berkeley, California. ... Reuben Rickard was a mining engineer who served as President of the Town Board of Trustees in Berkeley, California from 1891 to 1893, and again from 1895 to 1897. ... Captain William Harrington Marston (1835-1926) was an early resident of Berkeley, California. ... Thomas Rickard (1865-1911) was an early resident of Berkeley, California, and served as the last President of the Town Board of Trustees from 1903 to 1909, before the new city charter went into effect, creating the office of Mayor. ... (Mr. ... Jackson Stitt Wilson (March 19, 1868-August 28, 1942) was a socialist mayor of the city of Berkeley, California from 1911 to 1913. ... The Socialist Party of America (SPA) is a socialist political party in the United States. ... Charles Dingley Heywood (1881-1957) was a member of a family prominent in the early history of Berkeley, California. ... Samuel C. Irving (1858-1930) served as mayor of the City of Berkeley, California from 1915 to 1919. ... Louis A. Bartlett (1873-1951) was an attorney and Mayor of Berkeley, California from 1919 to 1923. ... Frank D. Stringham (1872-1932) was Mayor of Berkeley, California from 1923 to 1927. ... Michael Branner Driver (1868-1942) was Mayor of Berkeley, California from 1927 to 1930, and Sheriff of Alameda County from 1930 to 1939. ... Thomas E. Caldecott was a politician affiliated with the Republican Party in Alameda County, California in the San Francisco Bay Area in the first half of the 20th century. ... Edward Newton Ament (1860-1949) was Mayor of Berkeley, California from 1932 to 1939. ... Frank S. Gaines (1890-1977) was the Mayor of Berkeley, California from 1939 to 1943. ... Fitch Robertson was Mayor of Berkeley, California from 1943 to 1947. ... Carrie L. Hoyt (1866-1950) was the Mayor of Berkeley, California from January 20 to circa May, 1947. ... Laurance L. Cross (1892-1966) was a Presbyterian minister and Mayor of Berkeley, California from 1947 to 1955. ... Claude Burton Hutchison (1885-1980) was a botanist, agricultural economist, educator, and Mayor of the City of Berkeley, California from 1955 to 1963. ... Loni Hancock served as mayor of Berkeley, California from 1986 to 1994, and is currently representing California State Assembly District 14. ... Shirley Dean is a former mayor of Berkeley, California (ousted in the 2002 elections by Tom Bates). ... Tom Bates City of Berkeley Mayors Office (born February 9, 1938) is a California politician, currently serving as the Mayor of Berkeley, California. ...

Sister cities

Berkeley has thirteen sister cities:[14] Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Mali. ... For other uses, see Gao (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... In the kremlin of Dmitrov: Cathedral of the Assumption was built in 1509–1523. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Blackfeet Indian Reservation or Blackfeet Nation is an Indian reservation of the Blackfeet tribe in Montana in the United States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... , For other uses, see Jena (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Ulan-Ude (Ула́н-Удэ́, Buryat: Улаан-Удэ), formerly Verkhneudinsk (Верхнеу́динск), the capital of Buryatia, Russia, is located at the foot of the mountains and is divided into two parts by the Uda river, a tributary of the Selenga river. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Reconstruction of a Yurok Native American plankhouse constructed of redwood boards. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Sakai ) is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_El_Salvador. ... San Antonio Los Ranchos is a municipality in the Chalatenango department of El Salvador. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Colombia. ... Yondó is a municipality in the Colombian department of Antioquia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Location of Palma Soriano in Cuba Palma Soriano is a city in Santiago de Cuba Province, Cuba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nicaragua. ... León is a city in Nicaragua, Central America, located at 12. ...

References

  1. ^ Bay Area Center for Voting Research: http://www.govpro.com/News/Article/31439/
  2. ^ US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990. United States Census Bureau (2005-05-03). Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ Lawson, A. C. (ed.), “The California Earthquake of April 18, 1906”, 1908, Reprinted 1969 by the Carnegie Institution of Washington. This is a comprehensive report on the 1906 earthquake, published by the State Earthquake Investigation Commission, and comprises two volumes and an atlas. It contains a discussion of the 1868 Hayward Fault earthquake and its effects, and includes a number of photos taken by Lawson himself of damage in Berkeley caused by the 1906 quake. The report is available from the USGS here.
  4. ^ Jane Houston Jones. San Francisco Weather – Weird and Wacky. SJAA Ephemeris July 2001.
  5. ^ Western Regional Climate Center Web site
  6. ^ Monthly Averages for Berkeley, Weather.com, Accessed September 15, 2006.
  7. ^ Population, City of Berkeley.
  8. ^ Statistics of Berkeley, California, City Data.com
  9. ^ American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety in Berkeley, City of Berkeley.
  11. ^ “Chicanery tops meters in Berkeley”, San Francisco Chronicle.
  12. ^ The History of Ashkenaz. Ashkenaz.com.
  13. ^ Berkeley Daily Planet, January 22–24, 2008
  14. ^ Sister cities designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI). Retrieved on May 3, 2007.

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

External links

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Berkeley, California
  • Berkeley, California is at coordinates 37°52′18″N 122°16′29″W / 37.871775, -122.274603 (Berkeley, California)Coordinates: 37°52′18″N 122°16′29″W / 37.871775, -122.274603 (Berkeley, California)
Bay Area redirects here. ... Bodega Bay and Bodega Harbor Bodega Bay is a small shallow, sand-choked inlet of the Pacific Ocean on the coast of northern California in the United States. ... Carquinez Strait The Carquinez Strait is a narrow tidal strait in northern California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Golden Gate The Golden Gate, looking south towards San Francisco. ... Grizzly Bay is a baylet of the San Francisco Bay which dips into Solano County, California and borders Suisun Bay. ... The Guadalupe River is a short river in California that runs from the Santa Cruz Mountains flowing north through San Jose, California, and emptying into the San Francisco Bay at Alviso. ... Half Moon Bay is a bay of the Pacific Ocean on the coast of San Mateo County, California. ... Satellite photo of Lake Berryessa Lake Berryessa is the largest lake in Napa County, California. ... The Napa River, approximately 55 miles (89 km) long, is a river in the U.S. state of California. ... External links Oakland Estuary Panorama ... The Petaluma River is a river in Sonoma County, California. ... The outlet of Coyote Creek, which drains Tam Valley into upper Richardsons Bay. ... Richmond Inner Harbour is a deepwater body of water in Richmond, California. ... The Russian River downstream of Duncans Mills The Russian River rises in the coastal mountains of Mendocino County, north of Ukiah, in Northern California. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... San Leandro Bay is a body of water in the San Francisco Bay. ... San Pablo Bay is a shallow tidal estuary that forms the northern extension of San Francisco Bay in northern California in the United States. ... Waterfall at Sugarloaf Mountain headwaters of Sonoma Creek Sonoma Creek is one of two principal drainages of Southern Sonoma County, California, with headwaters rising in the rugged hills of Sugarloaf Ridge State Park and discharge to San Pablo Bay, the northern arm of San Francisco Bay. ... San Pablo bay with Suisun Bay at upper right Suisun Bay (pronounced sue-soon) is a shallow tidal estuary located in central California of The United States of America. ... Tomales Bay Tomales Bay is a long narrow inlet of the Pacific Ocean in Marin County in northern California in the United States. ... Download high resolution version (770x800, 98 KB)Bay Area Satellite MAP from USGS File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Official website: http://www. ... Contra Costa County is a suburban county in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... Marin County (pronounced muh-RIN) is a county located in the North San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California, across the Golden Gate Bridge from San Francisco. ... Napa Valley redirects here. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... San Mateo County is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... Santa Clara County is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... Solano County is a county located in central part of the U.S. state of California, about halfway between San Francisco and Sacramento and is one of the nine San Francisco Bay Area counties. ... Sonoma County is on the northwest coast of California, one of the northernmost parts of the greater San Francisco Bay Area, U.S. Its population at the 2000 census was 458,614. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... Oakland redirects here. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California Location of San Jose with the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Pueblo founded November 29, 1777 Incorporated March 27, 1850 Government  - Type charter city, mayor-council  - Mayor Chuck Reed  - Vice... Motto: Gateway to the Delta Location of Antioch within California Coordinates: , Country State County Contra Costa Government  - Mayor Donald P. Freitas  - State Senate Tom Torlakson (D)  - State Assembly Mark DeSaulnier (D)  - U. S. Congress Ellen Tauscher (D) Area  - Total 27. ... Location of Concord in California. ... Daly City is a city in San Mateo County, California, United States with a 2000 population of 103,621. ... The Welcome to Fairfield roadside sign Fairfield Courthouse Fairfield is a city located northeast of the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California, USA. it is approximately 45 miles from both San Francisco and Sacramento. ... For the unincorporated community in Yolo County, California, see Fremont, Yolo County, California. ... Hayward is a city located in the East Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area in Alameda County. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country United States State California County Contra Costa Government  - Mayor Gayle McLaughlin (G) Area  - City  52. ... Location of Santa Clara within Santa Clara County, California. ... Location in Sonoma County and the state of California Country State County Sonoma Area  - City 40. ... Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Government  - Mayor Otto Lee Area  - Total 22. ... Vallejo (pronounced or in English; in the original Spanish) is a city in Solano County, California, United States. ... Nickname: Location in the state of California and Alameda County Coordinates: , Country State County Alameda Government  - Mayor Beverly Johnson (D) Area  - Total 23. ... Belmont is a city in San Mateo County, California, United States. ... Benicia is a waterside city in Solano County, California, United States. ... Location in San Mateo County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County San Mateo Incorporated June 6, 1908 Government  - Mayor Terry Nagel  - City Manager Jim Nantell Area  - City  6. ... Campbell is a city located in Santa Clara County, California, part of Silicon Valley. ... Castro Valley is a census-designated place (CDP) in Alameda County, California, United States. ... Location of Cupertino within Santa Clara County, California. ... The Clock Tower square in the heart of downtown The north side of the downtown The southern end of downtown proper Town Meeting Hall Danville is an incorporated town located in a part of Contra Costa County, California called the San Ramon Valley, United States. ... The public library in Dublin Dublin is a suburban city of the East (San Francisco) Bay region of Alameda County, California, United States. ... East Palo Alto (often called EPA) is a city in San Mateo County, California, United States. ... This article is about the town in California. ... Gilroy (IPA: ) is the southmost city in Santa Clara County, California, USA. According to the United States 2000 Census, the city population was 41,464. ... Livermore is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... Los Altos (IPA: ) is a city at the southern end of the San Francisco Peninsula, in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Los Gatos redirects here. ... John Muirs home. ... Menlo Park is a city in San Mateo County, California in the United States of America, in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Government  - Mayor Jose Joe Esteves Area  - Total 13. ... Morgan Hill (IPA: ) is a city located in the southern part of Santa Clara County, California, USA. Founded on November 10, 1906, the city was named after Hiram Morgan Hill, a San Franciscan who built a country retreat home here in 1884. ... Mountain View is a city in Santa Clara County, in the U.S. state of California. ... Napa is the county seat of Napa County, California. ... The city of Newark highlighted within Alameda County Newark is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... Novato is a city located in the North Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, in northern Marin County. ... Oakley is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States. ... Aerial view of the Linda Mar (San Pedro Valley) neighborhood of Pacifica, Calfornia. ... Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Government  - Mayor Yoriko Kishimoto[1] Area  - City 25. ... Aerial view of Petaluma, California. ... For other places with the same name, see Pittsburg. ... Pleasant Hill is a city located in Contra Costa County, California, in the East Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Location of Pleasanton within Alameda County, California. ... Redwood City is a suburb located on the San Francisco Peninsula in the San Francisco Bay Area of California. ... Rohnert Park is a city in Sonoma County, California, United States. ... The San Bruno police station next to the BART station at the Shops at Tanforan. ... Downtown San Carlos San Carlos is a city in San Mateo County, California, USA on the San Francisco Peninsula, about halfway between San Francisco and San Jose. ... San Leandro is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... San Mateo is a city in San Mateo County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... San Pablo is a city located in Contra Costa County, California. ... San Rafael (IPA: ; originally IPA: ), is the county seat of Marin County, California, United States. ... San Ramon is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States. ... Saratoga (IPA: ) is a city in Santa Clara County, California, USA. It is located on the west side of the Santa Clara Valley, in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... The South San Francisco The Industrial City sign A Genentech-sponsored sign declaring South San Francisco to be the Birthplace of Biotechnology. ... Suisun City (pronounced suh SOON) is a city located in Solano County, California. ... Union City is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... Vaca Mountains during summer Vacaville, California is located in Solano County, California, United States, between Sacramento and San Francisco. ... Walnut Creek is a suburban community located several miles east of the city of Oakland in Contra Costa County, California, United States. ... Alamo is a census-designated place (CDP) in Contra Costa County, California, in the United States. ... The city of Albany highlighted within Alameda County Albany is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... Alum Rock is a census-designated place and neighborhood of San Jose, California. ... Ashland is a census-designated place located in Alameda County, California. ... Bay Point is a census-designated place located in Contra Costa County, California. ... Blackhawk-Camino Tassajara is an unincorporated area located in Contra Costa County, California, near the town of Danville. ... This article is about the city in Contra Costa County. ... Cherryland is a census-designated place located in Alameda County, California. ... Clayton is a city located in Contra Costa County, California. ... Dixon is a city located 30 miles from Sacramento, California, in Solano County. ... El Cerrito is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States. ... El Sobrante is a census-designated place located in Contra Costa County, California. ... Half Moon Bay redirects here. ... Healdsburg is a city located in Sonoma County, California, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 10,722. ... Hercules is a city located in Contra Costa County, California. ... Hillsborough is an incorporated town in San Mateo County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Lafayette is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States. ... Larkspur is a city located in Marin County, California. ... General view of Millbrae Millbrae is a city in San Mateo County, California, United States. ... Mill Valley is a city in Marin County, California, United States located about 4 miles north of San Francisco via the Golden Gate Bridge. ... // Moraga Way view toward Moraga Road. ... North Fair Oaks is not actually a town, but a census-designated place and district for the purposes of the United States census in an unincorporated area of San Mateo County adjacent to Redwood City, Atherton, and Menlo Park. ... Orinda is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States. ... Piedmont is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... Pinole is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States. ... San Anselmo is a town located in Marin County, California, in the western United States. ... The location of San Lorenzo highlighted within Alameda County San Lorenzo is a census-designated place located in Alameda County, California, United States. ... Stanford is a census-designated place (CDP) located in Santa Clara County, California. ... Tamalpais-Homestead Valley is a census-designated place located in Marin County, California. ... Windsor is a town located in Sonoma County, California. ... A satellite image of the East Bay The East Bay is a subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States and is comprised of Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. ... San Francisco is in the foreground in this picture looking north. ... USGS Satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... For the Nintendo 64 game, see Space Station Silicon Valley. ... The South Bay is a subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States and is roughly synonymous with Silicon Valley and the Santa Clara Valley. ...

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Berkeley travel guide - Wikitravel (4710 words)
Berkeley [1] is a city in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, in the United States.
Berkeley requires residents to register bicycles with the City of Berkeley in an attempt to deter theft.
The University of California, Berkeley [13] is a world-class university consistently ranked as the number-one public university in the United States.
Berkeley, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5391 words)
Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern California, in the United States.
Berkeley is the site of the University of California, Berkeley, the flagship campus of the University of California, and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Lawrence Hall of Science, Space Sciences Laboratory, and Mathematical Sciences Research Institute, which are on the campus grounds.
Berkeley is traversed by the Hayward Fault, a major branch of the San Andreas Fault to the west.
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