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Encyclopedia > Bergamot orange
iBergamot orange

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
Species: C. aurantium
Subspecies: C. a. subsp. bergamia
Trinomial name
Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia
(Risso) Wright & Arn.

The bergamot orange (Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia) is a citrus fruit, small and roughly pear shaped. The fruit, produced in Italy, is a cross between the pear lemon and the Seville orange or grapefruit. Bergamot oranges grow on small trees known as bergamots. Image File history File links Koeh-184. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta - rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta - zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta - trimerophytes Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are the dominant and most familiar group of land plants. ... Orders See text. ... Orders See text The botanical Sub-class Rosidae is a large dicotyledonous flowering plant taxon, containing over 58,000 species grouped within 108 families. ... Families See text Sapindales is a botanical name for an order of flowering plants. ... Genera About 160 genera; selected important genera: Amyris - West Indian Sandalwood Choisya - Mexican orange Citrus - Citrus Dictamnus - Burning-bush Fortunella - Kumquat Melicope - Corkwood, Alani Murraya - Curry tree Phellodendron - Cork-trees Poncirus - Trifoliate orange Ptelea - Hoptree Ruta - Rue Skimmia - Skimmia Tetradium (Euodia) - Euodias Zanthoxylum - Toothache trees Rutaceae is a family of... Species & major hybrids Species Citrus maxima- Pomelo Citrus medica- Citron Citrus reticulata- Mandarin & Tangerine Major hybrids Citrus × sinensis- Sweet Orange Citrus × aurantium- Bitter Orange Citrus × paradisi- Grapefruit Citrus × limon- Lemon Citrus × latifolia- Persian lime Citrus × aurantifolia- Key lime See also main text for other hybrids Citrus is a common term... Bitter Orange is a name used to refer to several citrus or citrus-like fruit trees. ... Trinomial nomenclature is a taxonomic naming system that extends the standard system of binomial nomenclature by adding a third taxon. ... John Wright may refer to: John Wright (cricketer) (born 1954), member of the New Zealand cricket team, coach of the Indian cricket team John Wright (inventor), an inventor of electroplating (method patented, 1840) John Wright (politician), New Zealand MP, 1996–2002 John C. Wright (born 1961), science fiction and fantasy... Species & major hybrids Species Citrus maxima- Pomelo Citrus medica- Citron Citrus reticulata- Mandarin & Tangerine Major hybrids Citrus × sinensis- Sweet Orange Citrus × aurantium- Bitter Orange Citrus × paradisi- Grapefruit Citrus × limon- Lemon Citrus × latifolia- Persian lime Citrus × aurantifolia- Key lime See also main text for other hybrids Citrus is a common term... A popular bitter orange grown in the Mediterranean. ... Binomial name Citrus paradisi Macfad. ...


Production mostly is limited to the Ionian coastal region of the province of Reggio Calabria to such extent becoming a symbol of the entire region and the city. In no other part of the world does it fructify with the same yield and quality of essence; it is cultivated in Ivory Coast, Argentina and Brazil but the quality of the obtained essence is not comparable with the essence produced from the bergamots of Reggio Calabria due to the argillaceous, limestone and alluvial deposits there. The Ionian Sea. ... Location within Italy Map of Italy showing Reggio Calabria in the south Reggio Calabria (officially Reggio di Calabria, Rìggiu in calabrian dialect, Righi in Greek-Calabrian), is the largest and the oldest city in Calabria, Italy. ... Côte dIvoire (often called Ivory Coast in English; see below about the name) is a country in West Africa. ... An argillite is a fine-grained sedimentary rock composed predominately of indurated clay particles. ... Limey shale overlaid by limestone. ... Alluvium is soil land deposited by a river or other running water. ...


The fruit is sour, and its aromatic peel is used to produce an essential oil that is used in Earl Grey tea, in perfumery, in candy-making, and in aromatherapy to treat depression. It is also used as a digestive aid. It is a component of the original Eau de Cologne developed in Germany in the 17th century. An essential oil is a concentrated, hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aromatic compounds extracted from plants. ... Pile of Lipton Finest Earl Grey Tin of Lipton Finest Earl Grey A pack of Twinings Earl Grey tea A Twinings Earl Grey tea bag Earl Grey tea is a black tea blend with a distinctive flavour and aroma derived from the addition of oil extracted from the rind of... Perfume is a mixture of fragrant essential oils and aroma compounds, fixatives, and solvents used to give the human body, objects, and living spaces a pleasant smell. ... A selection of confections The term confectionery refers to food items that are (at least perceived to be) rich in sugar. ... Aromatherapy, commonly associated with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), is the use of volatile liquid plant materials, known as essential oils (EOs), and other aromatic compounds from plants to purportedly affect a persons mood or health. ... Depression, or a depressed mood, may in everyday English refer to a state of melancholia, unhappiness or sadness, or to a relatively minor downturn in mood that may last only a few hours or days. ... Original Eau de Cologne Bottle of Original Eau de Cologne Eau de Cologne (French for water of Cologne or Cologne perfume, Kölnisch Wasser in German) is a type of light perfume that originated in Cologne, Germany and is defined by its typical concentration of about 2-5% essential oils. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ...


At least one Italian food manufacturer produces a commercial marmalade using this fruit as its principal ingredient. It is also popular in Greece as a preserve, made with bergamot peel boiled in sugar syrup.


The Bergamot orange is unrelated to the herb of the same name. Binomial name Monarda didyma Bergamot (Monarda didyma) is a North American aromatic herb also known as Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, and Crimson Beebalm. ...


The oil has been linked to several negative side-effects such as photosensitivity and the prevention of intestinal absorption of potassium. [1], [2]


Bergamot oil has been used to stimulate hairgrowth.[citation needed] Bergamot oil is also used to assist mental performance and was once used by professional Starcraft players in Korea.[citation needed] StarCraft is a real-time strategy computer game by Blizzard Entertainment. ...


References

  1. ^ http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=20522
  2. ^ http://www.pdrhealth.com/drug_info/nmdrugprofiles/herbaldrugs/100225.shtml

External links

  • Bergamot essential oil in aromatherapy - possible therapeutic uses
  • BBC news story on the farming of Bergamot in the Calabria region of Italy [1]
  • Information about the bergamote de Nancy (hard candy) [2]

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bergamot orange - Definition, explanation (126 words)
The Bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia or Citrus aurantium (bitter orange) ssp.
The fruit, produced in Italy, is a cross between the pear lemon and the Seville orange or grapefruit.
The Bergamot orange is unrelated to the herb of the same name.
Bergamot orange - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (279 words)
The fruit, produced in Italy, is a cross between the pear lemon and the Seville orange or grapefruit.
The Bergamot orange is unrelated to the herb of the same name.
Bergamot oil is also used to assist mental performance and was once used by professional Starcraft players in Korea.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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