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Encyclopedia > Bergamo
Comune di Bergamo

Municipal coat of arms
Country Flag of Italy Italy
Region Lombardy
Province Bergamo (BG)
Mayor Roberto Bruni (since 27/06/2004)
Elevation 249 m
Area 38.7 km²
Population
 - Total (as of December 31, 2006) 117.072
 - Density 3,046/km²
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 45°42′N, 9°40′E
Gentilic Bergamaschi
Dialing code 035
Postal code 24100
Patron Saint Alexander
 - Day 26 August
Website: www.comune.bergamo.it
Small street (via della Noca) leading to città alta.
Small street (via della Noca) leading to città alta.
Cappella Colleoni.
Cappella Colleoni.
The Biblioteca Angelo Mai on the Piazza Vecchia.
The Biblioteca Angelo Mai on the Piazza Vecchia.
The modern città bassa.
The modern città bassa.

Bergamo (Bèrghem in Lombard) is a town in Lombardy, Italy, about 40km northeast of Milan. The commune is home to c. 117,000 inhabitants. It is served by the Orio al Serio International Airport, which also serves the Province of Bergamo, and to a lesser extent Milan. The foothills of the Alps begin immediately north of the town. Image File history File links Bergamo-Stemma. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Lombardy (Italian: Lombardia, Lombard: Lumbardìa) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... Bergamo (It. ... December 31, 2006 (also known as 31 December 2006) is New Year’s Eve in the Gregorian calendar, the last day of the year 2006. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Here are a list of area codes in Italy. ... Saint Alexander of Bergamo (died c. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 483 KB) Bergamo, Lombardia, Italy Salita verso Bergamo alta - road to the top of the town (Bergamo alta) Foto fatta da me october 2005 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 483 KB) Bergamo, Lombardia, Italy Salita verso Bergamo alta - road to the top of the town (Bergamo alta) Foto fatta da me october 2005 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1544x2080, 485 KB) Capella Coleoni, outside view from Piazza Vechia side with back entrance in Santa Maria Maggiore. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1544x2080, 485 KB) Capella Coleoni, outside view from Piazza Vechia side with back entrance in Santa Maria Maggiore. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1878x1266, 1478 KB) Bergamo, Lombardia, Italy Piazza e fontana (raddrizzata con GIMP) Foto fatta da me october 2005 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bergamo Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1878x1266, 1478 KB) Bergamo, Lombardia, Italy Piazza e fontana (raddrizzata con GIMP) Foto fatta da me october 2005 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bergamo Metadata This... Image File history File links Bergamo-St. ... Image File history File links Bergamo-St. ... Eastern Lombard (sometimes also called Orobic) is a group of dialects spoken in the eastern side of Lombardy, mainly in the provinces of Bergamo, Brescia and Mantua and in the area around Crema. ... Lombardy (Italian: Lombardia, Lombard: Lumbardìa) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... This article is about the city in Italy. ... Orio al Serio International Airport is located in Bergamo, Italy, near Milan, Italy. ... Bergamo (It. ... This article is about the city in Italy. ...

Contents

History

Bergamo occupies the site of the ancient town of Bergomum, founded as a settlement of the Celtic tribe of Cenomani. In 49 BC it became a Roman municipality, counting c. 10,000 inhabitants at its peak. An important hub on the military road between Friuli and Raetia, it was destroyed by Attila in the 5th century. This is a list of Celtic tribes and associated celtic peoples with their geographical localization. ... The Cenomani (Greek: , Strabo, Ptol. ... Consuls: Lucius Cornelius Lentulus Crus, Gaius Claudius Marcellus Maior. ... Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent. ... Friulian Coats of Arms Friuli (Furlan: Friûl, German: Friaul, Slovenian: Furlanija) is an area in northeastern Italy, comprising the major part of the autonomous region Friuli-Venezia Giulia. ... The Roman Empire ca. ... For other uses, see Attila (disambiguation). ... Europe in 450 The 5th century is the period from 401 to 500 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ...


From the 6th century Bergamo was the seat of one of the most important Lombard duchies of northern Italy, together with Brescia, Trento and Cividale del Friuli: its first Lombard duke was Wallaris. After the conquest by Charlemagne of the Lombard Kingdom, it became the seat of a county under one Auteramus (died 816). Look up Lombard in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the Italian administrative area, see Province of Brescia. ... Panorama of Trento. ... Cividale del Friuli (Friulian Cividât, Slovenian Čedad) is a town in Northern Italy, close to Udine. ... A portrait of Charlemagne by Albrecht Dürer that was painted several centuries after Charlemagnes death. ...

The Venetian Tower in the Rocca.
The Venetian Tower in the Rocca.

From the 11th century onwards Bergamo it was an independent commune, taking part to the Lombard League which defeated Frederick I Barbarossa in 1165. Caught in the bitter fights between Guelphs and Ghibellines, led in the city by the Colleoni and the Suardi respectively, from 1264 Bergamo was intermittently under the rule of Milan. In 1331 it gave itself to John of Bohemia, but later the Visconti of Milan reconquered it. After a short conquest by the Malatesta in 1407, in 1428 it fell under the control of the Venetian, remaining part of it until 1797. Notably, the Venetians fortified the higher portion of the town (see Main sights section). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3456x2304, 4147 KB) Autore Giorces. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3456x2304, 4147 KB) Autore Giorces. ... The Lombard League was an alliance formed around 1167, which at its apex included most of the cities of northern Italy (although its membership changed in time), including, among others, Milan, Piacenza, Cremona, Mantua, Bergamo, Brescia, Bologna, Padua, Treviso, Vicenza, Verona, Lodi, and Parma, and even some lords, such as... Frederick in a 13th century Chronicle Frederick I Hohenstaufen (1122 – June 10, 1190), also known as Frederick Barbarossa (Frederick Redbeard) was elected king of Germany on March 4, 1152 and was crowned Holy Roman Emperor on June 18, 1155. ... The Guelphs and Ghibellines were factions supporting, respectively, the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire in central and northern Italy during the 12th and 13th centuries. ... A contemporary monument to the Battle of Lewes, a crucial 1264 battle in the Second Barons War in England. ... Events September 8 - Stefan Dusan declares himself king of Serbia Start of the reign of Emperor Kogon of Japan, first of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Births Coluccio Salutati, Florentine political leader (died 1406) Deaths January 14 - Odoric, Italian explorer October 27 - Abulfeda, Arab historian and geographer (born 1273) Categories: 1331... John the Blind of Luxemburg (August 10, 1296 - August 26, 1346) was King of Bohemia and Count of Luxemburg. ... Errico Malatesta Errico Malatesta (December 14, 1853 – July 22, 1932) was an anarchist with an unshakable belief, which he shared with his friend Peter Kropotkin, that the anarchist revolution would occur soon. ... Year 1407 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Events October 12 - English forces under Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury besiege Orléans. ... Borders of the Republic of Venice in 1796 Capital Venice Language(s) Venetian, Latin Religion Roman Catholic Government Republic Doge  - 1789–97 Ludovico Manin History  - Established 697  - Treaty of Zara June 27, 1358  - Treaty of Leoben April 17, 1797 * Traditionally, the establishment of the Republic is dated to 697. ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1815 it was assigned to Austria. Giuseppe Garibaldi freed it 1859, and thenceforth Bergamo was part of the Kingdom of Italy. April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Garibaldi in 1866. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... There have been several entities known as the Kingdom of Italy. ...


Bergamo is the traditional birthplace of Arlecchino and Brighella, two popular characters of the commedia dell'arte, Arlecchino (also known as Harlequin in English, Arlequin in French) is the most popular of the zanni or comic servant characters from the Italian Commedia dellArte. ... Brighella is a comic, masked character from the Commedia dellarte. ... Karel Dujardins set his closely-observed scene of a traveling troupes makeshift stage against idealized ruins in the Roman Campagna: dated 1657 (Louvre Museum) Commedia dellarte (Italian: play of professional artists also interpreted as comedy of humors), also known as Extemporal Comedy, was a popular form of improvisational...


Bergamo has a prominent place in music history. The large Romanesque church of Santa Maria Maggiore, begun in 1137, had a continuous and well-documented tradition of music teaching and singing for more than eight hundred years. Since the town was under Venetian control, the musical style of the Venetians was imported as well; in particular, a large instrumental ensemble grew up to support the choral singing. Composers such as Gasparo Alberti produced polychoral music with two organs, brass and viols, a style usually associated with Venice, but which flourished in the fine acoustical environment of Santa Maria Maggiore. South transept of Tournai Cathedral, Belgium, 12th century. ... // Groups BL1137 is the (now defunct) Unix group at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, NJ where Unix and C were invented. ... Gasparo Alberti (1489–1560) was an Italian composer. ... This article is about the musical term. ... Organ in Katharinenkirche, Frankfurt am Main, Germany The organ is a keyboard instrument played using one or more manuals and a pedalboard. ... Various sizes of viol, from Michael Praetorius Syntagma musicum (1618) Early Italian tenor viola da gamba, detail from the painting , by Raphael Sanzio, c. ...


Prominent musicians born in Bergamo include Gaetano Donizetti, Pietro Locatelli, Antonio Lolli, and Gianluigi Trovesi. Alessandro Grandi, one of the most progressive composers of the early 17th century after Monteverdi, was maestro di cappella there until his death in the plague of 1630; Tarquinio Merula, an even more progressive composer, and one of the founders of the early sonata, took over his post. Gaetano Donizetti Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (29 November 1797 – 8 April 1848) was a famous Italian opera composer. ... Pietro Antonio Locatelli (September 3, 1695–March 30, 1764) was an Italian composer and violinist. ... Gianluigi Trovesi (1944 Bergamo) is an Italian jazz saxophonist and composer. ... Alessandro de Grandi Alessandro Grandi (1586 – 1630) was a northern Italian composer of the early Baroque era, writing in the new concertato style. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... Events February 22 - Native American Quadequine introduces Popcorn to English colonists. ... Tarquinio Merula (1594 or 1595 – December 10, 1665) was an Italian composer, organist, and violinist of the early Baroque era. ...


A famous musician who lived in Bergamo was maestro Gianandrea Gavazzeni. direttore dorchestra, compositore e scrittore italiano (Bergamo 1909-1996). ...


Bergamo was the hometown and last resting place of Enrico Rastelli, a highly technical and world famous juggler who lived in this town and, in 1931, died here at the early age of 34 years. There is a life-sized statue to Rastelli within his mausoleum. Enrico Rastelli (18 December 1896 – 13 December 1931) was an Italian juggler, acrobat and performer who, despite having his career suddenly cut short at the age of 34 years, is widely considered to have been the worlds greatest juggler. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Main sights

The town has two centres: "Città alta" (upper city), a hilltop medieval town, surrounded by 17th century cyclopic defensive walls, and the "Città bassa" (lower city). The two parts of the town are connected by either by funicular/cable car and roads, however parking spaces are very limited in the 'upper town' and the traffic is blocked on most Sundays.


Città alta

The upper city, surrounded by Venetian walls built in the 17th century, serves as the historic centre of Bergamo.


It includes numerous historical monuments:

  • Piazza Vecchia (old square)
  • Palazzo della Ragione. It was the seat of the administration of the city in the communal age. It is now seat of exhibitions. Erected in the 12th century, it was rebuilt in the late 16th century by Pietro Isabello. The façade has the St. Mark's Lion over a mullioned window, testifying the long period of Venetian dominance. The atrium has a well-preserved 18th century sundial.
  • Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major). It was built from 1137 on the site of a previous religious edifice from the 7th century. Construction lasted until the 15th century. Of this first edifice remains the external Romanesque structure and the Greek cross plan, while the interior was widely modified in the 16th and 17th centuries. Noteworthy are the great Crucifix and the tomb of Gaetano Donizetti. The dome has frescoes by Giovanbattista Tiepolo.
  • Cappella Colleoni (Colleoni chapel), annexed to Santa Maria Maggiore, a masterwork of Renaissance architecture and decoration art.
  • The Rocca (Castle). It was begun in 1331 on the Sant'Eufemia hill by William of Castelbarco, vicar of John of Bohemia, and later completed by Azzone Visconti. A wider citadel was also added, but it is now partly missing. The Venetians built a large tower in the Rocca, as well as a line of walls (Mura Veneziane) 6,200 metres long.
  • Palazzo della Ragione and the nearby Biblioteca Angelo Mai (Palazzo Nuovo), designed by Vincenzo Scamozzi.

The città alta is also home to two museums, the Museo Civico Archeologico (Archaeological Civic Museum) and the Museo di Scienze Naturali Enrico Caffi (Caffi Natural Science Museum). Wall sundial-a vertical direct south dial Wall sundial in Warsaws Old Town- a vertical south west decliner dial A sundial is a device that measures time by the position of the Sun. ... View of the Apse of Santa Maria Maggiore, Bergamo. ... Gaetano Donizetti Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (29 November 1797 – 8 April 1848) was a famous Italian opera composer. ... Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, also known as Gianbattista or Giambattista Tiepolo (March 5, 1696 - March 27, 1770) was a Italian painter and printmaker, considered among the last Grand Manner fresco painters. ... Colleoni Chapel. ... Bartolomeo Colleoni (1400-1475), Italian condottiere (soldier of fortune), was born at Bergamo. ... Events September 8 - Stefan Dusan declares himself king of Serbia Start of the reign of Emperor Kogon of Japan, first of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Births Coluccio Salutati, Florentine political leader (died 1406) Deaths January 14 - Odoric, Italian explorer October 27 - Abulfeda, Arab historian and geographer (born 1273) Categories: 1331... John the Blind of Luxemburg (August 10, 1296 - August 26, 1346) was King of Bohemia and Count of Luxemburg. ... Azzone Visconti (December 7, 1302 - August 16, 1339) was lord of Milan from 1329 until his death. ... Vincenzo Scamozzi Vincenzo Scamozzi (September 2, 1548 - August 7, 1616) born in Vicenza, Italy, was an architect and a writer on architecture, active mainly in Vicenza and Venice area in the second half of the 16th century. ... The Museo di Scienze Naturali Enrico Caffi in Bergamo is a Natural History Museum in Bergamo, Italy. ...


Città bassa

The lower city, having expanded rapidly during the 20th century, is the modern centre of Bergamo.


Of artistic relevance are the Pinacoteca dell'Accademia Carrara (picture museum of Carrara academy), known as "Accademia Carrara" and the nearby Galleria d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea (gallery of modern and contemporary art), known as GAMEC. The lower part of the city is divided into many boroughs: Colognola, Valtesse, Redona, Borgo Palazzo, Celadina. The front view of the Accademia Carrara The Accademia Carrara (pron. ... Valtesse is a borough of the city of Bergamo in the north part of the city between the hill of Città Alta and Maresana Hill. ... Redona is a borough of the Italian city of Bergamo in Lombardy. ...


Miscellaneous

  • The town hosted the seventh Congres Internationaux d'Architecture Moderne in 1951.
  • The town has a Serie A team called Atalanta.
  • The town hosted for about 55 years, from 1945 to 2000, the headquarter of the Mechanized Infantry Brigade "Legnano"
  • The town hosted every year an important cultural event called "BergamoPoesia"

REDIRECT Congrès Internationaux dArchitecture Moderne ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the Italian football (soccer) league. ... Atalanta B.C. (Atalanta Bergamasca Calcio, sometimes called Atalanta Bergamo) is an Italian football club based in Bergamo, Lombardy. ...

Gallery

Sister cities

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Greenville is the sixth largest city in the state of South Carolina. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The City of Pueblo is a home rule municipality located in Pueblo County in southern Colorado. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Bergamo
  • Maps and aerial photos for 45°41′42″N 9°40′12″E / 45.695, 9.67Coordinates: 45°41′42″N 9°40′12″E / 45.695, 9.67

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bergamo Center About Us (165 words)
Bergamo Center for Lifelong Learning was founded in 1967 by the Society of Mary (Marianists) religious order.
Bergamo Center for Lifelong Learning, a retreat and conference center, was founded in the ecumenical spirit of Pope John XXIII and rooted in the Marianist and Catholic traditions, welcomes all persons and groups of goodwill who seek a tranquil, natural environment in which to refresh the body, expand the mind, and renew the spirit.
Bergamo Center offers spiritual formation programs for youth and adult throughout life that deepen self-awareness, develop interior life and elicit a personal faith response to changing times.
Province of Bergamo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (286 words)
Provincia di Bergamo) is a province in the Lombardy region of Italy.
The main heavy industries of the province of Bergamo are minerals transformation, especially iron,concrete and marble.
Bergamo masons and assemblers are very famous for their ability and dedication to work.
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