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Encyclopedia > Berberis vulgaris
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How to read a taxobox
Berberis vulgaris

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Berberidaceae
Genus: Berberis
Species: B. vulgaris
Binomial name
Berberis vulgaris
L.

Berberis vulgaris (European Barberry) is a shrub in the family Berberidaceae]. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 576 pixel Image in higher resolution (1200 × 864 pixel, file size: 161 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Berberis vulgaris: Leaves and flowers. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae land plants (embryophytes) non-vascular embryophytes Hepatophyta - liverworts Anthocerophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses vascular plants (tracheophytes) seedless vascular plants Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongue ferns seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta... It has been suggested that Angiospermae, and Anthophyta be merged into this article or section. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class: this name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Magnoliaceae by the termination -opsida (Art 16 of the ICBN). ... Families See text The Ranunculales are an order of flowering plants, which belong among the basal eudicots. ... Genera See text. ... Species About 450-500; see text Berberis is a genus of about 450-500 species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs from 1-5 m tall with thorny shoots, native to the temperate and subtropical regions of Europe, Asia, Africa, North America and South America. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 23[], 1707 – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[1] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... hiii, This article is on plants. ... Genera See text. ...


It is a deciduous shrub growing up to 4 m high. The leaves are small oval, 2-5 cm long and 1-2 cm broad, with a serrated margin; they are borne in clusters of 2-5 together, subtended by a three-branched spine 3-8 mm long. The flowers are yellow, 4-6 mm across, produced on 3-6 cm long panicles in late spring. The fruit is an oblong red berry 7-10 mm long and 3-5 mm broad, ripening in late summer or autumn; they are edible but very sour, and rich in Vitamin C. Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off). ... hiii, This article is on plants. ... Foliage redirects here. ... A Phalaenopsis flower A flower, (<Old French flo(u)r<Latin florem<flos), also known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms). ... White-fruited Rowan (Sorbus glabrescens) corymb; note the branched structures holding the fruits. ... Fruit stall in Barcelona, Spain. ... Several types of berries from the market. ... Retinol (Vitamin A) For the record label, see Vitamin Records Vitamins are nutrients required in very small amounts for essential metabolic reactions in the body. ... This article is about the nutrient. ...


Cultivation and uses

The plant is both poisonous and medicinal. In Europe, the berries are traditionally used for making jam. In southwestern Asia, especially Iran, the berries are used for cooking, to spice rice for example. The plant, except for its fruits and seeds, is mildly poisonous. Its most potent agent is berberine, which is also known to have a number of therapeutical effects. The skull and crossbones symbol traditionally used to label a poisonous substance. ... See drugs, medication, and pharmacology for substances that are used to treat patients. ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... Jam from berries Jam is a type of sweet spread or condiment made with certain fruits or vegetables, sugar, and sometimes pectin. ... Chemical structure of berberine. ...


It is an intermediate host for Puccinia graminis (black rust), a rust disease of wheat. In parasitology, an intermediate host is an organism within which a parasite does not sexually reproduce. ... Binomial name Puccinia graminis Pers. ... This article is about the fungus. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 For the indie rock group see: Wheat (band). ...

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 361 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1434 × 2381 pixel, file size: 890 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Name Berberis vulgaris Family Berberidaceae Original book source: Prof. ...

References

  • The text above was based on a translation of the article de:Berberitze in German Wikipedia.
  • Flora Europaea: Berberis vulgaris distribution
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Berberis vulgaris

  Results from FactBites:
 
Berberis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (587 words)
Berberis is a genus of about 450-500 species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs from 1-5 m tall with thorny shoots, native to the temperate and subtropical regions of Europe, Asia, Africa, North America and South America.
Berberis buxifolia (Calafate) and Berberis darwinii (Michay) are two species found in Patagonia in Argentina and Chile.
Berberis vulgaris (European Barberry) is the alternate host species of the wheat rust Puccinia graminis, a serious fungal disease of wheat.
Oregon Grape Picture Monograph (1749 words)
Berberis aristata, which furnishes the berberis of the British Pharmacopoeia, is a shrub indigenous to the temperate Himalayas, extending from Bhutan to Kanawar, the Nilgiri Hills, and Ceylon.
Berberis aquifolium belongs to the section Mahonia of the genus Berberis, which section is considered by some botanists a distinct genus.
The root of Berberis aquifolium is from 1/2 to 1 inch in diameter, often increasing to 2 and 3 inches at the base of the stem.
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