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Encyclopedia > Berberis darwinii
Berberis darwinii
Foliage and flowers
Foliage and flowers
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Berberidaceae
Genus: Berberis
Species: B. darwinii
Berberis darwinii

Berberis darwinii is a species of barberry, native to southern South America in southern Chile and adjacent southwestern Argentina. Common names include Darwin's Barberry and (Chilean Spanish) Michay. Berberis darwinii shoot with flowers - photo User:MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae land plants (embryophytes) non-vascular embryophytes Hepatophyta - liverworts Anthocerophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses vascular plants (tracheophytes) seedless vascular plants Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongue ferns seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering... Classes Magnoliopsida- Dicots Liliopsida- Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... Orders see text Dicotyledons or dicots are flowering plants whose seed contains two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. ... Families See text The Ranunculales are an order of flowering plants, which belong among the basal eudicots. ... Genera See text. ... Species About 450-500; see text Berberis is a genus of about 450-500 species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs from 1-5 m tall with thorny shoots, native to the temperate and subtropical regions of Europe, Asia, Africa, North America and South America. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Sir William Jackson Hooker (July 6, 1785 - August 12, 1865) was an English botanist. ... Species About 450-500; see text Berberis is a genus of about 450-500 species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs from 1-5 m tall with thorny shoots, native to the temperate and subtropical regions of Europe, Asia, Africa, North America and South America. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...

It is an evergreen thorny shrub growing to 3-4 m tall, with dense branches from ground level. The leaves are small oval, 12-25 mm long and 5-12 mm broad, with a spiny margin; they are borne in clusters of 2-5 together, subtended by a three-branched spine 2-4 mm long. The flowers are orange, 4-5 mm long, produced in dense racemes 2-7 cm long in spring. The fruit is a small purple-black berry 4-7 mm diameter, ripening in summer. A Silver Fir shoot showing three successive years of retained leaves In botany, an evergreen plant is a plant which retains its leaves year-round, with each leaf persisting for more than 12 months. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... In botany, a leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized for photosynthesis. ... Clivia miniata bears bright orange flowers. ... This inflorescence of the terrestrial orchid Spathoglottis plicata is a typical raceme. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of fruits. ... Several types of berries from the market, but none of these are true berries. ...

It was discovered in South America in 1835 by Charles Darwin during the voyage of the 'Beagle'. In his lifetime Charles Darwin gained international fame as an influential scientist examining controversial topics. ...

It is a popular garden and hedging shrub in the British Isles. The Royal Horticultural Society has given it its Award of Garden Merit. The fruit is edible, though very acidic. This article may contain original research or unverified claims. ... The Royal Horticultural Society was founded in 1804 as the London Horticultural Society, and gained its present name in a Royal Charter granted in 1861 by Prince Albert. ... The Award of Garden Merit, or AGM, is an award made to garden plants by the Royal Horticultural Society after a period of assessment by the appropriate committees of the Society. ...

External links

  • Chilebosque: Berberis darwinii



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