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Encyclopedia > Berberis
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Berberis
Berberis darwinii shoot with flowers
Berberis darwinii shoot with flowers
Berberis thunbergii shoot with fruit
Berberis thunbergii shoot with fruit
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Berberidaceae
Genus: Berberis
L.
Species
About 450-500; see text

Berberis is a genus of about 450-500 species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs from 1-5 m tall with thorny shoots, native to the temperate and subtropical regions of Europe, Asia, Africa, North America and South America. They are closely related to the genus Mahonia, which is included within Berberis by some botanists. Many are known by the vernacular name barberry. Berberis darwinii shoot with flowers - photo User:MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Berberis thunbergii shoot with fruit - photo User:MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Divisions Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants Adiantum pedatum (a fern... Classes Magnoliopsida- Dicots Liliopsida- Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... Orders see text Dicotyledons or dicots are flowering plants whose seed contains two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. ... Families See text The Ranunculales are an order of flowering plants, which belong among the basal eudicots. ... Genera See text. ... Carolus Linnaeus Baba black sheep crowned patani queen Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as (help· info), and in English usually under the Latinized name Carolus Linnaeus (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), the name with which his publications were signed, was a Swedish botanist and physician who laid... In biology, a genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic grouping. ... Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off). ... A Silver Fir shoot showing three successive years of retained leaves In botany, an evergreen plant is a plant which retains its leaves year-round, with each leaf persisting for more than 12 months. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... World map showing Europe Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiogeographic one. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most populous continent, after Asia. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Species About 70 species Mahonia is a genus of about 70 species of evergreen shrubs in the family Berberidaceae, native to eastern Asia, the Himalayas, North America and Central America. ... Botany is the scientific study of plant life. ...

Berberis gagnepainii three-spined thorn (modified long shoot leaf) with leafy short shoot. Each thorn is 20 mm long.
Berberis gagnepainii three-spined thorn (modified long shoot leaf) with leafy short shoot. Each thorn is 20 mm long.
Berberis verruculosa upper side of shoot above, lower side below.
Berberis verruculosa upper side of shoot above, lower side below.
Berberis gagnepainii flower detail (flowers 7 mm diameter).
Berberis gagnepainii flower detail (flowers 7 mm diameter).
Berberis gagnepainii fruit.
Berberis gagnepainii fruit.
Berberis thunbergii shrub
Enlarge
Berberis thunbergii shrub

The genus is characterised by dimorphic shoots, with long shoots which form the structure of the plant, and short shoots only 1-2 mm long. The leaves on long shoots are non-photosynthetic, developed into three-spined thorns 3-30 mm long; the bud in the axil of each thorn-leaf then develops a short shoot with several normal, photosynthetic leaves. These leaves are 1-10 cm long, simple, and either entire, or with spiny margins. Only on young seedlings do leaves develop on the long shoots, with the adult foliage style developing after the young plant is 1-2 years old. Berberis gagnepainii thorns and leaves - photo User:MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Berberis gagnepainii thorns and leaves - photo User:MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Berberis verruculosa upper side of shoot above, lower side below - photo User:MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Berberis verruculosa upper side of shoot above, lower side below - photo User:MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Berberis gagnepainii flower (detail) - photo User:MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Berberis gagnepainii flower (detail) - photo User:MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Berberis gagnepainii fruit - photo User:MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Berberis gagnepainii fruit - photo User:MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Berberis-thunbergii. ... Image File history File links Berberis-thunbergii. ... In botany, a leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized for photosynthesis. ... Raised thorns on the stem of the wait-a-bit climber Thorns on rose stems A spine is a rigid, pointed surface protuberance or needle-like structure on an animal, shell, or plant, presumably serving as a defense against attack by predators. ...


The deciduous species (e.g. Berberis thunbergii, B. vulgaris) are noted for good autumn colour, the leaves turning pink or red before falling. In some evergreen species from China (e.g. B. candidula, B. verruculosa), the leaves are brilliant white beneath, making them particularly attractive.


The flowers are produced singly or in racemes of up to 20 on a single flower-head. They are yellow or orange, 3-6 mm long, with six sepals and six petals in alternating whorls of three, the sepals usually coloured like the petals. The fruit is a small berry 5-15 mm long, ripening red or dark blue, often with a pink or violet waxy surface bloom; they may be either long and narrow (like a bar, hence 'barberry') or in other species, spherical. The berries are edible, and rich in vitamin C, though with a very sharp flavour; the thorny shrubs make harvesting them difficult, so they are not widely consumed. They are an important food for many small birds, which disperse the seeds in their droppings. Berberis species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Mottled Pug. Clivia miniata bears bright orange flowers. ... This inflorescence of the terrestrial orchid Spathoglottis plicata is a typical raceme. ... Flower of the Primrose Willowherb (Ludwigia octovalvis) showing petals and sepals A sepal is one member or part of the calyx of a flower. ... A petal is one member or part of the corolla of a flower. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of fruits. ... Several types of berries from the market, but none of these are true berries. ... Chemical structure of vitamin C. Vitamin C is a water-soluble nutrient essential for life, used by the human body for many purposes. ... Orders Many - see section below. ... A seed is the ripened ovule of gymnosperm or angiosperm plants. ... A larva (Latin; plural larvae) is a juvenile form of animal with indirect development, undergoing metamorphosis (for example, insects or amphibians). ... Super Families Butterflies Hesperioidea Papilionoidea Moths Micropterigoidea Heterobathmioidea Eriocranioidea Acanthopteroctetoidea Lophocoronoidea Neopseustoidea Mnesarchaeoidea Hepialoidea Nepticuloidea Incurvarioidea Palaephatoidea Tischeriodea Simaethistoidea Tineoidea Gracillarioidea Yponomeutoidea Gelechioidea Zygaenoidea Sesioidea Cossoidea Tortricoidea Choreutoida Urodoidea Galacticoidea Schreckensteinioidea Epermenioidea Pterophoroidea Aluctoidea Immoidea Axioidea Hyblaeoidea Thyridoidea Whalleyanoidea Pyraloidea Mimallonoidea Lasiocampoidea Geometroidea Drepanoidea Bombycoidea Calliduloidae Hedyloidea Noctuoidea Families About... Binomial name Eupithecia exiguata Hübner, 1813 The Mottled Pug (Eupithecia exiguata) is a moth of the family Geometridae. ...


Several are popular garden shrubs, grown for their ornamental leaves, yellow flowers, and red or blue-black berries. They are also valued for crime prevention; being very dense, viciously spiny shrubs, they make very effective barriers impenetrable to burglars. For this reason they are often planted below potentially vulnerable windows, and used as hedges and other barriers. Part of a garden in Bristol, England A flower bed in the gardens of Bristol Zoo, England Checkered flower bed in Tours, France A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. ...


Berberis vulgaris, the European Barberry, is the alternate host species of the wheat rust Puccinia graminis, a serious fungal disease of wheat. For this reason, cultivation of this species is prohibited in many areas. This article is about the fungus. ... Divisions Chytridiomycota Deuteromycota Zygomycota Glomeromycota Ascomycota Basidiomycota Fungus growing on a tree in Borneo A fungus (plural fungi) is a eukaryotic organism that digests its food externally and absorbs the nutrient molecules into its cells. ... A disease is an abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person afflicted or those in contact with the person. ... Species T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat (Triticum spp. ...


Berberis glaucocarpa is an invasive species that is banned from sale and propagation in some regions of New Zealand. It has been suggested that Invasive plants be merged into this article or section. ...


Berberis buxifolia, the Calafate, and Berberis darwinii, the Michay, are two species found in Patagonia in Argentina and Chile. Their edible purple fruits are used for jams and infusions - anyone who tries a berry is said to be certain to return to Patagonia. The calafate and michay are symbols of Patagonia. Binomial name Berberis buxifolia Lam. ... Patagonia is that portion of South America which, to the east of the Andes, lies south of the Neuquén and Colorado rivers, and, to the west of the Andes, south of (42°S). ...


Sometimes Berberis translated to Zereshk by Iranians which is ofcourse a totaly different fruit. Zereshk is only grown in Iran. Zereshk is a type of fruit cultivated in Iran. ...


Selected species

Europe & Asia, deciduous
  • Berberis aemulans
  • Berberis aetnensis
  • Berberis aggregata
  • Berberis amurensis
  • Berberis angulosa
  • Berberis aristata
  • Berberis beaniana
  • Berberis capillaris
  • Berberis chinensis
  • Berberis circumserrata
  • Berberis cretica
  • Berberis dasystachya
  • Berberis diaphana
  • Berberis dictyoneura
  • Berberis dictyophylla
  • Berberis dielsiana
  • Berberis edgeworthiana
  • Berberis floribunda
  • Berberis forrestii
  • Berberis francisci-ferdinandii
  • Berberis gilgiana
  • Berberis giraldii
  • Berberis graminea
  • Berberis gyalaica
  • Berberis heteropoda
  • Berberis hispanica
  • Berberis jamesiana
  • Berberis koreana
  • Berberis lycium
  • Berberis mitifolia
  • Berberis morrisonensis
  • Berberis mucrifolia
  • Berberis oblonga
  • Berberis parisepala
  • Berberis poiretii
  • Berberis prattii
  • Berberis sherriffii
  • Berberis sieboldii
  • Berberis sikkimensis
  • Berberis silva-taroucana
  • Berberis temolaica
  • Berberis thunbergii
  • Berberis vernae
  • Berberis virescens
  • Berberis virgetorum
  • Berberis vulgaris
  • Berberis wilsonii
  • Berberis yunnanensis
  • Berberis zabeliana
Europe & Asia, evergreen
  • Berberis asiatica
  • Berberis atrocarpa
  • Berberis bergmannii
  • Berberis calliantha
  • Berberis candidula
  • Berberis centiflora
  • Berberis chrysosphaera
  • Berberis concinna
  • Berberis coriaria
  • Berberis coxii
  • Berberis dumicola
  • Berberis gagnepainii
  • Berberis glaucocarpa
  • Berberis hookeri
  • Berberis hypokerina
  • Berberis insignis
  • Berberis julianae
  • Berberis kawakamii
  • Berberis lycioides
  • Berberis manipuriana
  • Berberis panlanensis
  • Berberis potaninii
  • Berberis pruinosa
  • Berberis replicata
  • Berberis sargentiana
  • Berberis soulieana
  • Berberis sublevis
  • Berberis taliensis
  • Berberis tsangpoensis
  • Berberis umbellata
  • Berberis veitchii
  • Berberis verruculosa
North America, deciduous
  • Berberis canadensis
  • Berberis fendleri
South America, deciduous
  • Berberis cabrerae
  • Berberis chillanensis
  • Berberis montana
South America, evergreen
  • Berberis actinacantha
  • Berberis buxifolia
  • Berberis comberi
  • Berberis darwinii
  • Berberis empetrifolia
  • Berberis hakeoides
  • Berberis heterophylla
  • Berberis ilicifolia
  • Berberis linearifolia
  • Berberis negeriana
  • Berberis trigona
  • Berberis valdiviana

  Results from FactBites:
 
Berberis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (570 words)
Berberis is a genus of about 450-500 species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs from 1-5 m tall with thorny shoots, native to the temperate and subtropical regions of Europe, Asia, Africa, North America and South America.
Berberis vulgaris, the European Barberry, is the alternate host species of the wheat rust Puccinia graminis, a serious fungal disease of wheat.
Berberis buxifolia, the Calafate, and Berberis darwinii, the Michay, are two species found in Patagonia in Argentina and Chile.
Plants Belonging to the Genus 'Berberis' (125 words)
Berberis bealei synonym of Mahonia bealei (Beale's Barberry)
Berberis nervosa synonym of Mahonia nervosa (Cascade Barberry, Longleaf Mahonia)
Berberis nevinii synonym of Mahonia nevinii (Nevin Mahonia)
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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