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Encyclopedia > Berber calendar

The Berber calendar is the annual calendar used by Berber people in North Africa. This calendar is also known in Arabic under the name of فلاحي fellāḥī "agricultural" or عجمي ajamī "not Arabic". It is employed to regulate the seasonal agricultural work. A page from the Hindu calendar 1871-72. ... The Amazighs (also called Berber people or Imazighen (ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⴻⵏ), free men, singular Amazigh) are an ethnic group autochthonous to Northwest Africa and speak various Berber languages. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, generally divided politically from Sub-Saharan Africa. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ...


History

The Berber calendar dates from the accession in 950 BC of the pharaoh Sheshonq I. Pharaoh was the ancient Egyptian name for the office of kingship. ... nomen or birth name Shoshenq I [alt. ...


Months

The Berber calendar is composed of 4 seasons with 3 months for each season. The corresponding Gregorian calender are noted in parenthesis : Inscription on the tomb of Pope Gregory XIII celebrating the introduction of the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the calendar that is used nearly everywhere in the world. ...

  • Tagrest : Winter.
  1. Jember (December) : from December 17 to January 13 ;
  2. Yennayer (January) : from January 14 to February 13;
  3. Furar (February) : from February 14 to March 13.
  • Tafsut : Spring.
  1. Meghres (March) : from March 14 to April 13;
  2. Ibrir (April) : from April 14 to May 13;
  3. Mayyu (May) : from May 14 to June 13.
  • Iwilen : Summer.
  1. Yunyu (June) : from June 14 to July 13;
  2. Yulyu : (July) : from July 14 to August 13;
  3. Ghust ou Awussu : (August) : from August 14 to September 13.
  • Amewan : Autumn.
  1. Shtember (September) : from September 14 to October 13;
  2. Tuber (October) : du October 14 to November 14;
  3. Wamber (November) : from November 14 to December 13.


 
 

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