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Encyclopedia > Ber Borochov
Ber Borochov, c. 1915.
Ber Borochov, c. 1915.

Ber Dov Berochov (1881-1917) was a Marxist Zionist and one of the founders of the Labour Zionist movement. He was born in the town of Zolotonshi, Ukraine, under the Russian Empire. As an adult he joined the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party but was expelled for his Zionist beliefs. Subsequently, he helped form the Poale Zion party and devoted his life to promoting the party in Russia, Europe, and America. When the Russian social democrats came to power, Borochov returned to Russia in 1917 to lead the Poale Zion, but died there of pneumonia in December 1917. Portrait of Ber Borochov File links The following pages link to this file: Ber Borochov ... Marxism is the political practice and social theory based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary, along with Friedrich Engels. ... Zionism is a political movement among Jews, although supported by some non-Jews and not supported by some Jews, which maintains that the Jewish people constitute a nation and are entitled to a national homeland. ... Labor Zionism (or Labour Zionism) is the traditional left-wing of the Zionist ideology. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... The Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, or RSDLP (Росси́йская Социа́л-Демократи́ческая Рабо́чая Па́ртия = РСДРП), also known as the Russian Social Democratic Workers Party, was a revolutionary socialist Russian political party formed in 1898 in Minsk to unite the various revolutionary organisations into one party. ...


Borochov became highly influential in the Zionist movement because he explained nationalism in general, and Jewish Nationalism in particular in terms of Marxist class struggle and dialectical materialism. Borochov predicted, correctly, that nationalist forces would be more important in determining events than economic and class considerations, expecially as concerned the Jews. Borochov argued that the class structure of European Jews resembled an inverted class pyramid where few Jews occupied the productive layers of society as workers. The Jews would migrate from country to country as they were forced out of their chosen professions by a "stychic process" which would ultimately force migration to Palestine, where they would form a proletarian basis in order to carry out Marxist class struggle. The term Palestine may refer to: Palestine (region): A geographical region in the Middle East, centered on Jerusalem. ... The proletariat (from Latin proles, offspring) is a term used to identify a lower social class; a member of such a class is called a proletarian. ... Class struggle is class conflict looked at from a Marxist, libertarian socialist, or anarchist perspective. ...


A key part of Borochovian ideology was that the Arab and Jewish working classes had a common proletarian interest and would participate in the class struggle together once Jews had returned to Palestine. In his last recorded speech, he said: The term Palestine may refer to: Palestine (region): A geographical region in the Middle East, centered on Jerusalem. ...


"Many point out the obstacles which we encounter in our colonization work. Some say that he Turkish law hinders our work, others contend that Palestine is insignificantly small, and still others charge us with the odious crime of wishing to oppress and expel the Arabs from Palestine...


When the waste lands are prepared for colonization, when modern technique is introduced, and when the other obstacles are removed, there will be sufficient land to accommodate both the Jews and the Arabs. Normal relations between the Jews and Arabs will and must prevail."


Eretz Yisrael in our Program and Tactics by Ber Borochov, 1917 (http://www.zionismontheweb.org/ber_borochov_Eretz_Yisrael.htm)


Borochov, along with Nachman Syrkin ([Nahum Syrkin]) is considered a father of socialist Zionism. Borochov's ideas were influential in the convincing Jewish youth from Europe to move to Palestine. However, Borochov's theories remained most influential in Eastern Europe, where they formed the basis of the Left Poale Zion movement which was active in Poland during the interwar years. Indeed, Borochov's vision of class struggle in Palestine was widely viewed as untenable by the 1910s, with Jewish migrants to Palestine struggling to establish an economic foothold and with interclass cooperation seemingly necessary, and his theories dimmed in popularity there. Borochov, for years an advocate for a doctrinaire Marxist Zionism, himself seemed to repudiate his former vision of class struggle in Palestine in speeches towards the end of his life. Borochov insisted that eh was a Social Democrat, but Borochov's Left Poale Zion followers continued to vigorously advocate class struggle both in Palestine and eastern Europe, supporting the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. Eastern Europe is, by convention, that part of Europe from the Ural and Caucasus mountains in the East to an arbitrarily chosen boundary in the West. ... The October Revolution, also known as the Bolshevik Revolution, was the second phase of the Russian Revolution, the first having been instigated by the events around the February Revolution. ...


The Poale Zion movement split into left and right factions, which have evolved into the modern Israeli Labour Party and Meretz. The Left Poale Zion movement in Europe was ultimately destroyed by World War II. Labour (העבודה HaAvoda) is an Israeli political party. ... Meretz (מרצ, Vitality) was an Israeli political party, considered to be on the left and secular. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air. ...


External links

  • Ber Borochov Internet Archive (http://www.angelfire.com/il2/borochov/)
  • The National Question and Class Struggle by Ber Borochov, 1905 (http://www.zionismontheweb.org/ber_borochov_national_question.htm)
  • The Economic Development of the Jewish People by Ber Borochov, 1916 (http://www.zionismontheweb.org/ber_borochov_Economic_Development.htm)
  • Eretz Yisrael in our Program and Tactics by Ber Borochov, 1917 (http://www.zionismontheweb.org/ber_borochov_Eretz_Yisrael.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ber Borochov at AllExperts (713 words)
Indeed, Borochov's vision of class struggle in Palestine was widely viewed as untenable by the 1910s, with Jewish migrants to Palestine struggling to establish an economic foothold and with interclass cooperation seemingly necessary, and his theories dimmed in popularity there.
Borochov, for years an advocate for a doctrinaire Marxist Zionism, himself seemed to repudiate his former vision of class struggle in Palestine in speeches towards the end of his life.
Borochov insisted that he was a Social Democrat, but Borochov's Left Poale Zion followers continued to vigorously advocate class struggle both in Palestine and eastern Europe, supporting the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.
Ber Test (642 words)
Ber is a tropical fruit growing on the tree ''Ziziphus mauritiana''.
Borochov became highly influential in the Zionist movement because he explained nationalism in general, and Jewish Nationalism in particular in terms of Marxist class struggle and dialectical materialism.
Borochov predicted, correctly, that nationalist forces would be more important in determining events than economic and class considerations, expecially as concerned the Jews.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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