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Encyclopedia > Benjamin d'Urban

Major-General Sir Benjamin D'Urban (1777- 25 May 1849) was a British general and colonial administrator, who is best known for his frontier policy when he was the Governor in the Cape Colony (now in South Africa). 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... General is a military rank, in most nations the highest rank, although some nations have the higher rank of Field Marshal. ... This site was cracked by lysp ... Map of European presence in 1652 The Cape Colony was a part of South Africa under British occupation during the 19th century. ...

D'Urban was born in Halesworth, England, and joined the army in 1793, enlisting as a cornet in the Queen's Bays at the age of sixteen. He made rapid progress in the army and distinguished himself in the Peninsular War where he was quarter master general and chief of staff to Lord Beresford. He served in all the principle sieges and battles, never asked to go on leave and was laden with honors including KCB. The Peninsular War (1808–1814) was a major conflict during the Napoleonic Wars, fought in the Iberian Peninsula with Spanish, Portuguese, and the British forces fighting against the French. ...

In 1819, he was made Governor of Antigua. In 1824 he became lieutenant governor of Demerara-Essequibo, where in 1831 he carried out the amalgamation with Berbice to form British Guiana, of which he was its first governor (1831-33). Three years later he was appointed to the post of Governor of the Cape Colony. British Guiana was the name of the British colony on the northern coast of South America, now the independent nation of Guyana. ... Map of European presence in 1652 The Cape Colony was a part of South Africa under British occupation during the 19th century. ...

In January 1834 he took office as governor and commander in chief of the Cape Colony. His administration was complicated by the exodus of Dutch farmers to the far north and east (known as the Great Trek) and the outbreak of the Cape Frontier War of (1834-35) created by incursions of Bantu-speaking Xhosa peoples. He drove back the invaders and annexed the territory between the Keiskamma and Great Kei (Groot-Kei) rivers. He abolished slavery, established municipal and legislative councils, occupied Natal, now KwaZulu-Natal, and named it as a new colony for the British Empire. To commemorate this the name of the principal port was changed in 1835 from Port Natal to Durban. In South African history, the Great Trek was an eastward and north-eastward migration of the Boers, descendants primarily of immigrants from western mainland Europe. ... The Xhosa people are a people with Bantu origins living in South Africa. ... A monument celebrating the emancipation of slaves in the British Empire in 1834, erected in Victoria Tower Gardens, Millbank, Westminster, London Look up Slavery in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Slavery is a condition of control over a person against their will, enforced by violence or other forms of coercion. ... Natal is a former British colony, and a South African province. ... KwaZulu-Natal (often referred to as KZN) is a province of South Africa. ... Durban is a vibrant cosmopolitian city in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. ...

Although he was popular with the colonists, his treatment of the Africans disturbed the missionaries and humanitarians, who had great influence with Lord Glenelg, the colonial secretary. In a despatch dated May 1, 1837, Glenelg dismissed D'Urban, who remained governor until the arrival of his successor in January 1838 and continued in his military capacity in South Africa until 1846. Charles Grant, 1st Baron Glenelg (26 October 1778 - 23 April 1866) was a Scottish politician and colonial administrator. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1837 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

In 1842 he declined a high military appointment in India offered him by Sir Robert Peel 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... This is about the British Prime Minister. ...

In January 1847 he accepted appointment as commander of Her Majesty's forces in British North America. There were border disputes and a threat of invasion by the Americans into Canada near Montreal. Early in 1847 he set up his headquarters in Montreal. 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... British North America originally comprised all British colonies and territories on the North American continent, from Georgia to Labrador and Ruperts Land. ...

He remained in Montreal until his death in 1849. He was buried in the cemetry at Pointe Claire where there is an obelisk to his memory.



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