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Encyclopedia > Benjamin Tillman
Benjamin Tillman
Benjamin Tillman

Benjamin Ryan Tillman (August 11, 1847 - July 3, 1918) was an American politician who served as governor of South Carolina from 1890 to 1894 and as a United States Senator from 1895 until his death. Image File history File links Senator Benjamin Tillman File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Senator Benjamin Tillman File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... A list of South Carolina Governors. ... State nickname: Palmetto State Other U.S. States Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Governor Mark Sanford (R) Senators Lindsey Graham (R) Jim DeMint (R) Official language(s) English Area 82,965 km² (40th)  - Land 78,051 km²  - Water 4,915 km² (6%) Population (2000)  - Population 4,012,012 (26th)  - Density... 1890 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Tillman was born near Trenton, South Carolina. He left school in 1864 to join the Army of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War but was disabled by an illness; he never served in the Confederate Army and lost an eye during treatment. During Reconstruction he became a paramilitary fighter in the struggle to overthrow the interracial Republican coalition in the state and disempower the black majority; he was present at the Hamburg Massacre in July, 1876, during which black Republican activists were murdered by Tillman's fellow "Red-shirts." Trenton is a town located in Edgefield County, South Carolina. ... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans February 4, 1861 until captured May... The American Civil War (1861–1865) was fought in North America within the United States of America, between twenty-three mostly northern states of the Union and the Confederate States of America, a coalition of eleven southern states that declared their independence and claimed the right of secession from the... Hamburg Massacre see link http://arete-designs. ...


Posing as the friend of ordinary white farmers, Tillman began a "Farmers Movement" in the 1880s. He was elected Governor of South Carolina in 1890 and served from December 1890 to December 1894. He helped establish Clemson College and Winthrop College while in office. 1890 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Clemson University, located in Clemson, South Carolina, was founded in 1889, a legacy of Thomas Green Clemson, who willed his Fort Hill plantation home, its surrounding farmlands and forest, and other property to the State of South Carolina to establish a technical and scientific institution for South Carolina. ... Winthrop University (formerly Winthrop College) is an American public, four-year liberal arts college in Rock Hill, South Carolina, within the greater Metrolina area. ...


He was largely responsible for calling the State constitutional convention in 1895, which disfranchised most of South Carolina's black men through the use of so-called Jim Crow laws. As Tillman proudly proclaimed in 1900, "We have done our level best [to prevent blacks from voting]...we have scratched our heads to find out how we could eliminate the last one of them. We stuffed ballot boxes. We shot them. We are not ashamed of it." (Logan, p. 91) 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... In the United States, the so-called Jim Crow laws were made to enforce racial segregation, and included laws that would prevent black people from doing things that a white person could do. ...

Statue of Ben TillmanStatehouse groundsColumbia, South Carolina
Statue of Ben Tillman
Statehouse grounds
Columbia, South Carolina

He was elected as a United States Democratic Party member to the United States Senate in 1894, and was reelected in 1901, 1907, and 1913, thus serving from the day he took office, 4 March 1895, until his death. A hotheaded and intemperate debater, Tillman was known as "Pitchfork Ben" during his years in the Senate. Although frequently described by historians and later observers as "populist" or "a populist," Tillman was in fact a steadfast opponent of the Populists (the People's Party) of his day, fearing that their national program for agricultural renewal would empower black Southerners. During that time period, he was censured by the Senate in 1902 after assaulting another Senator on the Senate floor, became the chairman of the Committee on Revolutionary Claims (57th through 59th Congresses), served on the Committee on Five Civilized Tribes of Indians (61st and 62nd Congresses), and the Committee on Naval Affairs (63rd through 65th Congresses). During World War I, impatient with the Navy's requests for larger battleships every year, he ordered the United States Navy to design "maximum battleships," the largest battleships that they could use. Download high resolution version (1000x1761, 1736 KB)Ben Tillman statue on SC statehouse grounds Image copyleft: Image taken by me, released under GFDL, Pollinator 04:53, Dec 31, 2004 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1000x1761, 1736 KB)Ben Tillman statue on SC statehouse grounds Image copyleft: Image taken by me, released under GFDL, Pollinator 04:53, Dec 31, 2004 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1907 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1913 (MCMXIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1902 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machine guns, and poison gas World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations and... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... The maximum battleships, also known as the Tillman Battleships were a series of World War I-era design studies for extremely large battleships, prepared in late 1916 and early 1917 to the order of Senator Pitchfork Benjamin Tillman. ...


Tillman opposed American annexation of the Philippines because he feared an influx of non-white immigrants would result, undermining white racial purity. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Tillman died in Washington, DC and is buried in Ebenezer Cemetery, Trenton, South Carolina. Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... Trenton is a town located in Edgefield County, South Carolina. ...


He was one of the most outspoken and unapologetic advocates of racism ever to serve in Congress. An African-American man drinks out of the colored only water fountain at a racially segregated streetcar terminal in the United States in 1939. ...


External link

  • "The White Man's Burden" as Prophecy. Tillman speech in Senate denouncing U.S. imperialism in the Philippines on humanitarian and patriotic grounds

References

  • Rayford Logan,The Betrayal of the Negro from Rutherford B. Hayes to Woodrow Wilson,, New York: Da Capo Press, 1997. (This is an expanded edition of Logan’s 1954 book The Negro in American Life and Thought, The Nadir, 1877-1901)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Benjamin Tillman - definition of Benjamin Tillman in Encyclopedia (266 words)
Benjamin Ryan Tillman (August 11, 1847 - July 3, 1918) was an American politician who served as governor of South Carolina from 1890 to 1894 and as a United States Senator from 1895 until his death.
Tillman was elected Governor of South Carolina in 1890 and served from December 1890 to December 1894.
Tillman died in Washington, DC and is buried in Ebenezer Cemetery, Trenton, South Carolina.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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