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Encyclopedia > Benjamin Mazar

Benjamin Mazar (June 28, 1906 - September 9, 1995) was a pioneering Israeli archaeologist who shared the national passion for the archaeology of Israel that also attracts considerable international interest due to the region's Biblical links. (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. ... 1906 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Parts of this article contradict each other. ...

Contents


Background

Born Binyamen Maisler in Ciechanowiec, Poland, he was educated at Berlin and Giessen universities in Germany. At age 23 he emigrated to Palestine (then under the British Mandate) and in 1943 joined the faculty of Hebrew University in Jerusalem whose original campus at Mount Scopus became isolated in the Jordanian sector of Jerusalem following the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. Originally he also served as secretary of the Jewish Palestine Exploration Society, later renamed Israel Exploration Society. See Archaeology of Israel. Alternative meaning: Humboldt State University, located in Arcata, California German Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin) is the successor to Berlins oldest university, the Friedrich Wilhelm University (Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität), founded in 1810 by the liberal Prussian educational reformer and linguist Wilhelm von Humboldt whose university model has strongly... Palestine (region) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Map of the territory under the British Mandate of Palestine. ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (האוניברסיטה העברית בירושלים) is one of Israels biggest and most important institutes of higher learning and research. ... Jerusalem (31°46′ N 35°14′ E; Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם Yerushalayim; Arabic: القدس al-Quds; see also names of Jerusalem) is an ancient Middle Eastern city of key importance to the religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. ... Mount Scopus (הר הצופים, Standard Hebrew , Tiberian Hebrew ; Arabic جبل المشارف Jabal al-Mašārif, جبل المشهد Jabal al-Mašhad, جبل الصوانة ) is a mountain in East Jerusalem. ... // The 1948 Arab-Israeli War, called the War of Independence (Hebrew: מלחמת העצמאות) by Israelis and al Nakba (Arabic: النكبة, the catastrophe) by Arabs, was the first in a series of wars in the Arab-Israeli conflict. ... The archaeology of Israel is a national passion that also attracts considerable international interest on account of the regions Biblical links. ...


Between 1951 and 1977 Benjamim Mazar served as Professor of Biblical History and Archaeology of Palestine at the new campus of Hebrew University in West Jerusalem. In 1952 he became Rector of the University in 1952 and its president for eight years commencing in 1953. Between 1968 and 1978 Professor Mazar directed extensive excavations in the Ophel and the southwestern corner of the Temple Mount. The site had been inaccessible to Israeli archaeologists until it was captured in 1967 during the Six Day War. 1951 was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (האוניברסיטה העברית בירושלים) is one of Israels biggest and most important institutes of higher learning and research. ... 1952 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... This entry incorporates text from Eastons Bible Dictionary, 1897, with some modernisation. ... The Temple Mount (Hebrew: הַר הַבַּיִת, Har haBáyit) or Noble Sanctuary (Arabic: الحرم الشريف, al-Ḥaram aÅ¡-Å arÄ«f) is a hotly contested religious site in the Old City of Jerusalem. ... 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1967 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the Six-Day War or June War, was fought between Israel and its Arab neighbors Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. ...


Mazar family

Benjamin Mazar, his son Ory and his granddaughter Eilat Mazar and nephew Amihai Mazar all shared the same interests in Israeli archaeology. Eilat Mazar has been a frequent spokesperson for concerns regarding the archaeology of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. Dr. Eilat Mazar is a third-generation Israeli archaeologist. ... Amihai Ami Mazar (born 1942) is an Israeli archaeologist. ... The Temple Mount (Hebrew: הַר הַבַּיִת, Har haBáyit) or Noble Sanctuary (Arabic: الحرم الشريف, al-Ḥaram aÅ¡-Å arÄ«f) is a hotly contested religious site in the Old City of Jerusalem. ... Jerusalem (31°46′ N 35°14′ E; Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם Yerushalayim; Arabic: القدس al-Quds; see also names of Jerusalem) is an ancient Middle Eastern city of key importance to the religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. ...


Temple Mount controversy

According to Ory Mazar, a son of Benjamin Mazar, his father favored the idea that the Temple location was not where most people assumed that it had been on Temple Mount in Jerusalem. In 1960s Professor Mazar had worked with Dr. Ernest L. Martin of Ambassador College during student excavations around Temple Mount and Dr. Martin had been introduced to Ory. The Temple Mount (Hebrew: הַר הַבַּיִת, Har haBáyit) or Noble Sanctuary (Arabic: الحرم الشريف, al-Ḥaram aš-Šarīf) is a hotly contested religious site in the Old City of Jerusalem. ... The 1960s, or The Sixties, in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ... ... Ambassador College was originally established as a liberal arts institution in 1947 at Pasadena, California by the Radio Church of God, a religious organization incorporated in the State of California by Herbert W. Armstrong to promote the beliefs of the Church of God. ...


From this relationship Dr. Martin published a controversial book called The Temples that Jerusalem Forgot based upon the ideas of Ory Mazar who claimed that his father also shared similar views before his death. After studying the words of Josephus concerning the Temple of Herod, which was reported to be in the same general area of the former Temples, in 1997 Dr. Martin concluded that all the Temples were located on the Ophel mound over the area of the Gihon Spring and not where everyone assumed that they were located. This theory implied that Judaism was fighting to preserve the wrong location, which in turn sparked reactions from Moslems. These ideas were even more controversial due to the fact that Dr. Martin had been associated with The Plain Truth magazine at the time when Michael Dennis Rohan had read an editorial by Herbert W. Armstrong, which it is claimed, led to the act of arson against the Al Aqsa mosque. Josephus (c. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Plain Truth is a magazine founded by Herbert W. Armstrong who also founded the Radio Church of God (later renamed the Worldwide Church of God), Ambassador College and The World Tomorrow radio and television programs. ... Michael Dennis Rohan is an Australian citizen who gained worldwide infamy on August 21, 1969, when he attempted to set fire to the Al-Aqsa mosque, located atop the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. ... Herbert W. Armstrong (July 31, 1892 – January 16, 1986) was the founder of the Radio Church of God / Worldwide Church of God; Chancellor of Ambassador Colleges and Ambassador University; Publisher of The Plain Truth magazine in several languages; Presenter of The World Tomorrow radio and television programs and director of...


See also

  • Archaeology of Israel This entry discusses the archaeology of Israel as an academic and scientific discipline, an important aspect of the country's cultural life and national identity.
  • Biblical archaeology

  Results from FactBites:
 
Benjamin Mazar - Definition, explanation (484 words)
Benjamin Mazar (June 28, 1906 - September 9, 1995) was a pioneering Israeli archaeologist who shared the national passion for the archaeology of Israel that also attracts considerable international interest due to the region's Biblical links.
Between 1951 and 1977 Benjamim Mazar served as Professor of Biblical History and Archaeology of Palestine at the new campus of Hebrew University in West Jerusalem.
According to Ory Mazar, a son of Benjamin Mazar, his father favored the idea that the Temple location was not where most people assumed that it had been on Temple Mount in Jerusalem.
Eilat Mazar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (360 words)
On August 4, 2005, Mazar announced she had discovered in Jerusalem what may have been the palace of the biblical King David, the first king of a united Kingdom of Israel, who ruled from around 1005 to 965 BCE.
She is the granddaughter of pioneering Israeli archaeologist Benjamin Mazar.
Mazar, E. The Phoenician Family Tomb N.1 at the Northern Cemetery of Achziv (10th-6th Centuries BCE).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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