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Encyclopedia > Benito Juárez
Benito Juárez

Benito Juárez (March 21, 1806July 18, 1872) was a Zapotec Indian who served two terms (1861-1863 and 1867-1872) as President of Mexico. Juárez is often regarded as Mexico's greatest and most beloved leader. He is the first and only Native American to serve as President of Mexico. Benito Juárez, better PD picture This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Benito Juárez, better PD picture This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... March 21 is the 80th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (81st in leap years). ... Events January 8 - Cape Colony becomes a British colony January 10 - Dutch in Cape Town surrender to the British January 19 - The United Kingdom occupies the Cape of Good Hope February 6 - Royal Navy victory off Santo Domingo - see:Action of 6 February 1806 March 23 - After traveling through the... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 1872 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Zapotec refers to a native people of Mexico, their language family consisting of more than 15 languages, and their historic culture and traditions. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1867 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1872 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Seal of the Office of the President of Mexico The President of United Mexican States is the head of state of Mexico. ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, Amerindians, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ...

Contents

Early Life

Benito Pablo Juárez García was born in the village of San Pablo Guelatao, Oaxaca. His parents were peasants who died before his fourth birthday. He worked in the corn fields and as a shepherd until the age of 12, then on December 17, 1818, he walked to the city of Oaxaca with a wish to educate himself and find a better life. At the time he was illiterate and could speak no Spanish, only Zapotec. San Pablo Guelatao is a town in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, about 55 km from the city of Oaxaca. ... Oaxaca is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1818 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Calle Tinoco y Palacios, with the church of San Felipe Neri Basílica de la Soledad Calle Morelos The city of Oaxaca, Oaxaca (formally: Oaxaca de Juárez, in honour of 19th_century president and national hero Benito Juárez, who was born nearby) is the capital and main city of the Mexican state...


In the city he took a job as a domestic servant, and eagerly made up for his previous lack of education. A lay Franciscan named Antonio Salanueva was impressed with young Benito's intelligence and thirst for learning, and helped arrange for him to be accepted at the city seminary. He studied there but decided to pursue the law rather than the priesthood. He graduated from the seminary in 1827, then studied law. The Order of Friars Minor (commonly called the Franciscans) is a mendicant religious order of men tracing their origin to Francis of Assisi and following the Rule of St. ... 1827 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Political Career

Juárez became a lawyer in 1834 and a judge in 1842. He was governor of the state of Oaxaca from 1847 to 1853, at which time he was sent into exile because of his objections to the corruption of Antonio López de Santa Anna. He spent his exile in New Orleans, Louisiana, working in a cigar factory. A lawyer or attorney at law is a person licensed by the state to advise clients in legal matters and represent them in courts of law (and in other forms of dispute resolution). ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... A judge or justice is an appointed or elected official who presides over a court. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Antonio López de Santa Anna Antonio López de Santa Anna Pérez de Lebrón (sometimes spelled de Santa Ana) (February 21, 1794 - 21 June 1876) was a Mexican general and dictator. ... City nickname: The Crescent City, The Big Easy, The City that Care Forgot Location of New Orleans Country   State     Parish United States   Louisiana     Orleans Parish Mayor C. Ray Nagin Area  - Land  - Water 350. ... Corona cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of tobacco leaves that have already been dried and fermented, which is lit for the purpose of inhaling (or merely drawing into the mouth rather than into the lungs) its smoke (see tobacco smoking). ...


Juárez returned to Mexico in 1855 and joined with the opposition liberales; two years later they triumphed and Juárez was made chief justice and vice-president of Mexico, under president Ignacio Comonfort. The conservadores rebelled and civil war erupted. Juárez succeeded Comonfort as provisional president. Juárez entered Mexico City on January 11, 1861 to reestablish national unity. He was elected President in March of that year for a four year term. 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Ignacio Comonfort (1812 - 1863 ) was a Mexican politician and military officer. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the federal capital of, and largest city in, Mexico. ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


Following a debt dispute, France invaded Mexico in 1862, with plans by Napoleon III to establish a puppet regime there. After fierce fighting, including a victory whose anniversary is celebrated as Cinco de Mayo, Juárez and his elected government were forced to retreat to the northern part of the country. 1862 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808 - January 9, 1873) was the son of King Louis Bonaparte and Queen Hortense de Beauharnais; both monarchs of the French puppet state, the Kingdom of Holland. ... Cinco de Mayo is increasingly celebrated in California and the U.S. Southwest El cinco de mayo (Fifth of May in Spanish) is a national holiday in Mexico. ...


Juárez led Mexican opposition to the French invasion and imposition of puppet emperor Maximilian of Habsburg. Maximilian offered Juárez amnesty, and later the post of prime minister, but Juárez refused to accept monarchy or a government imposed by foreigners. In 1867 the last of the French troops and allies of Maximilian were defeated and driven from the land. Maximilian was sentenced to death for treason by a military court. Despite international pleas for amnesty, Juárez refused to commute the sentence. That same year Juárez was reelected president. Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico, (July 6, 1832 - June 19, 1867) was a member of Austrias Imperial Habsburg family. ... 1867 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Benito Juárez was a progressive reformer dedicated to democracy, equal rights for the nation's indigenous or Indian population, and lessening the great power of the Roman Catholic Church then held over Mexican politics. The period of his leadership is known in Mexican history as La Reforma, and constituted a liberal political and social revolution with major institutional consequences: the expropriation of church lands, bringing the army under civilian control, and adoption of a federalist constitution. The Roman Catholic Church is the largest religious denomination of Christianity with over one billion members. ... Federalism can refer to either: The form of government, or constitutional structure, found in a federation. ...


Biographical Notes

Benito Juárez died of a heart attack while working at his desk in the National Palace in Mexico City. A myocardial infarction occurs when an atherosclerotic plaque slowly builds up in the inner lining of a coronary artery and then suddenly ruptures, totally occluding the artery and preventing blood flow downstream. ...

Monument to Juárez, Mexico City

Juárez's famous quotation continues to be well-remembered in Mexico: Entre los Individuos, como entre Las Naciones, El respeto al derecho ajeno es la paz, meaning "Between individuals, as between nations, respect for the rights of others is peace". It is inscribed on the State Flag of Oaxaca. Monument to Benito Juárez, Alameda Central, Mexico City (Hemiciclo a Juárez, Avenida Juárez) Photo taken by Hajor, 14. ... Monument to Benito Juárez, Alameda Central, Mexico City (Hemiciclo a Juárez, Avenida Juárez) Photo taken by Hajor, 14. ...


The anniversary of Juárez's birth (March 21) is a national holiday in Mexico (See: Fiestas Patrias). March 21 is the 80th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (81st in leap years). ... Fiestas Patrias is a Spanish phrase meaning National Holidays. Mexico Mexicos fiestas patrias originated in the 19th century. ...


See also: History of Mexico Prehistory Hunter-Gatherer peoples are thought to have inhabited Mexico more than 20,000 years ago. ...


Miscellany

Benito Mussolini was named after Juárez by his Socialist father. Benito Mussolini created a fascist state through the use of propaganda, total control of the media and disassembly of the working democratic government. ...


Juárez has been represented in motion pictures by Paul Muni (1939), Jason Robards, Sr. (1940), Fausto Tozzi (1965), Helmut Schellhardt (1988), and Luis Valdez (1994) Film refers to the celluloid media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as part of the entertainment industry. ... Paul Muni photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1932 Paul Muni (September 22, 1895 - August 25, 1967) was a versatile actor from the Golden Age of Hollywood, nominated for five Academy Awards. ...


Benito Juárez is a very common geographical name in Mexico. It is used for:

Other Mexican States Capital Mexico City Area 1,479 km² Ranked 32nd Population (2000 census) 8,591,300 Ranked 2nd Head of Govt (2000-06) Andrés Manuel López Obrador (PRD) Federal Deputies (30) PRD = 27 PAN = 3 Federal Senators PAN = 1 PVEM = 1 PRD = 1 ISO 3166-2... Benito Juárez is one of the 16 delegaciones (boroughs) into which Mexicos Federal District is divided. ... Other Mexican States Capital Chilpancingo Other major cities Acapulco, Taxco, list of municipalities Area 64,281 km² Ranked 14th Population (2000 census) 3,075,080 Ranked 11th Governor (1999-2005) René Juárez Cisneros (PRI) Federal Deputies (10) PRI = 6 PRD = 4 Federal Senators PRI = 2 PRD = 1 ISO 3166... Benito Juárez is a municipality in the state of Guerrero, Mexico. ... Other Mexican States Capital Chetumal Other major cities Cancún Cozumel list of municipalities Area 50,212 km² Ranked 19th Population (2000 census) 873,800 Ranked 29th Governor of Quintana Roo (2005-2011) Félix González Cantú (PRI) Federal Deputies (2) PRI = 2 Federal Senators PRI = 2 PAN = 1... Benito Juárez is one of the eight municipalities of the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. ... Tlaxcala is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... Veracruz is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... Other Mexican States Capital Monterrey Other major cities list of municipalities Area 64,924 km² Ranked 13th Population (2000 census) 3,826,240 Ranked 9th Governor (2003-09) José Natividad González Parás (PRI/PVEM) Federal Deputies (11) PRI/PVEM = 10 PAN = 1 Federal Senators PAN = 2 PRI = 1 ISO 3166... Benito Juárez International Airport (IATA airport code: MEX) serves Mexico City, Mexico. ... Oaxaca is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... Misión de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe Ciudad Juárez (2000 population 1,142,354) is a city in Chihuahua, Mexico, across the Rio Grande from El Paso, Texas, USA. It is the major port of entry and transportation center of north central Mexico and the fifth largest city in México. ... This article is about the state in Mexico; for the city of Chihuahua, see: Chihuahua. ... Naucalpan de Juárez (Naucalpan) is a municipality in the Mexican state of México. ... The United Mexican States, or Mexico, is a federal republic, comprising 31 states. ...

External links

Wikiquote has quotations relating to:
Benito Juárez
  • Mexico's Lincoln: The Ecstasy and Agony of Benito Juarez (http://www.mexconnect.com/mex_/history/jtuck/jtbenitojuarez.html)
  • Timeline (http://www.zermeno.com/Benito%20Juarez.html)


File links The following pages link to this file: Abraham Lincoln Aristotle Ayn Rand Adolf Hitler Al Gore Animal Farm Aldous Huxley Arthur Koestler Arthur Schopenhauer Animal Albert Einstein Art Abortion Apocalypse Now Alfred Hitchcock Alexander Graham Bell Andy Warhol Afrika Bambaataa Arthur C. Clarke Atheism Arthur Conan Doyle A... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ...

Preceded by:
Ignacio Comonfort
or
Maximilian I
(Emperor of Mexico)
President of Mexico
1858–1872
or
1867–1872
Succeeded by:
Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada


Ignacio Comonfort (1812 - 1863 ) was a Mexican politician and military officer. ... Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico, (July 6, 1832 - June 19, 1867) was a member of Austrias Imperial Habsburg family. ... The Mexican Empire was the name of Mexico on two non-consecutive occasions in the 19th century when it was ruled by an Emperor. ... Seal of the Office of the President of Mexico The President of United Mexican States is the head of state of Mexico. ... Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada (April 24, 1823 _ April 21, 1893) was a Mexican politician. ...


 
 

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