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Encyclopedia > Benicia, California
City of Benicia, California
Location in Solano County and the state of California
Location in Solano County and the state of California
Coordinates: 38°3′48″N 122°9′22″W / 38.06333, -122.15611
Country United States
State California
County Solano
Government
 - Mayor Elizabeth Patterson
Area
 - Total 15.6 sq mi (40.4 km²)
 - Land 12.9 sq mi (33.4 km²)
 - Water 2.7 sq mi (7.0 km²)
Elevation 26 ft (8 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 26,865
 - Density 2,082.6/sq mi (315.7/km²)
Time zone Pacific (UTC−8)
 - Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC−7)
ZIP code 94510
Area code(s) 707
FIPS code 06-05290
GNIS feature ID 0277472
Website: [1]

Benicia is a waterside city in Solano County, California, United States. It was the first city in California to be founded by Anglo-Americans, and briefly served as the state capital for six months. The population was 26,865 at the 2000 census. The city lies in the San Francisco Bay Area near San Francisco and Vallejo. Benicia is located on the north side of the Carquinez Strait, directly facing the city of Martinez. Image File history File links Solano_County_California_Incorporated_and_Unincorporated_areas_Benicia_Highlighted. ... Solano County is a county located in central part of the U.S. state of California, about halfway between San Francisco and Sacramento and is one of the nine San Francisco Bay Area counties. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The U.S. state of California is divided into 58 counties. ... Solano County is a county located in central part of the U.S. state of California, about halfway between San Francisco and Sacramento and is one of the nine San Francisco Bay Area counties. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Elizabeth Patterson Bonaparte (Baltimore, Maryland, 6 February 1785 - Baltimore, Maryland, 4 April 1879), known as Betsy, was the daughter of a Baltimore, Maryland merchant, and was the first wife of Jerome Bonaparte, and sister-in-law of Emperor Napoleon I of France. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... The 707 area code covers Napa, Vallejo, Fairfield, Santa Rosa, Fort Bragg, Crescent City, Eureka, Ukiah and northwestern California. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Solano County is a county located in central part of the U.S. state of California, about halfway between San Francisco and Sacramento and is one of the nine San Francisco Bay Area counties. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... In countries with federal constitutions divided into subnational entities known as states, the state capital is the administrative center of a state. ... The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... Vallejo (pronounced IPA: in English; in the original Spanish) is a city in Solano County, California, United States. ... Carquinez Strait The Carquinez Strait is a narrow tidal strait in northern California. ... John Muirs home. ...


The town can be divided into three areas: Southampton (north of Military), East Benicia (east of First Street), and West Benicia (west of First Street). Most of the town's older homes are on the east and west sides. The far east side has an industrial park, where the town's many local artists have rented out studio space. Also in or near the industrial park are the Valero oil refinery, the 1859 Clock Tower and the 1850s Camel Barns. The Benicia State Recreation Area is on the far west edge of the city. Southampton contains primarily stucco family homes, most of which were built between 1970 and 2000.


The main retail area in Benicia is First Street, which attracts out-of-town antique and boutique shoppers and those seeking small-town charm.


Connections to Benicia include Interstate 680 from Martinez to the south and Cordelia Junction (Fairfield) to the north, and Interstate 780, Columbus Parkway, and other local roads from Vallejo to the west. Amtrak also runs past the city north towards Sacramento, but the train station lies in Martinez across the Carquinez Strait. Railroad tracks carrying Amtrak and Union Pacific Railroad lines cross the strait alongside the Benicia-Martinez Bridge. JUNCTION POSTMILE I-280 SCL 0. ... The Welcome to Fairfield roadside sign Fairfield Courthouse Fairfield is a city located northeast of the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California, USA. it is approximately 45 miles from both San Francisco and Sacramento. ... Interstate 780 is a 6. ... The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Sacramento redirects here. ... Union Pacific redirects here. ... The Benicia-Martinez Bridge, also known as the George Miller Jr. ...

Contents

History

California's third capitol at Benicia. The Senate chambers on first floor, and the Assembly chambers above.
California's third capitol at Benicia. The Senate chambers on first floor, and the Assembly chambers above.

Benicia was founded on May 19, 1847 by Robert Semple, Thomas O. Larkin, and Comandante General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, on land sold to them by General Vallejo, and named for the General's wife, Francisca Benicia Carillo de Vallejo. The first intended name "Francisca" was dropped due to then, Yerba Buena changing its name to "San Francisco", so Mrs. Vallejo's second given name was used instead. Benicia was sixth site selected as the California state capital from February 11, 1853 to February 25, 1854, but the capital was then moved to Sacramento. The restored capital building is part of the Benicia Capitol State Historic Park. Benicia was also the county seat of Solano County until 1858 when that was moved to Fairfield. California state capitol building in Benicia. ... California State Senate chamber The California State Senate is the upper house of the California State Legislature. ... The California State Assembly chamber California State Assembly Chamber in the State Capitol The California State Assembly is the lower house of the California State Legislature. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Thomas Oliver Larkin, was the son of Thomas O. Larkin and Hannah (Cordis). ... Don Mariano Guadeloupe Vallejo (4 July 1807 - 18 January 1890) was a Californian military commander, politician, and rancher. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... California state capitol building in Benicia. ... Solano County is a county located in central part of the U.S. state of California, about halfway between San Francisco and Sacramento and is one of the nine San Francisco Bay Area counties. ... Year 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Welcome to Fairfield roadside sign Fairfield Courthouse Fairfield is a city located northeast of the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California, USA. it is approximately 45 miles from both San Francisco and Sacramento. ...


From 1860-1861, Benicia was indirectly involved in the Pony Express. When riders missed their connection with a steamer in Sacramento, they would continue on to Benicia and cross over to Martinez via the ferry. [1] One of the earliest companies in California, the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, established a major shipyard in Benicia in the 19th century. Benicia became an important wheat storage and shipping site. It was also the site of the United States Army's Benicia Arsenal. In 1879, the Central Pacific Railroad re-routed the Sacramento-Oakland portion of its transcontinental line, establishing a major railroad ferry across the Carquinez Strait from Benicia to Port Costa. The world's largest ferry, the Solano, later joined by the even larger Contra Costa, carried entire trains across the Carquinez Strait from Benicia to Port Costa, from whence they continued on to the Oakland Pier. After California's wheat output dropped in the early 20th Century and especially after the Southern Pacific (which took over the operations of the Central Pacific) constructed a railroad bridge at Martinez in 1930 to replace the ferry crossing, Benicia declined until the economic boom of World War II, which doubled the population to about 7,000 residents. Frank E. Webner, pony express rider c. ... Sacramento is a Spanish- and Portuguese-language word meaning sacrament; it is a common toponym in parts of the world where those tongues were or are spoken. ... The Pacific Mail Steamship Company was founded in 1848 to transport mail under contract from the United States Government from the Isthmus of Panama to California. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... Benicia Arsenal was a large military reservation located next to Suisun Bay in Benicia, California. ... The Gov. ... A Transcontinental Railroad is a railway that crosses a continent typically from sea to sea. Terminals are at or connected to different oceans. ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... Port Costa is a census-designated place located in Contra Costa County, California. ... The Solano was a large railroad ferryboat which operated across the Carquinez Strait between Benicia and Port Costa in California. ... The Solano was a large railroad ferryboat which operated across the Carquinez Strait between Benicia and Port Costa in California. ... The Oakland Long Wharf was a massive railroad wharf and ferry pier (mole) in Oakland, California. ... The Southern Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting marks SP) was an American railroad. ... Martinez is the name of several places in the United States of America: Martinez, California Martinez, Georgia Martinez, New Mexico Martinez, Texas Martinez, Connecticut Martinez is also surname of several people: Angie Martinez - Puerto Rican musician Conchita Martinez - Spanish tennis player Eduardo Cardinal Martínez Somalo - high official in the... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Two developments in the early 1960s would completely change Benicia: The closing of the Benicia Arsenal in 1960–64, and the completion of the Benicia-Martinez Bridge in 1962. The closing of the Arsenal removed Benicia's traditional economic base, but allowed city leaders to create an industrial park on Arsenal land which eventually provided more revenue for the city than the Army had. The completion of the Benicia-Martinez Bridge made it possible for the city to become a suburb of San Francisco and Oakland, and suburban development in the Benicia hills began in the late 1960s. Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... The Benicia-Martinez Bridge, also known as the George Miller Jr. ... An industrial park (or industrial estate in British English) is an area of land set aside for industrial development. ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ... Oakland redirects here. ...


Between 1970 and 1995, the population of Benicia grew steadily at a rate of about 1,000 people per year, and the city changed from a poor, blue-collar town of 7,000 to a white-collar bedroom suburb of 28,000.


The town is also the location of the Valero Refinery. The refinery was completed in 1969 by Exxon Corporation, and bought by Valero Refining, a San Antonio based oil company subsidiary in 2000. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency listed the Exxon refinery in Benicia among the top five facilities for toxic chemical releases to the environment in California in 1997. Flaring, most commonly associated with vapor plumes coming from tall stacks at the refineries – and the constantly-burning pilot lights visible at night – is the process used to burn off gases during "upsets," when something goes wrong and equipment must be shut down rapidly to avert an explosion or fire. Those emergencies can produce thick black clouds of unburned hydrocarbons, which in turn produce six-figure fines from the air district and local governments. Refineries face possible fines if they flare for more than three minutes. Many Benicians will say they have seen these flares for long periods of time. Valero Energy Corporation (NYSE: VLO) is a Fortune 500 company based in San Antonio, Texas, with 21,836 employees and annual revenue of more than US$90 billion. ... A refinery is composed of a group of chemical engineering unit processes and unit operations used for refining certain materials or converting raw material into products of value. ... Exxon Mobil Corporation or ExxonMobil (NYSE: XOM), headquartered in Irving, Texas, is an oil producer and distributor formed on November 30, 1999, by the merger of Exxon and Mobil. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Counties Bexar County Government  - Mayor Phil Hardberger Area  - City  412. ...


Activities

There is a Farmers' market on Thursday evenings during the summer months May through October. According to the Benicia Main Street commerce organization, this tradition began in 1992. There is no entry fee for this event. For the free-jazz group, see Farmers Market (band). ...


First Fridays on First. On the first Friday of each month, May through October, participating shops and restaurants encourage a festival atmosphere with balloons and live music on First Street. During the summer months, outdoor movies are shown at 9 p.m. at the Benicia State Capitol. There is no entry fee for this event.


Torchlight Parade & Dance. Traditionally held on the July 3, Benicia’s 4th of July parade stretches all the way down First Street and typically includes music, dancing, floats, horses, clowns, and live entertainment. A street dance and live entertainment traditionally follow the parade on First Street. There is no entry fee for this event. is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Picnic in the Park & Fireworks. On July 4, there is a large community picnic at Benicia’s City Park traditionall starting at noon. Shortly after dark (approximately 9pm) there is a fireworks display that originate at the foot of First Street. There is no entry fee for this event. is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Benicia Peddler's Fair. This outdoor event began in 1963 with a few collectable and antique stores displaying their items on tables outside St. Paul's Church. Today, over 300 antique and collectable dealers as well as other vendors display their wares in booths that span approximately 11 blocks of First Street. Unverified sources cite attendance in 2006 at approximately 20,000. This event is sponsored by St. Paul's Episcopal Church in Benicia. There is no entry fee for this event. St. ...


Sailing. Benicia is an active sailing community. In additional to individual sailing out of the Benicia Marina, there are several organized events and competitions. During the summer months, there is a yacht racing competition on Thursday evenings sponsored by the Benicia Yacht Club. For either of the songs named Sailing, see Sailing (song). ... Inshore yacht racing on Sydney Harbour, Australia Yacht racing is the sport of competitive sailing. ...


Youth Sailing Program. The Benicia Yacht Club sponsors a Youth Sailing Program that offers 5 Tuesday training sessions of approximately 4 hours each. These classes are an introduction to sailing for those with little or no small boat sailing experience. The classes cover parts of the boat, rigging and the basic elements of boat handling and seamanship. Participants successfully completing the class will be able to rig and sail a dinghy on a protected body of water in light to moderate winds.


Common activities for the high school population include organized games and events such as La Migra, a somewhat more complicated version of tag involving cars, dances at the local Clocktower, and High School football games.


Zodiac murders

On December 20, 1968 near the Benicia water pumping station, the Zodiac Killer made his debut by killing Vallejo natives David Faraday and Betty Lou Jensen as they rested, or "necked", in Faraday's car. Near the same area on July 4 of the following year, the killer struck again killing Darlene Ferrin and injuring Michael Mageau at the Blue Rock Springs Park in Vallejo, immediately next to Benicia. is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the New York City Zodiac copycat, see Heriberto Seda. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.6 square miles (40.4 km²), of which, 12.9 square miles (33.4 km²) of it is land and 2.7 square miles (7.0 km²) of it (17.31%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ...


Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 26,865 people, 10,328 households, and 7,239 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,082.6 people per square mile (804.1/km²). There were 10,547 housing units at an average density of 817.6/sq mi (315.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.89% White, 4.82% Black or African American, 0.60% Native American, 7.56% Asian, 0.29% Pacific Islander, 2.65% from other races, and 5.18% from two or more races. 9.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... Hispanic Americans (Spanish: Hispano Americano) are Americans of Hispanic ethnicity who largely identify with the Hispanic cultural heritage. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 10,328 households out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.10. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $67,617, and the median income for a family was $77,974. Males had a median income of $59,628 versus $39,893 for females. The per capita income for the city was $31,226. About 3.1% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over. Income, generally defined, is the money that is received as a result of the normal business activities of an individual or a business. ... The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Politics

In the state legislature Benicia is located in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Pat Wiggins, and in the 8th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Lois Wolk. Federally, Benicia is located in California's 7th congressional district. Californias Capitol, where the State Legislature meets California State Assembly chamber California state Senate chamber The California Legislature is the legislative branch of the state government of California. ... California State Senate chamber The California State Senate is the upper house of the California State Legislature. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Pat Wiggins has been a State Senator since 2006. ... The California State Assembly chamber California State Assembly Chamber in the State Capitol The California State Assembly is the lower house of the California State Legislature. ... Lois Wolk (born 12 May 1946 in Philadelphia, PA) is a Democratic politician from Davis, California. ... Map Californias Seventh Congressional District currently covers half of Contra Costa County, Solano County and a tiny portion of Napa County. ...


Transportation

Benicia has no transit by train, but there is transit by a bus service named Benicia Breeze. Different routes notably go to Pleasant Hill (BART station), Suisun, Fairfield, Concord, Vallejo, the Martinez Amtrak station and Northwest Benicia City Ride. The Benicia-Martinez Bridge provides an automobile and rail link over Carquinez Strait. Two blocks from the main downtown district, the Benicia Marina is a full-service marina, offering a fuel dock, pump-out station, launch ramp, general store, laundry, restrooms and showers.[3] Pleasant Hill is a Bay Area Rapid Transit station that serves Pleasant Hill, California. ... Suisun City (pronounced suh SOON) is a city located in Solano County, California. ... The Welcome to Fairfield roadside sign Fairfield Courthouse Fairfield is a city located northeast of the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California, USA. it is approximately 45 miles from both San Francisco and Sacramento. ... Location of Concord in California. ... Vallejo (pronounced IPA: in English; in the original Spanish) is a city in Solano County, California, United States. ... The Benicia-Martinez Bridge, also known as the George Miller Jr. ...


Criticism

The Benicia Police department has recently been under fire from people around the community. Students and parents have argued that Benicia Police treats kids unfairly and uses the law to their advantage. This includes pulling over everyone between the age of 16-21 after 11pm and often breaking The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution ensuring citizens' right to "be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures. The prime target appears to be a group of young adults who play guitar and wear headbands down by the pier. The police often assume that these young adults possess marijuana.


Points of Interest

  • There is a unique beach in Benicia called Glass Beach
  • The third capitol of California with restored building and interpretive historic materials.

External links

  • Benicia, California is at coordinates 38°03′48″N 122°09′22″W / 38.06336, -122.156158 (Benicia, California)Coordinates: 38°03′48″N 122°09′22″W / 38.06336, -122.156158 (Benicia, California)

Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
History- Benicia Chamber of Commerce & Visitor Center (1621 words)
Benicia Capitol State Historic Park Benicia was the site of California’s third seat of government and served as the state capitol for thirteen months during 1853 and 1854.
Benicia Historical Museum at the Camel Barns (or, The Camel Barn Museum) stems from Benicia's unusual contribution to U.S. Military history in the 1850's and 1860's.
Benicia Fire Museum The museum houses many treasures of fire service equipment and hundreds of related items, including the "Phoenix," an 1820's double decker hand-pumper requiring 45 men to operate--one of the first fire engines to arrive in California in 1847.
Benicia, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1101 words)
Benicia is a waterside city in Solano County, California, United States.
Benicia is located on the north side of the Carquinez Strait, directly facing the city of Martinez.
Benicia was founded on May 19, 1847 by Robert Semple, Thomas O. Larkin, and Comandante General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, on land sold to them by General Vallejo, and named for the General's wife, Francisca Benicia Carillo de Vallejo.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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