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Encyclopedia > Bengaluru
  ?Bangalore
ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು (Bengalūru)
Karnataka • India
Vidhana Soudha
Coordinates: 12°58′13″N 77°33′37″E / 12.970214, 77.56029
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
741 km² (286 sq mi)[1]
• 920 m (3,018 ft)
Region Bayaluseeme
District(s) Bangalore Urban
Population
Density
5,280,000 (3rd) (2007)
• 7,126/km² (18,456/sq mi)
Mayor Mumtaz Begum
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
UN/LOCODE
Vehicle

• 560 0xx
• +91-(0)80
• IN BLR
• KA-xx

Coordinates: 12°58′13″N 77°33′37″E / 12.970214, 77.56029 Bengalūru (formerly Bangalore) (Kannada: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು; pronunciation: ['beŋgəɭuːru] in Kannada and /'bæŋgəlɔː(ɹ)/ in English) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. Located on the Deccan Plateau in the south-eastern part of Karnataka, Bangalore has an estimated metropolitan population of 6.5 million (65 lakh), making it India's third-most populous city and sixth-largest metropolitan area. Though historical references to the city predate 900, a written history of continuous settlement exists only from 1537. In that year, Kempe Gowda I, whom many regard as the architect of modern Bangalore, built a mud fort in the city and established it as a province of the Vijayanagara Empire. The term Bangalore has multiple meanings. ... , Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Bangalore (anglicised from Bengalooru) is the capital of Karnataka, located in South India. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links India_Karnataka_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... What follows is a list of unofficial, or quasi-official regions of India. ... Bayaluseeme is the area lying to the east of Malnad, a region of Karnataka state in South India, or east of the western ghats. ... The divisions of a district. ... Bangalore Urban is a district of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... The following is a list of the most populous cities in India. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mumtaz Begum (1956-) is the mayor of Bangalore, India. ... A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service (similar to the ZIP Code in the United States). ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... UN/LOCODE is a geographic coding scheme developed and maintained by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, a unit of the United Nations. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ ) is one of the major Dravidian languages of India, spoken predominantly in the southern state of Karnataka. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Image File history File links Bengaluru-pronunciation. ... Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ ) is one of the major Dravidian languages of India, spoken predominantly in the southern state of Karnataka. ... Image File history File links Bangalore-pronunciation. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... , Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... Deccan Plateau // Main article: Geography of India So anyway,The Deccan Plateau (Marathi: डेक्कन), also known as The Great Country, is a vast elevated tableland area with widely varying terrain features making up the majority of the southern India located between three ranges and extending over eight states. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A lakh (Hindi: लाख, Urdu: Ù„Ú©Ú¾, Bengali: , Tamil : இலட்சம்) is a unit in the Indian numbering system, widely used both in official and other contexts in Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. ... The following is a list of the most populous cities in India. ... This article lists the top fifty metropolitan areas in India by population as of 2007. ... Kempe Gowda I was a chieftain of the Vijayanagar kingdom and is credited with having established the Indian city of Bangalore in 1537. ... The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards. ...


During the British Raj, Bangalore developed as a centre for colonial rule in South India. The establishment of the Bangalore Cantonment brought in large numbers of migrants from Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and North India for developing and maintaining the infrastructure of the cantonment. The flag of British India British India, circa 1860 The British Raj (Raj in Hindi meaning Rule; from Sanskrit Rajya) was the British rule between 1858 and 1947 of the Indian Subcontinent, which included the present-day India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Burma (Myanmar), whereby these lands were under the colonial... The British India flag. ... Dark green region marks the approximate extent of northern India while the regions marked as light green lies within the sphere of north Indian influence. ...


After India gained independence in 1947, Bangalore evolved into a manufacturing hub for public sector heavy industries—particularly aerospace, telecommunications, machine tools, heavy equipment, and defence. The establishment and success of software service firms in Bangalore after the liberalisation of India's economy has led to the growth of India's information technology industry. Bangalore is referred to as the Silicon Valley of India and accounts for 35 percent of India's software exports.[2] Home to prestigious colleges and research institutions, the city has the second-highest literacy rate among the metropolitan cities in the nation. However, as a large and growing metropolis in the developing world, Bangalore continues to struggle with problems such as air pollution, traffic congestion, and crime. < [[[[math>Insert formula here</math>The public sector is that part of economic and administrative life that deals with the delivery of goods and services by and for the [[government </math></math></math></math> Direct administration funded through taxation; the delivering organisation generally has no specific requirement to meet commercial... Heavy industry does not have a single fixed meaning compared to light industry. ... Look up aerospace in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The defense industry refers primarily to: Defense contractors: business organizations or individuals that provide products or services to a defense department of a government. ... The economy of India is the third largest in the world as measured by purchasing power parity (PPP). ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... The Silicon Valley of India is a nickname of the Indian city of Bangalore. ... For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ...


On December 11, 2005, the Government of Karnataka announced that it had accepted the proposal by Jnanpith Award winner U. R. Ananthamurthy to rename Bangalore to its Kannada name, Bengaluru.[3] On September 27, 2006, the Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (BMP) passed a resolution to implement the proposed name change, pending approvals from the Government of Karnataka and citizens of the city.[4] On October 7, 2006, the Government of Karnataka accepted this resolution and decided to officially implement the name change on November 1, 2006.[5] December 11 is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The government of Karnataka is a democratically elected body with the Governer as the constitutional head. ... The Jnanpith Award is the highest literary honour conferred in the Republic of India. ... Udupi Rajagopalacharya Ananthamurthy (Kannada: ಯು. ಆರ್. ಅನಂತಮೂರ್ತಿ; born december 21, 1932), is a leading contemporary writer, critic and philosopher in Kannada language. ... The Indian renaming controversy is a result of a movement to change the names of Indian cities from the names used during the British imperial period, back to regional or Indian names. ... Kannada - aptly described as sirigannada (known to few as Kanarese) is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (Kannada: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು ಮಹಾನಗರ ಪಾಳಿಕೆ) (or BMP), is responsibile for the civic and infrastructural assets of the city of Bangalore, India. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The government of Karnataka is a democratically elected body with the Governer as the constitutional head. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Etymology

The name Bangalore is an anglicised version of the city's name in the Kannada language, Bengaluru. The earliest reference to the name "Bengalooru" was found in a 9th century Ganga Dynasty stone inscription on a "veera kallu" (literally, "hero stone", a rock edict extolling the virtues of a warrior). In this inscription found in Begur, "Bengaluru" is referred to as a place in which a battle was fought in 890. It states that the place was part of the Ganga kingdom until 1004 and was known as "Bengaval-uru", the "City of Guards" in Old Kannada.[6] An article, published in The Hindu, states:[7] Anglicisation is a process of making something English. ... Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ ) is one of the major Dravidian languages of India, spoken predominantly in the southern state of Karnataka. ... The Ganga Dynasty is one of two unrelated dynasties who ruled parts of India: The Western Ganga Dynasty ruled a kingdom in southern India, based in southern Karnataka. ... Hero stone is a term for a memorial commemorating the death of a hero in India. ... Begur There may be several places with this name across the globe, please choose the relevant one below. ... The Hindu is a leading English-language newspaper in South India, with its largest base of circulation in Tamil Nadu. ...

An inscription, dating back to 890 CE, shows Bengaluru is over 1,000 years old. But it stands neglected at the Parvathi Nageshwara Temple in Begur near the city...written in Hale Kannada (Old Kannada) of the 9th century CE, the epigraph refers to a Bengalooru war in 890 in which Buttanachetty, a servant of Nagatta, died. Though this has been recorded by historian R. Narasimhachar in his Epigraphia of Carnatica (Vol. 10 supplementary), no efforts have been made to preserve it.

A popular anecdote (although one contradicted by historical evidence) recounts that the 11th-century Hoysala king Veera Ballala II, while on a hunting expedition, lost his way in the forest. Tired and hungry, he came across a poor old woman who served him boiled beans. The grateful king named the place "benda kaal-ooru" (Kannada: ಬೆಂದಕಾಳೂರು) (literally, "town of boiled beans"), which was eventually colloquialised to "Bengalūru".[8][9] There are also theories that the name has a floral origin and is derived from the tree Benga or "Ven-kai", also known as the Indian Kino Tree (Pterocarpus marsupium).[10] “Era Vulgaris” redirects here. ... An anecdote is a short tale narrating an interesting or amusing biographical incident. ... The Hoysala Empire ruled part of southern India from 1000 to 1346. ... Hoysala architecture in Belur, Karnataka depicting the Hindu God Vishu tearing apart an elephant. ... Kannada - aptly described as sirigannada (known to few as Kanarese) is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people. ... Binomial name Pterocarpus marsupium Roxburgh The Indian Kino Tree (Pterocarpus marsupium), also known as the Malabar Kino, Benga (or Venkai) is native to India. ... The Indian Kino Tree (pterocarpus marsupium), also known as the Malabar Kino, Benga (or Venkai) is native to India. ...


History

Main article: History of Bangalore

After nearly nine centuries of the rule of the Gangas, and a period of rule of the Cholas from 1024 to 1116, the town came under the rule of the Hoysala Empire. Modern Bangalore was founded by a vassal of the Vijayanagara Empire, Kempe Gowda I, who built a mud fort and a Nandi Temple in the proximity of modern Bangalore in 1537. Kempe Gowda referred to the new town as his "gandu bhoomi" or "Land of Heroes".[9] Bangalore (Kannada: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು) (pronounced // in Kannada and // in English) is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... The Hoysala Empire ruled part of southern India from 1000 to 1346. ... Look up vassal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards. ... Kempe Gowda I was a chieftain of the Vijayanagar kingdom and is credited with having established the Indian city of Bangalore in 1537. ... Temple interior with Nandi idol. ...


Within the fort, the town was divided into smaller divisions called petes (IPA: [peɪteɪ]). The town had two main streets: Chickkapete Street, which ran east-west, and Doddapete Street, which ran north-south. Their intersection formed the Doddapete Square — the heart of Bangalore. Kempe Gowda's successor, Kempe Gowda II, built four famous towers that marked Bangalore's boundary.[11] During the Vijayanagara rule, Bangalore was also referred to as "Devarāyanagara" and "Kalyānapura" ("Auspicious City"). After the fall of the Vijayanagara Empire, Bangalore's rule changed hands several times. In 1638, a large Bijapur army led by Ranadulla Khan and accompanied by Shahji Bhonsle defeated Kempe Gowda III and Bangalore was given to Shahji as a jagir. In 1687, the Mughal general Kasim Khan defeated Ekoji, son of Shahji, and then sold Bangalore to Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar (1673–1704) of Mysore for 300,000 rupees.[12][13] After the death of Krishnaraja Wodeyar II in 1759, Hyder Ali, Commander-in-Chief of the Mysore Army, proclaimed himself the de facto ruler of Mysore. The kingdom later passed to Hyder Ali's son Tippu Sultan, known as the Tiger of Mysore. Bangalore was eventually incorporated into the British East Indian Empire after Tippu Sultan was defeated and killed in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1799). The British returned administrative control of the Bangalore "pete" to the Maharaja of Mysore, choosing only to retain the Cantonment under their jurisdiction. Under British rule, Bangalore was incorporated into the Madras Presidency. The Kingdom of Mysore relocated its capital from Mysore city to Bangalore in 1831.[14] Two important developments during this period contributed to the rapid growth of the city: the introduction of telegraph connections and a rail connection to Madras in 1864. Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Chickpete Street and Dodpete Street were two of the main streets at the time of the founding of the Indian city of Bangalore in 1537. ... Bijapur (Kannada: ವಿಜಾಪುರ) is a district headquarters of the Bijapur district in the state of Karnataka. ... Shahaji Bhosale was the eldest son of Maloji Bhonsale of Verul in present day Maharashtra. ... A Jagir is a small territory granted by a ruler to an army chieftain (called a sardar in Marathi language) in recognition of his military service. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... Hyder Ali or Haidar Ali (c. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... Portrait of Tippu Sultan, 1792 Sultan Fateh Ali Tippu, also known as the Tiger of Mysore (November 20, 1750, Devanahalli – May 4, 1799, Srirangapattana), was the first son of Haidar Ali by his second wife, Fatima or Fakhr-un-nissa. ... The British East India Company, popularly known as John Company, was founded by a Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600. ... The Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1798–1799) was a war in South India between the Kingdom of Mysore and the British East India Company under Lord Wellesley. ... Major-General H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh- al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh, Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI , GCIE , GBE The word Mahārāja (also spelled maharajah) is Sanskrit for great king or high king (a karmadharaya from mahānt great... A cantonment is a temporary or semi-permanent military quarters, typically in South India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. ... Madras Presidency, also known as Madras Province and known officially as Presidency of Fort St. ... , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... Madras refers to: the Indian city of Chennai, formerly known as Madras, the former Indian state, now known as Tamil Nadu (Plural of Madra): Ancient people of Iranian affinites, who lived in northwest Panjab in the Uttarapatha division of ancient India. ...

South Parade (now Mahatma Gandhi Road) during colonial times.

In the 19th century, Bangalore essentially became a twin city, with the major part consisting of the "pete's", whose residents were predominantly Kannadigas, and the "cantonment" where the British stationed itself and created a predominantly Tamils population who were employed by the British. Bangalore was hit by a plague epidemic in 1898 that dramatically reduced its population. New extensions in Malleshwaram and Basavanagudi were developed in the north and south of the pete. Telephone lines were laid to help co-ordinate anti-plague operations, and a health officer was appointed to the city in 1898. In 1906, Bangalore became the first city in India to have electricity, powered by the hydroelectric plant situated in Shivanasamudra. Bangalore's reputation as the Garden City of India began in 1927 with the Silver Jubilee celebrations of the rule of Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV. Several projects such as the construction of parks, public buildings and hospitals were instituted to beautify the city. After Indian independence in August 1947, Bangalore remained in the new Mysore State of which the Maharaja of Mysore was the Rajapramukh. Public sector employment and education provided opportunities for Kannadigas from the rest of the state to migrate to the city. Bangalore experienced rapid growth in the decades 1941–51 and 1971–81 , which saw the arrival of many immigrants from northern Karnataka and . By 1961 Bangalore had become the sixth largest city in India, with a population of 1,207,000.[11] In the decades that followed, Bangalore's manufacturing base continued to expand with the establishment of private companies such as Motor Industries Company (MICO; a subsidiary of Robert Bosch GmbH), which set up its manufacturing plant in the city. Bangalore experienced a boom in its real estate market in the 1980s and 1990s, spurred by capital investors from other parts of the country who converted Bangalore's large plots and colonial bungalows to multi-storied apartments.[15] In 1985, Texas Instruments became the first multinational to set up base in Bangalore. Other Information Technology companies followed suit and by the end of the 20th century, Bangalore had firmly established itself as the Silicon Valley of India. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (523x816, 44 KB) This image is can be used in Wikipedia because: 1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (523x816, 44 KB) This image is can be used in Wikipedia because: 1. ... The term Twin city or twin town may be applied to one of the following notions. ... Kannadiga is the term for a native speaker of Kannada. ... Languages Tamil Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Gonds The Tamil people are a multi-ethnic group from the Indian subcontinent with a recorded history going back more than two millennia. ... The bubonic plague or bubonic fever is the best-known variant of the deadly infectious disease caused by the enterobacteria Yersinia pestis. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Silver Jubilee is a celebration held to mark a 25th anniversary. ... Who was this philosopher-king, who was seen by Paul Brunton as living the ideal described in Plato’s Republic, who had been compared to the Emperor Ashoka by the English statesman Lord Samuel, and who was termed Rajarishi by Mahatma Gandhi? H.H. Maharaja Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV, known... The Kingdom of Mysore was one of the three largest princely states within the erstwhile British Empire of India. ... Rajpramukh was an administrative title in India which existed from Indias independence in 1947 until 1956. ... Mico may refer to: a Bulgarian tsar - see Mitso Asen a type of monkeys, a subgenus of the marmoset genus Callithrix - see Mico (subgenus) a Canadian melodic rock band - see Mico (band) a city in Texas - see Mico, Texas a private limited company in India, subsidiary of Robert Bosch GmbH... Logo of Robert Bosch GmbH Robert Bosch GmbH [1] is a German corporation which was started in 1886 by Robert Bosch in Stuttgart, Germany. ... Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with anything permanently affixed to the land, such as buildings. ... A row of bungalows in Virginia A bungalow (Gujarati: , Hindi: ) is a type of single-story house. ... Texas Instruments (NYSE: TXN), better known in the electronics industry (and popularly) as TI, is an American company based in Dallas, Texas, USA, renowned for developing and commercializing semiconductor and computer technology. ... The word multinational can refer to: A Multinational corporation A Multinational State This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... A view of downtown San Jose, the self-proclaimed Capital of Silicon Valley. ...


Geography

Bangalore is situated in the southeast of the South Indian state of Karnataka. It is located in the heart of the Mysore Plateau (a region of the larger Precambrian Deccan Plateau) at an average elevation of 920 m (3,018 feet). It is positioned at 12.97° N 77.56° E and covers an area of 741 km² (286 mi²).[1] The majority of the city of Bangalore lies in the Bangalore Urban district of Karnataka and the surrounding rural areas are a part of the Bangalore Rural district. The Government of Karnataka has also submitted a proposal to carve out certain taluks in the Bangalore Rural district into the two new districts of Ramanagaram and Chikballapur. Bangalore, is situated in the southeast of the South Indian state of Karnataka. ... South India is a linguistic-cultural region of India that comprises the four states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the two Union Territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry, whose inhabitants are collectively referred to as South Indians. ... The Precambrian (Pre-Cambrian) is an informal name for the eons of the geologic timescale that came before the current Phanerozoic eon. ... Deccan Plateau // Main article: Geography of India So anyway,The Deccan Plateau (Marathi: डेक्कन), also known as The Great Country, is a vast elevated tableland area with widely varying terrain features making up the majority of the southern India located between three ranges and extending over eight states. ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... Bangalore Urban is a district of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Bangalore Rural District is one of the 27 districts in Karnataka. ... The government of Karnataka is a democratically elected body with the Governer as the constitutional head. ... A Tehsil is an administrative subdivision or tier of local government in some South Asian countries. ... The Anna-Thama rock formation on the left, Handi-Gundi on the right Ramanagara is a town and a city municipal council in Bangalore Rural district in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... , Chickballapur is a town in the Kolar district of Karnataka state, India. ...


The topology of Bangalore is flat except for a central ridge running NNE-SSW. The highest point is Doddabettahalli, which is 962 m (3,156 ft) and lies on this ridge.[16] No major rivers run through the city, though the Arkavathi and South Pennar cross paths at the Nandi Hills, 60 km (37 mi.) to the north. River Vrishabhavathi, a minor tributary of the Arkavathi, arises within the city at Basavanagudi and flows through the city. The rivers Arkavathi and Vrishabhavathi together carry much of Bangalore's sewage. A sewerage system, constructed in 1922, covers 215 km² (133 mi²) of the city and connects with five sewage treatment centers located in the periphery of Bangalore.[17] A ridge is a geological feature that features a continuous elevational crest for some distance. ... ESE also stands for Extensible Storage Engine. ... ESE also stands for Extensible Storage Engine. ... Doddabettahalli is the highest point in Bangalore, India (962 m). ... Arkavathy River or Arkavathi River, is a river originating at Nandi Hills of Kolar District and is an offshoot of the Cauvery River. ... The South Pennar river, also known as Dakshina Pinakini in Kannada is a distributary of the Kaveri and flows through the districts of Bangalore Rural and Bangalore Urban in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... River Vrishabhavathi is a minor river that flows north of the Indian city of Bangalore. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Sewage is the mainly liquid waste containing some solids produced by humans which typically consists of washing water, faeces, urine, laundry waste and other material which goes down drains and toilets from households and industry. ... The word sewerage means the provision of pipes etc to collect and dispose of sewage. ... Sewage treatment, or domestic wastewater treatment, is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater, both runoff and domestic. ...


In the 16th century, Kempe Gowda I constructed many lakes to meet the town's water requirements. The Kempambudhi Kere, since overrun by modern development, was prominent among those lakes. In the earlier half of 20th century, the Nandi Hills waterworks was commissioned by Sir Mirza Ismail (Diwan of Mysore, 1926–41 CE) to provide a water supply to the city. Currently, the river Kaveri provides around 80% of the total water supply to the city with the remaining 20% being obtained from the Thippagondanahalli and Hesaraghatta reservoirs of the river Arkavathy.[18] Bangalore receives 800 million litres (211 million US gallons) of water a day, more than any other Indian city.[19] However, Bangalore sometimes does face water shortages, especially during the summer season in the years of low rainfall. A random sampling study of the Air Quality Index (AQI) of twenty stations within the city indicated scores that ranged from 76 to 314, suggesting heavy to severe air pollution around areas of traffic concentration.[20] Sewage is domestic, municipal, or industrial liquid waste products. ... Sir Mirza Muhammad Ismail (1883-1959) was a diwan of the Kingdom of Mysore. ... At various points in Indian history, the title of diwan has designated differing, though similar functions. ... The Cauvery (sometimes written as Kaveri) is one of the major rivers of southern India. ... Arkavathy River or Arkavathi River, is a river originating at Nandi Hills of Kolar District and is an offshoot of the Cauvery River. ... The liter (spelled liter in American English and litre in Commonwealth English) is a unit of volume. ... The gallon is a unit of volume used for measuring liquids (as well as dry matter). ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... An air quality measurement station in Edinburgh, Scotland The Air Quality Index (AQI) is a standardized indicator of the air quality in a given location. ...

The Hesaraghatta Lake in Bangalore

Bangalore has a handful of freshwater lakes and water tanks, the largest of which are Madivala tank, Hebbal lake, Ulsoor lake and Sankey Tank. Groundwater occurs in silty to sandy layers of the alluvial sediments. The Peninsular Gneissic Complex (PGC) is the most dominant rock unit in the area and includes granites, gneisses and migmatites, while the soils of Bangalore consist of red laterite and red, fine loamy to clayey soils.[20] Vegetation in the city is primarily in the form of large deciduous canopy and minority coconut trees. Though Bangalore has been classified as a part of the seismic zone II (a stable zone), it has experienced quakes of magnitude as high as 4.5.[21] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixelsFull resolution (899 × 597 pixel, file size: 172 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Taken by Flickr User: happyhorizons Uploaded to wiki by user:nikkul http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixelsFull resolution (899 × 597 pixel, file size: 172 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Taken by Flickr User: happyhorizons Uploaded to wiki by user:nikkul http://www. ... Chemical, Elevated, Hydropneumatic and Ground Storage Water Tanks shown together in one installation. ... Hebbal is an area of Bangalore, India which in many ways indicates the northern most point of the city. ... Sankey Tank is a lake situated in the middle of Malleshwaram, Aranya Bhavan, Vyalikaval and Sadashiva Nagar in Bangalore, India. ... Silt is soil or rock derived granular material of a specific grain size. ... For other uses, see Sand (disambiguation). ... Alluvium is soil land deposited by a river or other running water. ... Close-up of granite from Yosemite National Park, valley of the Merced River Quarrying granite for the Mormon Temple, Utah Territory. ... Gneiss Gneiss (IPA: ) is a common and widely distributed type of rock formed by high-grade regional metamorphic processes from preexisting formations that were originally either igneous or sedimentary rocks. ... Ptygmatic folding in migmatite Migmatite on the coast of Saaremaa. ... Cutting of laterite brickstones, Angadipuram, India Laterite is a surface formation in tropical areas which is enriched in iron and aluminium and develops by intensive and long lasting weathering of the underlying parent rock. ... Loam is soil composed of a relatively even mixture of three mineral particle size groups: sand, silt, and clay. ... The Gay Head cliffs in Marthas Vineyard are made almost entirely of clay. ... Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region; it refers to the ground cover provided by plants, and is, by far, the most abundant biotic element of the biosphere. ... Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off) and is typically used in reference to trees or shrubs that lose their leaves seasonally. ... Look up Canopy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Binomial name L. For other uses, see Coconut (disambiguation). ...


Due to its high elevation, Bangalore usually enjoys salubrious climate throughout the year, although freak heat waves can make things very uncomfortable in the summer.[22] A common refrain among Bangaloreans is that summer has gotten progressively hotter over the years. This could be due to the loss of green cover in the city, increased urbanization and the resulting urban heat island effect, as well as possibly climate change. The coolest month is January with an average low temperature of 15.1 °C and the hottest month is April with an average high temperature of 33.6 °C.[23] The highest temperature ever recorded in Bangalore is 41 °C and the lowest ever is 7.8 °C[24] Winter temperatures rarely drop below 12 °C (54 °F), and summer temperatures seldom exceed 36–37 °C (100 °F). Bangalore receives rainfall from both the northeast and the southwest monsoons and the wettest months are September, October and August, in that order.[23] The summer heat is moderated by fairly frequent thunderstorms, which occasionally cause power outages and local flooding. The heaviest rainfall recorded in a 24-hour period is 180 mm (7 in) recorded on 1 October 1997. An urban heat island (UHI) is a metropolitan area which is significantly warmer than its surroundings. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400,000 years For current global climate change, see Global warming. ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... Monsoon in the Vindhya mountain range, central India A monsoon is a rainy season which lasts for several months and has lasting climatic effects. ... A thunderstorm, also called an electrical storm or lightning storm, is a form of weather characterized by the presence of lightning and its attendant thunder produced from a cumulonimbus cloud. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ...


Civic Administration

See also: Infrastructure in Bangalore
Bangalore City officials
Mayor Mumtaz Begum
Municipal Commissioner S Subramanya
Police Commissioner N Achuta Rao
The Karnataka High Court is the supreme judicial body in Karnataka and is located in Bangalore.
The Karnataka High Court is the supreme judicial body in Karnataka and is located in Bangalore.

The Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (BMP, Bangalore Metropolitan Council) is the municipal corporation in charge of the civic and infrastructural assets of the city. The district of Bangalore is home to seven other city municipal councils such as those in Yelahanka, Bommanahalli, Dasarahalli, Krishnarajapuram, Pattangere, Bytarayanpura and Mahadevapura. The Government of Karnataka proposes to merge these seven councils into BMP to form Greater Bangalore.[25] Bangalore (Kannada: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು) (pronounced // in Kannada and // in English) is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Mumtaz Begum (1956-) is the mayor of Bangalore, India. ... Bangalore High Court. ... Bangalore High Court. ... Karnataka High Court The Karnataka High Court is the High Court of the state of Karnataka. ... The Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (Kannada: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು ಮಹಾನಗರ ಪಾಳಿಕೆ) (or BMP), is responsibile for the civic and infrastructural assets of the city of Bangalore, India. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... , Yelahanka is a township in Bangalore in the Indian state of Karnataka originally envisaged as a satellite town of Bangalore city, but now part of the Brihat Bangalore Mahanagar Palika. ... Bommanahalli is a town and a city municipal council in Bangalore district in the state of Karnataka, India. ...


The BMP council comprises 100 elected representatives, called "corporators", one from each of the 100 wards (localities) of the city. Elections to the council are held once every five years, with results being decided by popular vote. A mayor and commissioner of the council are also elected through a quota system from a Scheduled Castes and Tribes candidate or to an Other Backward Class female candidate.[26] This article is about the political process. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Commissioner is a designation that may be used for a variety of official positions, especially referring to a high-ranking public (administrative or police) official, or an analogous official in the private sector (e. ... In India, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes are communities that are accorded special status by the Constitution of India. ... The Other Backward Classes (or OBCs) in India are a group of castes officially recognized as having been traditionally subject to exclusion. ...


Bangalore's rapid growth has created several problems relating to traffic congestion and infrastructural obsolescence that the Bangalore Mahanagara Palike has found challenging to address. A 2003 Battelle Environmental Evaluation System (BEES) evaluation of Bangalore's physical, biological and socioeconomic parameters indicated that Bangalore's water quality and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems were close to ideal, while the city's socioeconomic parameters (traffic, quality of life) scored poorly.[27] The BMP has been criticised by the Karnataka High Court, citizens and corporations for failing to effectively address the crumbling road and traffic infrastructure of Bangalore.[28] The unplanned nature of growth in the city resulted in massive traffic gridlocks that the municipality attempted to ease by constructing a flyover system and by imposing one-way traffic systems. A coral reef near the Hawaiian islands is an example of a complex marine ecosystem. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The well-being or quality of life of a population is an important concern in economics and political science. ... Gridlock is a term describing an inability to move on a transport network. ... Overpass in East Potomac Park, Washington, D.C. Flyover in Miami Beach, Florida An overpass (In UK, India, Hong Kong flyover) is a bridge, road or similar structure that crosses over another road. ...

The Public Utility Building on MG Road.
The Public Utility Building on MG Road.

Some of the flyovers and one-ways mitigated the traffic situation moderately but were unable to adequately address the disproportionate growth of city traffic.[27] In 2005 both the Central Government and the State Government allocated considerable portions of their annual budgets to address Bangalore's infrastructure.[29] The Bangalore Mahanagara Palike works with the Bangalore Development Authority (BDA) and the Bangalore Agenda Task Force (BATF) to design and implement civic projects. Bangalore generates about 3,000 tonnes of solid waste per day, of which about 1,139 tonnes are collected and sent to composting units such as the Karnataka Composting Development Corporation. The remaining solid waste collected by the municipality is dumped in open spaces or on roadsides outside the city.[30] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Government of India (Hindi: भारत सरकार [1]Bhārat Sarkār), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the Republic of... The Bangalore Development Authority (BDA) of Bangalore, India, oversees the development of infrastructure, provision of devlopment-related sites and services and the housing needs of underpriviliged citizens. ... The Bangalore Agenda Task Force is meant to be a partnership between the citizens, corporates and the administrative agencies &#8211; the BMP, BDA, BMTC, BWSSB, BESCOM, BSNL, and Police. ... Waste inside a wheelie bin Waste in a bin bag Waste, rubbish, trash, garbage, or junk is unwanted or undesired material. ... A handful of compost Compost is the aerobically decomposed remnants of organic materials (those with plant and animal origins). ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ...


The Bangalore City Police (BCP) is headed by a Police Commissioner, who is an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer. The BCP has six geographic zones, includes the Traffic Police, the City Armed Reserve, the Central Crime Branch and the City Crime Record Bureau and runs 86 police stations, including two all-women police stations.[31] As capital of the state of Karnataka, Bangalore houses important state government facilities such as the Karnataka High Court, the Vidhana Soudha (the home of the Karnataka state legislature) and Raj Bhavan (the residence of the Governor of Karnataka). Bangalore contributes two members to India's lower house of parliament, the Lok Sabha, and 24 members to the Karnataka State Assembly.[32] Electricity in Bangalore is regulated through the Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation Limited (KPTCL). Like many cities in India, Bangalore experiences scheduled power cuts, especially over the summer, to allow electricity providers to meet the consumption demands of households as well as corporations. Bangalore City Police (or BCP) is the premier enforcer of law and order in the city of Bangalore, India. ... Police Commissioner (or Commissioner of Police) is the title of the chief officer of many law enforcement agencies. ... The Indian Police Service (IPS) is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India; other two services being the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and the Indian Foreign Service (IFS). ... Bangalore (anglicised from Bengalooru) is the capital of Karnataka, located in South India. ... Raj Bhavan is the name of the official residence of the Governor of Karnataka as in other states of India. ... A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. ... A parliament is a legislature, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system modelled after that of the United Kingdom. ... The Lok Sabha is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... Lightning strikes during a night-time thunderstorm. ... A power outage is the loss of the electricity supply to an area. ...


Economy

Main article: Economy of Bangalore
Corporate Office of i-flex Solutions at Bangalore, India
Corporate Office of i-flex Solutions at Bangalore, India

Bangalore's Rs. 260,260 crore (USD 60.5 billion) economy (2002–03 Net District Income) makes it a major economic centre in India.[33] Indeed, Bangalore is India's fourth largest[34] and fastest growing market.[35] Bangalore's per capita income of Rs. .49,000 (US$ 1,160) is the highest for any Indian city.[34] The city is the third-largest hub for high net worth individuals (HNWI / HNIs), after Mumbai and Delhi. Bangalore is home to over 10,000 individual dollar millionaires and around 60,000 super-rich people who have an investable surplus of Rs. 4.5 crore and Rs. 50 lakh respectively.[36] As of 2001, Bangalore's share of Rs. 1660 crore (US$ 3.7 billion) in Foreign Direct Investment was the third highest for an Indian city.[37] In the 1940s industrial visionaries such as Sir Mirza Ismail and Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya played an important role in the development of Bangalore's strong manufacturing and industrial base. Bangalore is headquarters to several public manufacturing heavy industries such as Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Bharat Electronics Limited, Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) and Hindustan Machine Tools (HMT). In June 1972 the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) was established under the Department of Space and headquartered in the city. Bangalore is called the "Silicon Valley of India" because of the large number of Information Technology companies located in the city which contribute 38% of India's Rs. 100,000 crore (US$ 22 billion) IT and software export market.[38] Bangalore's IT industry is divided into three main "clusters" — Software Technology Parks of India, Bangalore (STPI); International Technology Park Bangalore (ITPB), formerly International Technology Park Ltd. (ITPL); and Electronics City. Infosys and Wipro, India's second and third largest software companies, have their largest campus in Electronics City. As headquarters to many of the global SEI-CMM Level 5 Companies, Bangalore's place in the global IT map is prominent. Bangalore evolved into a manufacturing hub for heavy industries such as Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Indian Telephone Industries (ITI), Hindustan Machine Tools and Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) after India gained independence from Great Britain in 1947. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Iflex51. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Iflex51. ... i-flex solutions limited is an India based IT company that produces software for the financial services industry. ... , Bangalore (BengalÅ«ru) (Kannada: ; pronunciation: in Kannada and in English) is the capital of the state of Karnataka in [[India]. Located on the Deccan Plateau in the south-eastern part of Karnataka, Bangalore has an estimated metropolitan population of 6. ... ISO 4217 Code INR User(s) India, Bhutan Inflation 5. ... A crore is a unit in the Indian numbering system, still widely used in Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... One thousand million (1,000,000,000) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001. ... The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... A millionaire is a person who has a net worth or wealth of more than one million United States dollars, euros, UK pounds or units of a comparably valued currency. ... , “Bombay” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... A crore is a unit in the Indian numbering system, still widely used in Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. ... A lakh (Hindi: लाख, Urdu: Ù„Ú©Ú¾, Bengali: , Tamil : இலட்சம்) is a unit in the Indian numbering system, widely used both in official and other contexts in Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. ... Foreign direct investment (FDI) is defined as a long-term investment by a foreign direct investor in an enterprise resident in an economy other than that in which the foreign direct investor is based. ... Sir Mirza Muhammad Ismail (1883-1959) was a diwan of the Kingdom of Mysore. ... Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya (also spelled Visweswaraiah) (September 15, 1861&#8211;April 12, 1962), popularly known as MV, was an eminent Indian engineer. ... Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) is a major aerospace company under the Ministry of Defence headquartered in Bangalore, India. ... NAL campus at Bangalore National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL) is an Indian R&D establishment dealing with civil aeronautics and allied disciplines. ... Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) is an Indian Public Sector Undertaking, with headquarters in Bangalore. ... HMT can mean Her Majestys Treasury His Majestys Theatre Hindustan Machine Tools Histone methyltransferase, an enzyme important in the epigenetic regulation of gene expression. ... The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is Indias national space agency. ... ISO 4217 Code INR User(s) India, Bhutan Inflation 5. ... A crore is a unit in the Indian numbering system, still widely used in Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. ... It has been suggested that Cluster effect be merged into this article or section. ... Software Technology Parks of India (STPI) is a government agency in India, established in 1991 under the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, that manages the Software Technology Park scheme. ... The International Tech Park Limited, Bangalore, or simply ITPL, is one of Indias first world-class plug-and-play IT parks. ... Electronics City is an electronics industrial park spread over 330 acres (1. ... Infosys Technologies Limited (BSE: 500209, NASDAQ: INFY) is an information technology (IT) services company founded in Pune, India in 1981 by N. R. Narayana Murthy and six of his colleagues. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Wipro Technologies. ...

Infosys Headquarters

The growth of Information Technology has presented the city with unique challenges. Ideological clashes between the city's IT moguls, who demand an addressal of the infrastructural problems of the city, and the state government, whose electoral base is primarily rural Karnataka's agricultural workers, are aplenty. In July 2004 Wipro CEO Azim Premji threatened to pull his company out of the city, stating, "We do not see the situation (state of Bengaluru's infrastructure) improving in the near future".[39] It must be noted, however, that IT companies do not pay any property tax to the state government, depriving it of much needed revenue to improve infrastructure. However, most infrastructural improvements are done only in areas that directly benefit IT companies, leading to the perception that the common people of Karnataka are subsidising the already rich IT industry. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 317 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded to Wiki by user:nikkul Taken by: Flickr user: Proxygeek http://www. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 317 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded to Wiki by user:nikkul Taken by: Flickr user: Proxygeek http://www. ... Azim Hashim Premji (born July 24, 1945) is the Chairman & CEO of Wipro Technologies, which today is one of the largest software companies in India. ...


Biotechnology is a rapidly expanding field in the city. Bangalore accounts for 47% or 127 of the approximately 265 biotechnology companies in India. Biocon, headquartered in Bangalore, is the nation's leading biotechnology company and ranks 16th in the world in revenues. The structure of insulin Biological technology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ... Biocon is Indias leading biotechnology enterprise. ...

See also: List of IT companies in Bangalore

Bangalore (officially: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು/Bengalooru), India is home to a number of IT companies. ...

Transport

The HAL Airport has been an issue of contention between successive State and Central governments and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.

Bangalore's HAL Airport (IATA code: BLR) is India's third busiest[40] and functions as both a domestic and international airport and is well connected to several destinations in the world. The liberalisation of India's economic policies has led to an increase in the number of domestic carriers within India, with several carriers such as SpiceJet, Kingfisher Airlines, Jet Airways and Go Air servicing the city. Air Deccan, with its hub in Bangalore, has the most number of flights into and out of Bangalore. Unlike most airports in the country which are controlled by the Airports Authority of India, the quasi government-owned Hindustan Aeronautics Limited owns and operates Bangalore's HAL Airport, and also uses it to test and develop fighter aircraft for the Indian Air Force. The airport, being a relatively small one, is currently facing difficulties in handling the spurt in air traffic. This situation is expected to be eased when the new Bangalore International Airport, which is being constructed in Devanahalli in the outskirts of Bangalore, becomes operational. Currently targeted to be inaugurated in April 2008, this airport will have two runways and is being built to handle 11 million passengers per year.[41] HAL Airport, Bangalore. ... HAL Airport, Bangalore. ... HAL Airport or Hindustan Airport (IATA: BLR, ICAO: VOBG) is the domestic and international airport for the city of Bangalore, India. ... The International Air Transport Association is an international trade organization of airlines headquarted in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... A Domestic airport is an airport which handles only domestic flights or flights within the same country. ... An International airport is an airport where flights from other countries land and/or take off. ... A SpiceJet Boeing 737-800 SpiceJet is a low-cost airline based in New Delhi in India. ... Kingfisher Airlines is an airline based in Bangalore, India. ... Jet Airways is an airline based in Mumbai, India, operating domestic and international services. ... Go Air is a domestic budget airline based in Mumbai, India owned by Mumbai-based Wadia Group, majority owners of Bombay Dyeing and Britannia Industries. ... Air Deccan is an airline based in Bangalore, India. ... Airports Authority of India Logo The Airports Authority of India (AAI) is an organization working under the Ministry Of Civil Aviation that manages all the airports in India. ... The term Quasi-Autonomous Non-Governmental Organisation (or QUANGO), attributed to Sir Douglas Hague, was originally invented as a joke, but fell into common usage in the United Kingdom to describe the agencies produced by the growing trend of government devolving power to appointed, or self-appointed bodies. ... The Indian Air Force (भारतीय वायु सेना : Bharatiya Vayu Sena) is the air-arm of the Armed Forces of India and has the prime responsibility of conducting aerial warfare and securing the Indian airspace. ... Bangalore International Airport (IATA: BLR, ICAO: VOBG) is a 4,050 acre international airport that is being built to serve the city of Bangalore, India. ... Devanahalli, Bangalore, Karnataka State, India - Located 30 km outside the city limits of Bangalore, India - Birthplace of Tipu Sultan - Proposed site for Bangalores much touted Kempegowda International Airport At the time of writing this article, Devanahalli is known only as the birthplace of Tipu Sultan and as the proposed...


Bangalore is well connected to the rest of the country through the Indian Railways. The Rajdhani Express connects Bangalore to New Delhi. The city is also connected to Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, and Hyderabad, as well as other major cities in Karnataka. An intra-city rapid rail transport system called the Namma Metro is being developed and is expected to be operational in 2011. The Bangalore Metro, once ready, will encompass a 33 km (20.5 mi) elevated and underground rail network, with 32 stations in Phase I and more being added in Phase II. Indian Railways abbreviated as IR, is a Department of the Government of India, under the Ministry of Railways and is tasked with operating the rail network in India. ... Comfortable interiors of a First Class AC bedroom Rajdhani Express is a passenger train service in India introduced in 1969 providing high-speed connections (up to 140 km/h / 87 mph, speed varies depending upon the particular track section) from various railway stations in the capital city of New Delhi... , This article is about the urban region that is the capital of India. ... , “Bombay” redirects here. ... , “Madras” redirects here. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... Hyderabad or Haydarābād (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు Urdu: حیدر آباد ) is the capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... The Bangalore Metro is the proposed mass-transit rail system for the Indian city of Bangalore. ...

Autorickshaws are a popular form of public transport
Autorickshaws are a popular form of public transport

Three-wheeled, black and yellow auto-rickshaws, referred to as autos, are a popular form of transport. They are metered and can accommodate up to three passengers. Taxi service within Bangalore is provided by several operators commonly referred to as Citi taxis which can take in up to four passengers and are usually metered and more expensive than auto-rickshaws. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 593 pixelsFull resolution (2383 × 1765 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 593 pixelsFull resolution (2383 × 1765 pixel, file size: 1. ... Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ... Bangkok Skytrain. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) operates a fleet of 4824 BMTC public buses, servicing an average of 3,700,000 commuters. While commuters can buy tickets on boarding these buses, BMTC also provides an option of a bus pass to frequent users. The regular buses of BMTC are blue-coloured and the fares on these buses are nominal. The new additions to BMTC are pink-coloured buses which are reserved exclusively for women and green-coloured buses reserved exclusively for holders of bus passes. BMTC also runs more than 48 air-conditioned red-coloured Volvo buses on major routes. B.M.T.C. stands for Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation. ...


Demographics

The Bull temple, one of Bengaluru's oldest temples

As of 2005 Bangalore had a population of over six million, making it the third most populous city in India and the 27th largest city in the world by population. With a decadal growth rate of 38%, Bangalore was the fastest-growing Indian metropolis after New Delhi for the decade 1991–2001.[37] Residents of Bangalore are referred to as Bangaloreans in English or Bengaloorinavaru in Kannada. While Kannadigas are the majority of the population, the cosmopolitan nature of the city has caused people from other states of India to migrate to Bangalore and settle there.[42] Scheduled Castes and Tribes account for 14.3% of the city's population. Kannada, the official language of the state of Karnataka, is widely spoken in Bangalore. Image File history File links Bulltemple. ... Image File history File links Bulltemple. ... The following is a list of the most populous cities in India. ... This is a list of the most populous cities of the world defined according to the concept of city proper. ... Kannada - aptly described as sirigannada (known to few as Kanarese) is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people. ... Kannadiga (Kannada: ಕನ್ನಡಿಗ |masculine|), or Kannadati (Kannada: ಕನ್ನಡತಿ |feminine|) are an ethnic group primarily located in the state of Karnataka in India and neighbouring areas like Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Kerala ,Goa and Maharashtra. ... Kannada - aptly described as sirigannada (known to few as Kanarese) is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people. ...


According to the 2001 census of India, 79.37% of Bangalore's population is Hindu, roughly the same as the national average.[43] Muslims comprise 13.37% of the population, which again is roughly the same as the national average, while Christians and Jains account for 5.79% and 1.05% of the population, respectively, double that of their national averages. Women make up 47.5% of Bangalore's population. Bangalore has the second highest literacy rate (83%) for an Indian metropolis, after Mumbai. Roughly 10% of Bangalore's population lives in slums[44] — a relatively low proportion when compared to other cities in the developing world such as Mumbai (42%) and Nairobi (60%).[45] The 2004 National Crime Records Bureau statistics indicate that Bangalore accounts for 9.2% of the total crimes reported from 35 major cities in India. Delhi and Mumbai accounted for 15.7% and 9.5% respectively.[46] Tensions between the city's two lingual groups, the majority Kannadigas and minority Tamils, have led to numerous altercations.[47] Later the same year, the Karnataka Government, acting upon the directives of the Government of India, agreed to release 205 tmc of water from the river Kaveri to the Government of Tamil Nadu, which resulted in anti-Tamil riots that left 20 people dead.[48] After the demolition of the Babri Masjid in the North Indian city of Ayodhya in 1992, communal violence between Hindus and Muslims spread to Bangalore, during which Muslim houses and huts as well as an Arabic school for Muslim girls were raided and torched.[49] 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Population growth, from 443 million in 1960 to 1,004 million in 2000 Map showing the population density of each district in India Map showing the population growth over the past ten years of each district in India Map showing the literacy rate of each district in India Chart showing... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      A Christian () is a person who... JAIN is an activity within the Java Community Process, developing APIs for the creation of telephony (voice and data) services. ... A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows his find. ... Nairobi (pronounced ) is the capital and largest city of Kenya. ... NCRB or the National Crime Records Bureau is a governmental agency of India responsible for collecting and analysing crime data as defined by the Indian Penal Code (IPC). ... Kannadiga (Kannada: ಕನ್ನಡಿಗ |masculine|), or Kannadati (Kannada: ಕನ್ನಡತಿ |feminine|) are an ethnic group primarily located in the state of Karnataka in India and neighbouring areas like Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Kerala ,Goa and Maharashtra. ... Languages Tamil Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Gonds The Tamil people are a multi-ethnic group from the Indian subcontinent with a recorded history going back more than two millennia. ... The cubic metre (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... A view of the Babri Mosque, circa pre-1992. ... Ayodhya   (Hindi: अयोध्या, Urdu: ایودھیا IAST Ayodhyā) is an ancient city of India, the old capital of Awadh, in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. ... A hut is a small and crude shelter used for dwelling. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... A burning torch, discarded on the road in the wake of the Lewes Bonfire Night celebrations. ...


Culture

Main article: Culture of Bangalore
The Lal Bagh Glass House, once famous for its flower shows, is now a heritage monument.
The Lal Bagh Glass House, once famous for its flower shows, is now a heritage monument.

Bangalore is known as the "Garden City of India" because of its climate, greenery and the presence of many public parks, including the Lal Bagh and Cubbon Park. Deepavali, the "Festival of Lights", transcends demographic and religious lines and is celebrated with great vigour. Dussera, a traditional celebratory hallmark of the old Kingdom of Mysore, is another important festival. Other traditional Indian festivals such as Ganesh Chaturthi, Ugadi, Sankranthi, Eid ul-Fitr, and Christmas are also celebrated. Bangalore is home to the Kannada film industry, which churns out about 80 Kannada movies each year. Most Kannada movies are musicals, and their soundtracks are very popular in the city. The popularity of Kannada movies has spawned a new colloquial dialect, Bangalore Kannada, which draws upon youth culture and influences from English and other Indian languages. Bangalore is the capital and largest city in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Lal Bagh Botanical Garden Lal Bagh Botanical Garden is a well known botanical garden in Bangalore, India. ... Cultural heritage (national heritage or just heritage) is the legacy of physical artifacts and intangible attributes of a group or society that are inherited from past generations, maintained in the present and bestowed for the benefit of future generations. ... The Taj Mahal, commissioned by the Muslim Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, as a mausoleum for his wife, Arjumand Banu Begum. ... Cubbon Park is a park in Bangalore, India. ... Diwali taking place in a rural area D&#299;pãvali (also transliterated Deepavali; Sanskrit: row of lights) or Diwãli (contracted spelling) is the Hindu festival of lights, held on the final day of the Vikram calendar, one type of a Hindu calendar that is followed by North Indians. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Flag of former princely state of Mysore. ... India, being a multicultural and multireligious society, celebrates holidays and festivals of various faiths and special interest groups. ... Lord Ganesh Pandal Ganesh Chaturthi (IAST: , sanskrit: गणेश चतुर्थी) (Ganesh Festival) is an occasion or a day on which Lord Ganesha, the son of Shiva and Parvati, is believed to bestow his presence on earth for all his devotees. ... Ugadi (Telugu: ఉగాది, Kannada: ಉಗಾದಿ) (literally - the start of an era) is the new years day for the people of the Deccan region of India. ... Sankranthi, or Sankranti, is a festival that signifies the beginning of the harvest season for the farmers of India. ... Eid ul-Fitr or Id-Ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر ‘Īd al-Fiá¹­r), often abbreviated as simply Eid, is an Islamic holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the month of fasting. ... Christmas is an annual holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus. ... ... Kannada - aptly described as sirigannada (known to few as Kanarese) is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theater combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος, dialektos) is a variety of a language characteristic of a particular group of the languages speakers. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The article describes the languages spoken in the Republic of India. ...


The diversity of cuisine available is reflective of the social and economic diversity of Bangalore. Roadside vendors, tea stalls, and South Indian, North Indian, Chinese and Western fast food are all very popular in the city. Udupi restaurants are very popular and serve predominantly vegetarian, regional cuisine. Tea stalls are small-time vendors who primarily sell tea, coffee and milk along small road-side shops in India. ... The term Western world, the West or the Occident (Latin occidens -sunset, -west, as distinct from the Orient) [1] can have multiple meanings dependent on its context (e. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Brigade Road
Brigade Road

Bangalore has many clubs and bars, and is sometimes referred to as the "Pub Capital of India". Bangalore also hosts many rock concerts, with Iron Maiden, Aerosmith, Scorpions, Roger Waters, Uriah Heep, Jethro Tull, Joe Satriani, INXS, No Doubt, Safri Duo, Deep Purple, Mark Knopfler, The Rolling Stones, and Bryan Adams, among others, having performed in the city. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 731 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 1050 pixel, file size: 213 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded on May 16, 2006 by gaurang http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 731 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 1050 pixel, file size: 213 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded on May 16, 2006 by gaurang http://www. ... An amusingly named pub (the Old New Inn) at Bourton-on-the-Water, in the Cotswold Hills of South West England A pub in the Haymarket area of Edinburgh, Scotland A public house, usually known as a pub, is a drinking establishment found mainly in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada... Iron Maiden are a British heavy metal band from east London. ... This article is about the band Aerosmith. ... Scorpions are a hard rock/heavy metal band from Hannover, Germany, best known for their 80s rock anthem Rock You Like a Hurricane and their singles Wind of Change, No One Like You, and Still Loving You. The band has sold over 70 million records worldwide. ... Jethro Tull are a Grammy Award winning English rock band that formed in 1967-1968[1]. Their music is marked by the distinctive vocal style and lead flute work of front man Ian Anderson. ... This article is about the rock band. ... Mark Freuder Knopfler OBE (born August 12, 1949, Glasgow, Scotland) is a English-Hungarian guitarist, singer, songwriter, and film score composer. ... “Rolling Stones” redirects here. ... Bryan Adams OC, OBC, (born 5 November 1959) is a Canadian rock singer, guitarist, songwriter and photographer. ...


Cricket is the most popular sport in Bangalore. A significant number of national cricketers have come from Bangalore, including current Indian cricket team captain Rahul Dravid. Other cricketing greats from Bangalore are Gundappa Vishwanath, Anil Kumble, E.A.S. Prasanna, Venkatesh Prasad, Bhagwat Chandrasekhar, Syed Kirmani and Roger Binny. Many children play gully cricket on the roads and in the city's many public fields. Bangalore's main international cricket stadium is the M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, which hosted its first match in 1974. Bangalore has a number of elite clubs, like the Bangalore Golf Club, the Bowring Institute and the exclusive Bangalore Club, which counts among its previous members Winston Churchill and the Maharaja of Mysore. Bowler Shaun Pollock bowls to batsman Michael Hussey. ... The Indian cricket team is an international cricket team representing India. ... Rahul Sharad Dravid (Marathi:राहुल द्रविड)(Kannada:ರಾಹುಲ್‌ ಶರದ್‌ ದ್ರಾವಿಡ್‌)   (born 11 January 1973 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh) is an Indian cricketer, and the current captain of the Indian cricket team. ... Gundappa R. Viswanath (born 12 February 1949) is an Indian cricketer, commonly regarded as one of the four great Indian batsmen along with his brother-in-law Sunil Gavaskar, Sachin Tendulkar and Rahul Dravid. ... Anil Radhakrishna Kumble (Kannada:ಅನಿಲ್‌ ರಾಧಾಕೃಷ್ಣ ಕುಂಬ್ಳೆ)   (born 17 October 1970 in Bangalore, Karnataka) is an Indian cricketer and currently the highest wicket-taker for India in both One-Day International and Test matches. ... Erapalli Anantharao Srinivas Prasanna (born: May 22, 1940) is a famous cricket player from India. ... Bapu Krishnarao Venkatesh Prasad (born August 5, 1969 in Bangalore) was an Indian cricketer. ... Bhagwat Subramanya Chandrasekhar (Chandra) (born May 17, 1945 in Mysore) is a former Indian cricketer who specialised in leg spin. ... Syed Mujtaba Hussain Kirmani (born December 29, 1949 in Madras) played cricket for the Indian cricket team as a wicket-keeper. ... Roger Binny (born 19 July 1955) is an all-rounder who is best known for his performances in the 1983 Prudential World Cup, where he was the highest wicket-taker (18 wickets) and the 1985 World Series Cricket Championship in Australia where again he repeated this performance (17 wickets). ... In cricket, other than Test matches, One day International matches and First class matches, other forms of the sport do exist They are: // Short form cricket Cricket is also played in several different shortened forms, designed to pack as much action as possible into an hour or two. ... M. Chinnaswamy Stadium is Bangalores test cricket venue. ... Bowring may be Charles R. Bowring Eva Bowring John Bowring Bowring Brothers Limited Bowring Institute in Bangalore, India This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Located in Bangalore, India, the The Bangalore Club is the oldest club in the city, founded in 1868. ... Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, FRS, PC (Can) (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. ...


Education

Indian Institute of Science - the premier institute of science in India
Indian Institute of Science - the premier institute of science in India

Schools in Bangalore are either run by the state government or by private, sometimes religious, organisations. Private schools in Bangalore typically use English as the medium of instruction and are affiliated with either the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE), the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) or the Karnataka Secondary Education Examination Board. After completing their secondary education, students typically enroll in Junior College (also known as Pre-University) in one of three streams — Arts, Commerce or Science. Upon completing the required coursework, students enroll in general or professional degrees. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 289 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo taken by Sheeju Chandran I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 289 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo taken by Sheeju Chandran I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) is a premier post-graduate institution of research and higher learning located in Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore), India. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) examination is an examination conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations for class 10, i. ... The Central Board of Secondary Education is a board of school education in India. ... For the Indian grade 11 and 12 schools, see Junior College A junior college is a two-year post-secondary school whose main purpose is to provide a method of obtaining academic, vocational and professional education. ... In the history of education, the seven liberal arts comprise two groups of studies, the trivium and the quadrivium. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ...


Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, Chief Engineer and later Diwan of Mysore (1912–19), played an instrumental role in shaping the early history of education in Bangalore [50]. The University of Agricultural Sciences was started as a vocational school under his direction. He was also closely associated with the establishment of the Indian Institute of Science in 1909, Sir M Visvesvaraya also founded the prestigious University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering(UVCE) in 1917. Bangalore is home to several other nationally renowned universities such as the Indian Institute of Management Bangalore (IIM-B), National Law School of India University, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences and Bangalore Medical College. St. John's Medical College and Bangalore Medical College are consistently ranked among the top ten medical schools in India. Bangalore's IT industry recruits extensively from the city's large pool of engineering colleges. The National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS) is one of the three places in India where stem cell research is being done. Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya (also spelled Visweswaraiah) (September 15, 1861&#8211;April 12, 1962), popularly known as MV, was an eminent Indian engineer. ... The University of Agricultural Sciences is located in Bangalore, India. ... The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) is a premier post-graduate institution of research and higher learning located in Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore), India. ... The University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering, popularly known as UVCE, is an engineering college affiliated to the Bangalore University, and is located in Bangalore, India. ... UVCE, is an acronym for Unconfined Vapour Cloud Explosion. ... The Indian Institute of Management Bangalore (IIMB) is one of Indias premier management institutes. ... The National Law School of India University (NLSIU or NLS) is an institution for under-graduate and graduate legal education. ... The National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS) The National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS) is located in Bangalore, and is one of the Asias most reputed for hospital. ... Bangalore Medical College, located on Fort Road near the City Market in Bangalore, is also called the Government Medical College, Bangalore. ... ... The National Centre for Biological Sciences in Bangalore, Karnataka, is one of the most important centres of biological research in India. ... Mouse embryonic stem cells with fluorescent marker. ...

See also: Education in India and List of Bangalore colleges

India has been a major seat of learning for thousands of years. ... This is a list of Educational Institutions in Bangalore, India. ...

Media

Bangalore commands one of the largest mass media markets in India. Major national English newspapers have subsidiary publications for the city, including The Hindu, The Indian Express and The Times of India (Bangalore Times). The Times of India is the most widely read newspaper in Bangalore. Prajavani, a sister publication of the Deccan Herald, is a popular Kannada newspaper in the city. Vijaya Karnataka is the largest circulated Kannada daily in the city. Newspapers in other regional languages are also available in the city. National periodic journals and magazines such as India Today, Frontline and Outlook India also circulate widely in the city. Kannada periodical magazines such as Sudha, Taranga and Mayura are also widely circulated. It has been suggested that Mass wire media be merged into this article or section. ... The Hindu is a leading English-language newspaper in South India, with its largest base of circulation in Tamil Nadu. ... The Indian Express is an Indian newspaper owned by Ramnath Goenka. ... The Times of India, often abbreviated as TOI, is one of Indias leading daily newspapers, owned and managed by Bennett, Coleman & Co. ... Cheapest Viagra Bayer Levitra Cheap Bayer Levitra Bayer Levitra Information Bayer Levitra Tablet Cheapest Cialis Cheapest Cialis Medication Buy Cheapest Cialis Cheapest Cialis Price Cheapest Levitra Cheapest Levitra Pharmacy Levitra Cost Best Price for Levitra Cheapest Price Viagra Buy Cheapest Viagra Cheapest Viagra Online Cialis Dosage Cialis Drug Impotence Cialis... The Times of India, often abbreviated as TOI, is one of Indias leading daily newspapers, owned and managed by Bennett, Coleman & Co. ... Prajavani (voice of the people in Kannada) is the sister publication of the Deccan Herald. ... The Deccan Herald is the largest English-language daily newspaper in the state of Karnataka in India. ... Vijaya Karnataka is a Kannada newspaper. ... 30th Anniversary issue of India Today India Today is an Indian weekly newsmagazine, in publication since 1975. ... Frontline (ISSN 0970-1710)is a fortnightly English language magazine published by The Hindu Group of publications from Chennai, India. ... 1 July 2002 Cover Page Outlook is an Indian weekly English newsmagazine in publication since October 1995. ...


In addition to the numerous AM radio stations run by All India Radio (AIR), Bangalore has private FM radio stations such as Radio City (91.1 MHz), Radio Indigo (91.9 MHz), Big FM (92.7 MHz), S FM (93.5 MHz), Radio One (94.3 MHz), Radio Mirchi (98.3 MHz), Fever 104 (104 MHz), and government-run FM stations such as Vividh Bharati (102.9 MHz) and IGNOU's Gyanvani (107.6 MHz).[51] Amplitude modulation (AM) is a technique used in electronic communication, most commonly for transmitting information via a radio carrier wave. ... For the electronica band, see All India Radio (band). ... In telecommunications, frequency modulation (FM) conveys information over a carrier wave by varying its frequency. ... Radio City is a FM radio station in India. ... Radio Indigo broadcasts on 91. ... Big FM is Indias nationwide private FM Radio station. ... Radio Mirchi Logo Radio Mirchi is a nationwide network of private FM radio stations in India. ... // Overview All India Radio (AIR for short), officially known as Akashwani (Devanagari: आकाशवाणी, ākāshvānī) is the radio broadcaster of India and a division of Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India), an autonomous corporation of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. ... Indira Gandhi National Open University, NewDelhi, India ...


The state-run, nationally broadcast DD National provides both national and localised television coverage. Cable Television distributors provide cable channels of independently owned private networks such as Star and Udaya TV. These are broadcast in Kannada, English and Hindi. DTH (Direct To Home) TV services are available from Dish TV, Tata Sky & DD Direct Plus. DD National or DD 1 is Doordarshans flagship channel and the most widely available terrestrial television channel in India. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Udaya is one of the famous film studios in South India. ... A Satellite dish antenna A satellite dish is a type of parabolic reflector antenna designed with the specific purpose of transmitting signals to and/or receiving from satellites. ... Dish TV is a satellite broadcasting service available to users in India,Sri Lanka,Pakistan,Bangladesh,Nepal and parts of South East Asia. ... Tata Sky is a DTH satellite television provider in India. ... DD Direct Plus is a Free direct to home (DTH) service that provides satellite television and audio programming to households and businesses in the Indian subcontinent, owned by parent company Doordarshan. ...


Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Belarus. ... Location of Minsk, shown within the Minsk Voblast Coordinates: Country Subdivision Belarus Minsk Founded 1067 Government  - Mayor Mikhail Pavlov Area  - City 305. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Motto: Progress & Prosperity Location in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State County Cuyahoga Founded 1796 Incorporated 1814 (village)   1836 (city) Government  - Mayor Frank G. Jackson (D) Area [1]  - City  82. ...

References

Notes
  1. ^ a b The total area of Greater Bangalore has been mentioned in the Karnataka budget of 2007-08 as 741 km². Finance Budget for 2007-08. Government of India. Retrieved on 2007-06-28.
  2. ^ Bangalore Crumbling". The Sunday Express. 2006. Indian Express Newspapers (Mumbai) Ltd. 5 December 2004
  3. ^ "From today, Bangalore becomes Bengalooru". The Times of India. 2006. The Times Group. 1 November 2006
  4. ^ "It will be `Bengaluru', resolves BMP", The Hindu, 2006-09-28. Retrieved on 2007-05-16. 
  5. ^ "It’ll be ‘Bengaluru’ from Nov 1", Deccan Herald, 2006-10-08. Retrieved on 2007-05-16. 
  6. ^ K. Chandramouli. "The City of Boiled Beans". The Hindu. 2006. The Hindu Group. 25 July 2002
  7. ^ "Inscription reveals Bangalore is over 1,000 years old". The Hindu. 2006. The Hindu Group. 20 August 2004
  8. ^ Vijesh Kamath. Many miles to go from Bangalore to Bengalooru. Deccan Herald. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  9. ^ a b "About Bangalore - History". Department of IT and Biotechnology. 2006. Government of Karnataka.
  10. ^ "History of Bangalore". Bangalore Guide 2006. Bangalore Guide
  11. ^ a b Vagale, Uday Kumar. "Public Space in Bangalore: Present and Future Projections"PDF (773 KiB). Digital Libraries and Archives. 2006. Virginia Tech. 27 April 2004.
  12. ^ S. Srinivas. The bean city. The Hindu. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  13. ^ "The Mughal Throne", Abraham Eraly, Phoenix, London, Great Britain, 2004 (ISBN 0-7538-1758-6), Incidental Data, page 538.
  14. ^ "Mysore (CAPITAL)". Encyclopedia Britannica. 1911 ed.
  15. ^ Benjamin, Solomon. "Governance, economic settings and poverty in Bangalore"PDF (151 KiB).Environment&Urbanization Vol 12 No 1 2006. United Nations Public Administration. 1 April 2000.
  16. ^ "Studyarea- Bangalore". Centre for Ecological Sciences. 2006. Indian Institute of Science.
  17. ^ "Each drop of water counts". Deccan Herald. 2006. The Printers (Mysore) Ltd. 11 March 2004
  18. ^ FAQ. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  19. ^ "Thirsty Bangalore seeks divine help". Hindustan Times. 2006. HT Media Ltd. 9 June 2003.
  20. ^ a b "Environmental Impact Analysis"PDF. Bangalore Metropolitan Rapid Transport Corporation Limited.. 2006. Government of Karnataka. 2005.
  21. ^ Onkar Singh. The Rediff Interview/ Dr S K Srivastav, additional director general, Indian Meteorological Department. [Rediff.com]. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  22. ^ Rise in temperature `unusual' for Bangalore. The Hindu. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  23. ^ a b Bangalore. Government of India. Retrieved on 2007-02-07.
  24. ^ [1] Extreme Temperatures Around the world
  25. ^ "Greater Bangalore: single corporation likely to be set up". 2006. The Hindu. 30 September 2006.
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  27. ^ a b "Environmental Impact Analysis"PDF. Bangalore Metropolitan Rapid Transport Corporation Limited.. 2006. Government of Karnataka. 2005. (page 30)
  28. ^ "High Court pulls up BMP for bad roads". Deccan Herald. 2006. The Printers (Mysore) Ltd. June 29, 2005
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  32. ^ "Members of Karnataka Legislative Assembly". National Informatics Centre. 2006. Government of Karnataka
  33. ^ "All India figures at a glance"PDF (3.02 MiB). Department of Economics and Statistics. 2006. Government of Karnataka. 16 Dec. 2005.
  34. ^ a b "Bangalore most affluent market". 2006. Business Standard. Business Standard Limited. 23 Aug. 2006
  35. ^ "Bangalore market to grow most". 2006. Business Standard. Business Standard Limited. 25 Aug. 2006
  36. ^ "Bangalore third richest city in country".2007. Times of India.Times of India. 1 Apr. 2007
  37. ^ a b Mathur, Om Prakash. "Impact of globalisation on cities and city-related policies in India"PDF (436 KiB). 2006. The Urban Partnerships Foundation Aug. 2003
  38. ^ "Annual Report, 2004–05"PDF (695 KiB). Nasscom. 2006. Nasscom
  39. ^ "Wipro threatens to quit Bangalore". Rediff. 2006. Rediff.com India Limited. 27 Jul. 2004.
  40. ^ Rasheed Kappan. HAL airport to get a makeover. 2006, The Hindu. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  41. ^ R. Krishnakumar. Expressway for airport drive. Deccan Herald. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  42. ^ "Kannadigas assured of all support". The Hindu. 2006. The Hindu Group. 23 July 2004
  43. ^ "Census GIS Household". censusindiamaps.net. 2006.
  44. ^ "Total Population, Slum Population...". Census of India, 2001. 2006. Government of India.
  45. ^ Warah, Rasna. "Slums Are the Heartbeat of Cities". The EastAfrican. 2006. National Media Group Ltd. 6 October 2003
  46. ^ "Crime in Mega Cities"PDF (159 KiB). National Crime Records Bureau. 2006. Government of India. 2004.
  47. ^ Nair, Janaki. "Battles for Bangalore..."PDF (77.1 KiB). Centre for Study of Culture and Society. 2006.
  48. ^ "Bollywood ban in language fight". BBC News. 2006. British Broadcasting Corporation. 26 November 2004
  49. ^ "Communal Violence and Denial of Justice". Human Rights Watch. 2006. Apr. 1996
  50. ^ "Sir M. Visvesvaraya". Karnataka.com. 2006. Karnataka.com
  51. ^ "Radio ga-ga: 6 more FM stations". Deccan Herald. 2006. The Printers (Mysore) Private Limited. 6 January 2006.
Additional sources
  • Hasan, Fazlul. Bangalore Through The Centuries. Bangalore: Historical Publications, 1970.
  • Vagale, Uday Kumar. "Public Space in Bangalore: Present and Future Projections"PDF (773 KiB). Digital Libraries and Archives. 2006. Virginia Tech. 27 April 2004.
  • "Environmental Impact Analysis"PDF. Bangalore Metropolitan Rapid Transport Corporation Limited.. 2006. Government of Karnataka. 2005.
  • Hunter, Cotton, Burn, Meyer. "The Imperial Gazetteer of India". 2006. Oxford, Clarendon Press. 1909.
  • "Bangalore." Encyclopedia Britannica. 1911 ed.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Hindu is a leading English-language newspaper in South India, with its largest base of circulation in Tamil Nadu. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Deccan Herald is the largest English-language daily newspaper in the state of Karnataka in India. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Deccan Herald is the largest English-language daily newspaper in the state of Karnataka in India. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Portable Document Format (PDF) is the file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993 for document exchange. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Hindu is a leading English-language newspaper in South India, with its largest base of circulation in Tamil Nadu. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Portable Document Format (PDF) is the file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993 for document exchange. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Portable Document Format (PDF) is the file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993 for document exchange. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Hindu is a leading English-language newspaper in South India, with its largest base of circulation in Tamil Nadu. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Portable Document Format (PDF) is the file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993 for document exchange. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Portable Document Format (PDF) is the file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993 for document exchange. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... The Portable Document Format (PDF) is the file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993 for document exchange. ... A mebibyte (a contraction of mega binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, abbreviated MiB. 1 MiB = 220 bytes = 1,048,576 bytes = 1,024 kibibytes 1 MiB = 1024 (= 210) kibibytes (KiB), and 1024 MiB equal one gibibyte (GiB). ... The Portable Document Format (PDF) is the file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993 for document exchange. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... The Portable Document Format (PDF) is the file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993 for document exchange. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Portable Document Format (PDF) is the file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993 for document exchange. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... The Portable Document Format (PDF) is the file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993 for document exchange. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Portable Document Format (PDF) is the file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993 for document exchange. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Portable Document Format (PDF) is the file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993 for document exchange. ...

External links


The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... // WikiMapia is an online map and satellite imaging resource that combines Google Maps with a wiki system, allowing users to add information (in the form of a note) to any location on Earth. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bangalore - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5201 words)
The earliest reference to the name Bengalūru was found in a 9th-century Ganga Dynasty stone inscription on a vera kallu (literally, "hero stone", a rock edict extolling the virtues of a warrior).
In this inscription found in Begur, Bengaluru is referred to as a place in which a battle was fought in 890 AD.
But it stands neglected at the Parvathi Nageshwara Temple in Begur near the city...(w)ritten in hale Kannada (old Kannada) of the 9th Century, the epigraph refers to a Bengaluru war in 890 CE in which Buttanachetty, a servant of Nagatta, died.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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