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Encyclopedia > Benelux
Benelux
Location of Benelux in Europe
Official languages Dutch and French
Membership

Flag of Belgium Belgium
Flag of Netherlands Netherlands
Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 711 KB, MIME type: image/png) The text below is generated by a template which has been proposed for deletion. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Luxembourg. ...

Website
http://www.benelux.be/

The Benelux is an economic union in Western Europe comprising three neighbouring monarchies, Flag of Belgium Belgium, the Flag of Netherlands Netherlands, and Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg, which lie in the north western european region inbetween France and Germany. The name is formed from the beginning of each country's name, and was created for the Benelux Customs Union, but is now used in a more generic way. Size: 74,102 km², Population: 27.5 million The borders of Western Europe were largely defined by the Cold War. ... “Kingdom” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Motto Eendracht maakt macht(Dutch) Lunion fait la force(French) Einigkeit macht stark(German) Strength through Unity Anthem The Brabançonne (The Song of Brabant) Belgium() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital Brussels Largest metropolitan area Brussels Capital Region Official languages Dutch, French, German Government Federal... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Motto (French) Ik zal handhaven(Dutch) I shall stand fast1 Anthem Het Wilhelmus Netherlands() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Amsterdam2 Official languages Dutch3 Recognised regional languages Low Saxon, Limburgish Ethnic groups  80. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Luxembourg. ... Motto Mir wëlle bleiwe wat mir sinn(Luxembourgish) We wish to remain what we are Anthem Ons Hémécht(Our Homeland) Royal anthem: De Wilhelmus 1 Luxembourg(circled) – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Luxembourg Official languages French, German, Luxembourgish (de jure...


The treaty establishing the Benelux Customs Union was signed in 1944 by the governments in exile of the three countries in London, and entered into force in 1947. It ceased to exist in 1960, when it was replaced by the Benelux Economic Union. It was preceded by the (still existent) Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union, established in 1921. 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... A government in exile is a political group that claims to be a countrys legitimate government, but for various reasons is unable to exercise its legal power, and instead resides in a foreign country. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... The Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) was created by a treaty signed on 25 July 1921 between Belgium and Luxembourg. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Its founding contributed to the founding of the European Union (EU), though the immediate precursors to the EU were founded later (the ECSC in 1951 and the EEC in 1957). The three countries were also founding members of these organizations, together with West Germany, France, and Italy. Article 306 of the EC Treaty stipulates that The provisions of this Treaty shall not preclude the existence or completion of regional unions between Belgium and Luxembourg, or between Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, to the extent that the objectives of these regional unions are not attained by application of this Treaty. This article remained unaltered as Article IV-441 of the European Constitution. Members of the European Coal and Steel Community Flag of the European Coal and Steel Community The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was founded in 1951 (Treaty of Paris), by France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to pool the steel and coal resources of its member... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... The European Community (EC), more important of two European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Treaty of Rome signing ceremony Signatures in the Treaty The Treaty of Rome refers to the treaty which established the European Economic Community (EEC) and was signed by France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg on March 25, 1957. ... The Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, commonly referred to as the European Constitution, is an international treaty intended to create a constitution for the European Union. ...


A Benelux Parliament (originally referred to as Interparliamentary Consultative Council) was created in 1955. This parliamentary assembly is composed of 21 members of the Dutch parliament, 21 members of the Belgian national and regional parliaments, and 7 members of the Luxembourgish parliament. 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A parliamentary assembly is part of many international organizations. ...


The treaty establishing the Benelux Economic Union (Benelux Economische Unie/Union Économique Benelux) was signed in 1958 and came into force in 1960 to promote the free movement of workers, capital, services, and goods in the region. Its secretariat-general is located in Brussels. The unification of the law of the three Benelux countries is mainly achieved by regulations of its Council of Ministers, that only bind the three States, but are not directly applicable in their internal legal orders. There is also a large number of Benelux conventions in a wide range of subject matters. Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... In classical economics and all micro-economics labour is one of three factors of production, the others being land and capital. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: Marketing In economics and marketing, a service is the non-material equivalent of a good. ... A good in economics is any physical object (natural or man-made) or service that, upon consumption, increases utility, and therefore can be sold at a price in a market. ... Nickname: Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Government  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area  - Region 162 km²  (62. ...


In 1965, the treaty establishing a Benelux Court of Justice was signed. It entered into force in 1975. The Court, composed of judges from the highest courts of the three States, has to guarantee the uniform interpretation of common legal rules. This international judicial institution is located in Brussels. 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... International judicial institutions can be divided into courts, arbitral tribunals and quasi-judicial institutions. ...


The Benelux is particularly active in the field of intellectual property. The three countries established a Benelux Trademarks Office and a Benelux Designs Office, both situated in The Hague. In 2005 they concluded a treaty establishing a Benelux Organisation for Intellectual Property which replaced both offices upon its entry into force on September 1, 2006. For the 2006 film, see Intellectual Property (film). ... Coordinates: Country Netherlands Province South Holland Area (2006)  - Municipality 98. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Benelux Office for Intellectual Property (BOIP) (Dutch: (BBIE), French: ) is the registration office for trademarks and designs in the Benelux. ...

Satellite image of the Benelux countries
Satellite image of the Benelux countries

The treaty establishing the Benelux Economic Union will expire in 2010. It will probably be replaced by a new legal framework, taking into account the evolutions since the 1950s, both within the three member states and concerning European integration. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1600 × 2400 pixel, file size: 675 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Image source: NASA visible earth Credit: Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC This true-color Terra MODIS image was acquired on April 15... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1600 × 2400 pixel, file size: 675 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Image source: NASA visible earth Credit: Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC This true-color Terra MODIS image was acquired on April 15... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Dutch and French are the official languages of the Benelux and its institutions. Out of the total of 27.2 million people living in the member states 22.5 million (83 percent) speak Dutch and 4.7 million (17 percent) speak French. Although it is not an official language of the Benelux and its institutions, Belgium and Luxembourg recognise German as one of the official national languages. In fact, there is a small German speaking community in Belgium seated in and around the town of Eupen. (See German-speaking Community of Belgium) St Nikolaus church in Eupen Eupen is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège, 15 km from the German border (Aachen), from the Dutch border (Maastricht) and from the nature reservation Hohes Venn (Ardennes). ... The Executive (government) of the German-speaking Community meets in Eupen Flag of the German-speaking community in Belgium The German-speaking Community of Belgium (German: , short DGB) is one of the three federal communities in Belgium. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Benelux - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (511 words)
Benelux (or "Bénélux") is an economic union in Western Europe comprising three neighbouring monarchies, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
The treaty establishing the Benelux Customs Union was signed in 1944 by the governments in exile of the three countries in London, and entered into force in 1947.
The Benelux is particularly active in the field of intellectual property.
Project on International Courts and Tribunals (279 words)
The Benelux Economic Union is the result of several initiatives, started in 1944, to move towards economic cooperation between Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands.
The main purposes of the Benelux Economic Union are the promotion of the free movement of goods, persons, services, and capital, and several projects of regional cooperation in a wide range of areas, from conservation of the countryside to intellectual property.
The principal organs of the Benelux are the Committee of Ministers, the Secretariat General, and the Benelux Court of Justice.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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