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Encyclopedia > Bene Israel
Bene Israel
Total population

1830s: 6,000 (est.)
1900: 10,000 (est.)
1948: 20,000 (est.)
2005: 65,000 (est.)

Regions with significant populations
Israel 60,000 (est.)

Mumbai area 4000 (est.)
Kolkata < 200 (est.)
Delhi < 200 (est.)
Ahmadabad < 200 (est.)
Other English-speaking countries 2,000 (est.) , “Bombay” redirects here. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Ahmadabad or Ahmedabad is a city in India. ...

Languages
Traditionally, Judæo-Marathi a form of Marathi; those in Israel, mostly Hebrew
Religions
Judaism
Related ethnic groups
Cochin Jews, Baghdadi Jews

The Bene Israel (Hebrew: "Sons of Israel") are a group of Jews who migrated in the nineteenth century from west Maharashtra to the nearby Indian cities, primarily Mumbai, but also to Pune, Ahmadabad, and Karachi (Karachi later became a part of Pakistan). Prior to these waves of emigrations and to this day, the Bene Israel formed the largest sector of the subcontinent's Jewish population, and constitute the bulk of those sometimes referred to as Pakistani Jews. The native language of the Bene Israel is Judæo-Marathi, a form of Marathi. Most Bene Israelis have now immigrated to Israel. Judeo-Marathi is a Jewish language spoken by the Bene Israel, a Jewish ethnic group of India. ... Marathi (मराठी ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people of western India (Maharashtrians). ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Cochin Jews, also called Malabar Jews are the ancient prospetutess and their descendants of the South Indian erstwhile state of Kingdom of Cochin which includes the present day port city of Kochi. ... The Baghdadi Jews are one of the main Jewish communities of India. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... , “Bombay” redirects here. ... , Pune (IPA: , Marathi: पुणे) is a city located in the western Indian state of Maharashtra. ... Ahmadabad or Ahmedabad is a city in India. ...   (Urdu: , Sindhi: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... Prof. ... Judeo-Marathi is a Jewish language spoken by the Bene Israel, a Jewish ethnic group of India. ... Marathi (मराठी ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people of western India (Maharashtrians). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

History

The Bene Israel claim to be descended from Jews who escaped persecution in Galilee in the 2nd century B.C.E. The Bene Israel resemble the non-Jewish Maratha people in appearance and customs, which indicates intermarriage between Jews and Indians. The Bene Israel, however, maintained the practices of Jewish dietary laws, circumcision and observation of Sabbath as a day of rest. Galilee (Arabic al-jaleel الجليل, Hebrew hagalil הגליל), meaning circuit, is a large area overlapping with much of the North District of Israel. ... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 2nd century BC started on January 1, 200 BC and ended on December 31, 101 BC. // Coin of Antiochus IV. Reverse shows Apollo seated on an omphalos. ... The Marāthās (Marathi: , also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a the expansive Maratha Empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries. ... Look up kosher in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Set of implements used in the performance of brit milah, displayed in the Göttingen city museum Brit milah (Hebrew: בְרִית מִילָה [bərīt mīlā] literally: covenant [of] circumcision), also berit milah (Sephardi), bris milah (Ashkenazi pronunciation) or bris (Yiddish) is a religious ceremony within Judaism that welcomes infant Jewish... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ...


The Bene Israel believe their ancestors were oil pressers in the Galilee and that they are descended from survivors of a shipwreck. In the 18th Century they were "discovered" by traders from Baghdad. At that time the Bene Israel were practicing just a few outward forms of Judaism (which is how they were recognized) but had no scholars of their own. Teachers from Baghdad and Cochin taught them mainstream Judaism in the 18th and 19th centuries. Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ...


Jewish merchants from Europe traveled to India in the medieval period for purposes of trade, but it is not clear whether they formed permanent settlements in south Asia. The first reliable evidence of Jews living in India comes from the early 11th century. It is certain that the first Jewish settlements were centered along the western coast. Abraham ibn Daud's 12th century reference to Jews of India is unfortunately vague, and we do not have further references to Indian Jews until several centuries later. Abraham ben David was a Jewish, French commentator on the Talmud. ...


It is estimated that there were 6,000 Bene Israel in the 1830s, 10,000 at the turn of the century, and in 1948—their peak in India—they numbered 20,000. [1] Since that time, their population in India has decreased through emigration (mostly to Israel) to under 5,000. // Electromagnetic induction discovered by Michael Faraday Evolutionary theorist Charles Darwins expedition on the HMS Beagle. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1964 the Israeli Rabbinate declared that the Bene Israel are "full Jews in every respect." Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ...


The Bene Israel claim a lineage to the Cohanim, the Israelite priestly class, which claims descent from Aaron, the brother of Moses. In 2002, a DNA test confirmed that the Bene Israel share the same heredity as the Cohanim.[2][3] Cohen (disambiguation) Position of the kohens hands and fingers during the Priestly Blessing A kohen (or cohen, Hebrew כּהן, priest, pl. ...


Famous Bene Israel

Nissim Ezekiel, Leading English Language Indian Poet Nissim Ezekiel (December 24, 1924 - January 9, 2004) was a poet, playwright and art critic. ...

Film Industry

David Abraham Cheulkar (1908 - 1982) was a Jewish-Indian Hindi-language film actor. ... Sulochana (1907 - 1983, real name Ruby Myers) was an Indian actress of half European ancestry. ...

See also

Jews in India live among Indias predominant Hindu and Muslim populace. ... The Paradesi Synagogue is the oldest synagogue in the Commonwealth of Nations, located in Kochi, Kerala, in South India. ... A Bene Israel Family who lived for centuries in its Indian village before returning to Israel or settling throughout the World // The SATAMKAR (SATAMKER) सातामकर family has its origins in the village of Satamba/Virjoli[1], Roha Taluka, Raigad District, Maharashtra State, near the West Coast of India, South of Mumbai...

External links

The Jewish Encyclopedia was an encyclopedia originally published between 1901 and 1906 by Funk and Wagnalls. ... The Engineering Faculty Boulevard The Smolarz Auditorium Tel Aviv University (TAU, אוניברסיטת תל אביב, אתא) is one of Israels major universities. ... The Cabot Intercultural Center of The Fletcher School at Tufts University The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, also called simply The Fletcher School, is the oldest graduate school of international relations in the United States. ... Tufts University is a private research university in Medford/Somerville, Massachusetts, suburbs of Boston. ...

Further reading

  • Indian Jewish Heritage: Ritual, Art and Life-Cycle Dr. Shalva Weil (ed). Mumbai: Marg Publications

  Results from FactBites:
 
AllRefer.com - Bene Israel (Judaism) - Encyclopedia (295 words)
Bene Israel or Beni Israel[both: bA´nE] Pronunciation Key [Heb.,=sons of Israel], Jewish community of India, living mostly in and near Bombay.
The Bene Israel are referred to in the travel accounts of Benjamin of Tudela (10th cent.) and Marco Polo (13th cent).
When the Bene Israel were rediscovered by Westerners in the late 18th cent.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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