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Encyclopedia > Ben Nighthorse Campbell
Ben Nighthorse Campbell
Ben Nighthorse Campbell

In office
January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2005
Preceded by Tim Wirth
Succeeded by Ken Salazar

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Colorado's 3rd district
In office
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 1993
Preceded by Michael Strang
Succeeded by Scott McInnis

Born April 13, 1933 (1933-04-13) (age 74)
Auburn, California
Nationality American
Political party Democratic 1987–1995
Republican 1995–present
Spouse Linda Price
Religion Unspecified[1]

Ben Nighthorse Campbell (born April 13, 1933) is an American politician. He was a U.S. Senator from Colorado from 1993 until 2005 and was for some time the only Native American serving in the U.S. Congress. Campbell was a U.S. Representative from 1987 to 1993, when he was sworn into office as a Senator following his election on November 3, 1992. Campbell also serves as one of forty-four members of the Council of Chiefs of the Northern Cheyenne Nation, which enrolled him in 1980. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tim Wirth Timothy E. Wirth (September 22, 1939-) is a former United States Senator from Colorado. ... Kenneth Lee Salazar (born March 2, 1955) is an American politician, rancher, and environmentalist from the U.S. state of Colorado. ... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Colorados 3rd Congressional district The 3rd Congressional district of Colorado is located in western and south central Colorado, encompassing most of the rural Western Slope, including the cities of Grand Junction and Durango, as well as southern portions of Colorados eastern plains, including the city of Pueblo. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Michael Lathrop Mike Strang (born June 17, 1929) is a U.S. Representative from Colorado. ... Scott Steve McInnis (born May 9, 1953), American politician, was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from 1993 to 2005, representing the 3rd District of Colorado. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Auburn is the county seat of Placer County, California, USA. The population was 12,462 at the 2000 census. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      Politics of the United States takes place in a framework of a presidential... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Cheyenne (disambiguation). ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ...


Originally a member of the Democratic Party, Campbell switched to the Republican Party in 1995. Reelected in 1998, Campbell announced in March 2004 that he would not run for reelection to a third term in November of that year. He expressed interest in running for Governor of Colorado in 2006. However, on January 4, 2006, he announced that he would not enter the race. His Senate seat was won by Democrat Ken Salazar in the November 2004 election. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... In politics, party switching is any change in party affiliation of a partisan public figure, usually one who is currently holding elected office. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Results -- Republican holds in light red, pickups in dark red, Democratic holds in light blue, pickups in dark blue The U.S. Senate election, 1998 was a roughly even contest between the Republican and Democratic parties. ... 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December Deaths • 08 Abu Abbas • 20 Queen Juliana • 28 Peter Ustinov • 30 Alistair Cooke More March 2004 deaths Ongoing events EU Enlargement Exploration of Mars: Rovers Haiti Rebellion Israeli-Palestinian conflict Occupation of Iraq Same-sex marriage in... The Governor of Colorado is the chief executive of the U.S. state of Colorado. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kenneth Lee Salazar (born March 2, 1955) is an American politician, rancher, and environmentalist from the U.S. state of Colorado. ... Results -- light red represents Republican holds, dark red Republican pickups, light blue Democratic holds, dark blue Democratic pickups. ...

Contents

Early life, military service and family

Airman Campbell.

Campbell was born in Auburn, California. His mother, Mary Vierra, was a Portuguese immigrant who had come to the U.S. at age six (according to Campbell, his maternal grandfather had entered the United States illegally: [1], accessed at 2300 UTC on 18 May 2007). There Vierra's family settled in the large Portuguese community near Sacramento. When Vierra contracted tuberculosis in her youth, she met Albert Campbell at the hospital. Campbell was at the hospital for alcoholism treatment. The couple married in 1929, and Ben Nighthorse Campbell was born in 1933. Ben Nighthorse Campbell as a young man. ... Ben Nighthorse Campbell as a young man. ... Auburn is the county seat of Placer County, California, USA. The population was 12,462 at the 2000 census. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... “Sacramento” redirects here. ... Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or TuBerculosis) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... Alcoholism is the consumption of, or preoccupation with, alcoholic beverages to the extent that this behavior interferes with the drinkers normal personal, family, social, or work life, and may lead to physical or mental harm. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


During Campbell's childhood, his father continued to have problems with alcoholism, often leaving the family for weeks and months at a time. His mother continued to have health problems, with tuberculosis, a highly contagious disease that limited the contact she could have with her children. These problems led to Ben's and his sister Alberta's (who died an apparent suicide at age 44) spending much of their early lives in orphanages. Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or TuBerculosis) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... // The first orphanages, called orphanotrophia, were founded in the 1st century amid various alternative means of orphan support. ...


Campbell attended Placer High School, dropping out in 1951 to join the U.S. Air Force. He was stationed in Korea during the Korean War; he left the Air Force in 1953 with the rank of Airman Second Class, as well as the Korean Service Medal and the Air Medal. Placer High School, is a public high school located in Auburn, California and is part of the Placer Union High School District. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... “The U.S. Air Force” redirects here. ... This article is about the Korean peninsula and civilization. ... Combatants United Nations:  Republic of Korea,  Australia,  Belgium,  Luxembourg,  Canada,  Colombia,  Ethiopia,  France,  Greece,  Luxembourg,  Netherlands,  New Zealand,  Philippines,  South Africa,  Thailand,  Turkey,  United Kingdom,  United States Medical staff:  Denmark,  Australia,  Italy,  Norway,  Sweden Communist states:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,  Peoples Republic of China,  Soviet Union Commanders... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Korean Service Medal is a decoration of the United States military and was created in November 1950 by order of President Harry Truman. ... Air Medal Ribbon The Air Medal is a military decoration of the United States which was established by Executive Order 9158, signed by Franklin D. Roosevelt, on May 11, 1942. ...


Campbell was married and divorced before he married the former Linda Price in 1966. The couple have two children, Colin Campbell and Shanan Longfellow. Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ...


Education and Olympic competition

Medal record
Competitor for Flag of the United States United States
Men's Judo
Pan American Games
Gold 1963 São Paulo Open

After returning to the United States, Campbell attended San Jose State College (now San Jose State University), where he joined the Yosh Uchida coached judo team, a sport he first participated in as a teenager. He received a bachelor's degree in physical education and fine arts in 1957. Campbell later studied Japanese culture at Meiji University in Tokyo as a special research student from 1960 to 1964. While in Japan, Campbell continued to return to the United States to compete in judo competitions, winning three U.S. national championships and a gold medal at the 1963 Pan American Games judo competition. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the martial art and sport. ... The Pan American Games are a multi-sport event, held every four years between competitors from all nations of the Americas. ... The 4th Pan American Games were held in São Paulo, Brazil. ... These page shows the results of the Mens Judo Competition at the 1963 Pan American Games, held from April 20 to May 5, 1963 in São Paulo, Brazil. ... San Jose State University San José State University, commonly shortened to San Jose State and SJSU, is the oldest university in what became the California State University system. ... Yosh Uchida (b 1920) is a Japanese American known for his activities in the martial art of judo. ... This article is about the martial art and sport. ... For other degrees, see Academic degree. ... Physical education (PE) is the interdisciplinary study of all area of science relating to the transmission of physical knowledge and skills to an individual or a group, the application of these skills, and their results. ... Fine art is a term used to refer to fields traditionally considered to be artistic. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... The culture of Japan has evolved greatly over the years, from the countrys original Jomon culture to its contemporary hybrid culture, which combines influences from Asia, Europe and North America. ... Meiji UniversitySchool house. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... These page shows the results of the Mens Judo Competition at the 1963 Pan American Games, held from April 20 to May 5, 1963 in São Paulo, Brazil. ...


Campbell was the captain of the U.S. judo team in the 1964 Summer Olympics, competing in the open weightclass. Campbell won his first round match, but seriously injured his knee during his second round match, ending his judo career. Campbell was chosen to carry the American flag during the closing ceremonies, after swimmer Don Schollander was unable to attend. Campbell remained involved in judo as an instructor, and wrote the judo training manual Championship Judo Training Drills, published in 1974. The 1964 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVIII Olympiad, were held in 1964 in Tokyo, Japan. ... Union Jack. ... Donald (Don) Arthur Schollander (born April 30, 1946) is an American former swimmer. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ...


Political career

Campbell later became a self-employed jewelry designer, as well as a rancher and horse trainer, in his adopted hometown of Ignacio, Colorado. His jewelry has been displayed at the National Museum of the American Indian. Ignacio is a town located in La Plata County, Colorado. ... National Museum of the American Indian in Washington D.C., viewed from the northeast Interior view looking down toward the entrance. ...


In 1982, he ran for and won a surprise victory to the Colorado General Assembly, where he served for four years. In November 1986, Campbell was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. He took office in January 1987 and held the seat until he was sworn in as Senator six years later. In 1995, he switched his affiliation from the Democratic to the Republican party. He retired in 2004, and Ken Salazar was elected to replace him in the US Senate. Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The Colorado General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Colorado. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kenneth Lee Salazar (born March 2, 1955) is an American politician, rancher, and environmentalist from the U.S. state of Colorado. ...


In March 2006, Campbell was mentioned as a potential replacement as Secretary of Interior, replacing Gale Norton. If appointed, Campbell would have been the first Native American to serve in the United States Cabinet, overseeing the agency that oversees the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the National Park Service. Instead, Idaho Governor Dirk Kempthorne received the nomination. The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interior. ... Secretary of the Interior Gale Norton Gale Ann Norton (born March 11, 1954) served as the 48th United States Secretary of the Interior, serving under President George W. Bush. ... Cabinet meeting on May 16, 2001. ... The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) is an agency of the federal government of the United States within the Department of the Interior charged with the administration and management of 55. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... Official language(s) English [1] Capital Boise Largest city Boise Largest metro area Boise metropolitan area Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... Dirk Arthur Kempthorne (born October 29, 1951 in San Diego, California), is the current U.S. Secretary of the Interior, serving since May 2006. ...


Quotations

  • "A lot of senators are so worried about convention and how they look that they wouldn't let their hair down if they had any."
  • "No longer will Native American culture be bottled up in collections and hidden from so many people in the world who wish to share them." — Speaking at a groundbreaking ceremony for the National Museum of the American Indian
  • "The recognition they're given now is richly deserved and long overdue." — Referring to the Navajo Code Talkers who created and employed the famously unbreakable code used by the U.S. Marine Corps during World War II

National Museum of the American Indian in Washington D.C., viewed from the northeast Interior view looking down toward the entrance. ... “Codetalkers” redirects here. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

External links

  • Congressional biography
  • Games were bittersweet memory — Rocky Mountain News article

References

  1. ^ http://adherents.com/people/pc/Ben_Nighthorse_Campbell.html
Preceded by
Michael Strang (R)
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Colorado's 3rd congressional district

1987–1993
Succeeded by
Scott McInnis (R)
Preceded by
Tim Wirth (D)
United States Senator (Class 3) from Colorado
1993–2005
Served alongside: Hank Brown (R), Wayne Allard (R)
Succeeded by
Ken Salazar (D)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ben Nighthorse Campbell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (608 words)
Campbell later studied Japanese culture at Meiji University in Tokyo as a special research student from 1960 to 1964.
Campbell was the captain of the U.S. judo team in the 1964 Summer Olympics, competing in the open weightclass.
Campbell was chosen to carry the American flag during the closing ceremonies, after swimmer Don Schollander was unable to attend.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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