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Encyclopedia > Belz
Belz Coat of Arms 1772
Belz Coat of Arms 1772

Belz (Ukrainian: Белз, Polish: Bełz, Yiddish: בעלז), a small town in the Lviv Oblast (province) of western Ukraine, near the border with Poland, is located between the Solokiya river (affluent of the Bug river) and the Rzeczyca stream. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Yiddish (Yid. ... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Lviv Oblast is an oblast of western Ukraine, created on December 4, 1939. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ...


The current estimated population is 2408 (as of 2004). Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Name

There are three versions of the origin of the name:


1. the Celtic language − 'belz' (water) or 'pelz' (stream),


2. the so called "Old Slavic language" − «белз» or «бевз» (muddy place),


3. the so called "Old Russian language" − «бълизь» (white place, a glade in the midst of dark woods).


The name occurs in two other places:


1. 'Belz' (department Morbihan), Brittany, France Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ...


2. Bălţi (Beltsy, also known in Yiddish as 'Belz'), Moldova (Bessarabia)


History

The town has existed since at least the 10th century, as one of the Red Towns (Ruthenian) strongholds under Bohemian and Polish rule. From 981 Belz was a part of Rus'-Ukraine (Duchy of Kiev, Duchy of Halych), except 1018-1030 when it belonged to Poland. In 1366 it became a permanent part of the Kingdom of Poland, until the First Partition of Poland in 1772. It then passed to the Austrian Empire, later the Austro-Hungarian Empire, where it was a part of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria. As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Kievan Rus′ was the early, mostly East Slavic [1] state dominated by the city of Kiev from about 880 to the middle of the 12th century. ... Events Births Anne of Bohemia, Queen consort of Richard II of England. ... Over the past millennium, the territory ruled by Poland has shifted and varied greatly. ... The Partitions of Poland (Polish Rozbiór or Rozbiory Polski) happened in the 18th century and ended the existence of a sovereign state of Poland (or more correctly the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). ... Year 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Anthem Volkshymne (Peoples Anthem) The Austrian Empire Capital Vienna Language(s) German Hungarian Romanian Czech Slovakian Slovenian Croatian Serbian Italian Polish Ruthenian Religion Roman Catholic Government Monarchy History  - Established 1804  - Ausgleich 1867 The Crown of the Austrian Emperor The Austrian Empire (German: ) was a modern era successor empire founded... Official languages Latin, German, Hungarian Established church Roman Catholic Capital & Largest City Vienna pop. ... Galicia (Ukrainian: Галичина (Halychyna), Polish: Galicja, German: Galizien, Slovak: Halič, Romanian: Galiţia, Hungarian: Gácsország) is the name of a region of Central Europe. ...


The Jewish (Ashkenazi) Kahal (hebr. קהלה kehilla) in Belz was established in the Late Middle Ages (ca. 14th c.). In 1665 Jews in Belz got equal rights and duties. The town became home to a Hasidic dynasty of Belz in the early 19th century. Shalom Rokeach of Belz (1779 - 1855), also known as the Sar Shalom, was the first Belzer Rebbe from 1817 to 1855. At the beginning of World War I, Belz counted 6100 inhabitants, including 3600 Jews, 1600 Ukrainians, and 900 Poles. [1] Languages Yiddish, Hebrew, Russian, English Religions Judaism Related ethnic groups Sephardi Jews, Mizrahi Jews, and other Jewish ethnic divisions Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or Ashkenazim (Standard Hebrew: sing. ... Hasidic leaders in Jerusalem Hasidic Judaism (also Chasidic, etc. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


With the collapse of Austria-Hungary following World War I in November 1918, Belz was included in the Western Ukrainian People's Republic, but came under Polish control in 1919, which was confirmed in the PolandUkrainian People's Republic agreement in April 1920. From 1919 to 1939 Belz belonged to Poland. Then from 1939 to 1944 it was occupied by Germany as a part of the General Government. Belz is situated on left, north waterside of the Solokiya river (affluent of the Bug river), which was German-Soviet border in 1939-1941. After the war it reverted to Poland until 1951 when, after a minor border readjustment, it passed to the Soviet Union (Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic). Since 1991 it has been part of independent Ukraine. The West Ukrainian National Republic (Західно Українська Народна Республика, Zakhidno Ukrayinska Narodna Respublyka or ЗУНР, ZUNR) was... Ukrainian Peoples Republic (Ukrainian: ), also sometimes translated as Ukrainian National Republic, abbreviated UNR (УНР), was a republic in part of the territory of modern Ukraine after the Russian Revolution, eventually headed by Symon Petliura. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The General Government (in full General government for the occupied Polish areas, in German Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete) was the name given by Germany to the governing authority in Poland after its occupation by the Wehrmacht in September and October 1939. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... State motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! Official language None. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ...


Cultural trivia

The hasidic synagogue in Belz, dedicated in 1843, and demolished in 1950s.
The hasidic synagogue in Belz, dedicated in 1843, and demolished in 1950s.

The Yiddish song “Beltz, Mayn Shtetele” is a moving evocation of a happy childhood spent in a shtetl. Originally this song was composed for a town which bears a similarly sounding name in Yiddish (belts), called Bălţi in Moldovan/Romanian, and is located in Bessarabia (presently the Moldova Republic). Later interpretations may have had Belz in mind, though. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Yiddish (ייִדיש, Jiddisch) is a Germanic language spoken by about four million Jews throughout the world. ... County BălÅ£i Status Municipality Mayor Vasile Panciuc [1], since 2001 Area 73 km² Population (2004) 127,600 Geographical coordinates Dialing code +373(231) Web site Official site of the Mayor BălÅ£i is the third-largest city of Moldova, and the major city in the north of... 1927 map of Bessarabia from Charles Upson Clarks book Bessarabia (Basarabia in Romanian, Бесарабія in Ukrainian, Бессарабия in Russian, Бесарабия in Bulgarian, Besarabya in Turkish) is a historical term for the geographic entity in Eastern Europe bounded by the Dniester River on the East and the Prut River on the West. ...


Belz is also a very important place for Ukrainian Catholics and Polish Catholics as a place where the Black Madonna of Częstochowa is believed to have resided for several centuries until 1382, when Władysław Opolczyk, duke of Opole, took the icon home to his principality after ending his service as the Royal emmisary for Halychyna for Louis I of Hungary.[2] The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (UGCC), also known as the Ukrainian Catholic Church, is one of the successor Churches to the acceptance of Christianity by Grand Prince Vladimir the Great (Ukrainian Volodymyr) of Kiev (Kyiv), in 988. ... Anthem Mazurek DÄ…browskiego(Polish) DÄ…browskis Mazurek Poland() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Warsaw Official languages Polish² Demonym Pole Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Lech KaczyÅ„ski  -  Prime Minister JarosÅ‚aw KaczyÅ„ski Formation  -  Christianisation4 966   -  Redeclared November 11, 1918  Accession to... Black Madonna, Fleur de lys of CzÄ™stochowa, Poland The Black Madonna of CzÄ™stochowa, (Czarna Madonna or Matka Boska CzÄ™stochowska in Polish) icon was, according to legend, painted by St. ... CzÄ™stochowa ( , German: ) is a city in south Poland on the Warta River with 248,894 inhabitants (2004). ... Year 1382 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw Opolski (1225-1282), Duke of Kalisz (1234-1244), Duke of WieluÅ„ (1234-1249), Duke of Opole and Racibórz since 1246. ... Opole ( ; German: ) is a city in southern Poland on the Oder River (Odra). ... Galicia (Ukrainian: Галичина (Halychyna), Polish: Galicja, German: Galizien, Slovak: Halič, Romanian: Galiţia, Hungarian: Gácsország) is the name of a region of Central Europe. ... Louis the Great. ...


People

Lev Danylovich (Leo I of Halych)
Lev Danylovich (Leo I of Halych)
Rabbi Aharon Rokeach of Belz
  • Vsevolod Mstislavich of Volhynia, knyaz of Belz (1170-1196)
  • Lev Danylovich, prince of Belz (1245-1264)
  • Jurij Narymuntowicz, Lithuanian, prince of Belz (ca.1326-ca.1377)
  • Jaśko Mazowita, prefect of Belz (14th-15th centuries)
  • Jan Kamieniecki (1463-1513), starost of Belz
  • Jan Firlej (ca.1521-1574), voivode of Belz
  • Jan Zamoyski (1542-1605), starost of Belz
  • Yoel Sirkis (1561-1640), great Rabbi, one of Achronim
  • Rafał Leszczyński (1579-1636), voivode of Belz
  • Jakub Sobieski (1580-1646), voivode of Belz
  • Adam Mikołaj Sieniawski (1666-1726), voivode of Belz
  • Stanisław Mateusz Rzewuski (1642-1728), voivode of Belz
  • Stanisław Szczęsny Potocki (1753-1805), starost of Belz
  • Shalom Rokeach (1779-1855), first Rebbe of Belz
  • Yehoshua Rokeach (1825-1894), second Rebbe of Belz
  • Yissachar Dov Rokeach (I) (1854-1926), third Rebbe of Belz
  • Aharon Rokeach (1877-1957), fourth Rebbe of Belz
  • Nissan Spivak (1824-1906), cantor [3]

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata BelzQedushathAaron. ... Image File history File linksMetadata BelzQedushathAaron. ... Lev I of Halych in front of his capital, Lviv Lev Danylovich (born ca. ... Nobel Family Firlej Coat of Arms Lewart Parents Piotr Firlej Katarzyna Teczynska Consorts Zofia Boner (Bonarowa) Zofia Dzik (Doliwa) Barbara Mniszech Children with Zofia Boner Mikolaj Firlej Andrzej Firlej Jan Firlej Piotr Firlej with Zofia Dzik Anna Firlej Henryk Firlej Date of Birth abt. ... Noble Family Zamoyski Coat of Arms Jelita Parents Stanisław Zamoyski Anna Herburt Consorts Anna Ossolińska Krystyna Radziwiłł Gryzelda Batory Barbara Tarnowska Children with Barbara Tarnowska Tomasz Zamoyski Date of Birth March 19, 1542 Place of Birth Skokówka, Poland Date of Death June 3... Yoel Sirkis (1561-1640) was a rabbi and halakhist (Authority on Jewish law) known to scholars of Judaism. ... Noble Family LeszczyÅ„ski Coat of Arms Wieniawa Parents BogusÅ‚aw LeszczyÅ„ski Anna Denhoff Consorts Anna JabÅ‚onowska Children with Anna JabÅ‚onowska StanisÅ‚aw LeszczyÅ„ski Date of Birth 1650 Place of Birth  ? Date of Death January 31, 1703 Place of Death PleÅ›nica RafaÅ‚ LeszczyÅ„ski (1650... Noble Family Sobieski Coat of Arms Janina Parents Marek Sobieski Maria Snopkowska Consorts Marianna Wisniowiecka Zofia Teofillia Daniłowicz Children with Zofia Teofillia Daniłowicz Marek Sobieski Jan III Sobieski Katarzyna Sobieska Date of Birth May 5, 1590 Place of Birth Zółkiew Date of Death June... Noble Family Sieniawski Coat of Arms Leliwa Parents MikoÅ‚aj Hieronim Sieniawski Cecylia Maria RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Consorts Elżbieta Lubomirska Children with Elżbieta Lubomirska Maria Zofia Sieniawska Date of Birth 1666 Place of Birth Lwów Date of Death February 18, 1726 Place of Death Lwów Adam MikoÅ‚aj... Noble Family Rzewuski Coat of Arms Krzywda Parents MichaÅ‚ Florian Rzewuski Anna Dzierżek Consorts Dorota Cetner Ludwika Kunicka Children with Dorota Cetner Seweryn Józef Rzewuski with Anna Dzierżek WacÅ‚aw Rzewuski Marianna Rzewuska Sabina Rzewuska Anna Rzewuska Date of Birth 1662 Place of Birth  ? Date of Death... Noble Family Potocki Coat of Arms PiÅ‚awa Parents Franciszek Salezy Potocki Anna Elzbieta Potocka Consorts Gertruda Komorowska Józefina Amalia Mniszech Zofia Celice-Clavone Children with Józefina Amalia Mniszech Pelagia Róża Potocka SzczÄ™sny Jerzy Potocki Witoria Potocka Ludwika Potocka Róża Potocka Konstancja Potocka StanisÅ‚aw... Shalom Rokeach (1779 - September 10, 1855), was the first Belzer Rebbe, also known as the Sar Shalom. ... Rebbe which means master, teacher, or mentor is a Yiddish word derived from the identical Hebrew word רבי (Rabbi). ... Rabbi Yehoshua Rokeach (1825 - February 3, 1894) was the second Belzer Rebbe. ... Rebbe which means master, teacher, or mentor is a Yiddish word derived from the identical Hebrew word רבי (Rabbi). ... Rabbi Yissachar Dov Rokeach (I) (1854 - October 30, 1926) was the third Rebbe of Belz. ... Rebbe which means master, teacher, or mentor is a Yiddish word derived from the identical Hebrew word רבי (Rabbi). ... Aharon Rokeach was the fourth rebbe of the Belz Hasidic dynasty from 1877 to August 18, 1957. ... Rebbe which means master, teacher, or mentor is a Yiddish word derived from the identical Hebrew word רבי (Rabbi). ... Nissan Spivak (born 1824 – died 1906) was a Jewish cantor and composer. ...

See also

  1. ^ Dr Mieczysław Orłowicz. Ilustrowany Przewodnik po Galicyi. Lwów 1919
  2. ^ http://www.ukraine-observer.com/articles/217/814
  3. ^ http://www.bh.org.il/Names/POW/Spivak.asp


The third Belzer Rebbe, Yissachar Dov Rokeach Belz (חסידות בעלז) is a Hasidic dynasty named after the town of Belz, a small town originally located in eastern Poland, presently in Ukraine. ...

Administrative divisions of Lviv Oblast, Ukraine Flag of Ukraine

Raions: Brodivskyi | Buskyi | Drohobytskyi | Horodotskyi | Kamianka-Buzkyi | Mostyskyi | Mykolaivskyi | Peremyshlianskyi | Pustomytivskyi | Radekhivskyi | Sambirskyi | Skolivskyi | Sokalskyi | Starosambirskyi | Stryiskyi | Turkivskyi | Yavorivskyi | Zhovkivskyi | Zhydachivskyi | Zolochivskyi Image File history File links Lwiw-oblast-COA.PNG uk: Львівська область, герб File links The following pages link to this file: Lviv Lviv Oblast Drohobych Boryslav Chervonohrad Komarno Brody Zolochiv Belz Mykolaiv, Lviv Oblast Stryi Sokal Zhovkva Sambir Yavoriv Khodoriv Zhydachiv Rava Ruska Stary Sambir Dobromil Kamyanka-Buzka Template:Cities in Lviv... Lviv Oblast is an oblast of western Ukraine, created on December 4, 1939. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Raions of Ukraine (Ukrainian: ) are small territorial units of subdivision of Ukraine. ... Brodivskyi Raion (Ukrainian: , translit: Brodivs’kyi raion) is a raion (district) of the Lviv Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. ... Drohobych Raion (Ukrainian: , translit: Drohobyts’kyi raion) is a raion (district) of the Lviv Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. ...

Cities: Belz | Bibrka | Boryslav | Brody | Busk | Chervonohrad | Dobromyl | Drohobych | Dubliany | Hlyniany | Horodok | Kamianka-Buzka | Khodoriv | Khyriv | Komarno | Lviv | Morshyn | Mostyska | Mykolaiv | Novoiavorivske | Novyi Kalyniv | Novyi Rozdil | Peremyshliany | Pustomyty | Radekhiv | Rava-Ruska | Rudky | Sambir | Skole | Sokal | Sosnivka | Staryi Sambir | Stebnyk | Stryi | Sudova Vyshnia | Truskavets | Turka | Uhniv | Velyki Mosty | Vynnyky | Yavoriv | Zhovkva | Zhydachiv | Zolochiv As of January 1, 2006 there are 457 cities (Ukrainian: мiсто, misto) in Ukraine. ... Location of Bibrka within Ukraine Bibrka (Ukrainian Бібрка), is a city in western Ukraine about 29 km southeast of Lviv on PI29. ... Boryslav as seen from the former castle hill Boryslav (Ukrainian: , Polish: ) is a town in the Lviv Oblast of Western Ukraine, on Tysmenitsa River (tributary of Dniester). ... Tarnopol Voivodeship bis 17 September 1939, location the city A church in Brody (1625). ... Busk (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Krystynopol is a city in the Ukraine. ... Dobromyl (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine. ... Drohobych (Ukrainian: , German: , Polish: , Russian: ) is a city located at the confluence of the Tysmenytsia river and Seret, a tributary of the latter, in the Lviv Oblast (province), in western Ukraine. ... Dubliany (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Hlyniany (Ukrainian: ) is a small city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Horodok (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Kamianka-Buzka Coat of Arms Kamianka-Buzka (Ukrainian: , translit. ... Khodoriv (Ukrainian: ) - is a city in the Lviv Oblast of western Ukraine. ... Khyriv (Ukrainian: ) is a small city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Komarno (Ukrainian: ) is a city located in the Horodotsky Raion (district) of the Lviv Oblast (province) in western Ukraine. ... Lemberg redirects here. ... Morshyn (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Mostyska (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Mykolaiv, or Mykolayiv, is a city in Lviv Oblast of Ukraine. ... Novoiavorivske (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Novyi Kalyniv (Ukrainian: ) is a small city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Novyi Rozdil (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Peremyshliany (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Pustomyty (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Radekhiv (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Rava Ruska (Polish: ) is a town in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine, near the border with Poland. ... Rudky (Ukrainian: ) is a small city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Sambir is a city in western Ukraine, close to the border with Poland. ... yeah !!!! BITHCES !!!! ... Alan David Sokal (born 1955) is a physicist at New York University. ... Sosnivka (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Staryi Sambir (Ukrainian: , Polish: ) is a city in the Lviv Oblast of western Ukraine, close to the border with Poland. ... Stebnyk is a town in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine, close to the border with Poland. ... Stryi (Ukrainian: , Polish: Stryj, also known as Stryy, Stryia and Stry) is a city located on the left bank of the Stryi River in the Lviv Oblast (province) of western Ukraine (in the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains). ... Sudova Vyshnia (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Truskavets (Polish: ) is a town in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine, close to the border with Poland. ... Turka, Ukraine (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Uhniv (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Velyki Mosty (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Vynnyky (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Yavoriv (Ukrainian: ), a city in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine about 50 km west of Lviv. ... Government Country Oblast Raion Ukraine Lviv Oblast Zhovkivskyi Raion Founded 1597 City rights 1603 Geographical characteristics Area  - City 7. ... Zhydachiv (Ukrainian: ; Polish: ) is a city in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine. ... Zolochiv (Ukrainian: ; Polish: ; Russian: , translit. ...

Urban-type settlements: Slavske | Olesko | more... As of January 1, 2006 there are 886 urban-type settlements (Ukrainian: , translit. ... Slavske (Ukrainian: , Polish: ) is a popular ski resort town in the Eastern Beskids range of the Carpathian mountains in western Ukraine with a population of 3,700. ... Coat of arms of Olesko, 1936. ... As of January 1, 2006 there are 886 urban-type settlements (Ukrainian: , translit. ...

Villages: Hai | Rykhtychi | Sianky | Skelivka | more... Hai (Ukrainian: Гаї) is a village in Brodivskyi Raion of Lviv Oblast, Ukraine. ... Rykhtychi (Ukrainian: Рихтичі, (Polish: Rychcice ) is a village in Lviv Oblast, Drohobych region, Ukraine (zip code - 82151). ... Sianky (Ukrainian: ; Polish: ) is a village in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine on the Sian River. ... Country Ukraine Oblast Lviv Founded 1374 Area  - Village 3. ...

Coordinates: 50°38′N, 24°02′E. Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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Belz's voice is bold, wise, inimitable." —Denise Duhamel
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