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Encyclopedia > Belt Parkway
Belt Parkway
Belt Parkway
Shore Parkway/Southern Parkway/Laurelton Parkway
Length 25.3 miles (40.5 km)
General direction East/West
From Brooklyn, NY, at I-278
To Queens, NY, at Cross Island Pkwy/Southern State Pkwy
Major cities New York, NY
Established 1941
System New York State Parkways

The Belt Parkway, or Belt System or Circumferential Parkway is a series of New York City limited-access highways that form a complete circle around the Boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1300, 22 KB) Summary A replica of the green-and-white road shield for New Yorks Belt Parkway. ... A mile is a unit of distance (or, in physics terminology, length) currently defined as 5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, or 63,360 inches. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... For other meanings, see Brooklyn (disambiguation). ... Interstate 278 is an Interstate Highway in the U.S. states of New Jersey and New York. ... Queens is geographically the largest of the five boroughs of New York City in the United States. ... Cross Island Parkway is part of the Belt Parkway system that runs around the perimeter of Queens County in New York City. ... The Southern State Parkway on Long Island, New York, links the Belt Parkway in New York City with the Heckscher State Parkway in Bay Shore, New York. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... High-capacity freeway interchange in Los Angeles, California. ... Mitchell Freeway in Perth, Western Australia For other uses, see Highway (disambiguation). ... The definitions of the political subdivisions of the state of New York differ from those in certain other countries or even various other U.S. states, leading to misunderstandings regarding the governmental nature of an area. ... A map highlighting Brooklyn and the rest of New York City. ... Queens Borough in New York City, in yellow Queens is the largest of the five boroughs of New York City in area. ...

Contents


History

The Belt Parkway was proposed by builder and highway advocate Robert Moses in 1930 to provide modern highway access to Manhattan and to connect to, and use similar design principles to, parkways already constructed on Long Island and Westchester County, New York. Construction began in 1934. The full loop was completed when the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway (also known as the BQE) finished in 1960. Most accidents happen in one day on the Parkway. Main article: Transportation in New York City Robert Moses. ... 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... A parkway is a general designation of a type of limited-access highway in some parts of the US and Canada. ... The four counties of Long Island. ... Westchester County is a suburban county with about 940,000 residents located in the U.S. state of New York. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Brooklyn Queens Expressway (BQE) runs from southern Brooklyn, New York to the Grand Central Parkway in Queens, New York. ... The Brooklyn Queens Expressway (BQE) runs from southern Brooklyn, New York to the Grand Central Parkway in Queens, New York. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The Belt System

Entering the Belt Parkway eastward from the Verrazano Narrows Bridge. The sign in the foreground reads: Brooklyn: How Sweet It Is!
Entering the Belt Parkway eastward from the Verrazano Narrows Bridge. The sign in the foreground reads: Brooklyn: How Sweet It Is!
Belt Parkway, Mill Basin Drawbridge, with typical traffic volume
Belt Parkway, Mill Basin Drawbridge, with typical traffic volume

Though some signage bears the name "Belt Parkway," the original plan never called for a highway of that name, rather a system of different named parkways called the "Belt System." The Belt System is made up of a series of interconnecting highways, none of which are actually the single Belt Parkway. Originally there were: Download high resolution version (2304x1536, 474 KB)Belt Parkway, New York City, as enter from ramp of Verrazano Narrows Bridge. ... Download high resolution version (2304x1536, 474 KB)Belt Parkway, New York City, as enter from ramp of Verrazano Narrows Bridge. ... The Verrazano Narrows Bridge and Staten Island, New York at dawn The Verrazano Narrows Bridge (often written as the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge) is a suspension bridge that connects the boroughs of Staten Island and Brooklyn in New York City at the Narrows, the reach connecting the relatively protected upper bay... Download high resolution version (2304x1536, 453 KB)Belt Parkway, New York City, Mill Basin Drawbridge. ... Download high resolution version (2304x1536, 453 KB)Belt Parkway, New York City, Mill Basin Drawbridge. ...

All of these original parkways except the Gowanus were built on strips of green and treed rights-of-way in a more pleasant surrounding than most highways of their time. The Gowanus Parkway was built as an elevated structure over Third and Hamilton Avenues in order to avoid the active docks and industrial areas in that part of Brooklyn. The Grand Central Parkway is a parkway that stretches from the Triborough Bridge in New York City to Nassau County in Long Island. ... Aerial view of the Triborough Bridge (left) and the Hell Gate Bridge (right) The Triborough Bridge is a complex of three bridges connecting the New York City boroughs of the Bronx, Manhattan, and Queens, using what were two islands, Wards Island and Randalls Island as intermediate right-of... Main article: Transportation in New York City FAA diagram of LaGuardia Airport (LGA) LaGuardia Airport (IATA: LGA, ICAO: KLGA) is an airport serving New York City. ... Interstate 678 (I-678) is a north-south interstate highway spur route that runs 14 miles (23 km) entirely within two boroughs of New York City: Queens and the Bronx. ... Aerial view of the Bronx Whitestone Bridge The Bronx Whitestone Bridge is a suspension bridge that crosses the East River and connects the boroughs of Queens and The Bronx. ... Cross Island Parkway is part of the Belt Parkway system that runs around the perimeter of Queens County in New York City. ... Nassau County is a county located outside New York City in the state of New York. ... The Southern State Parkway on Long Island, New York, links the Belt Parkway in New York City with the Heckscher State Parkway in Bay Shore, New York. ... The Southern State Parkway on Long Island, New York, links the Belt Parkway in New York City with the Heckscher State Parkway in Bay Shore, New York. ... Jamaica Bay is a bay that lies in the shadow of New York Citys skyscrapers and is adjacent to one of the nations busiest airports. ... Coney Island Creek was a strait connecting Gravesend Bay and Sheepshead Bay, both connnected to the Atlantic Ocean, and separating the main portion of Kings County, New York from Coney Island. ... The eastbound Gowanus Expressway (I-278) at EXIT 24 (NY 27 / Prospect Expressway). ... The Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel is a toll road in New York City which crosses under the East River at its mouth and connects the Boroughs of Brooklyn and Manhattan, nearly passing under, but providing no access to Governors Island. ... Manhattan Borough,highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ...


Today, the Laurelton, Southern, and Shore Parkways have been combined and are now known collectively as the official "Belt Parkway". The three components of the Belt Parkway are unsigned New York State Reference Routes 907B, 907D, and 907C (respectively). It is designated an east-west route, and its exit numbering system begins at the Shore Parkway, where it exits off the Gowanus Expressway at the east end of the Verrazano Narrows Bridge and continues eastward. At Exit 25A (Southern State Parkway), the Belt Parkway becomes the Cross Island Parkway (which is designated north-south), where the numbering scheme continues until that parkway's northern terminus. Reference Routes are New York State Highways that the New York State Department of Transportation has determined are too minor to have a signed number, or highways that have a signed name (mainly parkways). ... The original Gowanus Expressway in 1954, before widening. ... The Verrazano Narrows Bridge and Staten Island, New York at dawn The Verrazano Narrows Bridge (often written as the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge) is a suspension bridge that connects the boroughs of Staten Island and Brooklyn in New York City at the Narrows, the reach connecting the relatively protected upper bay... The Southern State Parkway on Long Island, New York, links the Belt Parkway in New York City with the Heckscher State Parkway in Bay Shore, New York. ... Cross Island Parkway is part of the Belt Parkway system that runs around the perimeter of Queens County in New York City. ...


Conversion and completion

New York parkways are closed to commercial traffic, which means any vehicle with a non-passenger registration, including all commercial trucking of any size. Originally this included even station wagons, which had "suburban" registrations, but they are now allowed, along with passenger-registered SUVs and vans.


The system was not completed as a parkway, and some portions of the original system were converted to expressways, which allows commercial traffic to use them, even interstate heavy trucking. These expressway portions are: An expressway is a divided highway, usually 4 lanes or wider in size, where direct access to adjacent properties has been eliminated. ...

edit
New York City Parkways
Manhattan FDR East River Drive - Harlem River Drive - Henry Hudson - West Side Hwy (north of 57th)
Bronx Bronx River - Henry Hudson - Hutchinson River - Mosholu - Pelham
Brooklyn-Queens Belt Parkway system: Cross Island - Laurelton - Shore - Southern
Others: Grand Central - Jackie Robinson (Interborough)
Former: Gowanus - Whitestone
Staten Island Korean War Veterans (Richmond)

The original Gowanus Expressway in 1954, before widening. ... Manhattan Borough,highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ... The Verrazano Narrows Bridge and Staten Island, New York at dawn The Verrazano Narrows Bridge (often written as the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge) is a suspension bridge that connects the boroughs of Staten Island and Brooklyn in New York City at the Narrows, the reach connecting the relatively protected upper bay... Staten Island lies to the southwest of the rest of New York City. ... Official language(s) None defined, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 47th 22,608 km² 110 km 240 km 14. ... Interstate 278 (abbreviated I-278) is an Interstate Highway in the U.S. states of New Jersey and New York. ... Interstate 678 (I-678) is a north-south interstate highway spur route that runs 14 miles (23 km) entirely within two boroughs of New York City: Queens and the Bronx. ... Interstate 678 (I-678) is a north-south interstate highway spur route that runs 14 miles (23 km) entirely within two boroughs of New York City: Queens and the Bronx. ... {{{type3}}} JUNCTIONS JUNCTION EXIT # I-878 I-495 I-95 I-278 I-295 Legend BROWSE STATE HWYS Prev Next {{{browse}}} Interstate 678 (abbreviated I-678) is a north-south interstate highway spur route that runs 14 miles (23 km) entirely within two boroughs of New York City: Queens and... The Brooklyn Queens Expressway (BQE) runs from southern Brooklyn, New York to the Grand Central Parkway in Queens, New York. ... Interstate 278 (abbreviated I-278) is an Interstate Highway in the U.S. states of New Jersey and New York. ... The Empire State Building (right) and the Chrysler Building (left) are easily recognized symbols of New York City to the world. ... A parkway is a general designation of a type of limited-access highway in some parts of the US and Canada. ... Manhattan Borough,highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ... FDR Drive at night FDR Drive is a major freeway-standard parkway on the east side of the New York City borough of Manhattan. ... The Harlem River Drive is a major freeway-standard parkway on the east side of the New York City borough of Manhattan. ... The Henry Hudson Parkway is a New York City parkway that stretches from West 72nd Street in Manhattan to the Bronx-Westchester County boundary, where it meets the Saw Mill River Parkway. ... The old elevated highway, looking north at Gansevoort Street The old elevated highway, looking north at Canal Street The West Side Highway (officially the Joe DiMaggio Highway, formerly the Miller Highway) is a mostly-surface section of New York State Highway 9A in Lower Manhattan, New York City, USA. As... The Bronx is one of the five boroughs of United States. ... The Bronx River Parkway was one of the earliest limited access automobile highways. ... The Henry Hudson Parkway is a New York City parkway that stretches from West 72nd Street in Manhattan to the Bronx-Westchester County boundary, where it meets the Saw Mill River Parkway. ... The Hutchinson River Parkway, colloquially called The Hutch by many Westchester and Bronx residents, is a parkway that runs through Westchester County, New York and the Bronx in New York City. ... A map highlighting Brooklyn and the rest of New York City. ... Queens Borough in New York City, in yellow Queens is the largest of the five boroughs of New York City in area. ... Cross Island Parkway is part of the Belt Parkway system that runs around the perimeter of Queens County in New York City. ... The Grand Central Parkway is a parkway that stretches from the Triborough Bridge in New York City to Nassau County in Long Island. ... The Jackie Robinson Parkway formerly known as the Interborough Parkway, serves as a link between the Kew Gardens (Grand Central Parkway-Van Wyck Expressway) interchange in central Queens and Pennsylvania Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn. ... The original Gowanus Expressway in 1954, before widening. ... {{{type3}}} JUNCTIONS JUNCTION EXIT # I-878 I-495 I-95 I-278 I-295 Legend BROWSE STATE HWYS Prev Next {{{browse}}} Interstate 678 (abbreviated I-678) is a north-south interstate highway spur route that runs 14 miles (23 km) entirely within two boroughs of New York City: Queens and... Staten Island lies to the southwest of the rest of New York City. ... The Richmond Parkway (officially, since 1997, the Korean War Veterans Parkway) is a freeway that traverses the South Shore of Staten Island, New York, USA from northwest to southeast. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Belt Parkway (2848 words)
The Belt Parkway, or Belt System or Circumferential Parkway is a series of New York City limited-access highways that form a complete circle around the Boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens.
The Belt Parkway was proposed by builder and highway advocate Robert Moses in 1930 to provide modern highway access to Manhattan and to connect to, and use similar design principles to, parkways already constructed on Long Island and Westchester County, New York.
The portion north/east of its junction with the Belt Parkway is a reconstruction of the former Gowanus Parkway, a cars-only highway, considered part of the Belt Parkway.
Parkway - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (544 words)
In the 1920s, the parkway system around New York City grew extensively under the direction of master builder Robert Moses, who saw parkways as a active means to promote automobile use and to transfer population from crowded urban areas onto undeveloped areas on Long Island.
In the 1930s, the concept of the parkway was extended to the federal government, which constructed several national parkways designed for recreational driving and to commemorate historic routes.
A recurring bit of humor about the name parkway has had some fun poked at it, as it is ironic that one would park on a driveway, and instead drive on a parkway.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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