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Encyclopedia > Belle Starr
Wood engraving from The National Police Gazette. The caption reads, "A wild western amazon. The noted Belle Starr is arrested on the border of Indian Territory and being released on bail vanishes on horseback."
Wood engraving from The National Police Gazette. The caption reads, "A wild western amazon. The noted Belle Starr is arrested on the border of Indian Territory and being released on bail vanishes on horseback."

Myra Maybelle Shirley Reed Starr, better known as Belle Starr (February 5, 1848February 3, 1889), was a famous American female outlaw. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 398 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (425 × 640 pixel, file size: 69 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Belle Starr ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 398 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (425 × 640 pixel, file size: 69 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Belle Starr ... The Police Gazette has been the title of several publications. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

Contents

Early life

She was born Myra Maybelle Shirley (known as May to her family) on her father's farm near Carthage, Missouri. In the 1860s her father sold the farm and moved the family to Carthage buying an inn and livery stable on the town square. May Shirley received a classical education and learned piano. After a Union attack on Carthage in 1864, the Shirleys moved to Scyene, Texas. According to legend, it was at Scyene the Shirleys became associated with a number of Missouri-born criminals, including Jesse James and the Youngers. In fact, she knew the Younger brothers and the James boys because she grew up with them in Missouri, and her brother John Alexander Shirley (known as Bud) served with them in Quantrill's Raiders, alongside a neighbor boy, James C. Reed. Her brother served as one of Quantrill's Scouts. Bud Shirley was killed in 1864 in Sarcoxie, Missouri, while he and another scout were being fed at the home of a Confederate sympathizer. Union troops surrounded the house and when Bud attempted to escape, he was shot and killed. [1]. Carthage is a city in Jasper County, Missouri, United States. ... // The First Transcontinental Railroad in the USA was built in the six year period between 1863 and 1869. ... Inns are establishments where travellers can procure food, drink, and lodging. ... A Livery stable has come to mean a place where horse owners keep their horses in return for a fee. ... A town square is an open area commonly found in the heart of a traditional town used for community gatherings. ... In this map:  Union states prohibiting slavery  Union territories  Border states on the Union side which allowed slavery  Kansas, which entered and fought with the Union as a free state after the Bleeding Kansas crisis  The Confederacy  Confederate claimed and sometimes held territories During the American Civil War, the Union... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Scyene was a small town in East Central Dallas County, Texas, 10 miles east-southeast of downtown Dallas. ... This article is about Jesse James, the outlaw. ... Quantrills Raiders were a loosely organized force of pro-Confederate bushwhackers who fought under the leadership of William Clarke Quantrill. ...


After the Civil War

After the war the Reed family also moved to Scyene and she married Jim Reed in 1866. She gave birth to her first child, Rosie Lee (nicknamed Pearl), in 1868. Jim turned to crime and was wanted for murder. He moved his family to California, where their second child, James Edwin (Eddie) was born in 1871. Later returning to Texas, Jim Reed was involved with several criminal gangs. In April 1874, despite a lack of any evidence, a warrant was issued for Reed's wife's arrest for a stage coach robbery by her husband and others. Jim Reed was killed in Paris, Texas, in August of that year. 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Media:Example. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Gang (disambiguation). ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other senses of this word, see evidence (disambiguation). ... In law, a warrant can mean any authorization. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A stagecoach is a type of four-wheeled enclosed passenger and/or mail coach, strongly sprung and drawn by four horses, widely used before the introduction of railway transport. ... Paris is a city located 98 miles (158 km) northeast of the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex in Lamar County, Texas, in the United States. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ...


Marriage to Sam Starr

Allegedly, Belle was briefly married to Bruce Younger in 1878, but this is not substantiated by any evidence. In 1880 she did marry a Cherokee Indian named Sam Starr and settled with the Starr family in the Indian Territory. In 1883, Belle and Sam were charged with horse theft and tried before "Hanging" Judge Isaac Parker's Federal District Court in Fort Smith, Arkansas. She was found guilty and served six months at the Detroit House of Corrections in Detroit, Michigan. In 1886, she escaped conviction on another theft charge, but on December 17, Sam Starr was involved in a gunfight with Officer Frank West. [2] Both men were killed. 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Cherokee (disambiguation). ... Indian Territory in 1836 Indian Country redirects here. ... Year 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Everyday instance of theft: the bike which fits on this wheel has disappeared. ... Painting of Judge Isaac Parker, circa 1896. ... The United States federal courts are the system of courts organized under the Constitution and laws of the federal government of the United States. ... Fort Smith is a city situated at the junction of the Arkansas and Poteau rivers. ... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,002 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... For the 1988 film called Prison, see Prison (1988 film). ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Belle Starr's unsolved murder

To keep her her residence on Indian land, she married a relative of Sam Starr. His name was Jim July Starr. In 1889, Belle herself was killed. She was shot from ambush while out riding. There were no witnesses; however, suspects with apparent motive included her new husband and both of her children. A neighbor, [Edgar J. Watson] {killed 1910}, was tried for her murder, but was acquitted. The murder is still considered "unsolved". Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For the A&E TV show, see Cold Case Files. ...


Some sources claim that Belle had molested her children and one source suggests her son may have been her killer.


Belle Starr's story becomes popularized

Although an obscure, quiet figure throughout most of her life, Belle's story was picked up by the dime novel and National Police Gazette publisher, Richard K. Fox. Fox made her name famous with his novel Bella Starr, the Bandit Queen, or the Female Jesse James, published in 1889 (the year of her murder). Unfortunately, this novel is still often cited as a historical reference. It was the first of many popular stories that used her name. An example of the original dime novel series, circa 1860. ... The Police Gazette has been the title of several publications. ... A publisher is a person or entity which engages in the act of publishing. ... A novel (from French nouvelle Italian novella, new) is an extended, generally fictional narrative, typically in prose. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Belle Starr's children

Belle's son Eddie was convicted of horse theft and receiving stolen property in July 1889. Judge Parker sent him to prison in Columbus, Ohio. Belle's daughter, Rosie Reed, also known as Pearl Starr, became a prostitute to raise funds for his release. She did eventually obtain a presidential pardon in 1893. Ironically, Eddie became a police officer and was killed in the line of duty in December 1896. In the United States, it is a federal crime under (18 USC 2315) to knowingly receive, conceal, or dispose of stolen property with a value at least $5,000 that is part of interstate commerce (i. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Ohio Counties Franklin, Delaware, and Fairfield Government  - Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D) Area  - City  212. ... Rosie Lee Pearl Reed was born in 1868 in Rich Hill, Missouri and spent most of her life in Fort Smith, Arkansas as the owner of a bordello. ... Prostitution is the sale of sexual services (typically manual stimulation, oral sex, sexual intercourse, or anal sex) for cash or other kind of return, generally indiscriminately with many persons. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A police officer is a warranted employee of a police service. ... Duty is a term loosely appliedDuty to any action (or course of action) whichDutyDuty is regarded as morally incumbent, apart from personal likes and dislikes or any external compulsion. ... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ...


Making a good living in prostitution, Pearl operated several bordellos in Van Buren and Fort Smith, Arkansas, from the 1890s to World War I. Prostitution is the sale of sexual services (typically manual stimulation, oral sex, sexual intercourse, or anal sex) for cash or other kind of return, generally indiscriminately with many persons. ... Van Buren, Arkansas (IPA: ) is the second largest city in the Fort Smith metropolitan area and the county seatGR6 of Crawford County, Arkansas. ... Fort Smith is a city situated at the junction of the Arkansas and Poteau rivers. ... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,002 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... The 1890s were sometimes referred to as the Mauve Decade, because William Henry Perkins aniline dye allowed the widespread use of that colour in fashion, and also as the Gay Nineties, under the then-current usage of the word gay which referred simply to merriment and frivolity, with no... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


Historical fiction

One of the more unique adaptations of the legend of Belle Starr was made by the Japanese mangaka Akihiro Itou - perhaps best known to Western audiences as the creator of Geobreeders - who in 1993 created a manga known as Belle Starr Bandits. Freely inspired by her life and exploits, the two volume series takes liberties with historical figures, facts, and events, and despite its heavily comedic and action-orented overtones portrays Belle Starr as something of a tragic figure. Initially a young girl who just happens to be a crack shot, as time progresses she is forced to become an outlaw due to misunderstandings and circumstances beyond her control. She eventually develops am inner strength and iron resolve as a result of her experiences. Akihiro Ito ) is a Japanese mangaka. ... Geobreeders ) is an OVA anime based off the manga by Akihiro Ito. ...


The story takes place in Canada in 1932 and chronicles the efforts of a female author and Belle Starr afficianado to write the definitive work on the female outlaw by uncovering the truth about her life and times.


Originally serialized in Fujima Fantasia and later in Dragon Comics, the only known foreign translation was made by the French publisher Pika Edition as part of their Manga Player Collection series in 1997. For unknown reasons, translation work ceased following the release of Volume 1. While still available for purchase online and elsewhere, the series is currently out of print and a release of the second and final volume seems highly unlikely.


In addition, a 1941 film with little historical accuracy and a 1980 television movie were made with the title Belle Starr.


References

  • Shirley, Glenn, Belle Starr and Her Times: The Literature, the Facts and the Legends. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982, ISBN 0-8061-2276-5.

Trivia

  • The Starrs were related to Bank robber, police killer of a Deputy Marshal [3] and movie actor Henry Starr.
  • Contrary to Legend-as stated in Handbook of Texas below-, Belle Starr was not a lover of Cherokee killer Bluford "Blue" Duck -although their picture was taken together.[4]
  • American composer Libby Larsen set Belle Starr's words as the first song, Bucking Bronco, in her song set Cowboy Songs.

Henry Starr was an American outlaw, specifically, a horse thief, train robber, and was convicted of murder once. ... Libby Larsen (born December 24, 1950 in Wilmington, Delaware) is a prolific classical music composer who resides in Minneapolis, Minnesota. ...

Notes

  1. ^ http://www.odmp.org/officer.php?oid=9936
  2. ^ http://www.odmp.org/officer.php/?oid=14019
  3. ^ http://www.odmp.org/officer.php?oid=14332
  4. ^ http://www.westernoutlaw.com/gravesites/bluford_duck.html

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Belle Starr - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (892 words)
Belle's daughter, Rosie Reed also known as Pearl Starr, evidently finding a good living in prostitution, went on to operate a group of bordellos in Van Buren and Fort Smith, Arkansas, from the 1890s until World War I.
Initially a somewhat ditzy young girl who just happens to be a crack shot, she is, as time progresses, forced to accept living life as an outlaw due to a series of misunderstandings and circumstances beyond her control, eventually developing a kind of inner strength and iron resolve as a result of her experiences.
The framing sequence of the story takes place in Canada in 1932 and chronicles the efforts of a female author and Belle Starr aficionado to write the definitive work on the female outlaw by uncovering the truth about her life and times.
FrontierTimes - Outlaws - Belle Starr (1431 words)
Belle Starr, also known as the "Bandit Queen" and the subject of much speculation in innumerable stories and popular publications, was born Myra Maybelle (or Belle) Shirley on February 5, 1848, on a farm near Carthage, Missouri, one of six children and the only daughter of John and Elizabeth (or Eliza) (Hatfield) Shirley.
Belle Starr was buried at Younger's Bend, a remote place on the Canadian River where she often lived.
In Belle Starr and Her Times, a book that is likely to become the standard reference on this subject, noted western writer Glenn Shirley examines the extensive popular literature surrounding Belle Starr and compares it to the historical record.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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