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Encyclopedia > Bellary
  ?Bellary ಬಳ್ಳಾರಿ
Karnataka • India
Map indicating the location of Bellary ಬಳ್ಳಾರಿ
 Bellary ಬಳ್ಳಾರಿ 
Coordinates: 15°09′00″N 76°55′60″E / 15.15, 76.9333
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
82 km² (32 sq mi)
• 444 m (1,457 ft)[1]
District(s) Bellary
Population
Density
Sex ratio
Literacy rate
317,000GRIndia (Unranked) (2001)
• 3,866/km² (10,013/sq mi)
• 1.04 GRIndia
• 65% GRIndia
Language(s) Kannada
Municipal commissioner ??
Deputy Commissioner S.H.Chowdhari
Mayor ??
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
UN/LOCODE
Vehicle

• 583 10x [3]
• +91 8392 [2]
• IN BEP [4]
• KA-34 to KA-35
ISO abbreviation IN-KA
Website: www.bellarycity.gov.in

Coordinates: 15°09′00″N 76°55′60″E / 15.15, 76.9333 Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links India_Karnataka_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is extremely diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills and plateaus. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The divisions of a district. ... Bellary District is a district in Karnatka. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Sex ratio by country for total population. ... Literacy is the ability to use text to communicate across space and time. ... The following is a list of the most populous cities in India. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... As a large and linguistically diverse country, India does not have a single official language. ... Kannada - aptly described as sirigannada (known to few as Kanarese) is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people. ... Municipal Commissioner (Swedish: ) is an office and political title in the Municipalities of Sweden for councillors with executive responsibilities. ... This page has been deleted, and should not be re-created without a good reason. ... The Deputy Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis (usually just called the Deputy Commissioner) is the second-in-command of the London Metropolitan Police, ranking below the Commissioner and above the Assistant Commissioners. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This page has been deleted, and should not be re-created without a good reason. ... A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service (similar to the ZIP Code in the United States). ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... UN/LOCODE is a geographic coding scheme developed and maintained by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, a unit of the United Nations. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... ISO 3166-2 for India (ISO 3166-1 : IN) The purpose of this family of standards is to establish a worldwide series of short abbreviations for places, for use on package labels, containers and such. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...



Bellary (Kannada: ಬಳ್ಳಾರಿ pronunciation: ['bəɭɭari] in Kannada and /'bəlari)/ in English) is a city in Bellary District in Karnataka state, India. Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ ) is one of the major Dravidian languages of southern India and one of the oldest languages in India. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Bellary District is a district in Karnatka. ... Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ...

  • Sri Hulikunteraya devastan(temple) must visit at Bhramaghatta(Bommaghatta), 60 kms from Bellary in sandur taluk one of the famous temple in karnataka. thousend together will gather for the famous car fastival during the every shravana shudda dashami(march)

most of sri of math in karnataka like Pejavar math, raghavendraswamy math, uttaradi math,etc..are visit this temple frequently

Contents

History

Origins of the city's name

There are several legends about how Bellary (ಬಳ್ಳಾರಿ) got its name.

  • One of them is that a few devout travelling merchants halting in Bellary, could not find a Shiva Linga for their worship. They then installed a balla (ಬಳ್ಳ) (a measuring cup or seru (ಸೇರು) used to measure grain) upside down as a Shiva Linga and worshiped it. Eventually, that place was turned into a temple dedicated to Balleshwara (ಬಳ್ಳೇಶ್ವರ) or Shiva, which got distorted to Malleshwara (ಮಲ್ಲೇಶ್ವರ). This temple can still be found in the Fort area of the city, and an annual festival and fair dedicated to Shiva is conducted at the temple premises even today[citation needed].
  • Another legend is that the city is named after Indra, the king of Gods, who slayed a Rakshasa (demon) named Balla who lived around this place. Balla-ari means 'enemy of Balla' (ari – enemy in Sanskrit)[5]. One of the two hills at the heart of the city is called Balahari Betta (ಬಲಹರಿ ಬೆಟ್ಟ), and the Malleshwara temple is situated close by.
  • The third legend derives the city's name from the old Kannada word Vallari and Vallapuri [5].

This article is about the deity Shiva. ... Linga worship (Estate of Cynthia and Harlen Welsh) Lingam or Linga is the Sanskrit word for mark. ... Indra (Sanskrit: इन्द्र or इंद्र, indra) is the god of weather and war, and lord of Svargaloka in Hinduism. ... A rakshasa (Sanskrit: रा॑क्षसः, ; alternately, raksasa or rakshas) is a demon or unrighteous spirit in Hinduism. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ...

Timeline

Some of the events in the great epic Ramayana are related to this historical place. It is said that Rama while searching for Sita met Sugreeva and Hanuman at a place near Hampi, the celebrated capital of the Vijayanagara empire[6]. For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... Rama ( in IAST, in Devanāgarī) or Ramachandra is a legendary or historical king of ancient India. ... Lord Rama (center) with wife Sita, brother Lakshmana and devotee Hanuman. ... In the Hindu epic Ramayana, Sugriva (Sanskrit: सुग्रीव, sugrīva), also spelled Sugreeva, is a vanara who was the younger brother of [[Vali (Ramayana) |Vali]], the ruler of the vanaras. ... For the Tamil movie by same name see Anjaneya (film). ... Hampi (ಹ೦ಪೆ, Hampe in Kannada) is a village in northern Karnataka, on the banks of the Tungabhadra River in India. ... The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards. ...


The history speaks volumes about significant role it acquired during the period of the Satavahanas, the Kadambas, the Chalukyas of Kalyani, the Kalachuris, the Sevunas, and the Hoysalas[6]. Apparently, a dynasty called Ballariya Naredu ruled Bellary under the Hoysalas[5]. Bellary was once part of an area also known as Kuntala Desha [5][7] or Kuntala Vishaya (Vishaya - a territorial division or district of a kingdom). An inscription during the Gangas of Talakadu in 725, speaks of a certain Sindha Vishaya, which today consists of Bellary and Dharwad districts[5]. The Sātavāhanas (Marathi:सातवाहन Telugu:సాతవాహనులు), also known as the Andhras, were a dynasty which ruled from Junnar, Pune over Southern and Central India starting from around 230 BCE. Although there is some controversy about when the dynasty came to an end, the most liberal estimates suggest that it lasted... An ancient royal family of Karnataka, who ruled from their capital of Banavasi, later branched into Goa, Hanagal and Chandavar. ... The Chalukya dynasty (Kannada: ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯರು) was a powerful Indian royal dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th century C.E. They began to assert their independence at the decline of the Satavahana empire and rapidly rose to prominence during the reign of... Kalyani is a raga in the Carnatic music of South India. ... This name is used by two kingdoms who had a secession of dynasties from the 10th-12th century AD, ruling over areas in Central India (west Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan) and were called Chedi or Haihaya (Heyheya) (northern branch) and the other Kalachuri (southern branch). ... The Seuna dynasty (850 - 1334), also called the Sevuna or Yadava dynasty during their peak ruled present day Maharashtra, north Karnataka and parts of Madhya Pradesh from their regal capital at Devgiri (Daulatabad) in Maharashtra. ... The Hoysala Empire ruled part of southern India from 1000 to 1346. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Talakad is a scenic and spiritual center located in Mysore district, near T. Narasipura. ... Events Births Deaths Wihtred, king of Kent Categories: 725 ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


After Hoysalas, the area was dominated by the Vijayanagara rulers. Bellary itself was ruled by the family of Hanumappa Nayaka, a Palayagara (ಪಾಳೆಯಗಾರ - vassal) of the Vijayanagara Rulers. Palayakarrar, poligar, polygar or palegar was the title for a class of territorial administrative cum military chiefs (Knights and Barons) appointed by the Nayak rulers of South India (notably Nayaks of Madurai and the Kakatiya dynasty) during 16th - 18th centuries. ...

  • 1678 - Bellary was subsidiary to the Marathas under Shivaji. The story goes that as Shivaji was passing that way some of his foragers had been killed by the garrison, prompting him to occupy Bellary; but he restored it again to the Nayakas at once on condition that tribute should be paid to him[8].
  • 1685 - Bellary fell to the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb's relentless campaign in the Deccan.
  • 1724 - Asif Jah I, who was the Subedar of the Gujarat and Malwa, defeated and killed the Delhi sponsored Mobariz Khan, the Subedar of the Deccan, at the battle fought at Shakar Kheda in the district of Berar. Soon after, Asif Jah I assumed independence from Mughal control to establish Hyderabad as a separate state, beginning the Asaf Jahi dynasty. Asif Jah I assumed the title Nizam-ul-mulk, and Bellary was included in the Nizam's Dominion[9]. (Map[10]).
  • 1761 - Bellary became tributary to Basalat Jang, the brother of the Nizam Salabat Jang and the Subedar of Aadavaani (Adoni) and Raichur.
  • 1769 - The Nayaka rulers refused to pay tribute to Basalat Jang, which prompted the him to occupy Bellary. The Nayakas then pleaded Hyder Ali of Mysooru (Mysore) to rescue Bellary. Hyder Ali forcefully expelled the occupiers, after which the Nayakas were tributary to him[8] [11].
  • 1792 - At the partition of Tipu Sultan's territory by the British after the Third Anglo-Mysore War, the district was given to the Nizam[8]. Soon after, the Nizam, troubled by the Marathas and Tipu Sultan, opted to get British military protection under Lord Wellesley's doctrine of Subsidiary Alliance (Map[12]).
  • 1800 - After the defeat and death of Tipu Sultan in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War at Srirangapattanam (Seringapatam), the Mysore territories were further divided up between the Wodeyars, the Nizam and the British. As part of the Subsdiary Alliance agreement, the Nizam ceded a large portion of the acquired territory, including Bellary, to the British , to be added to the Madras Presidency as 'Bellary District'. This area was also known as the Ceded Districts, a term still used for the areas, and was considerably larger than the present district, including the present districts of Kadapa (Cuddapah), Anantapuram and much of Karnoolu (Kurnool)[8].
  • 1800-1807 - All through these political changes since Vijayanagar times, the Nayakas were the de facto rulers - while their masters contstantly changed, locally their powers were absolute. All this changed with the arrival of Major Thomas Munro, the first collector of the Ceded Districts (1800-1807), who disposed off the eighty palayagars of the districts either with pensions or assimilation of their estates and established the Ryotwari system - land revenue collected directly from the tiller of the soil[8]. This also marked the fading away of traditional subsistence farming, and the dominance of commercial farming absolutely controlled by the British East India Company.
  • 1808 - The ceded districts area was split into two districts, Bellary and Kadapa[8]. The Bellary area was still larger than Kadapa and the second largest district in Madras Presidency, measuring 13000 square miles (nearly twice the size of Wales), and a population of 1,250,000 (one and half times that of Wales)[13].
  • 1840 - Bellary became the head-quarters of the district. The Collector until this year lived in Anantapuram[8].
  • 1867 - The Bellary Municipal Council was created, along with the Adoni Municipal Council. [8]. These were the only two municipal townships in the whole of ceded districts for a long time.
  • 1882 - Seven of the southern taluks were was carved out to form the Anantapuram district, further reducing the size of Bellary District. The Maratha princely state of Sandur was surrounded by Bellary district[8](Maps [14][15]).
  • October 1, 1953 - Bellary district of Madras State was divided on linguistic basis. Areas with significant Kannada speaking populations (see list of taluks of Bellary District infobox) were transferred to Mysore state, which would later become Karnataka state. Areas of the district with significant Telugu speaking populations (e.g., Yemmiganooru, Aadavaani, Aalooru, Rayadurgam etc) were merged into Anantapuram and Karnoolu districts in what would later become the Andhra Pradesh state. Bellary city itself, with both Kannada and Telugu speaking populace in large numbers, was included into Mysore state after a protracted debate and controversy.
  • 1997 - With the re-organisation of the districts, the number of taluks was reduced to seven. The Harapanahalli taluk was transferred to Davanagere district[citation needed].
  • 2004 - The Bellary City Municipal Council was upgraded to a City Corporation[16].

Combatants The Vijayanagara Empire The Deccan sultanates Commanders Rama Raya Deccan Sultanite Kings & Generals Strength 140,000 foot, 10,000 horse and over 100 War elephant s 80,000 foot, 30,000 horse and several dozen cannons Casualties Unknown but very heavy including Rama Raya Unknown but moderate to heavy... The Deccan sultanates were five Muslim-ruled kingdoms–-Bijapur, Golconda, Ahmednagar, Bidar, and Berar of south-central India. ... The Bahmani Sultanate was a Muslim state of the India. ... A sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic monarch ruling under the terms of shariah. ... Bijapur is a district in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Extent of the Maratha Confederacy ca. ... Shivaji Bhonsle, also known as Chatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhonsle (Marathi: छत्रपती शिवाजी राजे भोसले) was the founder of Maratha empire in western India in 1674. ... Nayak also Nayaka is the title of various caste and ethnic groups across India. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... Aurangzeb (Persian: (November 3, 1618 – March 3, 1707), also known as Alamgir I, was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from 1658 until 1707. ... Chin Qilij Khan was a general under the Mughals directed towards south India. ... Subedar is a mid-level rank in the Indian Army. ... , Gujarāt (GujarātÄ«: , IPA:  ) is a state in the Republic of India. ... Malwa (Malvi:माळवा) is a region in western India occupying a plateau of volcanic origin in the western part of Madhya Pradesh state and the south-eastern part of Rajasthan. ... The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... Berar is a former province of British India, located in central India. ... Flag of the State of Hyderabad. ... The Nizams Coat of Arms Nizam-ul-Mulk was the title of the ruler of Hyderabad state from 1724 to 1949. ... The Nizam of Hyderabads coat of arms Nizam-ul-Mulk, commonly shortened to Nizam, was the title taken by the Asif Jahi rulers of Hyderabad state in India. ... Asaf ad-Dawlah Mir Ali Salabat Jang (November 24, 1718—September 16, 1763) was the ruler of the Hyderabad State in India from 1751 until 1762. ... Adoni is a commercial town and a municipality in Kurnool district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... Raichur, on the banks of the Tungabhadra River, is the capital of the Raichur district, an administrative district in the state of Karnataka (formerly Mysore) in India. ... Hyder Ali or Haidar Ali (c. ... Flag of former princely state of Mysore. ... Portrait of Tippu Sultan, 1792 Tippu (Tips) Sultan (full name Sultan Fateh Ali Tippu), also known as the Tiger of Mysore (November 20, 1750, Devanahalli – May 4, 1799, Srirangapattana), was the first son of Haidar Ali by his second wife, Fatima or Fakhr-un-nissa. ... The Third Anglo-Mysore War (1789-1792) was a war in South India between the Kingdom of Mysore and the Kingdom of Great Britain. ... Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS (c. ... A subsidiary alliance is an alliance between a dominant nation and a nation that it dominates. ... The Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1798–1799) was a war in South India between the Kingdom of Mysore and the British East India Company under Lord Wellesley. ... Combatants United Kingdom Kingdom of Mysore Commanders General George Harris Tipu Sultan Strength 50,000 30,000 Casualties 1,400 6,000 In the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War in 1799, the Battle of Seringapatam was the final confrontation between the British and Tipu Sultan, the Tiger of Mysore, who was... The Wodeyar dynasty (also spelt as Wadiyar-by the British and the Royal family members themselves and also as Odeyar by some) was an Indian royal dynasty that ruled the Kingdom of Mysore from 1399 to 1947, until the independence of India from British rule and the subsequent unification of... Madras Presidency, also known as Madras Province and known officially as Presidency of Fort St. ... Bellary District is a district in Karnatka. ... Map showing cuddapah district Cuddapah, or Kadapa, as it is known now, is one of the districts of Rayalaseema in Andhra Pradesh, India. ... Anantapur is a district in Andhra Pradesh, India. ... Kurnool District is a district in Andhra Pradesh. ... Sir Thomas Munro (27 May 1761-6 July 1827), Scottish soldier and statesman, was born at Glasgow, the son of a merchant. ... The ryotwari system was a method of direct settlement with the farmer associated with the name of Sir Thomas Munro. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... Madras Presidency, also known as Madras Province and known officially as Presidency of Fort St. ... This article is about the country. ... A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ... Sandur is a town in Bellary district of Karnataka state, India. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ ) is one of the major Dravidian languages of southern India and one of the oldest languages in India. ... Bellary District is a district in Karnatka. ... The Kingdom of Mysore was one of the three largest princely states within the erstwhile British Empire of India. ... Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... Telugu (తెలుగు) is a Dravidian language primarily spoken in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, where it is the official language. ... Yemmiganur is a city in Andhra Pradesh, India. ... Adoni is a commercial town and a municipality in Kurnool district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... Alur, Kurnool district is a village and a Mandal in Kurnool district in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. ... Rayadurg is a city and a municipality in Anantapur district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... , Andhra Pradesh (Telugu: , Urdu: ; pronunciation: ), the Rice Bowl of India, is a state in southern India. ... , Harpanahalli is a panchayat town in Davanagere district in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Davanagere, also known as Davangere, (Kannada:ದಾವಣಗೆರೆ) is one of the major cities in the Indian state of Karnataka. ...

Geography

Bellary is located at 15.15° N 76.93° E[1]. It has an average elevation of 445 metres (1459 feet) [1]. The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...


City Features

The city stands in the midst of a wide, level plain of black cotton soil.


The Rocks

Granite rocks & hills form a prominent feature of Bellary, and granite quarrying is big business, though many times unregulated & illegal. The city is spread mainly around two huge rocky granite hills, the Ballari Gudda (ಬಳ್ಳಾರಿ ಗುಡ್ಡ) and Kumbara Gudda (ಕುಂಬಾರ ಗುಡ್ಡ) (Gudda - hill in Kannada). These two hills are dominant features of the city, and are visible from every part of the city. Close-up of granite from Yosemite National Park, valley of the Merced River Quarrying granite for the Mormon Temple, Utah Territory. ...


Ballari Gudda

Ballari Gudda has a circumference of nearly 2 miles and a height of 480 feet. The length of this rock from north-east to south-west is about 1150 ft. To the East and South lies an irregular heap of boulders, but to the West is an unbroken monolith, and the North is walled by bare rugged ridges. This hill is also said to be the world's second largest monolithic hill.

Kumbara Gudda

The other hill is called Kumbara Gudda. This hill, when viewed from the south-east looks like the profile of a human face and is also known as Face Hill.

Others

Apart from these two hills, there are a number of other smaller granite hills within the city, the prominent among them being :
  1. The Kaage Gudda (ಕಾಗೆ ಗುಡ್ಡ) opposite the Municipal Junior College, which also houses a water tank & pumping station.
  2. The Eeshwara Gudda (ಈಶ್ವರ ಗುಡ್ಡ), behind the Anaadi Lingeshwara Temple in Parvati Nagar-Shastri Nagar area.
  3. The one housing a water tank, adjacent to the Bellary Central Jail
  4. Adjacent to St.John's High School in the Fort Area
It is also very common to find small boulders and rocks at numerous places within the city.

Bellary Fort

The Bellary Fort is built on top of the Ballari Gudda or the Fort Hill. The Fort was built round the hill during Vijayanagara times by Hanumappa Nayaka. Hyder Ali, who took possession of the Fort from the Nayaka family in 1769, got the fort renovated and modified with the help of a French Engineer. Legend has it that the unfortunate French Engineer was hanged, for overlooking the fact that the neighbouring Kumbara Gudda is taller than Ballari Gudda, thus compromising the secrecy & command of the fort. His grave is believed to be located near the East Gate of the fort, though some locals believe it to be the grave of a Muslim holy man[17]. 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


The fort was classified as 1st class by the British Administration[18].


The fort is divided as the Upper Fort and the Lower Fort.

  • The Upper fort is a polygonal walled building on the summit, with only one approach, and has no accommodation for a garrision. The upper fort consists of a citadel on the summit of the rock at 1976 feet, guarded by three outer lines of fortification, one below the other. It contains several cisterns, excavated in the rock. Outside the turreted rampart are a ditch and covered way. The main turret on the east currently features a huge painting of the Indian Flag. There is only one way upto the fort, which is a winding rocky path amongst the boulders. On the top, outside the citadel is a small temple, the remains of some cells and several deep pools of water. Within the citadel are several strongly constructed buildings, and an ample water supply from reservoirs constructed in the clefts of the rocks. Muzzaffar Khan, the Nawab of Kurnool was confined here from 1823 to 1864 for the murder of his wife[8].
  • The Lower fort lies at the eastern base of the rock and measures about half a mile in diameter, and probably had an arsenal and barracks. It consists of a surrounding rampart numerous bastions, faced by a deep ditch and glacis. The entrance to the lower fort is via two gates, one each on the western and eastern sides. Just outside the eastern gates of the lower fort is a temple dedicated to Hanuman - the Kote Anjaneya Temple (Kote - fort in Kannada). Later additions to the lower fort by the British include the Commissariat stores, the Protestant church, orphanage, Masonic lodge, post-office and numerous private dwellings. Now the lower fort contains a number of public buildings, government offices, schools & educational institutions and churches.

... Nawab (Urdu: نواب ) was originally the subadar (provincial governor) or viceroy of a subah (province) or region of the Mughal empire. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... For the Tamil movie by same name see Anjaneya (film). ... Lord Hanuman There is also a character in Larry Nivens Known Space universe called Hanuman. ...

Colonial Buildings

The following is a list of buildings built during the British period. Despite many of them having been partially modified, they retain the typical British style architecture.

  • Bellary Central Jail
  • St.Philomena's School Complex
  • St.John's School Complex
  • St.Joseph's School Complex
  • The main building of VIMS
This was originally the Allipur Jail during the British rule. Famous personalities of the freedom movement were imprisoned here, such as C.Rajagopalachari, V V Giri and Tekur Subramanya. This jail was closed in 1958 and the old buildings and entire area of 173 acres was converted into the Medical College campus in 1961[19].
  • The Government Wellesly TB & Chest Diseases Hospital.
  • The Tehsildar's Office
  • The DC's Office
  • The District and Sessions Court
  • The Jail Superindent's Residence
  • The District Chief Judge's Residence
  • The DC's Residence
  • The Residence of Superindent of Police
  • The Railway Stations (both City & Cantonment)

Rajaji Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (December 1878 - December 25, 1972), known as or Rajaji or C.R., was an Indian lawyer, writer, statesman and a Hindu spiritualist. ... Varahagiri Venkata Giri (August 10, 1894 - June 23, 1980), commonly known as V. V. Giri, was the fourth president of the Republic of India (August 24, 1969 - August 23, 1974). ...

Demographics

As of 2001 India censusGRIndia, Bellary had a population of 317,000. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Bellary has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 57% of the males and 43% of females literate. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...


Education

The following is a list of prominent Educational institutions in the city.

  • Vijayanagara Institute of Medical Sciences (VIMS)
  • Taranath Ayurvedic Medical College
  • Government Polytechnic in Fort
  • Teacher's Training Institute in Radio Park
  • St. Philomena's High School & Good Shepherd Convent in Cantonment
  • St. Joseph's High School in Radio Park
  • St. John's High School & Junior College in Fort
  • Wardlaw College
Founded as a school in 1846 by Rev. R.S.Wardlaw, D.D. of the London Mission, and raised to second grade college in 1891. For a long time, it was the only Arts college in the Ceded Districts. In 1903-4 it had an average daily attendance of 319 students, of whom 17 were in F.A.Class [8].
  • Bala Bharati educational institution in Gandhinagara.
  • London Mission Telugu Primary School (LMT) near Gadigi Channappa Circle.
  • Muncipal Junior College on Ananthapur Road
This school is over 150 years old. One of the oldest institutions in the town, it was started as a composite school for students from the Class IV elementary to Class VI form school final with English as the medium of instruction along with other languages like Telugu, Kannada and Urdu, besides ancient languages such as Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian. John Neale was the first headmaster of the school, followed by eminent people such as Ranganath Mudaliar, T D Logan, Arcot Bheemachar, K S Vedantham, B Madhava Rao, and "Bahadur" S Seshagiri Rao. The foundation for the present building on Anantapur Road was laid on July 16, 1926 by R G Grieve, Director of Public Instruction, Government of Madras when Nagaroor Narayan Rao was the chairman of the Bellary Municipality[20]
  • Moulana Abul Kalam Azad High School (MAKA High School) in Fort
The Municipal High School was bifurcated in the 1950s and the Municipal Muslim High School located in the Fort area was later renamed Moulana Abul Kalam Azad High School. Janaab Meer Mohammed Hussain became the headmaster of the new school[20].
  • Bellary Engineering College in Allipura
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya in Cowl Bazaar
  • Heerada Sugamma Model Higher Primary School
  • Shettra Gurushantappa Junior College on Kappagal Road
  • Veerasaiva College (Arts, Commerce & Science) in Cantonment
  • Kotturswamy College of Education
  • Allam Sumangalamma Memorial Women's College in Gandhinagara
  • Vunki Sannarudrappa Law College on Kappagal Road
  • Vijaynagar Engineering College in Cantonment
  • Togari Veeramallappa Pharmacy College
  • Kittur Rani Chennamma Girl's High School
  • V.V. Sangha's Polytechnic
  • Vijayanagar Institute of Management

1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

Medical Facilities

The following are the main government hospitals in the city, and are facilities under the jurisdiction of VIMS [19] :

  • Government Medical College Hospital
Commissioned in 1966 and has bed strength of 680 beds[19]. It is located in Cantonment.
  • Women & Children's Hospital or The District Hospital
Popularly known as Ghosha hospital. Situated in the heart of city and is spread over an area of 15 acres and has bed strength of 210 for Paediatrics, Gynecology and Post Mortem cases. A 20 bedded Infosys ward has been added recently for the treatment of Japanese Encephalitis cases. This hospital is soon to be shifted to the VIMS campus[19].
  • Government Wellesley Tuberculosis & Chest Diseases Hospital
Locally known as just TB Sanitarium/Sanatorium. Started in 1929 during British rule, over a spacious area of 20 acres in Cantonment[19].
  • The Urban Health Center
Was constructed in 1999 in the heart of the City and has a daily intake of about 120-140 outpatients[19].

Apart from these, there are numerous private and/or charitable hospitals. Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics or pædiatrics) is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants and children. ... The shamefulness associated with the examination of female genitalia has long inhibited the science of gynaecology. ... Post-mortem, postmortem and post mortem redirect here. ... Infosys Technologies Limited (NASDAQ: INFY) is an information technology (IT) company founded in Pune, India in 1981 by N. R. Narayana Murthy. ... Red areas show the distribution of Japanese Enecphalitis in Asia 1970-1998 Japanese Encephalitis (日本脳炎 Nihon-nōen) is a disease caused by the mosquito borne Japanese Encephalitis Virus. ... Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for Tubercle Bacillus) is a common and deadly infectious disease that is caused by mycobacteria, primarily Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ...


Travel & Transport

Road

  • The main inter-city bus station is located just outside the city, in the now empty Nalla Cheruvu (Telugu - Black Lake or Tank) basin. This is a new improvement over the cramped older bus stand located near Gadigi Chennappa Circle. The old bus stand still serves private and state owned buses connecting rural locations.
  • An excellent truck stationing facility, located in the Nalla Cheruvu basin, serves lorries and hauliers.

Railway

  • Two Railway stations serve the city, both built during the British rule - The city station (Bellary Junction) and the Cantonment station (Cantonment). The city is served by the Hubli-Guntakal line and the extended Bellary-Rayadurga-Chitradurga line and falls under the jurisdiction of South Central Railway. Bellary is well connected by Rail to Bangalore, Raichur, Tirupati, Hubli, Guntakal, Vijayawada etc. Guntakal is one of the important junction near Bellary from where trains to Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai and to most of the places in India are available.
The following is the list of trains available from Bellary [21]:
  1. 584 (SBC Fast Passenger) Hospet-Bangalore
  2. 7228 (VSG BZA Express) Vasco Da Gama-Vijayawada
  3. 251 (JRU-GTL Passenger) Chikjajur-Guntakal
  4. 6591 (Hampi Express) Hubli-Bangalore
  5. 303 ( Hubli Passenger) Guntur-Hubli
  6. 7416 (Haripriya Express) Kolhapur-Tirupati

The South Central Railway is one of the 16 railway zones in India. ... , Bangalore (proposed to be renamed Bengaluru) (Kannada: ; pronunciation: in Kannada and in English) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Raichur, on the banks of the Tungabhadra River, is the capital of the Raichur district, an administrative district in the state of Karnataka (formerly Mysore) in India. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Hubli-Dharwad is a twin city in the state of Karnataka in India. ... 67. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... , Delhi (Hindi: , Urdu: , Punjabi: ), sometimes referred to as Dilli, is the second-largest metropolis in India after Mumbai with a population of 13 million. ... , “Madras” redirects here. ... , “Bombay” redirects here. ... Map of Goa Vasco da Gama(Konkani/Marathi : वास्को) (often shortened to Vasco) is a city in Goa state on the west coast of India. ... chickjajur is a rail junction place in the region. ... Guntur   (గుంటూరు in Telugu) is a city and a municipal corporation in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... Kolhapur   (Marathi:कोल्हापुर) is a city situated in the south west corner of Maharashtra, India. ...

Air

  • The civilian Bellary Airport, located at the far end of the Cantonment area, used to have infrequent flight links to Bangalore run by the state owned Vayudoot. After many years, this airport has come to life again, with frequent Air Deccan flights linking Bangalore and Goa.
  • There is an Air Strip available at the Jindal Vijayanagar Steels complex, Toranagallu, 40 kilometres from Bellary.

Bellary Airport is the airport that currently serving the city of Bellary, Karnataka, India. ... Interior of Air Deccan Airbus A320 Air Deccan (Kannada: ; Hindi: ) is an airline based in Bangalore, India. ...

Intra-city

  • The intra-city transport network is serviced by buses connecting important points within the city, albeit over the city's appalling roads.
  • The city is also served by private but unregulated auto-rickshaws (three-wheeled automobiles) and cycle-rickshaws (pedalled tricycles).

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Falling Rain Genomics-Bellary, India Page.
  2. ^ UNLOCODE. Retrieved on 2007-05-08.
  3. ^ a b c d e Sloth Bear Foundation.
  4. ^ a b Bellary District - A Profile.
  5. ^ Legends behind the Indian states.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k (1908-1931 [vol. 1, 1909]) The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 7. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 158-176. 
  7. ^ Hyderabad on the Net : The Nizams.
  8. ^ Colbeck, C (1905). India Map, In the time of Clive, 1760, from The Public Schools Historical Atlas. Longmans, Green, and Co.. Retrieved on 2007-06-15.
  9. ^ Wilks, Lt. Colonel Mark (1810, reprint:1930). Historical Sketches of the South of India in an Attempt to Trace the History of Mysoor. Mysore: Government Branch Press. 
  10. ^ Shepherd, William R (1923). India Map 1700-1792, from The Historical Atlas R.. Longmans, Green, and Co.. Retrieved on 2007-06-15.
  11. ^ Norton, John Bruce (1854). A Letter to Robert Lowe, Joint Secretary of the Board of Controul, on The Conditions and Requirements of the Presidency of Madras. 23, Cornhill, London: Richardson Brothers, 60. Retrieved on 2007-06-14. 
  12. ^ India Map 1893. Longmans, Green, and Co.. Retrieved on 2007-06-15.
  13. ^ Bartholomew, J G (1907-1909 [vol. 18, 1909]). Map : Madras (Southern section) with Mysore, Coorg, and Travancore 250. Clarendon Press. Retrieved on 2007-06-15.
  14. ^ "Bellary City Municipal Council upgraded to corporation", Deccan Herald, Sep 29, 2004. (in English) 
  15. ^ Lewis, Barry. Bellary District Graves.
  16. ^ Military map of India in 1893, showing the Presidency boundaries. Retrieved on 2007-06-15.
  17. ^ a b c d e f Vims Bellary.
  18. ^ a b "Steering success", Deccan Herald, August 8 2003. (in English) 
  19. ^ Bellary Transportation. Bellary District Administration.

2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (129th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (129th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (129th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  1. GeoHive.

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