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Encyclopedia > Bell Operating Companies
Bell System trademark used by AT&T and affiliated companies from 1921 to 1939
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Bell System trademark used by AT&T and affiliated companies from 1921 to 1939

The Bell System was a trademark and service mark used by the US telecommunications company American Telephone & Telegraph Company (AT&T) and its affiliated companies to co-brand their extensive circuit-switched telephone network and their affiliations with each other. For example, refer at right to a form of the trademark used by both the AT&T corporation and the regional operating corporations from 1921 to 1939 to co-brand themselves under a single Bell System trademark, where the regional operating corporation's name would appear where the "name of associated company" appears in this boilerplate version of the trademark. The Bell System trademark (as diagram) and service mark (as the words Bell System in text) was used prior to January 1, 1984, when the AT&T divestiture of its regional operating companies took effect. Prior to the 1984 break-up that ended the Bell System, the Bell System included not only AT&T corporate and its long-lines long-distance routing, but also its regional operating corporations that provided local exchange telephone-service in the United States and prior to 1956, in Canada and throughout the Caribbean islands. In 1984, the Bell System also included the Western Electric equipment manufacturing unit, the Bell Labs corporate research unit, and the BELLCORE regional operating companies' research unit. Prior to the 1956 break-up that restricted the boundaries of the Bell System, the Bell System also included the Northern Electric subsidiary of Western Electric, the Bell Canada regional operating company, and various Caribbean regional operating companies, as well as 54% ownership of NEC and a post-WWII-reconstruction relationship with NTT. Prior to 1956, the Bell System's reach was truly gargantuan, as the list below of now-divested formerly-held corporations indicates. Even during the period from 1956 to 1984, the Bell System's dominant reach into all forms of communications was pervasive within the United States and influential in telecommunication standardization throughout the industrialized world. Image File history File links Bell_System_Logo_1921-1939. ... Image File history File links Bell_System_Logo_1921-1939. ... A trademark (Commonwealth English: trade mark) is a distinctive sign of some kind which is used by a business to uniquely identify itself and its products and services to consumers, and to distinguish the business and its products or services from those of other businesses. ... A trademark used to identify a service rather than a product is called a service mark (SM). ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations by or about: United States Wikinews has news related to this article: United States United States government CIA World Factbook Entry for United States House. ... Telecommunication is the extension of communication over a distance. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... AT&T Inc. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Local exchange carrier is a regulatory term in telecommunications for so-called local telephone company. ... The telephone or phone (Greek: tele = far away and phone = voice) is a telecommunications device which is used to transmit and receive sound (most commonly voice and speech) across distance. ... ... Western Electric (sometimes abbreviated WECo) was a US electrical engineering company, the manufacturing arm of AT&T from 1881 to 1995 . ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... ... Northern Telecommunications Networks, commonly known as Nortel, is a telecommunications equipment manufacturer headquartered in Canada. ... NEC Corporation (Jp. ... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrination, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atomic bomb. ... Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (日本電信電話 Nippon Denshin Denwa) is a telephone company that dominates the telecommunication market in Japan. ...

Bell System trademark used by AT&T and affiliated companies from 1969 to 1983
Bell System trademark used by AT&T and affiliated companies from 1969 to 1983

The 1984 divestiture that brought an end to the affiliation branded as the Bell System was the result of a lawsuit alleging illegal practices by the Bell System companies to stifle competition in the telecommunications industry; the lawsuit was brought against it by the United States Department of Justice (USDoJ). That lawsuit was filed in 1974, and was settled on January 8, 1982, displacing the former restrictions that AT&T and the USDoJ had agreed to in 1956 based on a previous anti-trust lawsuit filed by the USDoJ in 1949 that alleged that AT&T and its Bell System operating companies were using its near monopoly in telecommunications to attempt to establish allegedly unfair advantage in related technologies, especially the fledgling computer industry. That 1956 consent agreement limited AT&T to engaging in only activities related to a maximum of 85% of the United States' national telephone network and certain government contracts, which precluded the Bell System from extending its reach into the fledgling computer industry and from continuing to hold interests in Canada and the Caribbean. The Bell System's Canadian operations included the Bell Canada regional operating company and the Northern Electric manufacturing subsidiary of the Bell System's Western Electric equipment manufacturer. Northern Electric and Bell Canada were spun off in 1956 as separate companies outside of the Bell System proper. The Bell System's Caribean regional operating companies were sold to the then ITT. AT&T (Bell System) logo, 1969-1983 This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... AT&T (Bell System) logo, 1969-1983 This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... Divestment (divestiture) is a term in finance and economics. ... A lawsuit is a civil action brought before a court in order to recover a right, obtain damages for an injury, obtain an injunction to prevent an injury, or obtain a declaratory judgment to prevent future legal disputes. ... Competition is the act of striving against another force for the purpose of achieving dominance or attaining a reward or goal, or out of a biological imperative such as survival. ... Justice Department redirects here. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Media:Example. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday. ... Bell Canada Enterprises, legally BCE Inc. ... Northern Telecommunications Networks, commonly known as Nortel, is a telecommunications equipment manufacturer headquartered in Canada. ... Western Electric (sometimes abbreviated WECo) was a US electrical engineering company, the manufacturing arm of AT&T from 1881 to 1995 . ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Of the various resulting 1984 spinoffs, only BellSouth and Cincinnati Bell continue to actively use and promote the Bell name and logo, although cessation of using either the Bell name or logo occurred for some of these companies more than a decade after the 1984 break up as part of an acquisition-related rebranding. The others have only used the marks on rare occasions to maintain their trademark rights, even less now that they have adopted names conceived long after divestiture, an example of this is Verizon still uses the Bell logo on their trucks and payphones. In 1984, each company was assigned a set list of names they were allowed to use in combination with the Bell marks. Again, aside from BellSouth and Cincinnati Bell, and to a limited extent SNET, none of these Bell System names are currently in use in the United States. For example, Southwestern Bell used both the Bell name and the circled-bell trademark until renaming itself SBC in 2002. Bell Atlantic used the Bell name and circled-bell trademark until renaming itself Verizon in 2000. BellSouth Corporation NYSE: BLS is a U.S. telecommunications company based in Atlanta, Georgia. ... Cincinnati Bell is the dominant telephone company for Cincinnati, Ohio and its nearby suburbs in Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky. ... This article or section should include material from Bell Atlantic This article or section should include material from GTE Verizon Communications (NYSE: VZ) is a local exchange telephone company formed by the merger of Bell Atlantic, a former Bell Operating Company, and GTE, which was the largest independant local exchange... The Southern New England Telephone Company (commonly referred to as SNET by its customers) started operations on January 27, 1878 as the District Telephone Company of New Haven. ... SBC Communications NYSE: SBC is an American telecommunications company based in San Antonio, Texas. ... This article or section should include material from Bell Atlantic This article or section should include material from GTE Verizon Communications (NYSE: VZ) is a local exchange telephone company formed by the merger of Bell Atlantic, a former Bell Operating Company, and GTE, which was the largest independant local exchange...


Of the various resulting 1956 spinoffs, only Bell Canada continues to use the Bell name, although cessation of using either the Bell name and circled-bell trademark occurred for some of these companies multiple decades later. For example, for the multiple decades that Nortel was named Northern Telecom, their research and development arm was Bell Northern Research. Bell Canada and its holding-company parent, Bell Communications Enterprises, still use the Bell name and used variations the circled-bell logo until 1977, which until 1976 strongly resembled the 1921 to 1939 Bell System trademark shown above. Bell Canada Enterprises, legally BCE Inc. ...


Prior to the 1984 break-up, the Bell System consisted of the companies listed below. These companies were made separate from AT&T in 1984, except as noted. Due to the 1984 break-up, the regional Bell operating companies (RBOCs) that were formed out of many formerly separate regional operating companies were: BellSouth, US West, Southwestern Bell, Pacific Telesis, Ameritech, NYNEX, and Bell Atlantic. The formal term RBOC referring specifically to these seven corporations appeared as part of the 1984 break-up of the Bell System; the term regional operating company was in use in the Bell System prior to the 1984 break-up as referring to the smaller LECs that were wholly or partially owned by AT&T. In addition to the regional operating companies that were merged to form the seven RBOCs, Cincinnati Bell and SNET were also regional operating companies considered part of the Bell System prior to 1984. Also, in 1983, the National Exchange Carrier Association, Inc. (NECA) was formed by the FCC and various Bell System companies to perform telephone industry tariff filings and revenue distributions following the 1984 breakup. The NECA was staffed with former employees of Bell-System-affiliated companies. The former operating companies of the Bell System listed below are organized according to the current owners of the companies (or their successors). The Regional Bell operating companies (RBOC) are the result of the United States antitrust action against AT&T in 1983. ... BellSouth Corporation NYSE: BLS is a U.S. telecommunications company based in Atlanta, Georgia. ... For current information on this topic, see Qwest. ... Southwestern Bell Telephone Company was the name of the Bell Systems telephone operations in Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas adopted in 1920. ... For current information on this topic, see AT&T. Pacific Telesis Group was one of the seven Regional Bell Operating Companies created after the 1984 breakup of AT&T as a holding company for Pacific Bell and Nevada Bell. ... Ameritech (American Information Technologies) is a U.S. telecommunications company that arose out of the 1984 AT&T divestiture. ... Categories: Corporation stubs | Communications companies of the United States | Defunct companies | Telephone companies | Public Utilities ... Categories: Corporation stubs | Communications companies of the United States | Defunct companies | Telephone companies | Public Utilities ...

Prior to the 1956 break-up, the Bell System also included the companies listed below. Bell Canada, Northern Electric, and the Caribbean regional operating companies were considered part of the Bell System proper prior to the 1956 break-up. Nippon Electric was considered a more distant affiliate of Western Electric than Northern Electric, where Nippon Electric via its own research and development adapted the designs of Western Electric's North American telecommunications equipment for use in Japan, which to this day gives much of Japan's telephone equipment and network a closer resemblance to North American ANSI and Telcordia standards than to European-originated ITU-T standards. Prior to the 1956 break-up, Northern Electric was predominantly focused only on manufacturing without any significant amount of separate telecommunication-equipment research & development of its own. The post-WWII-occupation operation of NTT was considered an administrative adjunct to the North American Bell System. BellSouth Corporation NYSE: BLS is a U.S. telecommunications company based in Atlanta, Georgia. ... South Central Bell is one of the two telephone companies that, after the 1984 AT&T divestiture, was managed by the BellSouth Corp. ... BellSouth Corporation (NYSE: BLS) is a U.S. telecommunications company based in Atlanta, Georgia. ... Cincinnati Bell is the dominant telephone company for Cincinnati, Ohio and its nearby suburbs in Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky. ... Qwest Communications International Inc. ... For current information on this topic, see Qwest. ... Mountain States Telephone & Telegraph was one of the three Bells that, after the 1984 AT&T divestiture, was managed by US West, now a part of Qwest. ... Pacific Northwest Bell is one of the three telephone companies that, after the 1984 AT&T divestiture, was managed US West, now a part of Qwest. ... Northwestern Bell is one of the three Bells that, after the 1984 AT&T divestiture, was managed by US West, a part of Qwest. ... AT&T Inc. ... Southwestern Bell Telephone Company was the name of the Bell Systems telephone operations in Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas adopted in 1920. ... Ameritech (American Information Technologies) is a U.S. telecommunications company that arose out of the 1984 AT&T divestiture. ... Illinois Bell is the name of the Bell Operating Company serving Illinois. ... Indiana Bell Telephone Company, Inc. ... Michigan Bell logo Michigan Bell was one of the 22 Local Exchange Carriers that were part of the AT&T Bell System. ... The Ohio Bell Telephone Company is the Bell Operating Company serving most of Ohio. ... Wisconsin Bell is the name of the Bell Operating Company serving Wisconsin. ... For current information on this topic, see AT&T. Pacific Telesis Group was one of the seven Regional Bell Operating Companies created after the 1984 breakup of AT&T as a holding company for Pacific Bell and Nevada Bell. ... For current information on this topic, see AT&T. Pacific Telesis Group was one of the seven Regional Bell Operating Companies created after the 1984 breakup of AT&T as a holding company for Pacific Bell and Nevada Bell. ... The Pacific Telephone & Telegraph company was the name of the former Bell Systems telephone operations in California and Nevada. ... The Southern New England Telephone Company (commonly referred to as SNET by its customers) started operations on January 27, 1878 as the District Telephone Company of New Haven. ... Southwestern Bell Telephone Company was the name of the Bell Systems telephone operations in Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas adopted in 1920. ... AT&T (formerly an abbreviation for American Telephone and Telegraph) Corporation (NYSE: T) is an American telecommunications company. ... For the mobile phone provider, see Verizon Wireless. ... Categories: Corporation stubs | Communications companies of the United States | Defunct companies | Telephone companies | Public Utilities ... Bell of Pennsylvania is the former name of the Bell Operating Company serving Pennsylvania. ... C&P Telephone was a d/b/a name for four of AT&Ts, and after January 1, 1984, Bell Atlantics Bell Operating Companies. ... C&P Telephone was a d/b/a name for four of AT&Ts, and after January 1, 1984, Bell Atlantics Bell Operating Companies. ... C&P Telephone was a d/b/a name for four of AT&Ts, and after January 1, 1984, Bell Atlantics Bell Operating Companies. ... C&P Telephone was a d/b/a name for four of AT&Ts, and after January 1, 1984, Bell Atlantics Bell Operating Companies. ... Diamond State Telephone is the name of the Bell Systems former telephone operations in Delaware. ... Company logo, 1969-1995 New Jersey Bell is the former d/b/a name of the New Jersey Bell Telephone Company, a Bell Operating Company serving the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Categories: Corporation stubs | Communications companies of the United States | Defunct companies | Telephone companies | Public Utilities ... New England Telephone was the name of the RBOC serving Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont prior to being rebranded NYNEX in 1994. ... The New York Telephone Company (NYTel) was organized in 1896, taking over the New York City operations of the American Bell Telephone Company. ... In 1996, AT&T spun off its Systems and Technology units, along with the famous Bell Laboratories, to form a new company named Lucent Technologies (NYSE: LU). ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Western Electric (sometimes abbreviated WECo) was a US electrical engineering company, the manufacturing arm of AT&T from 1881 to 1995 . ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Avaya Inc. ... In 1996, AT&T spun off its Systems and Technology units, along with the famous Bell Laboratories, to form a new company named Lucent Technologies (NYSE: LU). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Telcordia Technologies, formerly Bell Communications Research, Inc. ... The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a private, non-profit standards organization that produces industrial standards in the United States. ... Telcordia Technologies, formerly Bell Communications Research, Inc. ... A satellite composite image of Europe // Etymology Picture of Europa, carried away by bull-shaped Zeus. ... The ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) coordinates standards for telecommunications on behalf of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and is based in Geneva, Switzerland. ...

  • Bell Canada, a currently-existing regional operating company
  • Nortel, a currently-existing equipment-manufacturing company
    • Northern Electric, a former telecommunications equipment-manufacturing subsidiary of Western Electric
    • Dominion Electric, a former recording equipment-manufacturing company
  • various former Caribbean regional operating companies, sold to ITT (Mainly in Puerto Rico and Cuba)
  • NEC, a currently-existing equipment-manufacturing company in Japan
    • Nippon Electric, a former telecommunications equipment-manufacturing company 54% owned by Western Electric
  • NTT, a currently-existing telecommunications company in Japan that was administered by AT&T as part of General Douglas MacArthur's post-WWII reconstruction

Bell Canada Enterprises, legally BCE Inc. ... Northern Telecommunications Networks, commonly known as Nortel, is a telecommunications equipment manufacturer headquartered in Canada. ... NEC Corporation (Jp. ... Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (日本電信電話 Nippon Denshin Denwa) is a telephone company that dominates the telecommunication market in Japan. ...

Operating Company logos

See also

The break up of AT&T was initiated in 1974 by the U.S. Department of Justice anti-trust suit against the telephone monopoly. ... The Regional Bell operating companies (RBOC) are the result of the United States antitrust action against AT&T in 1983. ... AT&T Inc. ...

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