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Encyclopedia > Belial
A woodcarving of Belial and some of his followers from Jacobus de Teramo's book Buche Belial (1473)

Belial (also Belhor, Baalial, Beliar, Belias , Beliall, Beliel; from Hebrew בְּלִיַּ֫עַל Bəliyyáʻal; also named Matanbuchus, Mechembuchus, Meterbuchus in older scripts) is an evil being in Jewish apocrypha, and also a term used to characterise the wicked or worthless. A woodcarving of Belial and some of his followers from Jacobus de Teramos book Buch Belial (1473) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... A woodcarving of Belial and some of his followers from Jacobus de Teramos book Buch Belial (1473) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... A woodcarving of Belial and some of his followers from Teramos book Buche Belial (1473) Jacobus Palladinus de Teramo (Teramo, Abruzzo, 1349 – Poland 1417), a member of the powerful family of Palladini, was a canon lawyer and bishop. ... Events Ottoman sultan Mehmed II defeats the White Sheep Turkmens lead by Uzun Hasan at Otlukbeli Axayacatl, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan invades the territory of neighboring Aztec city of Tlatelolco. ... This article on Jewish apocrypha includes a survey of books written in the Jewish religious tradition either in the late pre-Christian era or in the early Christian era, but outside the Christian tradition. ...


The etymology of word is uncertain but is most commonly translated as "without worth".[1] Some scholars translate it from Hebrew as "worthless" (Beli yo'il), while others translate it as "yokeless" (Beli ol), "may have no rising" (Belial) or "never to rise" (Beli ya'al). Only a few etymologists have assumed it to be a proper name from the start.[2] In the Book of Jubilees, uncircumcised heathens are called "sons of Belial". Etymologies redirects here. ... The Book of Jubilees (ספר היובלים), sometimes called the Lesser Genesis (Leptogenesis), is an ancient Jewish religious work. ... This article is about male circumcision. ... Heathen is a term used both to describe a person who does not follow an organized religion, and also a modern practitioner of Heathenry. ...


In the Goetia, Belial is said to be very respectful. Belial is also the demon of lies and guilt. As a Prince of Hell, he commands 80 Legions of Demons and is specifically the Prince reigning over the Northern Reaches of Hell. He controls the element of earth and reigns over the Earth Elementals (earth demons.) The other princes of Hell include: Olias, Asmoday, and Vassago. Buer, the 10th spirit, who teaches Moral and Natural Philosophy (from the Mathers and Liddell 1995 edition). ... Although Asmodai is mostly known thanks to the deuterocanonical Book of Tobit, he is also mentioned in some Talmudic legends and in demonology. ... Vassago, in demonology, is a mighty Prince of Hell (see Hierarchy of demons), ruling over twenty-six legions of demons. ...

Contents

In Judaism

In the Hebrew Bible the term appears in several places to indicate the wicked or worthless, such as : This article is about the term Hebrew Bible. For the Jewish scriptures see Tanakh. ...

The Adoration of the Golden Calf by Nicolas Poussin Idolatry is a major sin in the Abrahamic religions regarding image. ... Name Gibeah – could be a variation of the Hebrew word of Geba, meaning “hill”, other names include Gibeah of Benjamin and Gibeah of Saul Tell el Ful – modern name of the Arabic town, meaning “mound of horse beans” Location Central Benjamin Plateau 3 miles north of Jerusalem along the Watershed... Eli (Hebrew: עֵלִי, Standard Tiberian  ; Ascent) was, according to the Books of Samuel, the name of a priest of Shiloh, and one of the last Israelite Judges before the rule of kings in ancient Israel. ... Nabal (נבל הכרמלי) is a person in the Hebrew Bible who defies the order of King David of the Kingdom of Israel, and is reportedly killed by God as a punishment for his disobedience. ... Shimei is referenced in the Bible and Rabbinical literature. ...

The Dead Sea Scrolls

In The War of the Sons of Light Against the Sons of Darkness (1QM), one of the Dead Sea scrolls, Belial is the leader of the Sons of Darkness: The War of the Sons of Light Against the Sons of Darkness is a manual for military organization and strategy that was discovered among the Dead Sea Scrolls. ... The Dead Sea Scrolls comprise roughly 900 documents, including texts from the Hebrew Bible, discovered between 1947 and 1956 in eleven caves in and around the Wadi Qumran (near the ruins of the ancient settlement of Khirbet Qumran, on the northwest shore of the Dead Sea) in the West Bank. ...

'But for corruption thou hast made Belial, an angel of hostility. All his dominions are in darkness, and his purpose is to bring about wickedness and guilt. All the spirits that are associated with him are but angels of Sweed, a type of drug.'

In Christianity

In early Christian writings, Belial was identified first with an angel of confusion and lust, created after Lucifer. Paradoxically, some apocrypha credit Belial as being the father of Lucifer and the angel that convinced him to wage a rebellion in Heaven against God, and that Belial was the first of the fallen angels to be expelled. For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... This article is about the supernatural being. ... Look up Confusion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Confusion can have the following meanings: Unclarity or puzzlement, e. ... Lust is any intense desire or craving for self gratification. ... This article is about the star or fallen angel. ... Apocrypha (from the Greek word , meaning those having been hidden away[1]) are texts of uncertain authenticity or writings where the authorship is questioned. ... This article is about the supernatural being. ... Look up rebellion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Heaven (disambiguation). ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... Fallen Angels (1991) (ISBN 0743435826) is a Prometheus Award-winning novel by science fiction authors Larry Niven, Jerry Pournelle, and Michael Flynn. ...


In the New Testament the word is used to refer to Satan when asked by St. Paul as to how Christ and Belial can agree. The passage in the Bible NIV states: "What harmony is there between Christ and Belial? What does a believer have in common with an unbeliever?" (2 Cor 6:15). This article is about the Christian scriptures. ... Paul of Tarsus (b. ... This page is about the title, office or what is known in Christian theology as the Divine Person. ...


Since the Middle Ages he has been considered to be a powerful king of Hell that gives excellent familiars to his followers. As a demon he was said to have an agreeable aspect, and to induce to any type of sins, especially those related to sex and lust. Sebastian Michaelis states that Belial seduces by means of arrogance and his adversary is St. Francis of Paola; in this sense his name is translated as "Lord of Arrogance" or "Lord of Pride" (Baal ial). The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... For other uses, see Monarch (disambiguation). ... This article is about the theological or philosophical afterlife. ... “Familiar” redirects here. ... Saint Francis of Paola (or: Francescus de Paula or Saint Francis the Fire Handler, 1416 – April 2, 1507) was an Italian mendicant friar and the founder of the Roman Catholic Order of the Minims. ...


In the Biblia Vulgata fewer allusions to this demon are made, referring to Belial as torrents of death, and to impious men as sons of Belial and men of Belial. Biblia Vulgata is the Latin, academic and technical name of the Bible known in English as Vulgate or The Vulgate. ...


Belial is listed as the sixty-eighth spirit of the Ars Goetia, and appears in The Lesser Key of Solomon as well. The Ars Goetia (Greek, probably: The Art of Witchcraft), often simply called the Goetia, is the first section of the 17th century grimoire Lemegeton Clavicula Salomonis, or The Lesser Key of Solomon. ... Cover of the 1995 edition of the 1904 Goetia by S.L.M. Mathers and Aleister Crowley. ...


Apocrypha

The word "belial" appears frequently in Jewish apocrypha and pseudepigrapha.[1] In addition to his appearance in the Book of Jubilees, Belial appears in other texts as well. Pseudepigrapha (from the Greek words pseudos = lie and epigrapho = write) is a text or a number of texts whose claimed authorship or authenticity is incorrect. ...


Belial is also mentioned in the Fragments of a Zadokite Work (which is also known as The Damascus Document (CD)), which states that during the eschatological age, "Belial shall be let loose against Israel, as God spoke through Isaiah the prophet." (6:9). The Fragments also speak of "three nets of Belial" which are said to be fornication, wealth, and pollution of the sanctuary. (6:10-11) In this work, Belial is sometimes presented as an agent of divine punishment and sometimes as a rebel, as Mastema is. It was Belial who inspired the Egyptian sorcerers, Jochaneh and his brother, to oppose Moses and Aaron. The Fragments also say that anyone who is ruled by the spirits of Belial and speaks of rebellion should be condemned as a necromancer and wizard. Albrecht Dürer - Four horsemen of the Apocalypse This article is about the concept of the end of the world. ... Mastema, Hebrew משטמה (maśṭēmâ), translated as hatred/hostility/enmity/persecution. From Hosea 9. ...


Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs

Belial is also mentioned in the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs. The author of the work seems to be a dualist because he presents Belial as God's opponent, not as a servant, but does not mention how or why this came to be. Simeon 5:3 says that fornication separates man from God and brings him near to Belial. Levi tells his children to choose between the Law of God and the works of Beliar (Levi 19:1) It also states that when the soul is constantly disturbed, the Lord departs from it and Belial rules over it. Naphtali (2:6, 3:1) contrasts the Law and will of God with the purposes of Belial. Also, in 20:2, Joseph prophesies that when Israel leaves Egypt, they will be with God in light while Beliar will remain in darkness with the Egyptians. Finally, the Testament describes that when the Messiah comes, the angels will punish the spirits of deceit and Belial (3:3) and that the Messiah will bind Beliar and give to his children the power to trample the evil spirits (18:12). Belial has been known to watch over young children (especially teens known to be hypersensitives) during sleep. The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs is an important constituent of the apocryphal scriptures connected with the Old Testament, comprising the dying commands of the twelve sons of Jacob. ...


The Martyrdom of Isaiah

In The Martyrdom of Isaiah, Belial is the angel of lawlessness and "the ruler of this world." The Ascension of Isaiah is an apocryphal book dating from the 2nd century AD and compiled by an unknown Christian scholar. ...

"And Manasseh turned aside his heart to serve Beliar; for the angel of lawlessness, who is the ruler of this world, is Beliar, whose name is Matanbuchus." - Martyrdom of Isaiah 2:4

Belial also plays a significant role in the Ascension of Isaias. The Ascension of Isaiah is an apocryphal pseudepigraphal book dating from some time in the 2nd century and compiled by an unknown Christian. ...


In other religious traditions

The Satanic Bible names Belial as one of the Four Crown Princes of Hell (specifically, the North Crown), and states that his name means "'without a master' and symbolizes true independence, self-sufficiency, and personal accomplishment."[3] Belial represents the earth element, is the Master of Mankind and the Champion of Humanity, and represents the carnal and base urges of mankind. Satanism Associated organizations The Church of Satan First Satanic Church Prominent figures Anton LaVey | Blanche Barton | Peter H. Gilmore | Peggy Nadramia | Karla LaVey Associated concepts Left-Hand Path | Pentagonal Revisionism | Suitheism | Might is Right | Lex talionis Books and publications The Satanic Bible | The Satanic Rituals | The Satanic Witch | The Devil...


In fiction

Belial (or a likeness thereof) figures in many works of fiction, both medieval and modern. Among these are:


Film: In the 1922 film Nosferatu, the titular vampire is described as having originated from "Belial's seed."
Also, "The Exorcism of Emily Rose," although the movie is based on a true story.
Belial is the name of the deformed conjoined twin in Basket Case (film).
In Blood Angels (film) (2005, Vampire Productions), Belial features as an "incredibly powerful demon". A brief visual is seen, in which he appears to look quite alike to the legendary Loch Ness Monster. Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the 1922 silent film. ... The Exorcism of Emily Rose is a 2005 horror/thriller film directed by Scott Derrickson. ... Basket Case is a 1982 horror comedy directed and written by Frank Henenlotter. ... Thralls (also known as Blood Angels) is a 2004 horror film. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Video Games: "Diablo": Belial is the Lord of Lies, and a Lesser Evil. He is never featured in the game as an enemy or NPC, but he is mentioned in the expository Heaven and Hell wars. Look up diablo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In Capcom's Darkstalkers series of fighting games, Belial is the name of Morrigan Aensland's adoptive father. For the original NASA meaning, see capsule communicator. ... Morrigan Aensland is a succubus video game character from Capcoms Darkstalkers fighting game series. ...


In the game Mega Man X8, Sigma's combat form is often called Belial Sigma. Mega Man X8, released in Japan as Rockman X8 ), is the eighth and most recent game in the Mega Man X video game series, released in PlayStation 2 and PC. After fan complaints over Mega Man X7s foray into 3-D, Capcom went back to 2-D linear progression...


There was a game produced for the Omega with the title "Belial".


Beliar is the dark god, god of evil and destruction, in Gothic computer game series.


In the game Odin Sphere, Belial is the name of a dragon. Odin Sphere ) is a 2D fantasy action RPG video game. ...


In Capcom's upcoming game Devil May Cry 4, the protagonist of the story must face off in a boss battle against a creature named Berial. For the original NASA meaning, see capsule communicator. ... Devil May Cry 4 is the second sequel (Devil May Cry 3 being a prequel) to the Capcom action game Devil May Cry. ...


In the RPG In Nomine Belial is Hell's Demon prince of Fire and enemy of Gabriel, Archangel of Fire Alternate meaning: In Nomine (role-playing game) In Nomine was a title given to a number of English pieces of music in the 16th and 17th centuries based on the plainsong Gloria tibi Trinitas and on a section of John Taverners mass itself based on that theme. ...


In the PlayStation2 game Wild Arms 4, Belial is the name of a woman who is found out to be a Crimson Noble (the game's version of a vampire), and a master of time and space themselves. Wild Arms 4, known in Japan as Wild Arms: The 4th Detonator ), also known as Wild Arms: Another Code F at one point in production (since it was simoultaneously developed with Wild Arms: Alter Code F), is the fourth title in the Wild Arms video game series. ...


In the PlayStation 2 game Final Fantasy XII, Belias is the name of an esper that you can summon. Final Fantasy XII ) is a console role-playing game developed and published by Square Enix for the Sony PlayStation 2 video game console, and the twelfth installment in the Final Fantasy video game series. ...


In the PlayStation and PSP game Final Fantasy Tactics, 'Belias, The Gigas' is the representation of an evil Lucavi, (one of the game bosses). Final Fantasy Tactics ) is a tactical role-playing game developed and published by Square (now Square Enix) for the Sony PlayStation video game console. ...


In the pc game Total Annihilation: Kingdoms you needed to build a temple to Belial during the Taros missions. Total Annihilation: Kingdoms is a medieval fantasy real time strategy game created by Clayton Kauzlaric and released by Cavedog Entertainment in 1999. ...


Manga: In Angel Sanctuary Belial is one of the 7 great demons of Hell Serialized in Hana to Yume Original run February 1995 – February 2001 No. ...


Books: In Philip K. Dick's The Divine Invasion, Belial is The Adversary, whose influence around Earth obfuscates reality and interferes with Yah's powers. Philip Kindred Dick (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) was an American writer, mostly known for his works of science fiction. ... The Divine Invasion is a 1981 science fiction book by Philip K. Dick. ...


In Steven Brust's novel To Reign in Hell Belial is one of the Firstborn, an angel of the highest order. He takes the form of a dragon. Spoiler warning: To Reign In Hell: The Exile of Khan Noonien Singh, is the final book in a series of novels written by Greg Cox chroncling Khan Noonien Singhs rise to power, how he ultimately fell from a leader of almost a quarter of Earth, and when he was...


In Robert Jordan's The Wheel of Time fantasy series, Be'lal is one of the thirteen Forsaken, a probable reference to Belial. This article is about a fantasy series. ...


Medieval fiction and Milton

  • In Jacobus de Teramo's Buche Belial (1473), Belial was depicted with a man's body with talons instead of feet, and having a man's head with the horns and ears of a bull and the tusks of a boar; he keeps the door of Hell.
  • In Book I of Paradise Lost, Belial is figured as the Fallen Angel responsible for making "atheists" of priests, including the sons of Eli, unlike many other Fallen Angels who named themselves Gods in other regions. In Book II of Paradise Lost, author John Milton depicts Belial as good to look at, smooth-tongued, but one who realizes that the war against Heaven is full of danger and hopeless of success, and he counsels sloth and ease. His hope is that if Hell does not provoke Heaven further, that the fallen angels may grow accustomed to the pains and fires of the underworld, and live in comfort. It is significant that Belial does not advise seeking forgiveness or pleading for mercy from the heavenly victor.

A woodcarving of Belial and some of his followers from Teramos book Buche Belial (1473) Jacobus Palladinus de Teramo (Teramo, Abruzzo, 1349 – Poland 1417), a member of the powerful family of Palladini, was a canon lawyer and bishop. ... Events Ottoman sultan Mehmed II defeats the White Sheep Turkmens lead by Uzun Hasan at Otlukbeli Axayacatl, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan invades the territory of neighboring Aztec city of Tlatelolco. ... For other uses, see Paradise Lost (disambiguation). ... Eli may refer to: Eli (אלי), a variant on the name of God as spoken in Hebrew and Aramaic. ... For other uses, see Paradise Lost (disambiguation). ... For other persons named John Milton, see John Milton (disambiguation). ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Metzger & Coogan (1993) Oxford Companion to the Bible, p77.
  2. ^ JewishEncyclopedia.com: Belial
  3. ^ Crabtree, Vexen. The Aspect of Belial

References

  • Metzeger, Bruce M. (ed); , Michael D. Coogan (ed) (1993). The Oxford Companion to the Bible. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-504645-5. 

Oxford University Press (OUP) is a highly-respected publishing house and a department of the University of Oxford in England. ...

See also

This is a list of demons, including both specific demons (e. ... This article is about the concept of Satan. ... This is an overview of the Devil. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Belial - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1451 words)
Belial is considered the source of the seven spirits of seduction that enter men at birth, the source of impurity and lying, and the spirit of darkness.
Paradoxically, some apocrypha credit Belial as being the father of Lucifer and the angel that convinced him to wage a rebellion in Heaven against God, and that Belial was the first of the fallen angels to be expelled.
In Jacobus de Teramo's Buche Belial (1473), Belial was depicted with a man's body with talons instead of feet, and having,a man's head with the horns and ears of a bull and the tusks of a boar; he keeps the door of Hell.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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