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Encyclopedia > Belfort
Commune of Belfort
View of the western part of Belfort
Location
Coordinates 47°38′30″N, 06°51′00″E
Administration
Country France
Région Franche-Comté
Département Territoire de Belfort
(préfecture)
Arrondissement Belfort
Canton Chief town of 5 cantons
Intercommunality Communauté d'agglomération de Belfort
Mayor Jean-Pierre Chevènement
(2001-2008)
Statistics
Altitude 354 m–650 m
(avg. 358 m)
Land area¹ 17.10 km²
Population²
(1999)
50,417
  • Density (1999)
2,948/km²
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 90010/ 90000
¹ French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq. mi. or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
² Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
France

Belfort is a town and commune of northeastern France, préfecture (capital) of the Territoire de Belfort département in the Franche-Comté région. Population (1999): 50,417. Approximately 80,000 including suburbs. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 577 KB) (EN) View-point : Western Belfort city. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1804x1689, 163 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including both internationally recognized and generally unrecognized independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common... Capital Besançon Land area¹ 16,202 km² Regional President Raymond Forni (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to British counties. ... The Territoire de Belfort is a département in the Franche-Comté région of eastern France. ... In France, a préfecture is the capital city of a département. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... The arrondissement of Belfort is an arrondissement of France, located in the Territoire de Belfort département, in the Franche-Comté région. ... The canton is an administrative division of France. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is in modern times the title of the highest ranking municipal officer, who discharges certain judicial and administrative functions, in many systems an elected politician, who serves as chief executive and/or ceremonial official of many types of municipalities. ... Jean-Pierre Chevènement Jean-Pierre Chevènement (born March 9, 1939 in Belfort) is a French politician. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... Postal codes were introduced in France in 1972, when La Poste introduced automated sorting. ... Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing numerous ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... In France, a préfecture is the capital city of a département. ... The Territoire de Belfort is a département in the Franche-Comté région of eastern France. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Capital Besançon Land area¹ 16,202 km² Regional President Raymond Forni (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ...


It is located on the Savoureuse, on the stregically important natural route between the Rhine and the Rhone - the Belfort Gap (Trouée de Belfort} or Burgundian Gate (Porte de Bourgogne). Loreley At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (Dutch Rijn, French Rhin, German Rhein, Italian: Reno, Romansch: Rein, ) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ... Rhône can refer to: Rhône River Rhône (département) in France Rhône (Wine Region) in France This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Contents

History

Belfort's strategic location, in a natural gap between the Vosges and the Jura, on a route linking the Rhine and the Rhone, has attracted human settlement and made it a target for armies. Vosges is a French département, named after the Vosges mountain range. ... Looking towards Lelex from near to Crêt de La Neige The Jura folds are located north of the main Alpine orogenic front and are being continually deformed, accommodating the northwards compression due to Alpine folding. ...


The site of Belfort was inhabited in Gallo-Roman times and was subsequently recorded in the 13th century as a possession of the counts of Montbéliard, who granted it a charter in 1307. The term Gallo-Roman describes the Romanized culture of Gaul under the rule of the Roman Empire, particularly the areas of Gallia Narbonensis that developed into Occitania, and to a lesser degree, Aquitania. ... Montbéliard (German: Mömpelgard) is a commune in the Doubs département, in eastern France. ...


Previously an Austrian possession, Belfort was transferred to France by the Treaty of Westphalia (1648), that ended the Thirty Years' War. The town's fortifications were extended and developed by the military architect Vauban for Louis XIV. The Ratification of the Treaty of Münster by Gerard Terborch (1648) The Peace of Westphalia, also known as the treaties of Münster and Osnabrück, is the series of treaties that ended the Thirty Years War and officially recognized the United Provinces and Swiss Confederation. ... Combatants Protestantism: Sweden,Denmark, France, Scotland and protestant German countries like Saxony Roman Catholic Church: Holy Roman Empire, Spain Commanders Gustav II Adolf Ferdinand II The Thirty Years War was fought between 1618 and 1648, principally on the territory of todays Germany, also involving most of the major European... Sébastien Le Prestre, Seigneur de Vauban and later Marquis de Vauban (May 15, 1633 - March 30, 1707), commonly referred to as Vauban, was a Marshal of France and the foremost military engineer of his age, famed for both his skill to design fortifications and to break through them. ... Louis XIV King of France and Navarre By Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701) Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638–September 1, 1715) reigned as King of France and King of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death. ...


Until 1871, Belfort was part of the Département of Haut-Rhin, in Alsace. The Siege of Belfort, between November 3, 1870 and February 18, 1871, was successfully resisted until the garrison was ordered to surrender 21 days after the armistice between France and Prussia. As a mark of respect for their tenacity, the area around Belfort was excluded from the annexation of Alsace and Lorraine by the Prussians. It formed, as it still does, the Territoire de Belfort. The siege is commemorated by a huge statue, The Lion of Belfort, by Frédéric Bartholdi. The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties. ... Haut-Rhin is a French département, named after the Rhine river. ... Capital Strasbourg Land area¹ 8,280 km² Regional President Adrien Zeller (UMP) (since 1996) Population  - Jan. ... The Siege of Belfort was a lengthy siege during the Franco-Prussian War. ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 Prussia (German: ; Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Lithuanian: ; Polish: ; Old Prussian: PrÅ«sa) was, most recently, a historic state originating in East Prussia, an area which for centuries had substantial influence on German and European history. ... The Territoire de Belfort is a département in the Franche-Comté région of eastern France. ... The Lion of Belfort is a sculpture by Frédéric Bartholdi located in Belfort, France. ... One of his works Bartholdi Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi (August 2, 1834 – October 4, 1904) was a French sculptor. ...


Alsatians who sought a new French home in Belfort made a significant contribution to its industry.


The town was bombarded by the Germans in World War I and occupied by them in World War II. In November 1944 the retreating German army held the French First Army before the town until French Commandos made a successful night attack on the Salbert Fort. Belfort was liberated on 22 November. French First Army was a field army that fought during World War I and World War II. At the beginning of WWI the First Army was put in charge of General Auguste Dubail and took part, along with the French Second Army, in the Invasion of Lorraine. ...


Industry

Belfort is a trading centre for wine and grain and its industries include chemicals, engineering, plastics and textiles. Belfort is also the hometown of Alstom where the first TGVs (Traing Grande Vitesse) were produced.


Sights

Belfort is the home of The Lion of Belfort, a sculpture by Frédéric Bartholdi expressing people's resistance against the siege in the Franco-Prussian War (1870). Belfort Cathedral The Lion of Belfort is a sculpture by Frédéric Bartholdi located in Belfort, France. ... One of his works Bartholdi Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi (August 2, 1834 – October 4, 1904) was a French sculptor. ... Combatants Second French Empire North German Confederation allied with south German states (later German Empire) Commanders Napoleon III Helmuth von Moltke Strength 500,000[citation needed] 550,000[citation needed] Casualties 150,000 dead or wounded 284,000 captured 350,000 civilian [citation needed] 100,000 dead or wounded 200... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


FIMU

Belfort is also well known for organizing a large-scale music festival in May each year. The Festival International de Musique Universitaire (FIMU) is home to nearly 2500 musicians, most of them students, from many different countries. The musicians give more than 250 concerts in the course of the 3-day festival in a wide variety of styles (classical, jazz, traditional, experimental, etc.). All of the concerts are free of charge and are performed at 14 different locations in the old city (the vieille ville) of Belfort. In 2004 more than 60,000 people attended the festival. In 2005 the festival was held on 14–16th May. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Miscellaneous

Births

Belfort was the birthplace of:

François Joseph Heim (December 16, 1787 - September 29, 1865) was a French painter. ... 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... The French military mission before its departure to Japan. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Official language Japanese Capital Tokyo Area 7. ... This page is about the Japanese ruler and military rank. ... Louis Gabriel Charles Vicaire (January 25, 1848 - September 23, 1900) was a French poet. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... A poet is some one who writes poetry. ... Jean-Pierre Chevènement Jean-Pierre Chevènement (born March 9, 1939 in Belfort) is a French politician. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ...

Twin towns

Belfort is twinned with:

Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Zaporizhia (Ukrainian: , Zaporizhzhia; Russian: , Zaporozhye) is a city in south-eastern Ukraine, the capital of Zaporizhia Oblast. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Leonberg is a town in the district of Böblingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Baden-Württemberg is a federal state in southwestern Germany to the east of the Upper Rhine. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Bad Lobenstein is a town in Thuringia, Germany. ... The Republic of Thuringia (German: Freistaat Thüringen) lies in central Germany and is among the smaller of the countrys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states), being eleventh in size with an area of 16,200 km² and twelfth most populous with 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Algeria_(bordered). ... Skikda (Arabic: ولاية سكيكدة ) is a city in north eastern Algeria and a port on the Gulf of Stora, the ancient Sinus Numidicus. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Stafford is the county town of Staffordshire in England. ...

Belfort Family

Not directly related to the Irish descendant Belfort family established in early 1700 and grown to be the most renowned family in Northern Brazil.


External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Belfort - LoveToKnow 1911 (1899 words)
Belfort is the seat of a prefect; its public institutions include tribunals of first instance and of commerce, a chamber of commerce, a lycee, a training-college and a branch of the Bank of France.
The construction of locomotives and machinery, carried on by the Societe Alsacienne, wire-drawing, and the spinning and weaving of cotton are included among its industries, which together with the population increased greatly owing to the Alsacian immigration after 1871.
Belfort was besieged in 1814 by the troops of the allies and in 1815 by the Austrians.
Belfort: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (555 words)
Belfort is a town and commune of northeastern France, préfecture (capital) of the Territoire de Belfort département in the Franche-Comté région.
Belfort was the site of the Siege of Belfort from November 3, 1870 to February 18, 1871.
Belfort is the home of The Lion of Belfort, a sculpture by Frédéric Bartholdi expressing people's resistance against the siege in the Franco-Prussian War (1870).
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