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Encyclopedia > Belfast, Maine
Location of city of Belfast in state of Maine
Location of city of Belfast in state of Maine

Belfast is a city in Waldo County, Maine, in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 6,381. It is the county seat of Waldo CountyGR6. Located on Penobscot Bay at the mouth of the Passagassawakeag River, the community is named for Belfast, Northern Ireland. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Waldo County is a county located in the state of Maine. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Waldo County is a county located in the state of Maine. ... Penobscot Bay originates from the mouth of Maines Penobscot River. ... The Passagassawakeag River is a river in Waldo County, Maine in the United States. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ... Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ...

Contents

Geography

Belfast is located at 44°25′33″N, 69°0′42″W (44.425896, -69.011646)GR1.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 99.3 km² (38.3 mi²). 88.2 km² (34.0 mi²) of it is land and 11.2 km² (4.3 mi²) of it (11.26%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

Seal of Belfast, ME
Seal of Belfast, ME

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 6,381 people, 2,765 households, and 1,692 families residing in the city. The population density was 72.4/km² (187.5/mi²). There were 3,121 housing units at an average density of 35.4/km² (91.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.56% White, 0.28% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.69% of the population. Image File history File links Belfast,_ME_Seal. ... Image File history File links Belfast,_ME_Seal. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 2,765 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.8% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.77. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...

Main Street in 1921
Main Street in 1921

In the city the population was spread out with 20.9% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 20.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 87.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.0 males. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ...


The median income for a household in the city was $32,400, and the median income for a family was $43,253. Males had a median income of $30,514 versus $27,518 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,276. About 10.0% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


History

Belfast Bay
Belfast Bay

Belfast was originally known as the Settlement of Passagassawakeag, but renamed in 1770 by Scots-Irish settlers. The settlement was mostly abandoned during the American Revolution while the British army occupied Bagaduce. [1] Belfast was for the first hundred years of its organized history a ship building center, sending hundreds of three, four, and five masted schooners into the world and making the fortune of many New England shipping and whaling families. Its location the western shore of idyllic Penobscot Bay is far enough from the open ocean to be sheltered but close enough to make for an ideal shipbuilding location. Bangor, Maine, the North American lumber capital for most of the later 1800s, was less than a day's run up the Penobscot River, and Boston, Massachusetts was a little over a day's run south. The death of wooden cargo sailing vessels around the turn of the 20th century coincided with the advent of modern refrigeration, allowing the plentiful local seafood (mainly lobsters) to take the place of schooners and lumber as the region's primary export. Lobsters, scallops, sardines, herring, and mackerel made their way to the markets in Boston, New York City, and farther afield. Along the way, Belfast and the surrounding communities became a favored summer destination in Maine's mid-coast region. ImageMetadata File history File links Belfast_sunrise. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Belfast_sunrise. ... Scots-Irish (formerly Scotch-Irish) is a term used to describe inhabitants of the USA and Canada of Scots-Irish (particularly Ulster-Scots) descent, who formed distinctive communities and had distinctive social characteristics. ... Combatants United States France Spanish Empire Dutch Republic Oneida Tuscarora Polish volunteers Quebec volunteers Prussian volunteers Kingdom of Great Britain Iroquois Confederacy Hessian mercenaries Loyalists Commanders George Washington Nathanael Greene Gilbert de La Fayette Comte de Rochambeau Bernardo de Gálvez Tadeusz KoÅ›ciuszko Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben King George... Castine, Maine Castine is a town located in Hancock County, Maine. ... Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... The crew of the oceanographic research vessel Princesse Alice, of Albert Grimaldi (later Prince Albert I of Monaco) pose while flensing a catch. ... This article is about the Maine, USA city of Bangor. ... // Invention of the Jacquard loom in 1801. ... Panorama of the Penobscot River in Millinocket, Maine. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1630 Incorporated (city) 1822 Government  - Governor Deval Patrick (D) Area  - City  89. ... Binomial name Homarus americanus H. Milne-Edwards, 1837 The American lobster is a species of lobster (scientific name Homarus americanus), also known as the northern lobster, or the Maine lobster. ... Genera See text. ... Sardines in the Pacific An open Sardines can Sardines on a plate grilled Sardines For the hide and seek-like game, see Hide and seek. ... Species Clupea alba Clupea bentincki Clupea caspiopontica Clupea chrysotaenia Clupea elongata Clupea halec Clupea harengus Clupea inermis Clupea leachii Clupea lineolata Clupea minima Clupea mirabilis Clupea pallasii Clupea sardinacaroli Clupea sulcata Herrings are small oily fish of the genus Clupea found in the shallow, temperate waters of the North Atlantic... Mackerel is a common name applied to a number of different species of fish, mostly, but not exclusively, from the family Scombridae. ...

MEC "Belfast Branch" Station (B&MLRR) at Belfast, Maine, c1900.

Belfast (and its busy seaport) got an important boost to its economy in 1871 with the establishment -- after almost 35 years of trying -- of a county-wide direct link to the nation's vast and growing railroad network with the completion of its 33+ mile shortline, the Belfast & Moosehead Lake Railroad. From its main yard located on the Belfast waterfront, the mostly (about 80%) city owned B&ML's grade ran the entire length of Waldo County to Burnham Junction where it joined the tracks of the Maine Central Railroad's Portland to Bangor mainline. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 469 pixelsFull resolution (888 × 521 pixel, file size: 208 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)MEC Belfast Branch Station (B&MLRR) at Belfast, ME c1900 This work was previously under Public Domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 469 pixelsFull resolution (888 × 521 pixel, file size: 208 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)MEC Belfast Branch Station (B&MLRR) at Belfast, ME c1900 This work was previously under Public Domain. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1923 map The Maine Central Railroad was a railroad in central Maine. ...


Under a 50-year lease, the MEC built nine station and freight houses in towns along the route and operated their trains over the B&ML's track as its Belfast Branch from its official opening on December 23, 1870 until 1925 when -- to the surprise and dismay of the city fathers -- on June 30th, the company unexpectedly gave the B&ML the required six months notice that it would cancel its by then year-to-year lease for the line effective December 31. Thus on January 1, 1926 -- some 55 years after the first passengers traveled over its rails -- the B&ML ran a train over the line under its own name for the first time ever. 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Winter view down Main St. from Church St. (Original digital image by B.C. Cooper)

The B&ML continued to provide regular passenger and RPO (Railway Post Office) service until early 1960 after which it became strictly a freight railroad. With the closing of Belfast's last major chicken house in 1989, however, the B&ML lost its last major freight customer. Two years later the city sold the 5,004 shares (out of roughly 6,000 outstanding) it had owned for 123 years to private interests after which the B&ML was operated mostly as a summer excursion railroad running trains out of Belfast and Unity until 2004 when its then owners defaulted on its lease of the waterfront yard which the city still owned. In July, 2005, the yard's man powered "Armstrong" turntable and few remaining tracks were removed thus marking the official end of Belfast as a railroad town. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 581 pixelsFull resolution (870 × 632 pixel, file size: 272 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A mid winter view down Main Street from Church Street in Belfast, Maine. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 581 pixelsFull resolution (870 × 632 pixel, file size: 272 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A mid winter view down Main Street from Church Street in Belfast, Maine. ... CBQ 1926, an RPO preserved at the Illinois Railway Museum. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Old Post Office & Custom House in c. 1910
Old Post Office & Custom House in c. 1910

After World War II, Belfast's economy was driven by its poultry industry. The annual summer Broiler Festival became a popular celebration of the summer season for locals and summer people alike. The collapse of the broiler industry in the mid-1970s during a national economic downturn was devastating to Belfast and the surrounding communities. Even today, the long narrow concrete footprints of decades-gone chicken houses can be found in overgrown fields throughout the county. The demolition in the early 1980s of the defunct chicken-feed silos at the foot of Main Street that had once fed millions of chickens marked a turning point for the community as the old order faded away. Throughout the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, there was a sizeable migration out of Belfast in search of better employment opportunities, which led to a depressed real estate market. This favorable buying market attracted an influx of young artists and college grads from all over the country. In 1977, a few years before the demise of the broiler chicken industry, the Belfast Co-op was formed and still thrives to this day. It quickly became a meeting place for the community where ideas could be exchanged and refined, creating the basis for the community that exists and thrives to this day. The Co-op was a haven for the new influx of young college grads, artists and idealists that flocked to Belfast, and came to call it home. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A broiler is a chicken raised primarily for meat, as opposed to a one raised to produce eggs (called a Layer within the industry as it lays eggs). ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ...

Unitarian Church in 1909
Unitarian Church in 1909

In the early 1990s, credit card giant MBNA established a large facility in Belfast. MBNA was instrumental in establishing the Hutchinson Center of the University of Maine, an outpost of the University of Maine System, less than a mile from the main MBNA campus. The explosion of jobs provided by MBNA has increased Belfast's population significantly. (MBNA was recently acquired by Bank of America.) Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... MBNA logo, 2004-2006 MBNA Corporation was a bank holding company headquartered in Wilmington, Delaware, prior to being acquired by Bank of America in 2005. ... The University of Maine, established in 1865, is the flagship university of the University of Maine System. ... The University of Maine System (UMS) is a network of public universities in Maine. ... See also Banc of America Securities, Banc of America Investment Services, Inc. ...


The former Stinson plant has become the site of a major waterfront development with condo, retail shops and marina slated to begin construction in late 2005. Belfast is once again beginning the redefining process.

Memorial Hall in 1914
Memorial Hall in 1914

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

Notable Residents

Hugh Johnston Anderson (May 10, 1801 - May 31, 1881) was a United States Representative from Maine. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... Admiral William Pratt, USN William Veazie Pratt (28 February 1869 - 25 November 1957) was an admiral in the United States Navy. ... The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the senior military officer in the United States Navy. ... Image:GenieFrancis001. ... General Hospital (GH) is the longest-running daytime American soap opera broadcast on the American Broadcasting Company television network. ... Categories: Supercouples ...

External links

References

  1. ^ a b c Maine League of Historical Societies and Museums (1970). in Doris A. Isaacson: Maine: A Guide 'Down East'. Rockland, Me: Courier-Gazette, Inc., 266-269. 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Belfast, Maine  -  Travel Photos by Galen R Frysinger, Sheboygan, Wisconsin (271 words)
Belfast is located on Penobscot Bay, 46 km (29 mi) south of the city of Bangor.
Belfast and the surrounding region have a rich historical legacy from the American War of Independence (1775-1783) and the War of 1812.
Lots of folks lobbied for moose (naturally), but they lost out for several reasons: the artists weren’t wild about their "canvas"—lots of legs and antlers, but not much body; moose molds cost three times more than bears; moose molds cost more to ship than bears; and moose antlers are invitations to vandals.
BU Feature - Free Pre-Screening of Belfast, Maine (946 words)
The public is invited to attend a pre-screening of the new documentary Belfast, Maine, the latest film by the acclaimed Emmy-winning director Frederick Wiseman.
All of the action is set against the stunning backdrop of Maine in autumn: a rainy day with leaves on the ground and misty fog in the air, a lake surrounded by fall foliage; an orange sunset; or an expansive view of rolling hills covered by autumn-colored leaves.
In Belfast, Maine, as in all of his previous films, Wiseman's interest is in exploring the complexities and ambiguities of ordinary experience.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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