FACTOID # 14: North Carolina has a larger Native American population than North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Bela Kun
Enlarge
la Kun

B la Kun (February 20, 1886 - 1939?) was a Hungarian Communist who ruled Hungary for a brief time in 1919.


Kun fought for Austria-Hungary in the First World War. He was captured as a prisoner of war and taken to Russia, where he became a Communist. Upon his release, he returned to Hungary, where the resources of a shattered government were further strained by refugees from lands lost under the Treaty of Trianon. Desiring to attempt a Communist revolution, which lacking mass support could only be a coup, he communicated by telegraph with Russian Communist leader Vladimir Lenin1.


On March 21, 1919, Kun and the small Communist Party made their move, establishing the Hungarian Soviet Republic, the second Communist government in Europe (after Russia itself). Contrary to advice from Lenin and the Bolsheviks, B la Kun's government refused to redistribute land to the peasantry thereby alienating the majority of the population. The government only lasted for 133 days. Rear Admiral Mikl s Horthy, aided by anti-Communists from Romania, crushed the Communists, and forced them to hand over power to a Social Democratic party.


B la Kun then went into exile in Vienna, Austria, then also controlled by Social Democrats, and eventually made his way back to Russia. There he rejoined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and he was put in charge of the regional revolutionary committee in Crimea. He became a leading figure in the Communist International as an ally of Grigory Zinoviev. In this capacity, he went to Germany to advise the Communist Party there and sought to encourage that party to follow the Theory of the Offensive which he and Zinoviev supported. When put into practice, this theory led to the loss of support for the KPD.


He was accused of Trotskyism and killed in the late 1930s, during Joseph Stalin's purge of the Communist old guard. He was rehabilitated in 1956.


External links

1. Record Of Wireless Message To B Kun (http://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1919/mar/23.htm) March 23, 1919


  Results from FactBites:
 
Béla Kun - HighBeam Encyclopedia (252 words)
Kun set up a dictatorship of the proletariat; nationalized banks, large businesses and estates, and all private property above a certain minimum; and ruthlessly put down all opposition.
Kun was at first victorious over the counterrevolutionists, but he was defeated by a Romanian army of intervention and was forced to flee to Vienna.
Kun's Red Terror was followed by a White Terror.
Bela Kun (184 words)
Bela Kun was a Hungarian Communist, and ruled Hungary for a brief time in 1919.
On March 21, 1919, Kun and his supporters made their move, establishing the second Communist government in Europe (after Russia itself).
Bela Kun then went into exile in Vienna, Austria, then also controlled by Social Democrats, and eventually made his way back to Russia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m