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Encyclopedia > Bektashi

Part of a series on Shia Islam
Twelvers
In a general sense, a series is a related set of things that occur one after the other or are otherwise connected one after the other. ... There are several views on the Shia. ... Twelvers ( Ithnāˤashariyyah) are those Shiˤa Muslims who believe there were twelve Imāms, as distinct from Ismaili & Zaidi Shiite Muslims, who believe in a different number of Imams or in a different path of succession. ...


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Branches

Usoolism · Akhbarism · Alevism
Alawism · Shaykhism
Usulis are Twelver Shia Muslims who favor fatwas over hadith when trying to determine what the Sunnah says about any specific topic. ... Akhbaris are Twelver Shia Muslims who favor hadith over fatwas when trying to determine what the Sunnah says about any specific topic. ... Alevis or Alevi-Bektashis (Kurdish: Alevi, Turkish: Aleviler or Alevilik) are a religious community in Turkey, and they make up some 20% of the population of the country. ... Religions Alawism Scriptures Quran, Kitab al Majmu Languages Arabic, Turkish The Alawites are a Middle Eastern sect of Shiite Islam[2][3] prominent in Syria. ... Shaykhis, religious movement in Iran. ...

Principles
This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Tawhid · Qiyamah · Adalah
Nubuwwah · Imamah This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Yawm al-QÄ«yāmah (Arabic: literally: Day of the Resurrection) is the Last Judgement in Islam. ... Adalah means Justice and denotes The Justice of God The Shias consider Justice of God as part of Usool-e-Deen (Roots of Religion). ... Nubuwwah means Prophethood and denotes that God has appointed perfect Prophets and Messengers to teach mankind Gods religion. ... This is a sub-article to Imamah (Shia doctrine) and is specifically about the Shia twelver conception of the term. ...

Aspects

Salat · Sawm · Hajj · Zakat
Khums · Jihad · Tawalla · Tabarra
Amr Bil Ma'ruf · Nahi Anil Munkar
In computing, the programming paradigm of aspect_oriented programming (AOP) centers on constructs called aspects, which treat concerns of a separate set of objects, classes, or functions. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the Islamic tradition. ... This is a sub-article of Islamic economical jurisprudence. ... Khums (خمس) is the Arabic word for One Fifth (1/5). ... For other uses, see Jihad (disambiguation). ... Tawalla - Loving the Ahl al-Bayt, is a part of the Shia Branches of Religion and is derived from a Quranic verse. ... AS SALAM AU ALIKUM, not to mistaken, this salam was not for shias its only for muslims. ... Commanding the Just (Arabic: Amr bil Marūf امر بامعرف) is a part of Shia Islams Branches of Religion and means to encourage people to do the necessary good in life, when they forget to do so; for example forgeting Salah. ... Forbidding what is Evil (Arabic: ‎, Nahy an al-Munkar), is a part of Islam and means, for example, to oppose injustice. ...

Twelve Imams
Muslim history began in Arabia with Muhammads first recitations of the Quran in the 7th century. ...

Ali · al-Hasan · al-Husayn
al-Sajjad · al-Baqir · al-Sadiq
al-Kazim · al-Rida · al-Taqi
al-Hadi · al-Askari · al-Mahdi
Ali ibn Abu Talib (Arabic: علي بن أبي طالب translit: ‘Alī ibn Abu Ṭālib Persian: علی پسر ابو طالب) ‎ (599 – 661) is an early Islamic leader. ... Main article: Hasan ibn Ali Hassan ibn Ali is Shi’ahs’ second Imam, and is also known as Al-Mujtaba and Sibtil Akbar (the elder and the first grandson of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad). ... This article is about Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib (626 – 680). ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Muhammad al-Baqir Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (676 - January 31, 743) was the fifth Shia Imam. ... ... Imam Musa al Kazim (November 10, 745 - September 4, 799) was the seventh Shia Imam (he is not accepted by the Ismailis as the seventh Imam). ... Imām ˤAlī ibn-Mūsā ar-Riđā (Arabic: علي بن موسى الرضا) (January 1, 766 - May 26, 818) was the eighth Shīˤa Imām. ... Imam Muhammad al-Taqi (Arabic: امام محمد التقي)(April 12, 811 - November 27, 835) was the ninth Shia Imam in the Ithna Ashari (Twelver) tradition. ... Imam Ali al-Hadi (September 8, 828 _ July 1, 868) was the tenth Shia Imam. ... Hasan al-Askari (Arabic: الإمام الحسن بن علي العسكري) (December 6, 846 – January 1, 874), was the eleventh Shia Imam. ... It has been suggested that Mahdi be merged into this article or section. ...

Events
HIStory - Past, Present and Future, Book I is a double-disc album (one half greatest hits, one half studio album) by American musician Michael Jackson released in June of 1995 by the Epic Records division of Sony BMG. The first disc, (HIStory Begins) contains fifteen hit singles from the past...

Karbala · Ghadir Khumm
Combatants Banu Hashim Commanders Umar ibn Saad Husayn ibn Ali† Strength over 40 000 72 Casualties 100+ 72(Tabari) The Battle of Karbala took place on Muharram 10, 61 AH (October 9 or 10, 680 CE)[1][2] in Karbala, in present day Iraq. ... This is a sub-article to the Succession to Muhammad The word Hadith refers to a saying of the Prophet of Islam. ...

Sahaba
The Four Companions, also called the Four Pillars of the Sahaba is a Shia term that refers to the four Sahaba Shia belive stayed most loyal to Ali after the death of Muhammad: Miqdad Abu Dharr Salman al-Farsi Ammar ibn Yasir. ...

Salman al-Farsi · Miqdad ibn Aswad
Abu Dharr al-Ghifari · Ammar ibn Yasir
Salman the Persian (Arabic سلمان الفارسي Salman Farisi, Persian Salman e Farsi) was one of the Prophet Muhammads companions. ... venerated by Shia Muslims as one of the Four Companions, who were followers of Ali ibn Abi Talib. ... Jundub ibn Junadah ibn Sakan (Arabic جُندب بن جَنادة), better known as Abu Dharr, Abu Dharr al-Ghafari, or Abu Tharr Al-Ghefari (Arabic أبو ذر الغفاري) was an early convert to Islam. ... “Ammar” redirects here. ...

Texts
// Quran Text Surahs Ayah Commentary/Exegesis Tafsir ibn Kathir (by Ibn Kathir) Tafsir al-Tabari (by Tabari) Al Kordobi Tafseer-e-kabir (by Imam Razi) Tafheem-al-Quran (by Maulana Maududi) Sunnah/Hadith Hadith (Traditions of The Prophet) The Siha-e-Sitta al-Bukhari (d. ...

Qur'an · Nahjul Balagha · Al-Istibsar
Kitab al-Kafi · Tahdheeb al-Ahkam
Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih
Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya
The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Alcoran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... It has been proposed below that Nahj al Balagha be renamed and moved to Nahj al-Balagha. ... The Kitab al-Kafi is a Shia hadith collection compiled by Mohammad Yaqub Kulainy. ... Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih is a hadith collection, by the famous Shia hadith scolar Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Babawaih al-Qummi, commonly known as Ibn Babawaih or Shaykh Saduq. ... Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is said to be the oldest prayer manual in Islamic sources and one of the most seminal works of Islamic spirituality of the early period. ...

Views
Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

Light of Aql · Qur'an · Ali · Fatimah
Sahaba · Abu Bakr · Umar
Mu'awiya I · Ja'fari jurisprudence
Shias believe that the souls of the Prophets and the Imams are derived from the first light in the universe which was created by Allah, the light of Aql, which in Arabic roughly translates as knowledge. ... This is a sub-article to Shia Islam and Quran The Shia view of the Quran has some differences from the Sunni view. ... This is a parallel sub-article to Shia and Ali This article is about the Shia view of Ali ibn Abi Talib, the fourth Sunni Caliph and first Shia Imam. ... This is a sub-article of Fatima Zahra and Shia Islam. ... For other views of Sahaba and a short description, see sahaba. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... AS SALAM AU ALIKUM, not to mistaken, this salam was not for shias its only for muslims. ... The Shia have lost no opportunity to vilify Muˤāwiyya. ... Jafari school of thought, Jafari jurisprudence or Jafari Fiqh is the name of the jurisprudence of the Shia Twelvers Muslims, derived from the name of Jafar al-Sadiq, the 6th Shia Imam. ...

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The Bektashism (Turkish: Bektaşilik) is an Islamic Sufi order (tariqat). It was founded in the 13th century by the Islamic saint Hacı Bektaş Veli. The Bektashi order was greatly influenced during its fomulative period by both the Hurufi Ali al-'Ala in the 15th century and the Qalandariyah. The order was reorganized by Balim Sultan in the 16th century. Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a system of esoteric philosophy commonly associated with Islam. ... Tariqah ( translit: ; pl. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... In traditional Christian iconography, Saints are often depicted as having halos. ... Hajji Bektash Wali (Arabic/Persian: ‎ ḤājÄ« Baktāš WālÄ«; Turkish: Hacı BektaÅŸ Veli) was a Muslim mystic, humanist and philosopher from Khorasan, who lived approximately from 1209-1271 in Anatolia (modern-day Turkey). ... Hurufism (Arabic حروفية hurufiyya, adjective form hurufi) is a mystical esoteric Sufi sect, that was active in areas of western Persia, Turkey and Azerbaijan in later 14th - early 15th century. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... The Qalandariyah was a roaming sect of Sufi dervishes. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ...


Reverence of Imam Ali is central to Bektashi faith, common with Alevis and orthodox Shi'as. Despite this orthodox Muslims - both Sunni and Shi'ah - typically consider Bektashis to be heretics. Ali ibn Abi Talib (علي بن أبي طالب) (c. ...


Bektashism is considered a blend of both Shi'a and Sufi concepts, and the Bektashi Order contains distinct rituals and doctrines. Bektashis have always had wide appeal and influence as a discipline and people. The Bektashi order is a Sufi Dervish order which has evolved into a religious sect. ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ...


Bektashism and Alevism are closely related in terms of both philosophy and culture. In present day Turkey, they are generally regarded as parts of an integrated Alevi-Bektashi culture. In post-Ottoman Albania, Bektashism evolved into a more distinct Islamic sect rather than a traditional Sufi order. Alevis or Alevi-Bektashis (Kurdish: Alevi, Turkish: Aleviler or Alevilik) are a religious community in Turkey, and they make up some 20% of the population of the country. ... For other uses, see Ottoman (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Beliefs

Bektashism is a Sufi order and shares much in common with other Islamic mystical movements, such as the need for an experienced spiritual guide Murshid مرشد, the doctrine of the four gates Shari'ah شريعة, Tariqah طريقة, Ma'rifah معرفة, Haqiqah حقيقة. Bektashism places much emphasis on the concept of Wahdat-ul-Wujood وحدة الوجود, the "Unity of Being" that was formulated by Ibn Arabi. This has often been erroneously labeled by Westerners as pantheism, although it is a concept closer to panentheism. Bektashism is also heavily permeated with Shi'ite concepts, such as the marked veneration of 'Ali, the Twelve Imams and the ritual commemoration of the Ashurah marking the Battle of Karbala. The old Persian holiday of Norouz is also celebrated by Bektashis as being Imam Ali's birthday. A Murshid is the teacher and guide to his disciples (Mureedh). ... Sharia (Arabic شريعة also Sharia, Shariah or Syariah) is traditional Islamic law. ... Tariqah ( transliteration: ; pl. ... Wahdat-ul-Wujood or Wahdat al-Wujud (Arabic: وحدة الوجود) the Unity of Being is a Muslim Sufi philosophy emphasizing that there is no existence except the ultimate truth, that was formulated by Ibn Arabi. ... For the Maliki scholar, see Ibn al-Arabi. ... Pantheism (Greek: πάν ( pan ) = all and θεός ( theos ) = God) literally means God is All and All is God. It is the view that everything is of an all-encompassing immanent abstract God; or that the universe, or nature, and God are equivalent. ... Panentheism (from Greek (pân) all; (en) in; ; and (Theós) god; all-in-God) is the theological position that God is immanent within the Universe, but also transcends it. ... Ali ibn Abu Talib (Arabic: ) (c. ... Imam is an Arabic word meaning Leader. The ruler of a country might be called the Imam, for example. ... Combatants Banu Hashim Commanders Umar ibn Saad Husayn ibn Ali† Strength over 40 000 72 Casualties 100+ 72(Tabari) The Battle of Karbala took place on Muharram 10, 61 AH (October 9 or 10, 680 CE)[1][2] in Karbala, in present day Iraq. ... Motto Esteqlāl, āzādÄ«, jomhÅ«rÄ«-ye eslāmÄ« 1(Persian) Independence, freedom, Islamic Republic (introduced 1979) Anthem SorÅ«d-e MellÄ«-e Īrān Â² Capital (and largest city) Tehran Official languages Persian Demonym Iranian Government Islamic Republic  -  Supreme Leader  -  President Unification  -  Unified by Cyrus the Great 559 BCE... Persepolis all nations stair case. ...


In keeping with the central belief of Wahdat al-Wujud the Bektashi see reality contained in Allah-Muhammad-Ali, a single unified entity. Bektashi do not consider this a form of trinity. There are many other practices and ceremonies that share similarity with other faiths, such as a ritual meal (muhabbet) and yearly confession of sins to a baba (magfirat-i zunub مغفرة الذنوب). This has led many[citation needed] to form theories of borrowing and syncretism from Christianity and Gnosticism. Bektashis base their practices and rituals on their non-orthodox and mystical interpretation and understanding of the Qur'an and the Prophetic practice (Sunnah). They have no written doctrine specific to them, thus rules and rituals may differ depending on under whose influence one has been taught. Bektashis generally revere Sufi mystics outside of their own order, such as Al-Ghazali and Jelalludin Rumi who are close in spirit to them. Allah is the Arabic language word for God. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... For other uses, see Ali (disambiguation). ... This article or section contains too many quotations for an encyclopedic entry. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Alcoran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... Sunnah(t) () literally means “trodden path”, and therefore, the sunnah of the prophet means “the way of the prophet”. Terminologically, the word ‘Sunnah’ in Sunni Islam means those religious actions that were instituted by Muhammad(PBUH) during the 23 years of his ministry and which Muslims initially received through consensus... Abu Hāmed Mohammad ibn Mohammad al-GhazzālÄ« (1058-1111) (Persian: ), known as Algazel to the western medieval world, born and died in Tus, in the Khorasan province of Persia (modern day Iran). ... Rumi (born November 29, 1982) is a Persian-Canadian Singer-songwriter and a Photographer who is currently based in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ...


Bektashis hold that the Qur'an has two levels of meaning: an outer (zahir ظاهر) and an inner (batin باطن). They hold the latter to be superior and eternal and this is reflected in their understanding of both the universe and humanity (This view can also be found in Ismaili Islam - see Batiniyya). The IsmāʿīlÄ« (Urdu: اسماعیلی IsmāʿīlÄ«, Arabic: الإسماعيليون al-IsmāʿīliyyÅ«n; Persian: اسماعیلیان Esmāʿīliyān) branch of Islam is the second largest part of the ShÄ«a community, after the Twelvers (Ithnāʿashariyya). ... The Batiniyya (or Batini) was an esoteric sect of Shii Islam. ...


Bektashism is also initiatic and members must traverse various levels or ranks as they progress along the spiritual path to Reality. First level members are called aşıks عاشق. They are those who, while not having taken initiation into the order are nevertheless draw to it. Following initiation (called nasip) one becomes a mühip محب. After some time as a mühip, one can take further vows and become a dervish. The next level above dervish is that of baba. The baba (lit. father) is considered to be the head of a tekke and qualified to give spiritual guidance (irshad إرشاد). Above the baba is the rank of halife-baba (or dede, grandfather). Traditionally there were twelve of these, the most senior being the dedebaba (great-grandfather). The dedebaba was considered to be the highest ranking authority in the Bektashi Order. Traditionally the residence of the dedebaba was the Pir Evi (The Saint's Home) which was located in the shrine of Haji Bektash in the central Anatolian town of Hacıbektaş (aka Solucakarahüyük). This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Tekke is a Turkish word which corresponds to the Arabic word Zawya or the Persian Dergah. ... Hunkar Haci BektaÅŸ Veli was a Turkish mystic, humanist and a philosopher who lived approx from 1209-1271 in Anatolia (Turkey). ... HacıbektaÅŸ is a district of NevÅŸehir Province of Turkey. ...


History

The Bektashi order was widespread in the Ottoman Empire, their lodges being scattered throughout Anatolia as well as many parts of Balkans and the imperial city of Istanbul. For other uses, see Ottoman (disambiguation). ... Anatolia and Europe Anatolia (Turkish: from Greek: Ανατολία - Anatolia) is a peninsula of Western Asia which forms the greater part of the Asian portion of Turkey, as opposed to the European portion (Thrace, or traditionally Rumelia). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ...


The order had close ties with the Janissary corps, the bulk of the Ottoman Army. (Nicolle, David; pg 29) With the abolition of Janissaries, the Bektashi order was banned throughout Ottoman Empire by Sultan Mahmud II in 1826. This decision was supported by the Sunni religious elite as well as the leaders of other, more orthodox, Sufi orders. Bektashi tekkes were closed and their dervishes were exiled. Bektashis slowly regained freedom with the coming of the Tanzimat era. The first U.S. college in the Middle East, Robert College, was built close to a Bektashi tekke in Bebek north of Istanbul. According to a German teacher at Robert in the 1890s, Friedrich Schrader, there was an excellent relationship between the Unitarian founders of the college and the leaders of the tekke. However, after the foundation of republic, Kemal Atatürk banned all Sufi orders and shut down the lodges in 1925. Consequently, the Bektashi leadership moved to Albania and established their headquarters in the city of Tirana. The Janissaries comprised infantry units that formed the Ottoman sultans household troops and bodyguard. ... Mehmed II Mehmed II (March 30, 1432 – May 3, 1481; nicknamed el-Fatih, the Conqueror) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire for a short time from 1444 to 1446, and later from 1451 to 1481. ... The Tanzimat (Ottoman Turkish: تنظيمات), meaning reorganization of the Ottoman Empire, was a period of reformation that began in 1839 and ended with the First Constitutional Era in 1876. ... Robert College of Istanbul (Turkish: Istanbul Amerikan Robert Lisesi), is the most selective[1][2] independent[3] private high school in Turkey. ... Bebek is a district of the city of Istanbul. ... Unitarian Universalist Association (UUA), in full the Unitarian Universalist Association of Congregations in North America, is a liberal religious denomination formed by the merger in 1961 of the American Unitarian Association and the Universalist Church in America. ... Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881–10 November 1938), until 1934 Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha, Turkish army officer and revolutionist statesman, was the founder and the first President of the Republic of Turkey. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Albania Founded 1614 Elevation 295 ft (90 m) Population (2005 est)[1]  - City 585,756  - Metro 700,000 Tirana (Albanian: Tiranë or Tirana) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Albania. ...


It is interesting to note that, despite the negative effect of this ban on Bektashi culture, most Bektashis in Turkey have been generally supportive of secularism to this day, since these reforms have relatively relaxed the religious intolerance that had historically been shown against them by the official Sunni establishment.


In the Balkans the Bektashi order had a considerable impact on the Islamization of many areas, primarily Albania, Greece and Bulgaria, as well as parts of Macedonia. By the 18th century Bektashism began to gain a considerable hold over the population of southern Albania and northern Greece. Following the ban on Sufi orders in the Republic of Turkey, the Bektashi community's headquarters was moved from Hacıbektaş in central Anatolia to Tirana, Albania. In Albania the Bektashi community declared its separation from the Sunni community and they were recognized ever after as a distinct Islamic sect rather than a branch of Sunni Islam, as are most other Sufi orders. Bektashism continued to flourish until the Second World War. After the communists took power in 1945, several babas and dervishes were executed and a gradual constriction of Bektashi influence began. Ultimately, in 1967 all tekkes were shut down when Enver Hoxha banned all religious practice. When this ban was rescinded in 1990, the Bektashism reestablished itself, although there were few left with any real knowledge of the spiritual path. Nevertheless many tekkes (lodges) operate today in Albania. The current head of the order in Albania is Haji Reshat Bardhi Dedebaba and the main tekke has been reopened in Tirana. Approximately 20% of Albanians identify themselves as having some connection to the Bektashis. Following the post-communist rise of Sunni Islam in the country (mainly supported by non-Albanian Islamic circles) Bektashi community became the target of vandalism and threats of violence. HacıbektaÅŸ is a district of NevÅŸehir Province of Turkey. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


There are also important Bektashi communities among the Albanian communities of Macedonia and Kosovo, the most important being the Harabati Baba Tekke in the city of Tetovo, which was until recently under the guidance of Baba Tahir Emini (1941-2006). Following the death of Baba Tahir Emini, the dedelik of Tirana appointed Baba Edmond Brahimaj (Baba Mondi), formerly head of the Turan Tekke of Korçë, to oversee the Harabati Baba Tekke. A smaller Bektashi tekke, the Dikmen Baba Tekkesi, is in operation in the Turkish-speaking town of Kanatlarci, Macedonia. In Kosovo the relatively small Bektashi community has a tekke in the town of Ðakovica and is under the leadership of Baba Mumin Lama. Kosovo (Albanian: Kosova or Kosovë, Serbian: , transliterated ; also , transliterated ) is a region in southern Serbia which has been under United Nations administration since 1999. ... City motto : Coordinates Municipality : Tetovo municipality Elevation 486 m Population 80 841 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Area code +389 044 Postal code 1200 Car plates TE Official Website tetovo. ... Korçë (Albanian: Korçë or Korça, Greek: Κορυτσά Koritsá , Italian: Corizza, South Slavic: Корча, Korcha or Корче, Korče, Aromanian: Curceaua, Turkish: Görice) is a major city in south-eastern Albania, located at near the border with Greece. ... Djakovica or Ðakovica (Serbian Cyrillic Ђаковица; in Albanian Gjakova or Gjakovë) is a city located in Kosovo, Serbia and Montenegro, at 42. ...



Bektashis continue to be active in Turkey and their semi-clandestine organizations can be found in Istanbul, Ankara and İzmir. There are currently two rival claimants to the dedebaba in Turkey: Mustafa Eke and Haydar Ercan. Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Ä°stanbul. ... Ä°zmir, historically Smyrna, is the third most populous city of Turkey and the countrys largest port after Ä°stanbul. ...


A large functioning Bektashi tekke was also established in the United States in 1954 by Baba Rexheb. This tekke is found in the Detroit suburb of Taylor and the tomb (turbe) of Baba Rexheb continues to draw pilgrims of all faiths. Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Baba Rexheb was the head and founder of the Bektashi Sufi lodge (tekke) located in Taylor, Michigan. ... Turbe of Damad Ali-Pasha, conqueror of Moreia, in Belgrades Kalemegdan fortress. ...


It has also been widely believed that the controversial 17th century Jewish Messiah Sabbatai Zevi was greatly influenced by Bektashi sufis after his apostasy to Islam. His tomb in the Montenegrin town of Ulcinj is still venerated by local Muslims. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Anthem Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, Bright Dawn of May Montenegro() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Demonym Montenegrin Government Republic  -  President Filip Vujanović  -  Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence due to the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro   -  Declared June 3, 2006... Coordinates Mayor Gëzim Hajdinaga (DUA - DPS - SDP) Municipality area 255 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 10,828 20,290 79. ...


Poetry and literature

Poetry plays an important role in the transmission of Bektashi spirituality. Several important Ottoman-era poets were Bektashis, and Yunus Emre, the most acclaimed poet of Turkish language, is generally recognized as a subscriber to the Bektashi order. Yunus Emre (1238?–1320?) was a Turkish poet and Sufi mystic. ... Turkish (, ) is a language spoken by 65–73 million people worldwide, predominantly in Turkey, with smaller communities of speakers in Cyprus, Greece and Eastern Europe, as well as by several million immigrants in Western Europe, particularly Germany, making it the most commonly spoken of the Turkic languages. ...


A poem from Bektashi poet Balım Sultan (d.922 AH/1516 CE)

İstivayi özler gözüm,
Seb'al-mesani'dir yüzüm,
Ana'l-Hakk'i söyler sözüm,
Miracimiz dardir bizim,
Haber aldik muhkemattan,
Geçmeyiz zattan sifattan,
Balım nihan söyler Hakk'tan,
İrşadimiz sirdir bizim.
"My eye seeks out repose;
my face is the 'oft repeated seven (i.e. the Surat al-Fatiha).
My words proclaim 'I am the Truth';
Our ascension is (by means of) the scaffold.
We have become aware through the 'firm letters';
We will not abandon essence or attributes.
Balim speaks arcanely of God;
Our teaching is a mystery."[1]

Bektashi jokes

Main article: Bektashi jokes

The Bektashi order is a Sufi religious order (Tarika) and folk figure, the butt of common jokes, anecdotes, or stories in some Islamic societies, particularly in Turkey. In these stories, the Bektashi acts as a free thinker and lives beyond the rules of institutional Islam and in that manner challenges the values of the society and popular perception of Islam. In these jokes, the Bektashi are generally referred to as Baba Erenler (Wise fathers, plural (ler) showing respect). Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a system of esoteric philosophy commonly associated with Islam. ... Tariqah ( transliteration: ; pl. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Political Afghanistani group. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ...

New tekke in Vlorë

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1522 KB) Summary This is a photo of the Bektashi Temple on the Kuz-Baba Hill in vlore albania, my town of birth. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1522 KB) Summary This is a photo of the Bektashi Temple on the Kuz-Baba Hill in vlore albania, my town of birth. ... Vlorë(Albanian: Vlorë or Vlora, (locally) Vlonë or Vlona, Italian: , Greek: , Turkish: ) is the second largest port city of Albania, after Durrës, with a population of about 85,000 (2003 estimate). ...

See also

Kizilbash (Turkish: KızılbaÅŸ, Azerbaijani: QızılbaÅŸ, Persian: قزلباش Qezelbāsh) - Red Heads - name given to a wide variety of extremist Shiite militant groups (ghulāt) who helped found the Safavid Dynasty of Iran. ... City motto : Coordinates Municipality : Tetovo municipality Elevation 486 m Population 80 841 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Area code +389 044 Postal code 1200 Car plates TE Official Website tetovo. ... Tekke is a Turkish word which corresponds to the Arabic word Zawya or the Persian Dergah. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For the Alaouite dynasty of Morocco see:Alaouite Dynasty, for the former state now in Yemen see: Alawi (sheikhdom) The Alawi, also known as Alawites, Nusayris or Ansaris, are a Middle Eastern sect of Shia Islam[1][2] prominent in Syria The terms AlawÄ« and Alevi, although they share... Alevis or Alevi-Bektashis (Kurdish: Alevi, Turkish: Aleviler or Alevilik) are a religious community in Turkey, and they make up some 20% of the population of the country. ...

External links

Notes

  1. ^ Algar, Hamid. The Hurufi Influence on Bektashism: Bektachiyya, Estudés sur l'ordre mystique des Bektachis et les groupes relevant de Hadji Bektach. Istambul: Les Éditions Isis, p. 39-53. 

Citations

  • Nicolle, David; UK (1995). The Janissaries (5th). Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-85532-413-X.
  • Muhammed Seyfeddin Ibn Zulfikari Derviş Ali; Bektaşi İkrar Ayini, Kalan Publishing, Translated from Ottoman Turkish by Mahir Ünsal Eriş, Ankara, 2007 Turkish)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bektashi (686 words)
Bektashi is mainly present in Turkey, and also in Albania.
Bektashi is in Turkey closely linked to Alevism where the two traditions today often are considered as one orientation.
Bektashi legends teach that he was a man of unique, almost divine qualities.
The Pluralism Project: (491 words)
Bektashi is one of the Sufi orders within Islam, stressing that the individual's personal relationship with God can be accomplished spiritually.
As the empire began to decline, persecution of the Bektashi began.
Albanian Bektashis in American, thus, were faced with a new reality and in time came to see the United States as their new homeland.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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