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Encyclopedia > Behenic acid
Behenic acid
IUPAC name Docosanoic acid
Other names Behenic acid, Docosanoic acid; 1-Docosanoic acid; n-Docosanoic acid, n-Docosanoate, Glycon B-70, Hydrofol Acid 560, Hydrofol 2022-55, Hystrene 5522, Hystrene 9022, Prifrac 2989
Identifiers
CAS number [112-85-6]
PubChem 8215
EINECS number 204-010-8
SMILES OC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
Properties
Molecular formula C22H44O2
Molar mass 340.58 g/mol
Appearance White to yellowish crystals or powder
Melting point

74 - 78 °C [1] IUPAC nomenclature is a system of naming chemical compounds and of describing the science of chemistry in general. ... CAS registry numbers are unique numerical identifiers for chemical compounds, polymers, biological sequences, mixtures and alloys. ... PubChem is a database of chemical molecules. ... The EINECS number (for European Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances) is a registry number given to each chemical substance commercially available in the European Union between 1 January 1971 and 18 September 1981. ... The simplified molecular input line entry specification or SMILES is a specification for unambiguously describing the structure of chemical molecules using short ASCII strings. ... A chemical formula is a concise way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound. ... Molar mass is the mass of one mole of a chemical element or chemical compound. ... The melting point of a crystalline solid is the temperature range at which it changes state from solid to liquid. ...

Boiling point

306 °C Italic text This article is about the boiling point of liquids. ...

Hazards
NFPA 704
1
1
0
 
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Behenic acid, also docosanoic acid, is a normal carboxylic acid, a fatty acid with formula C21H43COOH. In appearance, it consists of white to cream color crystals or powder with a melting point of 74-78°C and boiling point of 306°C. NFPA 704 is a standard maintained by the U.S. National Fire Protection Association. ... Image File history File links NFPA_704. ... The plimsoll symbol as used in shipping In chemistry, the standard state of a material is its state at 1 bar (100 kilopascals exactly). ... Structure of a carboxylic acid The 3D structure of the carboxyl group A space-filling model of the carboxyl group Carboxylic acids are organic acids characterized by the presence of a carboxyl group, which has the formula -C(=O)OH, usually written -COOH or -CO2H. [1] Carboxylic acids are Bronsted... In chemistry, especially biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid often with a long unbranched aliphatic tail (chain), which is either saturated or unsaturated. ...


At 9%, it is a major component of Ben oil (or behen oil), which is extracted from the seeds of the Ben-oil tree. It is so named from the Persian month Bahman when the roots of this tree were harvested. Ben oil is pressed from the seeds of the Moringa oleifera, known variously as the horseradish tree, ben oil tree, or drumstick tree. ... drumstick redirects here. ... Farsi redirects here. ... The Iranian calendar (Persian: ), also known as Persian calendar or (mistakenly) the Jalāli Calendar is an astronomical solar calendar currently used in Iran and Afghanistan as the main official calendar. ... Bahman is the name of 11th month in Iranian calendar. ...


Behenic acid is also present in some other oils and oil-bearing plants, including rapeseed (canola) and peanut oil and skins. It is estimated that one ton of peanut skins contains 13 pounds of behenic acid. Commercially, behenic acid is often used to give hair conditioners and moisturizers their smoothing properties.[2] Binomial name Brassica napus L. Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as Rape, Oilseed Rape, Rapa, Rapaseed and (one particular cultivar) Canola, is a bright yellow flowering member (related to mustard) of the family Brassicaceae. ... In agriculture, Canola is a trademarked cultivar of genetically engineered rapeseed variants from which rapeseed oil is obtained. ... A bottle of peanut oil Peanut oil is an organic oil derived from peanuts, noted to have the slight aroma and taste of its parent legume. ...


As a dietary oil, behenic acid is poorly absorbed. In spite of its low bioavailability compared with oleic acid, behenic acid is a cholesterol-raising fatty acid in humans.[3]


Reduction of behenic acid yields behenyl alcohol. This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


References

Behenic acid comes from the ben oil tree, Moringa oleifera
Behenic acid comes from the ben oil tree, Moringa oleifera
  1. ^ Safety (MSDS) data for behenic acid
  2. ^ USDA Scientists Find Treasure in Peanut Skins
  3. ^ Caterm, Nilo B and Margo A Denke. January 2001 Behenic acid is a cholesterol-raising saturated fatty acid in humans. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, v 73, No. 1, pp41-44.

See also

This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Some common lipids. ... In chemistry, especially biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid often with a long unbranched aliphatic tail (chain), which is either saturated or unsaturated. ... Saturated fat is fat that consists of triglycerides containing only saturated fatty acids. ... Butyric acid, (from Greek βουτυρος = butter) IUPAC name n-Butanoic acid, or normal butyric acid, is a carboxylic acid with structural formula CH3CH2CH2-COOH. It is notably found in rancid butter, parmesan cheese, and vomit, and has an unpleasant odor and acrid taste, with a sweetish aftertaste (similar to ether). ... Hexanoic acid, also known as caproic acid, is the carboxylic acid derived from hexane with the formula C5H11COOH. It is an oily liquid smelling of cheese. ... Caprylic acid is the common name for the eight-carbon straight chain fatty acid known by the systematic name octanoic acid. ... Decanoic acid is a type of carboxylic acid. ... Lauric acid, or dodecanoic acid, is a saturated fatty acid with the structural formula CH3(CH2)10COOH . ... Myristic acid, also called Tetradecanoic acid, is a common saturated fatty acid found in dairy products. ... Palmitic acid, or hexadecanoic acid in IUPAC nomenclature, is one of the most common saturated fatty acids found in animals and plants. ... A spacefilling model of the Stearic Acid molecule A diagram of the Stearic Acid molecule Stearic acid (IUPAC systematic name: octadecanoic acid) is one of the useful types of saturated fatty acids that comes from many animal and vegetable fats and oils. ... Arachidic acid also called eicosanoic acid is a saturated fatty acid found in peanut oil. ... Lignoceric acid, also tetracosanoic acid, is a saturated fatty acid with formula C23H47COOH. Lignoceric acid is a byproduct of lignin production. ... See Nomenclature of essential fatty acids for terms and discussion of ω (omega) nomenclature. ... Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) is a polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acid. ... Stearidonic acid is an ω-3 essential fatty acid, sometimes called moroctic acid. ... Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA or also icosapentaenoic acid) is an omega-3 fatty acid. ... Docosahexaenoic acid (commonly known as DHA; 22:6(ω-3), all-cis-docosa-4,7,10,13,16,19-hexaenoic acid; trivial name cervonic acid) is an omega-3 essential fatty acid. ... Omega-6 fatty acids are fatty acids where the term omega-6 signifies that the first double bond in the carbon backbone of the fatty acid, counting from the end opposite the acid group, occurs in the sixth carbon-carbon bond. ... Linoleic acid (LA) is an unsaturated omega-6 fatty acid. ... gamma-Linolenic acid (GLA) is an omega-6 essential fatty acid found primarily in vegetable oils. ... Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA) is 20-carbon ω-3 fatty acid. ... Arachidonic acid (AA) is an omega-6 fatty acid 20:4(ω-6). ... Omega-9 fatty acids are a class of unsaturated fatty acids which have a C=C double bond in the ω-9 position. ... Oleic acid is a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid found in various animal and vegetable sources. ... Erucic acid Erucic acid is a fatty acid found in rapeseed, wallflower seed, and mustard seed, making up 40 to 50 percent of their oil. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
FDA/CFSAN/OPA: Agency Response Letter: GRAS Notice No. GRN 000069 (920 words)
Behenic acid is produced by hydrolysis of high erucic acid rapeseed oil at a high temperature (at least 200C) under steam pressure, and subsequent hydrogenation of erucic acid to behenic acid in the presence of a nickel catalyst, which is used in accordance with 21 CFR 184.1537.
Thixo considers the use of behenic acid to be self-limiting at levels greater than 8 percent, because such use levels may cause foods that contain behenic acid to become too hard, or cause other characteristics of the food (such as texture, mouth feel, and melting point) to be altered.
Thixo estimates the intake of behenic acid by the total population in the United States from Thixo's proposed food uses to be approximately 0.68 g/p/d at the mean level and approximately 1.36 g/p/d at the 90th percentile level.
Patent 4153694 (1746 words)
The reactive derivative of behenic acid is preferably an acid halide, especially the acid chloride, or the acid anhydride.
The non-toxic acid addition salts of the compounds of formula I are preferably salts of pharmaceutically acceptable acids such as mineral acids, for example hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, phosphoric acid, sulphuric acid, and the like, and organic acids such as acetic acid, tartaric acid, maleic acid, citric acid, methane sulphonic acid, and the like.
The residue was crystallized from hexane and consisted of the behenic acid ester of 2-trifluoromethyl-7-fluoro-10-(3'-(4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperidyl)propyl)phen othiazine, melting at 57-58 degrees Centigrade.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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