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Encyclopedia > Behaviour

Behavior or behaviour refers to the actions or reactions of an object or organism, usually in relation to the environment. Behavior can be conscious or unconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary. Behavior is controlled by the endocrine system, and the nervous system. The complexity of the behavior of an organism is related to the complexity of its nervous system. Generally, organisms with complex nervous systems have a greater capacity to learn new responses and thus adjust their behavior. A primary concern of the theory of action in philosophy is to demarcate actions from other doings. ... A reaction is the following: In physics, a reaction (physics) is defined by Newtons third law: For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. The idea that any given force has a pair or opposite force. ... As used in philosophy, object is a thing, an entity, or a being. ... In biology and ecology, an organism (in Greek organon = instrument) is a living being. ... In mathematics, a relation is a generalization of arithmetic relations such as = and < which occur in statements such as 5 < 6 or 2 + 2 = 4. See relation (mathematics), binary relation and relational algebra. ... Consciousness is a quality of the mind generally regarded to comprise qualities such as subjectivity, self-awareness, sentience, sapience, and the ability to perceive the relationship between oneself and ones environment. ... The unconscious mind (or subconscious) is the aspect (or puported aspect) of the mind of which we are not directly conscious or aware. ... Secrecy is the condition of hiding information from others. ... This group of political volunteers is working to promote voter turn-out. ... Major endocrine glands. ... The nervous system of an animal coordinates the activity of the muscles, monitors the organs, constructs and processes input from the senses, and initiates actions. ...


The behavior of people (and other organisms or even mechanisms) falls within a range with some behaviors being common, some unusual, some acceptable, and some outside acceptable limits. The acceptablity of behavior is evaluated relative to social norms and regulated by various means of social control. For behavior of people see human behavior. Animal behavior is studied in comparative psychology, ethology, behavioral ecology and sociobiology. In biology and ecology, an organism (in Greek organon = instrument) is a living being. ... The range of a vehicle is the maximum distance it can cover without needing to be refueled or recharged. ... DEViANCE ASCII logo by Strick9. ... A taboo is a strong social prohibition (or ban) relating to any area of human activity or social custom declared as sacred and forbidden; breaking of the taboo is usually considered objectionable or abhorrent by society. ... In sociology, a norm, or social norm, is a pattern of behavior expected within a particular society in a given situation. ... In statistics, mean has two related meanings: the average in ordinary English, which is more correctly called the arithmetic mean, to distinguish it from geometric mean or harmonic mean. ... Social control refers to social mechanisms that regulate individual and group behaviour, in terms of greater sanctions and rewards. ... Human behavior is the collection of activities influenced by culture, attitude, emotions, values, ethics, authority, rapport, hypnosis, persuasion and coercion. ... Comparative psychology, taken in its most usual, broad, sense, refers in to the study of the behaviour and mental life of animals other than human beings. ... Ethology is the scientific study of animal behaviour (particularly of social animals such as primates and canids), and is a branch of zoology. ... Behavioral ecology (US spelling) or behavioural ecology (UK spelling) is the study of the ecological and evolutionary basis for animal behavior, and the roles of behavior in enabling animals to adapt to their ecological niches. ... Sociobiology is a branch of biology and also sociology that attempts to throw light upon behavior in both human and non-human societies in terms of evolutionary advantage or strategy. ...


See also

In behavior, normal means not deviating very much from the average; not normal is often used in a negative sense (improper, sick, etc. ... A taboo is a strong social prohibition (or ban) relating to any area of human activity or social custom declared as sacred and forbidden; breaking of the taboo is usually considered objectionable or abhorrent by society. ... Behaviorism (or behaviourism) is an approach to psychology based on the proposition that behavior is interesting and worthy of scientific research. ... Ethology is the scientific study of animal behaviour (particularly of social animals such as primates and canids), and is a branch of zoology. ... Human behavior is the collection of activities influenced by culture, attitude, emotions, values, ethics, authority, rapport, hypnosis, persuasion and coercion. ... Instinct is the word used to describe inherent dispositions towards particular actions. ... In popular usage, eccentricity refers to unusual or odd behavior on the part of a person, as opposed to being normal. ...

External link

  • Brain and behavior - (EPOB 3730) - University of Colorado (http://www.colorado.edu/epob/epob3730rlynch/01introduction.html)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Teachernet, Behaviour (412 words)
The Department for Children, Schools and Families is very conscious of the impact of pupil behaviour on teaching and learning.
An important part of the DCSF Behaviour and Attendance strategy is the National Programme for Specialist Leaders of Behaviour and Attendance (NPSL-BA).
The focus of the initiative is upon developing trainee skills and insights which foster a classroom ethos of 'behaviour for learning';.
The Association of Pet Behaviour Counsellors (149 words)
The APBC is an international network of experienced and qualified pet behaviour counsellors, who, on referral from veterinary surgeons, treat behaviour problems in dogs, cats, birds, rabbits, horses and other pets.
It takes time to establish the cause and develop treatment plans that are suitable for the owner's circumstances, and APBC members are able to offer the time and expertise necessary to achieve these objectives.
The APBC is a member of the Pet Health Council which promotes, informs and advises on the health and welfare of pet animals.
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